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ACT of May 10, 1800. (Vol. V. p. 172.)
51. SECT. I. From and after the thirtieth day of June next, there shall be allowed and paid annually, to and for the use of the several collectors and surveyors appointed, and to be appointed pursuant to law, and employed in the collection of the duties of imports and tonnage, in the districts hereinafter mentioned, in addition to their fees and emoluments otherwise allowed by law, the sums following respectively; that is to say: To the collectors of Passamaquoddy, Waldoborough, and St. Mary's, two hundred and fifty dollars each: To the collectors of Machias, Great Egg-Harbor, Little Egg-Harbor, Perth Amboy, Bridgetown, Sunbury and Georgetown in Maryland, one hundred dollars each; and to the collectors of Sagg Harbor, Brunswick in Geor gia, and Dumfries, fifty dollars each: To the surveyors of Bermuda Hundred, one hundred and fifty dollars; and to the surveyors of Newport, Providence, Port Royal, Alexandria and Saybrook, one hundred dollars each. [Sec antea 43, 47.]
52. SECT. II. In lieu of the commissions heretofore allowed by law, there shall, from and after the thirtieth day of June next, be allowed to the collectors for the districts of Alexandria, Petersburgh and Richmond respectively, two and an half per centum, on all monies which shall be collected and received by them: To the collector for the district of Boston and Charlestown, and to the collectors of Baltimore and Philadelphia, three eighths of one per centum; To the collectors of Charleston, South-Carolina, Salem and Norfolk and Portsmouth, three quarters of one per centum: To the collector of the district of Portland, one per centum, for and on account of the duties arising on goods, wares and merchandise imported into the united states, and on the tonnage of ships and vessels. [See antea 47, and postea 54, 55.]
53. SECT. III. It shall be the duty of the collectors of the several districts of Philadelphia, New-York, Boston, Baltimore, Norfolk & Charleston, and they are hereby respectively directed to deposit for collection in the bank of the united states, or at an office of discount and deposit of the said bank, all the bonds taken, or to be taken by them, for duties by virtue of any law of the united states; but on all money collected by the said banks the commissions aforesaid are to be allowed the said collectors in like manner as if received by them.
ACT of April 30, 1802. (Vol. VI. p. 118.)
54. Sect. I. From and after the thirtieth day of June, in the present year, there shall be paid, annually, to the collector of the customs for the district of Richmond, in addition to the fees and emoluments otherwise allowed by law, the sum of two hundred and fifty dollars. [Se anter 52.]
55. SECT. II. From and after the said thirtieth day of June, the saJary heretofore allowed by law to the collector of the customs for the district of Petersburgh shall be, and the same hereby is discontinued. [See antea 47, 52.]
56. SECT. III. From and after the said thirtieth day of June, when ever the annual emoluments of any collector of the customs, after de
ducting therefrom the expenditures incident to his office, shall amount to more than five thousand dollars; or those of a naval officer, after like deduction, to more than three thousand five hundred dollars, or those of a surveyor, after a like deduction, to more than three thousand dollars, the surplus shall be accounted for, and be paid by them, respectively, to the treasury of the united states: Provided always, That nothing in this act contained shall be construed to extend to fines, forfeitures and penalties, under the revenue laws of the united states.
[See Army 2, 9, 10, 11, 12, 25, 26, 30. Arsenals and Magazines 2, 3. Columbia District 29. Debt 10, 54. Duties, collection of 73, 122 and seq. Foreign Nations 4, 10, 11. Judiciary 64 and seq. 92. Legislature 8, 9, 15. Medical Establishment 6. Militia 3, 13 and seq. Mint 6, 20, 32. Navy 2, 8, 10, 11. Oaths and Affirmations 4. Post Office and Post Roads 6,28. Quarantine 8. Ships or Vessels 24, 62. State Department 7, 9. Treasury Department 19. Western Lands 25,28, 50, 51, 59, 65, 66, 67.]
ACT of February 25, 1799. (Vol. IV. p. 259)
1. SECT. I. The quarantines and other restraints, which shall be required and established by the health laws of any state, or pursuant thereto, respecting any vessels arriving in, or Lound to, any port or distric thereof, whether from a foreign port or place, or from another district of the united states, shall be duly observed by the collectors, and all other officers of the revenue of the united states, appointed and employed for the several collection districts of such state respectively, and by the masters and crews of the several revenue cutters, and by the military officers who shall command in any fort or station upon the sea
2. And all such officers of the united states shall be, and they hereby are authorized and required, faithfully to aid in the execution of such quarantines and health laws, according to their respective powers and precincts, and as they shall be directed from time to time by the secretary of the treasury of the united states.
3. And the said secretary shall be, and he is hereby authorized, when a conformity to such quarantines and health laws shall require it, and in respect to vessels which shall be subject thereto, to prolong the terms, limited for the entry of the same, and the report or entry of their cars
goes, and to vary or dispense with any other regulations applicable to such reports or entries: Provided, That nothing herein shall enable any state to collect a duty of tonnage or impost, without the consent of the congress of the united states thereto : And provided, That no part of the cargo of any vessel shall, in any case, be taken out, or unladen therefrom, otherwise than as by law is allowed, or according to the re gulations hereinafter established.
