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title, and amended section 713c-3(e) of Title 15, Commerce and Trade, shall be popularly known as the “Fish and Wildlife Act of 1956".

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 7426, 742e, 742h, 7421, 742) of this title.

equally capable of destruction if neglected or unwisely exploited; that such resources afford outdoor recreation throughout the Nation and provide employment, directly or indirectly, to a substantial number of citizens; that the fishing industries strengthen the defense of the United States through the provision of a trained seafaring citizenry and action-ready fleets of seaworthy vessels; that the training and sport afforded by fish and wildlife resources strengthen the national defense by contributing to the general health and physical fitness of millions of citizens; and that properly developed, such fish and wildlife resources are capable of steadily increasing these valuable contributions to the life of the Nation.

The Congress further declares that the fishing industry, in its several branches, can prosper and thus fulfill its proper function in national life only if certain fundamental needs are satisfied by means that are consistent with the public interest and in accord with constitutional functions of governments. Among these needs are:

(1) Freedom of enterprise-freedom to develop new areas, methods, products, and markets in accordance with sound economic principles, as well as freedom from unnecessary administrative or legal restrictions that .unreasonably conflict with or ignore economic needs;

(2) Protection of opportunity—maintenance of an economic atmosphere in which domestic production and processing can prosper; protection from subsidized competing products; protection of opportunity to fish on the high seas in accordance with international law;

(3) Assistance-assistance consistent with that provided by the Government for industry generally, such as is involved in promoting good industrial relations, fair trade standards, harmonious labor relations, better health standards and sanitation; and including, but not limited to

(a) services to provide current information on production and trade, market promotion and development, and an extension service,

(b) research services for economic and technologic development and resource conservation, and

(c) resource management to assure the maximum sustainable production for the

fisheries. The Congress further declares that the provisions of sections 742a to 742d, and 742e to 742j of this title are necessary in order to accomplish the objective of proper resource development, and that such sections shall be administered with due regard to the Inherent right of every citizen and resident of the United States to engage in fishing for his own pleasure, enjoyment, and betterment, and with the intent of maintaining and increasing the public opportunities for recreational use of our fish and wildlife resources, and stimulating the development of a strong, prosperous, and thriving fishery and fish processing industry. (Aug. 8, 1956, ch. 1036, § 2, 70 Stat. 1119.)

8 742b. United States Fish and Wildlife Service.
(a) Establishment; Assistant Secretary for Fish and

Wildlife and Commissioner of Fish and Wildlife;
Bureau of Commercial Fisheries and Bureau of

Sport Fisheries and Wildlife. There is established within the Department of the Interior the position of Assistant Secretary for Fish and Wildlife, and the position of Commissioner of Fish and Wildlife. Such Assistant Secretary shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and shall be compensated at the same rate as other Assistant Secretaries. The Commissioner shall be appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. There is also established a United States Fish and Wildlife Service within the Department, consisting of two separate agencies, each of which shall have the status of a Federal bureau. There shall be a Director of each of said Bureaus appointed by the Secretary. One of the agencies shall be known as the "Bureau of Commercial Fisheries" and the other agency shall be known as the "Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife". The United States Fish and Wildlife Service, except as prescribed by sections 742a to 742d, and 742e to 742j of this title, shall succeed to and replace the presently existing Fish and Wildlife Service of the Department. (b) Administration and supervision.

The functions of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service hereby established shall be administered under the supervision of the said Commissioner of Fish and Wildlife, who shall be subject to the supervision of the Assistant Secretary for Fish and Wildlife.

(c) Functions and responsibilities of Secretary of the

Interior. All functions and responsibilities placed in the Department of the Interior or any official thereof by sections 742a to 742d, and 742e to 742j of this title shall be included among the functions and responsibilities of the Secretary of the Interior, as the head of the Department, and shall be carried out under his direction pursuant to such procedures or delegations of authority as he may deem advisable and in the public interest. (d) Distribution of functions, powers and duties of

former Fish and Wildlife Service. In order to make a proper distribution between the two Bureaus of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service established by sections 742a to 742d, and 742e to 742j of this title, the previously existing functions, powers, duties, authority, llabilities, commitments, personnel, records, and other properties or matters previously handled by or administered through the former Fish and Wildlife Service of the Department, shall be distributed as follows:

(1) The Bureau of Commercial Fisheries shall be responsible for those matters to which sections

SHORT TITLE Section 1 of act Aug. 8, 1956, provided that such act, which enacted sections 742a-742d, and 742e-742of this

and Trans-Alaska pipeline investigation. Such Reorg. Plan also transferred the marine sport fish program of the Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 742a, 742e, 742h, 7421, 742) of this title.

