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iricnts of the T.Iissisippi Territory and the Choftaw nation.—And the said nation does 1>y these presents relinquish to the United States and quit cluim forever, r.ll their right, title and pretension to the land lying between the said line and. the Mississippi river, bounded south by the thirty-first degree r.f north latitude, and north by the Yazooiiven where the said line shall strike the same ; and on the part of th» commissioners it is agreed, that allpersons who may be settled beyond this line shall be removed within'it, on the side towards .the Missisippi, together with their slaves, household furniture, tools, materials and stock, and that the cabbins or houses creeled by such persons shall b<j demolished;

ARTICLE IV.

The president of the United States, may, at his discretion, proceed; to execute the second article of this treaty ; and the third article may be carried into effect as soon as may be convenient to the government of the United States, and without unnecessary delay on the part of thq ether, of which the president shall be the judge ; the Chotlaws to be seasonably advised, by order of the president of the United States, of Ine time when, and the place where, the re-survey and re-marking of the okl line referred to in the preceding article, will be commeiijced.

ARTICLE V.

The commissioners of the United States for, and in consideration of the foregoing concessions on the part of the Choitaw nation, and in full satisfaction for the same, cio give and deliver to the Mingos, chiefs and warriors of the said nation, at the signing of these presents, the value of two thousand dollars in goods and merchandise, nelt cost of Philadelphia, the receipt whereof is lately acknowledged, and they further agree to givi three sets of blacksmith's tools to the said nation. ARTICLE VI.

This treaty shall take effect and be obligatory on the contracting parties, so soon as the same shall be ratified by the president of the United fctatus of America, by and with the advice and consent of the Senat* thereof.

Vor.e at Fort Adams, on the Missisipj.i, the se-jcith day of December^ in the year of our Lord on* thousand eight hundred and one.

Articles of a Xreatp

Concluded at Hopewell, on the Keener, near Seneca Old Town, on the tentfi day of January, in theyecr of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-six, between Benjamin Hawkins, Andrew Pickens, and Joseph Martin, Commissioners plenipotentiary of the United States of Amerierf, of the one part : and Piomingo, Head Warrior and first Minister, of tire Chickasaw Nation ; Mingatushka, one of the leading Chiefs ; and Latopoia, first beloved Man of the said Nation, Commissioners plenipotentiary of alt the Chickasaws, of the other part.

f | ''HE commissioners plenipotentiary of the United States of Atn*

A rica give peace to the Chickasaw Nation, and receive them into

the favor and protection of the. said states, on the following conditions;

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ARTICLE I.

The commissioners plenipotentiary of the Chickasaw nation, stall restore all the prisoners, citizens of the United States, to their entire liberty, if any there be in the Chickasaw nation. They shall also restore all the negroes, and all other property taken dining the late war, fiom the citizens, if any there be in the Chickasaw nation, to suchperaon, and at such time and place, as the commissioners of the United States of America shall appoint.

ARTICLE II.

The commissioners plenipotentiary of thcChickasaws, do hereby Acknowledge the tribes and the towns of the Chickasaw nation, to be under the protection of the United States of America, and of no other sovereign whosoever;

ARTICLE HE

The boundary of the lands hereby allotted to the Chickasaw nation to live and hunt on, within the limits of the United States of America, is, and shall be the following, viz. Beginning on the ricige that dhiiks the waters running into the Cumberland, from those running into the Tennessee, at a point in a line to be run north-east, which shall strika the Tonnessee, at the mouth of Duck river ; thence running westerly along the said ridge, till it shall strike the Ohio; thence down the southern banks thereof to the Missisippi; thence down the same, to the Choctaw line of Natches district; thence along the said line, or the line of the district eastwardly as far as the Chickasaws claimed, ami lived and hunted on, tiie twenty-ninth of November, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-two. Thence the said boundary, eastwardly, shall be the lands allotted to the "Choctaws and Cherokecs to live and hunt on, and the lands at present in the possession of the Creeks > saving and rescrv-'. ing for the establishment of a trading post, a tract or parcel of land to be laid out at tiie lower pest of theiNiuscle shoals, at the mouth ofOcochappo, m a circle, the diameter of which shall be five miles on the • river, which post, and the lands annexed thereto, shall be to the v«se and under the government of the United States of America.

ARTICLE IV.

If any citizen of the United States, or other person not being an Indian, shall attempt to settle on any of the lands hereby allotted to the Chickasaws to live and hunt on, such person shall fork-it tiie protection of the United States of America, and the Chickasaw s may punish hint or not, as they please.

ARTICLE V.

If any Indian or Indians, or persons residing among them, or vl.a shall take refuge in their nation, shall commit a robbery or murder, or other capital crime, on any citizen of the U nited States, or person under their protection, the tribe to which such offender or offenders ntiiy belong, or the nation, snail be bound to deliver him or them up to be punished according to the ordinances of the United States in Congress assembled: Provided, that the punishment shall not be greater, than ii the robbery or murder, or other capital crime, had been committed by a citizen on a citizen.

f The Mine of the RUcr not ia the original.

