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Absence of the Pulmonary Artery: Symptoms of Angina Pectoris.”
Discussion by Dr. Jacobi.
10. Dr. W. Reynolds Wilson, Philadelphia: "A Simple Method of Circumcision in the Newborn."
Discussed by Dr. A. C. Cotton, Chicago, and, in closing, by the essayist.
II. Dr. J. Park West, Bellaire, O.: "Pyelitis Terminating in Suppurative Nephritis.-Case and Specimen.”
Discussion by Drs. Abt, Jacobi and Kerley.
Dr. Henry Koplik, New York: "Poliomyelitis Anterior Acuta (An Epidemic).”
13. Dr. L. E. La Fétra, New York: “Early Symptoms in the Recent Epidemic of Poliomyelitis.”
These papers were discussed by Drs. Holt, Jacobi, Abt, Morse, Kerley, and, in closing, by Dr. Koplik.
14. Dr. E. M. Buckingham, Boston: "Meningitis, Apparently Tubercular, Ending in at Least Temporary Recovery."
15. Dr. John Lovett Morse, Boston: “An Unusual Type of Acute Nephritis in Children."
Discussed by Drs. Koplik, Knox and La Fétra.
TUESDAY, MAY 20TH.-MORNING SESSION.
16. President's address: "Public School Education." By Dr. Charles Gilmore Kerley, New York.
17. Dr. L. Emmett Holt, New York: "Recent Diagnostic Methods in Tuberculosis of Children."
The paper was discussed by Drs. Northrup, Rotch, Caillé, Koplik, Hamill, Wentworth, and, in closing, by the essayist.
18. Dr. William P. Northrup, New York: “Fresh Air in the Treatment of Disease."
19. Dr. E. E. Graham, Philadelphia: "Fresh Air in the Treatment of Disease."
20. Dr. Henry D. Chapin, New York: "A Plan of Dealing with Atrophic Infants.”
These three papers were discussed by Drs. Caillé, Jacobi, Freeman, Griffith, Buckingham, Putnam, La Fétra, Kerley, Adams, Churchill, Eaton, Morse, and, in closing, by Drs. Graham, Northrup and Chapin.
TUESDAY.-AFTERNOON SESSION. 21. Dr. Augustus Caillé, New York: "The Need of Postgraduate Instruction in Pediatrics."
Thomas Morgan Rotch, Boston: “Modern Laboratory Feeding and the Wide Range of Resources which it Provides."
Discussed by Drs. Holt, Chapin, Caillé, Griffith, Northrup, and, in closing, by Dr. Rotch.
23. Dr. Isaac A. Abt, Chicago: "An Inquiry into the Status of the Kindergarten."
Discussed by Drs. Rotch, Northrup, Churchill, Chapin and Kerley.
24. Drs. Thomas S. Southworth and O. M. Schloss, New York: "The Hard Curds of Infant Stools; Their Origin, Nature and Transformation."
Discussed by Drs. Abt, Morse, Hamill, Northrup, Kerley, and, in closing, by the essayist.
TUESDAY. - EVENING SESSION.
25. Dr. Charles A. Fife, Philadelphia: “Fat and Proteid Content of Top Milks."
Discussed by Drs. Griffith, Chapin, Southworth, Eaton, and, in closing, by the essayist.
26. Drs. J. H. Mason Knox and J. C. Meakins, Baltimore: "The Urinary Findings in a Series of Infants Suffering from Intestinal Infection."
Discussed by Dr. Abt.
“Congenital Hypertrophic Stenosis of the Pylorus—Case," by John Dorning, M.D., New York.
"Recurring Empyema"; "Abscess of Lung due to Wire Nail Two Inches Long in Right Bronchus; Operation; Recovery, with Surgical Comments by Dr. H. M. Silver," by Francis Huber, M.D., New York.
“An Investigation of the Effects of Various Milk Modifiers upon the Gastric Digestion of Infants,” by L. Emmett Holt, M.D., and Thomas W. Clarke, M.D., New York.
"Some Observations Regarding a Fourth Exanthem—the Socalled Duke's Disease," by A. C. Cotton, M.D., Chicago.
EXECUTIVE SESSION.-IO P.M. The special Committee on Revision of the Constitution made its report, which was accepted and, with certain amendments, adopted.
The report of the Council was read by Dr. Rotch, and its recommendations adopted, as follows:
As officers for the ensuing year there were elected :
As member of the Council to take the place of Dr. Rotch, retiring, Dr. Alfred Hand, Jr. As member of the Executive Committee, Congress of American Physicians and Surgeons, Dr. A. Jacobi; alternate, Dr. J. P. Crozer Griffith.
Elected to membership: Dr. Matthias Nicoll, Jr., New York.
Elected to honorary membership: Dr. Charles Rauchfuss, St. Petersburg, Russia.
The Secretary reported that Prof. Schlossman, of Düsseldorf, had been invited to be present at the meeting, but had sent a letter declining and expressing his appreciation of the honor.
The report of the Treasurer was reported correct by the Auditing Committee, Drs. Freeman and Ruhräh.
The annual assessment for dues was made $10.
It was decided to hold the next annual meeting at Lenox, Mass., on May 27 and 28, 1909.
The Secretary moved a vote of thanks to the President for one of the most successful meetings the Society had ever had, and this was accordingly given.
SAMUEL S. ADAMS, M.D.,
PUBLIC SCHOOL EDUCATION.
BY CHARLES GILMORE KERLEY, M.D.,
The education of a child, taken in a broad sense, “comprehends all that disciplines and enlightens the understanding, cultivates the taste and forms the manners and habits.”* It means a preparation, a means to the end of fitting the child for a field of activity whereby his own life may be made more satisfactory to himself and of the most use to the State.
In order to bring this about, the curriculum must include instruction other than that which relates to things purely academic. The child must be taught how to live. This constitutes knowledge just as fully as an acquaintance with arithmetic or geography constitutes knowledge, and its acquirement calls for an exercise of those higher mental processes which develop the reasoning faculties. If we have the best interests of the child at heart we must, as Bacon puts it, “determine the relative value of knowledges." "How to live. That is the essential question. Not how to live in the mere material sense, but in the wider sense; the general problem which comprehends every special problem, is the right ruling of conduct in all directions and under all circumstances. In what way to treat the body; in what way to treat the mind; in what way to behave as a citizen; in what way to utilize all those sources of happiness which nature supplies. How to use all our faculties to the greatest advantage to ourselves and to others. How to live completely. To prepare us for complete living is the function which education has to discharge, and the only rational mode of judging of any educational course is the judging in what degree it discharges such functions.”+
Our subject will be considered from two standpoints—that which relates to the child's physical, and that which relates to his mental, development.
In the United States today there are 18,000,000 children in attendance at the public schools. The school year has been increased from three months to ten months. Owing to changed con
• Standard Dictionary. † Herbert Spencer.