surveyors were Messrs. P. V. du Tremblay, T. C. Brownjohn, J. A. Kirk, N. R. Free man and I. Traypor.

To the parties under Messrs. McAree and Driscoll devolved the more important survey operations and the examination of survey contracts. The sub-parties did the minor corrections, and were mainly engaged in removing river lot posts where it was deemed advisable to do away with this mode of sub-division and to revert to the regular sectional survey.

In June, 1887, a certain number of Mormons came overland from Utab, and Bottled in Township 3, Range 25, west of tho 4th Initial Meridian. Mr. Dennis bad occasion to go there during the summer, and being the first officer of the Department to visit the colony, he considered the subject of sufficient importance to report upon it. He describes them as very industrious and intelligent people, and states that, considering the short time they have been in the country, they have made wonderful progress.


This consists of the examination of the returns of survey, making or copying plans, caloulations and compilations of various kinds, printing of plans, &c. Part of this is the direct outcome of the surveys made during the year, and would disappear entirely were the surveys to cease. The other part is connectod with and increases in the same proportion as the general business of the Department. It is due to this cause that, notwithstanding the gradual decrease in field work of the last four years, there has been no perceptible decrease in our office work. The correspondence consisted of:-Letters received ............

1,111 Letters sent.........

1,520 The accounts examined and payments made wore :- Accounts examined and passed, 232; amount of above accounts, $196,333.06; requisitions issued, 416; cheques forwarded, 914.

The following is a short synopsis of work performed in the draugbting room :
Number of plans received with corresponding field notes:-


5 Road surveys............

35 Settlements.......

3 Correction and inspection.

122 Miscellaneous

9 Statutory declarations received...

170 Number of plans examined...

243 New plans compiled from returns of different surveyors..

34 Plads plotted from field notes.......

2 Plans completed for printing......

101 Proofs examined............

62 Progress sketches of surveys received and filed......

70 Copies of township plans made by hand.

151 Miscellaneous plans, sketches and diagrams made...........

60 Miscellaneous tracings.............

64 Roduced copies of township plans, } mile to an inch.........

218 A map of the New Westminster District, B.C., was compiled and printed on a scale of 23 miles to an inch.

A map of the railway belt in British Columbia on a scale of 6 miles to an inch was also prepared and printed.

A schedule of lands surveyed was prepared for notification to the Hudson's Bay Company.


In addition to the above, & considerable amount of work which cannot easily be classified, was performed, including the copying of field potes-and reports, preparing contracts and instructions for surveyore, with the sketches accompanying them, descriptions of parcels of land for patents, &c.

A small map of Canada, for the use of this office, has been compiled and printed. It is drawn on a peculiar projection which is free from distortion and permits direct measurement on the map of distancos, directions or areas. In the lithographic office the work has been as follows:

No. of Copies

Printed. 53 township plans.......

2,650 55 maps.............

26,176 99. circulars, blank forms, &c.

58,607 Total..........


The number of copies of each edition being very limited, generally from 50 to 100, only band presses are used. Considering that most of the plans and maps are printed in four and five colors, the number of prints made shows that the men's time has been well occupied.

The use of photography on the surveys and for copying, enlarging or reducing plans, necessitated the employment of a photographer : Mr. H. N. Toploy was selected. It was thought that he would have ample time to do what was reqạired, but it was soon found that the work far exceeded our anticipations. It is sufficient to say that during the few months be bas been employed, he developed over six hun. dred negatives and made about the same number of prints, besides miscellaneous work. Part of this was for the Geological Survey. The want of proper quarters has been a serious drawback, but as we are soon to move into new quarters, it was not considered advisable to incur the expense of fitting up a place for a few months only


The Board bas suffered a loss in the person of the late Surveyor General, Mr. Lindsay Russell, who resigned his membership on account of ijl health. To Mr. Russell is, in a great measure, due the present efficiency of the Board, and more especially the creation of the Dominion Topographical Surveyors' examination. Having been connected with the surveys of Dominion Lands since their inception, Mr. Russell was better able than anyone else to judge of the qualifications required in a Dominion Land Surveyor, and the loss of his services will be seriously felt. He was replaced by Mr. O. J. Klotz, Dominion Topographical Surveyor, of Preston, Ontario.