742a to 742d, and 742e to 742j of this title apply relating primarily to commercial fisheries, whales, seals, and sea-lions, and related matters;

(2) The Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife shall be responsible for those matters to which sections 742a to 742d, and 742e to 742% of this title apply relating primarily to migratory birds, game management, wildlife refuges, sport fisheries, sea mammals (except whales, seals and sea-lions, and related matters; and the funds and allocations, appropriated or otherwise, relating to the matters covered by paragraphs (1) and (2) of this subsection shall be distributed between such Bureaus

as the Secretary of the Interior shall determine. (e) Rules and regulations.

Except as changed by the terms of sections 742a to 742d, and 742e to 742j of this title or by subsequent laws or regulations, all laws and regulations now in effect relating to matters heretofore administered by the Department of the Interior through the former Fish and Wildlife Service as heretofore existing, shall remain in effect. (f) Administrative procedures.

In recognition of the need for authority to execute the purposes of sections 742a to 742d, and 742e to 742j of this title effectively, the Secretary of the Interior shall exercise such general administrative authority consistently with the terms of such sections as he shall find to be necessary to carry out the provisions of such sections effectively and in the public interest. In order to allow sufficient time to place the reorganizations under such sections into effect, the Secretary is authorized to establish an effective procedure and date of such reorganizations, notice of which shall be published in the Federal Register. Such reorganization shall be accomplished as soon as practicable after August 8, 1956, but not later than ninety (90) calendar days after August 8, 1956. (Aug. 8, 1956, ch. 1036, § 3, 70 Stat. 1120; Oct. 4, 1961, Pub. L. 87-367, title I, § 103(14), 75 Stat. 788; Oct. 11, 1962, Pub. L. 87–793, $ 607(a) (5), 76 Stat. 849.)

AMENDMENTS 1962–Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 87–793 ellminated provisions which authorized the Commissioner to receive compensation at the same rate as that provided for grade GS-18.

1961–Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 87–367 deleted “at Grades GS-17 each' following "by the Secretary."

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1962 AMENDMENT Repeal of provisions of subsec. (a) of this section by Pub. L, 87-793 effective on the first day of the first pay period which begins on or after Oct. 11, 1962, see section 610 of Pub. L. 87-793.

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS The Bureau of Commercial Fisheries in the Department of the Interior and the Office of Director of the Bureau were abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 4 of 1970, eff. Oct. 30, 1970, 35 F.R. 15627, 84 Stat. — set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, which created the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in the Department of Commerce and transferred to the Secretary of Commerce all functions formerly vested by law in the Bureau together with all functions formerly vested in the Secretary of the Interior or the Department of the Interior administered through the Bureau, exclusive of certain enumerated functions with respect to Great Lakes fishery research, Missouri River Reservoir Research, the Gulf Breeze Biological Laboratory,

$742c. Loans for financing or refinancing of cost of

purchasing, constructing, equipping, maintaining, repairing, or operating commercial fishing vessels

or gear. (a) Authorization.

The Secretary of the Interior is authorized, under such rules and regulations and under such terms and conditions as he may prescribe, to make loans for financing or refinancing of the cost of purchasing, constructing, equipping, maintaining, repairing, or operating new or used commercial fishing vessels or gear. (b) Conditions.

Any loans made under the provisions of this section shall be subject to the following restrictions:

(1) Bear an interest rate of not less than (a) a rate determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, taking into consideration the average market yield on outstanding Treasury obligations of comparable maturity, plus (b) such additional charge, if any, toward covering other costs of the program as the Secretary may determine to be consistent with its purpose.

(2) Mature in not more than ten years, except that where a loan is for all or part of the costs of constructing a new fishing vessel, such period may be fourteen years.