4. SECT. II. When, by the health laws of any state, or by the regu Fations which shall be made pursuant thereto, any vessel arriving with in a collection district of such state, shall be prohibited from coming to the port of entry or delivery by law established for such district, and it shall be required or permitted by such health laws, that the cargo of such vessel shall or may be unladen at some other place within or near to such district, the collector authorized therein, after due report to him of the whole of such cargo, may grant his special warrant or per mit for the unlading and discharge thereof, under the care of the surveyor, or of one or more inspectors, at some other place where such health laws shall permit, and upon the conditions and restrictions which shall be directed by the secretary of the treasury, or which such collestor may, for the time, reasonably judge expedient for the security of the public revenue: Provided, That in every such case, all the arti cles of the cargo so to be uniacen, shall be deposited, at the risk of the parties concerned therein, in such public, or other ware-houses or inclosures, as the collector shall designate, there to remain under the joint custody of such collector, and of the owner or owners, or master, or other person having charge of such vessel, until the same shall be entirely unladen or discharged; and until the goods, wares or merchandise which shall be so deposited may be safely removed, without contravening such health laws; and when such removal may be allowed, the collector having charge of such goods, wares or merchandise, may grant permits to the respective owners or consignees, their factors or agents, to receive all goods, wares or merchandise, which shall be entered, and whereof the duties accruing shall be paid or secured, according to law, upon the payment by them of a reasonable rate of storeage; which shall be fixed by the secretary of the treasury for all public ware-houses and inclosures.
5. SECT. III. There shall be purchased or erected, under the orders of the president of the united states, suitable ware-houses, with wharves and inclosures, where goods and merchandise may be unladen and deposited, from any vessel which shall be subject to a quarantine, or other restraint, pursuant to the health laws of any state as aforesaid, at such convenient place or places therein, as the safety of the public revenue, and the observance of such health laws may require.
6. SECT. IV. When, by the prevalence of any contagious or epide mical disease, in or near the place by law established, as the port of en try for any collection district, it shall become dangerous or inconveni ent for the collector and the other officers of the revenue employed therein, to continue the discharge of their respective offices at such port, the secretary, or in his absence, the comptroller of the treasury
of the united states, may direct and authorize the removal of the collector, and the other officers employed in his department, from such port, to any other more convenient place, within, or as near as may be to such collection district, where such collector and officers may exercise the same authorities, and shall be liable to the same duties, according to existing circumstances, as in such lawful port or district; and of such removal, public notice shall be given as soon as may be.
7. SECT. V. It shall be lawful for the judge of any district court of the united states within whose district any contagious or epidemical disease shall at any time prevail, so as in his opinion, to endanger the life or lives of any person or persons confined in the prison of such district, in pursuance of any law of the united states, to direct the marshal to cause the person or persons confined as aforesaid, to be removed to the next adjacent prison where such disease does not prevail, there to be confined, until he, she or they may safely be removed back to the place of their first confinement; which removals shall be at the expense of the united states.
8. SECT. VI. In case of the prevalence of a contagious or epidemical disease at the seat of government, it shall be lawful for the president of the united states to permit and direct the removal of any or all the public offices to such other place or places as, in his discretion, shall be deemed most safe and convenient for conducting the public business. 9. SECT. VII. Whenever, in the opinion of the chief justice, or in case of his death, or inability, of the senior associate justice of the su preme court of the united states, a contagious sickness shall render it hazardous to hold the next stated session of the said court at the seat of government, it shall be lawful for the chief or such associate justice, to issue his order to the marshal of the district within which the supreme court is by law to be holden, directing him to adjourn the said session of the said court to such other place within the same, or an adjoining district, as he may deem convenient; and the said marshal shall thereupon adjourn the said court, by making publication thereof in one or more public papers printed at the place by law appointed for holding the same, from the time he shall receive such order, until the time by law prescribed for commencing the said session. And the district judges shall, respectively, under the same circumstances, have the same power, by the same means, to direct adjournments of the district and circuit courts within their several districts, to some convenient place within the same, respectively.
SECT. VIII. repeals the former " Act relative to quarantine.” [See President 13.]
1. SECT. I. From and after the first day of December next, every master or commander of any ship or vessel bound from a port in the united states to any foreign port, or of any ship or vessel of the burthen of fifty tons or upwards, bound from a port in one state, to a port in any other than an adjoining state, shall, before he proceed on such voyage, make an agreement in writing or in print, with every seaman or mariner on board such ship or vessel (except such as shall be apprentice or servant to himself or owners) declaring the voyage or voy ages, term or terms of time, for which such seaman or mariner shall be shipped. And if any master or commander of such ship or vessel shall carry cut any seamen or mariner (except apprentices or servants as aforesaid) without such contract or agreement being first made and signed by the seamen and mariners, such master or commander shall pay to every such seaman or mariner the highest price or wages which shall have been given at the port or place where such seaman or mariner shall have been shipped, for a similar voyage, within three months next before the time of such shipping: Provided such seaman or mariner shall perform such voyage; or if not,then for such time as he shall continue to do duty on board such ship or vessel; and shall moreover forfeit twenty dollars for every such seaman or mariner, one half to the use of the person prosecuting for the same, the other half to the use of the united states: And such seaman or mariner, not having signed such contract, shall not be bound by the regulations, nor subject to the penalties and forfeitures contained in this act.
2. SECT. II. At the foot of every such contract, there shall be a memorandum in writing, of the day and the hour on which such seaman or mariner, who shall so ship and subscribe, shall render themselves on board, to begin the voyage agreed upon. And if any such seaman or mariner shall neglect to render himself on board the ship or vessel, for which he has shipped, at the time mentioned in such memorandum, and if the taster, commander, or other officer of the ship or vessel, shall on the day on which such neglect happened, make an entry in the log.