It having come to the knowledge of the Board that the Board of Examiners of Land Surveyors for the Province of Quebec had for some years ceased to reciprocate the privilego conceded to Provincial Land Surveyors by clause 109 of the Dominion Lands Act, of receiving a commission as Dominion Land Surveyor without being subjected to any examination except as regards the survey laws of the Dominion, the Board, as directed by the said clause, has ceased to grant this privilege to Land Surveyors of the Province of Quebec.

Meetings of the Board of Surveyors were held at Ottawa in February and Angust, 1887.

The following gentlemen having passed the requisite examinations were granted commissions as Dominion Land Surveyors :

Examined at Ottawa:

A. Driscoll, Aylmer, Que.
J. W. Tyrrell, Weston, Ont.
H. Irwin, Montreal, Que.


H. M. Burwell, London, Ont.
J. D. A. Fitzpatrick, St. Ambroise de Kildare, Que.
J, B. Saint Cyr, Ste. Anne de la Pérade, Que.

A. Saint Cyr, Sto. Anne de la Pérade, Que.
Examined at Winnipeg before Mr A. H. Whitcher, a member of the Board :-

J. H. Brownlee, Winnipeg, Man.

J. A. Cadenhead, Morris, Man.
Raaminod at New Westminister before me:-

J. Strathern, Vancouver, B. C.

J. McKenzie, New Westminster, B.O.
Preliminary certificates were granted to :

J. H. Antlift, Montreal, Que.

C. Byng Hall, Ottawa, Ont.
Mr. L. B. Stewart, D. L. S., of Banff, Alberta, passed the prescribed examination
and received a commission as Dominion Topographical Surveyor.
The correspondence of the Board of Examiners amounted to s
Letters received ..........

Letters sont...................


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APPENDICES. The following documents are appended :1. Schedule showing Dominion Land Surveyors employed during the year.

2. Reports of the Chief Inspector of Surveys, and the Inspector of Surveys, and the Surveyors in charge of parties.

3. Examination papers of the Board of Examiners for Dominion Land Surveyors.

I have the honor to be Sir,
Your obedient servant,


Surveyor General.

SCHEDULE showing Dominion Land Surveyors employed during the Year ending

31st October, 1887.



Desoription of Survey.

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Bélanger, P. R. A.... L'Islet, Que... Bub-division of Townships in the vicinity of the Columbia

River, B.O.
Bray, Edgar............. Oakville, Ont.. Survey of block outlines between Lakes Winnipeg and

Brownlee. J. H........ Brandon, Man. Survey of outlinos near Lake Dauphin.
Beatty, Walter Delta, Ont

Sub-division of Township 24, in Range 18, and part of Town

ship 24, in Range 16, west of the Principal Meridian. Boivin, E................. Bagotville, Que....... Sub-division of Township 51, in Range 24; Township, 63, in

Ranges 26, 26 and 27, west of the 3rd Initial Meridian. Bigger, C. A..... Ottawa, Ont............ Sub-division of Townships 29, 30 and part of 31, in Range 4,

west of the 5th Initial Meridian. Brabazon, A. J. Portage du Fort, Que Sub-division of Townships 29, 30 and 31, in Range 3, west of

the 5th Initial Meridian. Cotton, A. F. Ottawa, Ont.......... Sub-division of Townships in New Westminster District, B.O. Drewry, W. 8..........

Belleville, Oat Topographical survey of the Rocky Mountains.
Doupe, Joseph... Winniper, Man........ Survey of Main Street, Winnipeg.
Dufresno, J. I.


Que...... Exploration survey, Lake Winnipegoosis. Dumais, P. T. O Hall, Que...... Sub-division of Township 14, in Range 10, and Township 13,

in Range 11, east of ihe Principal Meridian. Dennis, J. 8... Aylmer, Que ....... Supervision of inspection and correction of gurveys NcAree, Jobin Toronto, Oat. .........

Inspection and correction of surveys. Driscoll, A.............. Aylmer, Que


do DoTremblay, P. V.... Ste. Anne de la Pérade, Que......... (Sub-party)

do Brownjohn, T. O...... Granby, Ont


do Kirk, J. A .............. Stratford, Ont

do Freeman, N. B......... Milton, N.S


do Traynor, I............. Dundalk, Ont.......... do

do Pawcett Thos ......... Gravenhurst, Ont. ... Sub-division of Townships, Kamloops District, B.O., south

of Thompson River. Fitzgerald, J. W...... Peterboro', Ont........ Sab-division of Townships 13 and 14, in Range 11, east of

the Principal Meridian. Garden, Jas. F Vancouver, B.O... ... Sub-division of Townships, Kamloops District, B.C., north

of Thompson River. Green, T. D....... Brantford, Ont Survey of Trails, McLeod to Blackfoot Crossing, and the

Trail running along the Bow River, near Calgary. Klotz, 0.