ARTICLE VI,

If any citizen of the United States of America, or person under theij? protection, shall commit a robbery or murder, or other capital crime} on any Indian, such offender or offenders shall be punished in the same manner as if the robbery or murder or other capital crime ha.1 been committed on a citizen of the United. States of America ; and the punishment shall be in presence of some of the Chickasaws, if any will attend? at the time and place, and that they may have an opportunity so to do, tine notice, if prj'-iicable, of sucii intended punishment, shall be sent to some one of the tribes.

ARTICLE VII,

It is understood that the punishment of the innocent under tjie idea of retaliation is unjust, and shall not be practised on either side, except where there is a manifest violation of this treaty; and then it shall ba preceded, first by a demand of justice, and if refused, then by a declaraLion of hostilities.

ARTICLE VIII.

For the benefit and comfort of the Indians, and for the prevention oC injuries or oppressions on the part of tiie citizens or Indians, the United States in Congress assembled shall have the sole and exclusive right of regulating- the trade with the Indians, and managing all their affairs in such manner as they think proper.

ARTICLE IX.

Until the pleasure of Congress be known respecting the eighth art tick, all tradcrs,,citizens of the United States, shall have liberty to go to any of the tribes or towns of the Chickasaws to trade with them, and {hey snail be protected in their persons and property, and kindly treated.

ARTICLE X,

The said Indians shall give notice to the citizens of the United State* pf America, of any designs which they may know or suspect to be formed in any neighboring tnbe, or by any person whosoever, against th« peace, trade or interests of the United States of America. ARTICLE XI. The hatchet shall be forever buried, and the peace given by the United States of America, and friendship re-established between the said slates on the one part, and the Chickasaw nation on the other part, shall be universal; and the contracting parties shall use their utmost endeavors to maintain the peace i>iveti as aLresaid, and friendship re-established.

% Xreatp of reciprocal Sittoantage antj mutual Convenience,

Between the United States of America, and the Chickasaws, concluded at Chickusavj Bluffs, on the twenty-fourth duj of October, itt the year one thousand eight hundred and one.

^^HE president of the United States of America, by James Wilkinson, brigadier-general in the service of the. United States, Benjamin Hawkins of North-Carolina, and Andrew Pickens of South-Carolina, f ominissioners of the United Lutes, who are vested with full powers,

and the Mingco, principal men and warriors of the Chickasaw nation, fepresenlingthe suid nation, have agreed to the following articles.

ARTICLE I.

The Mingeo, principal me:i and warriors of the Chickasaw nation of Indians, give leave and permission to the president of the Uaited State* of Amcika, to lay out, ope:i and make a convenient waggon-road through their land between the settlements of Mero district in the suite of Tennessee, and those of Natchez in the Missisippi Territory, ia such way and manner as he may deem proper; and it shall be a highway for the citizens of the United States and the Chickasaws. The Chickasaws shall appoint two discreet men to serve as assistants, guides or pilots, during the time of laying out and opening the road, under the diroclionof the officer charged with that duty, who .ihallr.ave a reasonable compensation for their servir.e ; Provided always, that the necessary ferries over the watercourses crossed by the said road Shall be held and deemed to be the property of tin, Chickasaw nation^

ARTICLE II.

The commissioners of the United States give to the Mingeo of the Chickasaws, and the deputation of that nation, goods to the value cf seven hundred dollars, to compensate him and them and their latcad,ants for the expense and inconvenience they may have sustained by their respectful and friendly attention to the president of the United States of America, and to the request made to them in his name, to permit the opening of the road. And as the persons, town:,, villages, lauds; hunting-ground, and other rights and propcity of the Ciicvisaws, asset forth in the treaties cr stipulations heretofore entered rat) between the contracting parties, more especially in and by a ceriiacaUof the president of the United Slates of America, under their seal of thefiist of July \7\)\ are in the peace end under the protection of the United States. ' The commissioners ot the United States tio hereby ijrther agree, that the j>i-csi<leiit of tire United States of America sh-'.l tak'j such measures from time to time, as he ma/ think proper, to aisist the Chickasaws to preserve entire .all their rights against 11..: encroachments of unjust neighbors, of which he skull be Uie jiuigr, an 1 Hlso to preserve and perpetuate friendship and brotherhood between the white people and the Chickasaws.

ARTICLE III,

The'commissioners of the United States may, if they deem it advisable, proceed immediately to carry the first article into opc-iation, and the treaty shall take effect and be obligatory on the contraclir.;' parties as soon as the same shall have been ratified by the president cf the United States of America, by and with the advice and eensente/ the Senate of the United States.

% Xreatp of peace ant> jfvicnDfyip

Jh'ale ar.d concluded at the cij of _V< Ic-ymi-l, on the seventh d.y if August, one thousand seven hundred and ninety, betxe-.n the President o/"«A? United States of America, on the -Sue part, and the Kings, Chiefs and Warriors of the Creek Nation of Indians, on the ether pM.'.

THE parties being desirous of establishing permanent peace and friendship between th's United States and the said Creek NatioPj V

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