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low the said limit, and above the mouth of Hunting Creek, a part of the said district, so as to include a convenient part of the Eastern Branch, and of the lands lying on the lower side thereof, and also the town of Alexandria, and the territory so to be included, shall form a part of the district not exceeding ten miles square, for the permanent seat of the government of the united states; in like manner and to all intents and purposes, as if the same had been within the purview of the above recited act: Provided, That nothing herein contained, shall authorize the erection of the public buildings otherwise than on the Maryland side of the river Potomack, as required by the aforesaid act. [See antea 1.]
ACT of May 6, 1796. (Vol. III p. 280.)
8. SECT. I. The commissioners, under the act, entitled, "An act for establishing the temporary and permanent seat of the government of the united states," shall be, and they are hereby authorized, under the direction of the president of the united states, to borrow, from time to time, such sum or sums of money, as the said president shall direct, not exceeding three hundred thousand dollars in the whole, and not extreding two hundred thousand dollars, in any one year, at an interest not exceeding six per centum per annum, and reimbursable at any tine after the year one thousand eight hundred and three, by instalments, not exceeding one-fifth of the whole sum borrowed, in any one year; which said loan or loans shall be appropriated and applied by the said commissioners, in carrying into effect the above recited act, under the control of the president of the united states. pastea 12.]
9. SECT. II. All the lots, except those now appropriated to public use in the said city, vested in the commissioners aforesaid, or in trustees, in any manner, for the use of the united states, now holden and remaining unsold, shall be, and are hereby declared and made chargeable with the re-payment of all and every sum and sums of money, and interest thereupon, which shall be borrowed in pursuance of this act: And, to the end, that the same may be fully and punctually repaid, the said lots, or so many of them as shall be necessary, shall be sold and conveyed, at such times, and in such manner, and on such terms, as the president of the united states, for the time being, shall direct: And the monies arising from the said sales, shall be applied and appropriated, under his direction, to the discharge of the said loans, after first paying the original proprietors, any balances due to them, respectively, according to their several conveyances to the said commissioners or trustees. And if the product of the sales of all the said lots shall prove inadequate to the payment of the principal and interest of the sums borrowed under this act, then the deficiency shall be paid by the united states, agreeably to the terms of the said loans; for it is expressly hereby declared and provided, that the united states shall be liable only for the re-payment of the balance of the monies to be borrowed under this act, which shall remain unsatisfied by the sales of all the lots aforesaid, if any such balance shall thereafter happen.
* See antea 1 & seq.
10. SECT. III. Every purchaser or purchasers, his or their heirs or assigns, from the said commissioners or trustees, under the direction of the said president, of any of the lots herein before mentioned, after paying the price, and fulfilling the terms stipulated and agreed to be paid and fulfilled, shall have, hold and enjoy the said lot or lots so bought, free, clear and exonerated from the charge and incumbrance hereby laid upon the same.
11. SECT. IV. The commissioners aforesaid, shall, semi-annually, render to the secretary of the treasury, a particular account of the receipts and expenditures of all monies intrusted to them, and also, the progress and state of the business, and of the funds under their administration; and the said secretary shall lay the same before congress, at every session after the receipt thereof.
ACT of April 18, 1798. (Vol. IV. p. 94.)
12. SECT. I. The president of the united states shall be, and he hereby is authorized to cause to be loaned to the commissioners appointed under the act, entitled "An act for establishing the temporary and permanent seat of the government of the united states," the sum of one hundred thousand dollars, fifty thousand of which shall be advanc ed in the present year, and the remaining fifty thousand shall be advanced in the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-nine, at an interest of six per cent. per annum, to be computed upon each instalment, from the time it shall be advanced; which sum of one hundred thousand dollars is declared to be in full of the monies which the said commissioners are now authorized to borrow, under the direction of the president of the united states, by virtue of the act, entitled “An act authorizing a loan for the use of the city of Washington, in the district of Columbia; and for other purposes therein mentioned. [See antea 8.]