Preston, Ont...... ...... Longitude determinations. Laurie, R. O...... ...... Battleford, N.W.T.... Sub-division of Township 43, in Range 15, and Township

46, in Ranges 16 and 16, west of the 3rd Initial Meridian. Viles, O. F. Walkerton, Ont. Survey of Mounted Police Reserves. McLatchie, John...... Ottawa, Ont...... Sub-division of Townships, Spellamacheen District. B.O. McArthur, J.J ........

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Aylmer, Ont... Topographical survey of the Rocky Mountains. McPhillips, R. C Winnipeg, Man........ Sub-division of fractional Towaships 23 and 24, in Ranger 6

and 6; fractional Townships 16 and 16, in Range 5, oast

of the Principal Meridian. Hac Martin, G. E...... St. Andrews, Que Sub-division of Townships 5 and 6, Range 25; Township 5,

in Range 26; east of Township 7, in Range 25; south 1 Township 4, Range 29, west of the 4th Initial Meridian; and parts of Towoships 4, 5 and 6, in Range 1, west of

the 6th Initial Meridian. Ogilvie, w.. Ottawa, Ont....... Exploratory survey of Yukon River District. Reid, J. Lestock Port Hope, Ont. Survey of part of Qu'Appelle and Prince Albert Trail, &c. Robertson, H. ..... .St. Thomas, Que. Survey of Ordnance Lando. Sproat, Alex Prince Albert, N.W.T Re-survey of Townships 48, 46 and 47, in Range 4; and

Township 46, in 'Range , west of the 3rd Initial

Meridian. Small, W. A.............

Oak Point, Man....... Survey of outlines near Lake Dauphin. 8t. Cyr, Arthur. Quebec, Que..... Survey of boundaries of Rocky Mountains Park. Wilkini, F. W..........

Norwood, Ont.. Survey of Methodist Mission Reserves. Woods, J. E Aylmor, Que.....

..........Sub-division of Townships 12, in Rangog 12 and 13, west of

the Principal Meridian.


No. 2.





OTTAWA, 31st December, 1887. SIB,—I have the honor to submit my report upon the astronomical work por formed during the past season, in continuance of the system of telegraphic longitude determinations inaugurated in 1885. The observers on this work were Mr. Otto J. Klotz and myself.

At the beginning of the season some delay occurred through the necessity of procuring a chronometer to replace one of those ured last year, which had been taken by Mr. Ogilvie on bis exploratory expedition. On this account we were unable to leave Ottawa for Winnipeg before the 23rd May, thus losing much time in a season of the year very favorable for observatione.

Our observatory at Winnipeg is situated on the east side of Main street a short distance north of the C. P. R. track. It bas been connected with the Dominion Lands Surveys by a triangulation from one of the stations of the Special Survey triangulation of 1874.

At this point Mr. Klotz and I set up our instruments side by side and observed during two nights for the difference of our "personal equations.'

During the season the differences of longitude from Winnipeg of Wapella, Port Arthur, and Kalmar, all on the C. P. R. main line were determined ; Mr. Klotz ocoupying these stations in succession, while I remained at Winnipeg to take the corresponding observations tbere.

After the completion of the Kalmar observations Mr. Klotz returned to Winnipog where further observations for personal equation on the 9th, 10th and 12th October completed our season's work, the approach of cold weather rendering it inadvisa ble to continue work requiring the utmost available precision.

I then went to Kamloops, British Columbia, to carry out a programme of lunar observations as previously arranged with Mr. Ogilvie, to erable him to get as accurately as possible the longitude of some point on ihe Yukon River upon which to tie

I have but lately returned from Kamloops, and have not bad time to work ont many of my observations, and but few results can therefore be given.

I shall now describe the methods and instruments used in this work, first saying a few words on the theory of longitude determinations.

The difference of longitude of two places in the angle between their meridian planes. The uniform revolution of the earth about its axis at the rate of 360° in 24 hours, or 15° in one hour, gives an accurate measure of this angle, the difference of longitude between two places being equal to the difference of their local times.

To determine then this difference of longitude, there must be an observer at each place, prorided with a chronometer, and an instrument with which he can determine its error on local time; and secondly, means must be provided by which the chronometers can be compared.

his survey.

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