13. SECT. H. The sum herein authorized to be borrowed shall be reimbursed by instalments of one-fifth part of said loan, and the interest thereon, commencing in the year one thousand eight hundred and five, and continuing, annually thereafter, till the whole shall be repaid; and all the lots in the city of Washington, now vested in the said commissioners, or in trustees, in any manner, for the use of the united states, and now remaining unsold, excepting those set apart for public purposes, shall be, and are hereby declared and made chargeable with the re-payment of the sums which shall be advanced, in pursuance of this act, and the interest accruing thereon, and shall be disposed of in the manner, and under the regulations prescribed by the act herein last mentioned.
14. SECT. III. The sum of fifty thousand dollars for the present year, and of fifty thousand dollars for the next succeeding year, shall be, and hereby are appropriated for the purposes aforesaid, out of any money in the treasury of the united states, not otherwise appropriated.
* See antea 1 & req.
ACT of April 24, 1800. (Vol. V. p. 130.)
15. SECT. I. The president of the unite-1 states shall be, and hereby is authorized and empowered, to direct the various offices belonging to the several executive departments of the united states, to be removed to the city of Washington, at any time that he shall judge proper, after the adjournment of the present session of congress, and before the time heretofore appointed by law for such removal.
16. SECT. II. For the purpose of providing furniture for the house erected in the city of Washington, for the accommodation of the president of the united states, a sum not exceeding fifteen thousand dollars shall be expended, under the direction of the heads of the several depart ments of state, of the treasury, of war, and of the navy.
17. SECT. III. For the suitable accommodation of congress at the city of Washington, the secretaries of the four executive departments, or any three of them, shall be, and hereby are authorized and directed to cause suitable furniture to be forthwith provided for the apartments, which are to be occupied in the capitol at the said city, by the two houses respectively, and for the offices and committee rooms of each; and to cause the said apartments, offices and committee rooms to be furnished in a suitable manner, so as to be ready for the reception of congress on the day fixed by law for the removal of the government to the said city; and that for defraying the expenses incident to the furnishing of the said apartments, offices, and committee rooms, and to the removal of the books, papers, and records belonging to the said offices respectively, there shall be, and hereby is appropriated a sum not exceeding nine thousand dollars.
18. SECT IV. For the greater convenience of the members of both houses of congress in attending their duty in the said city of Washington, and the greater facility of communication between the various departments and offices of the government, there shall be made foot-ways in the said city, in suitable places and directions; and the said foot-ways shall be made by the commissioners of the said city, under the direction of the secretaries of the four executive departments of the united states, who, or any three of whom, shall forthwith take order therefor, and in such manner, at such places, and in such directions as they or any three of them shall judge most proper for the purposes aforesaid, and shall appoint; and if the said secretaries, or any three of them, shall find on examination that there is not in the hands of the said commissioners a sum sufficient for making the said foot-ways, over and above what may have been destined by the said commissioners, or may, in the opinion of the said secretaries, or any three of them, be necessary for the accomplishment of other objects necessary for the accommodation of the government, or its removal as aforesaid, then the said secretaries, or any three of them, shall be and hereby are authorized and required to draw out of the treasury of the united states, and apply to the purpose of making the said foot-ways, any sum which may be necessary therefor, not exceeding ten thousand dollars; which sum is hereby appropriated for the said purpose. And all the lots in the city of Washington, now vested in the said commissioners, or in trustees in any manner for the use of the united states, and now remaining un
sold, excepting those set apart for public purposes, shall be and are hereby declared and made chargeable with the re-payment of the said sum of ten thousand dollars, which shall be advanced in pursuance of this act, and the interest accruing thereon.
19. SECT. V. For the purchase of such books as may be necessary for the use of congress at the said city of Washington, and for fitting up a suitable apartment for containing them and for placing them therein, the sum of five thousand dollars shall be and hereby is appropriated; and the said purchase shall be made by the secretary of the senate and clerk of the house of representatives, pursuant to such directions as shall be given, and such catalogue as shall be furnished by a joint committee of both houses of congress to be appointed for that purpose; and the said books shall be placed in one suitable apartment in the capitol in the said city, for the use of both houses of congress and the members thereof, according to such regulations as the committee aforesaid shall devise and establish. [See Legislature 11.]
20. SECT. VI. The several appropriations aforesaid shall be paid out of any monies in the treasury of the united states not otherwise appropriated.
(Vol. V. p. 268.)
ACT of February 27, 1801. 21. SECT. I. The laws of the state of Virginia, as they now exist, shall be and continue in force in that part of the district of Columbia, which was ceded by the said state to the united states, and by them accepted for the permanent seat of government; and the laws of the state of Maryland, as they now exist, shall be and continue in force in that part of the said district, which was ceded by that state to the united states, and by them accepted as aforesaid.
22. SECT. II. The said district of Columbia shall be formed into two counties; one county shall contain all that part of said district, which lies on the east side of the river Potomack, together with the islands therein, and shall be called the county of Washington; the other county shall contain all that part of said district, which lies on the west side of said river, and shall be called the county of Alexandria ; and the said river in its whole course through said district shall be taken and deemed to all intents and purposes to be within both of said Counties.
23. SECT. III. There shall be a court in said district, which shall be called the circuit court of the district of Columbia; and the said court and the judges thereof shall have all the powers by law vested in the circuit courts and the judges of the circuit courts of the united states. Said court shall consist of one chief judge and two assistant judges resident within said district, to hold their respective offices during good behavior; any two of whom shall constitute a quorum; and each of the said judges shall, before he enter on his office, take the oath or affirmation provided by law to be taken by the judges of the circuit courts of the united states; and said court shall have power to appoint a clerk of the court in each of said counties, who shall take the oath and give a bond with sureties, in the manner directed for clerks of the district courts in the act to establish the judiciary of the united [See Judiciary 96.]
24. Sect. IV. The said court shall, annually, hold four sessions in each of said counties, to commence as follows, to wit: For the county of Washington, at the city of Washington, on the fourth Mondays of March, June, September and December; for the county of Alexandria, at Alexandria, on the second Mondays of January, April, July, and the first Monday of October. [Altered, see postea 64.]
25. SECT. V. Said court shall have cognizance of all crimes and offences committed within said district, and of all cases in law and equity between parties, both or either of which shall be resident or be found within said district; and also of all actions or suits of a civil nature at common law or in equity, in which the united states shall be plaintiffs or complainants; and of all seizures on land or water, and all penalties and forfeitures made, arising or accruing under the laws of the united states.
SECT. VI. Provided, That all local actions shall be commenced in their proper counties, and that no action or suit shall be brought before said court, by any original process against any person, who shall not be an inhabitant of, or found within said district, at the time of serving the writ. [See postea 66.]
26. SECT. VII. There shall be a marshal for the said district, who shall have the custody of the gaols of said counties, and be accountable for the safe keeping of all prisoners legally. committed therein; and he shall be appointed for the same term, shall take the same oath, give a bond with sureties in the same manner, shall have generally, within said district, the same powers, and perform the same duties, as is by law directed and provided in the case of marshals of the united states. [See postea 71.]
27. SECT. VIII. Any final judgment, order or decree in said circuit court, wherein the matter in dispute, exclusive of costs, shall exceed the value of one hundred dollars, may be re-examined and reversed or affirmed in the supreme court of the united states, by writ of error or appeal; which shall be prosecuted in the same manner, under the same regulations, and the same proceedings shall be had therein, as is or shall be provided in the case of writs of error or judgments, or appeals upon orders or decrees, rendered in the circuit court of the united
28. SECT. IX. There shall be appointed an attorney of the united states for said district, who shall take the oath and perform all the duties required of the district attornies of the united states.
29. The said attorney, marshal and clerks, shall be entitled to rcceive for their respective services, the same fees, perquisites and emolaments, which are by law allowed respectively to the attorney, marshal and clerk of the united states, for the district of Maryland.
SECT. X. The chief judge, to be appointed by virtue of this act, shall receive an annual salary of two thousand dollars, and the two assis tant judges, of sixteen hundred dollars each, to be paid quarterly, at the treasury of the united states.