(3) No financial assistance shall be extended pursuant to this section unless reasonable financial assistance applied for is not otherwise available on reasonable terms.

(4) Loans shall be approved only upon the furnishing of such security or other reasonable assurance of repayment as the Secretary may require considering the objectives of this section which are to upgrade commercial fishing vessels and gear and to provide reasonable financial assistance not otherwise available to commercial fishermen. The proposed collateral for a loan must be of such a nature that, when considered with the integrity and ability of the management, and the applicant's past and prospective earnings, repayment of the loan will be reasonably assured.

(5) The applicant shall possess the ability, experience, resources, and other qualifications necessary to enable him to operate and maintain new or used commercial fishing vessels or gear.

(6) Before the Secretary approves a loan for the purchase or construction of a new or used vessel which will not replace an existing commercial fishing vessel, he shall determine that the applicant's contemplated operation of such vessel in a fishery will not cause economic hardship or injury to the efficient vessel operators already operating in that fishery.

(7) An applicant for a fishery loan must be a citizen or national of the United States.

(8) Within the meaning of this section, a corporation, partnership, or association shall not be deemed to be a citizen of the United States unless the Secretary determines that it satisfactorily meets all of the requirements set forth in section 802 of Title 46, for determining the United States citizenship of a corporation, partnership, or association operating a vessel in the coastwise trade.

(9) (A) The nationality of an applicant shall be established to the satisfaction of the Secretary. Within the meaning of this section, no corporation, partnership, or association organized under the laws of American Samoa shall be deemed a national of the United States unless 75 per centum of the interest therein is owned by nationals of the United States, citizens of the United States, or both, and in the case of a corporation, unless its president or other chief executive officer and the chairman of its board are nationals or citizens of the United States and unless no more of its directors than a minority of the number necessary to constitute a quorum are nonnationals and noncitizens.

(B) Seventy-five per centum of the interest in a corporation shall not be deemed to be owned by nationals of the United States, citizens of the United States, or both, (i) if the title to 75 per centum of its stock is not vested in such nationals and citizens free from any trust or fiduciary obligation in favor of any person not a national or citizen of the United States; or (ii) if 75 per centum of the voting power in such corporation is not vested in nationals of the United States, citizens of the United States, or both; or (ill) if through any contract or understanding it is so arranged that more than 25 per centum of the voting power may be exercised, directly or indirectly, in behalf of any person who is not a national or citizen of the United States; or (iv) if by any other means whatsoever control of any interest in the corporation in excess of 25 per centum is conferred upon or permitted to be exercised by any person who is not a national or citizen of the

United States. (c) Fisheries loan fund; interest payments on appro

priations available as capital to the fund less average undispersed cash balance. There is created a fisheries loan fund, which shall be used by the Secretary as a revolving fund to make loans for financing and refinancing under this section. Any funds received by the Secretary on or before June 30, 1980, in payment of principal or interest on any loans so made shall be deposited in the fund and be available for making additional loans under this section. The Secretary shall pay from the fund into the miscellaneous receipts of the Treasury, at the close of each fiscal year, interest on the cumulative amount of appropriations available as capital to the fund from and after July 1, 1965, less the average undispersed cash balance in the fund during the year. The rate of such interest shall be determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, taking into consideration the average market yield during the month preceding each fiscal year on outstanding Treasury obligations of maturity comparable to the average maturity of loans made from the fund. In

terest payments may be deferred with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, but any interest payments so deferred shall themselves bear interest. Any funds received in the fisheries loan fund after June 30, 1980, and any balance remaining therein at the close of June 30, 1980 (at which time the fund shall cease to exist), shall be covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts. There is authorized to be appropriated to the fisheries loan fund the sum of $20,000,000 to provide initial capital. (d) Modification of loan contract.

The Secretary, subject to the specific limitations in this section, may consent to the modification, with respect to the rate of interest, time of payment of any installment of principal, or security, of any loan contract to which he is a party. (e) Chartering vessels; loans to Alaskan earthquake

victims; termination date. The Secretary is authorized under such terms and conditions and pursuant to regulations prescribed by him to use the funds appropriated under this section to make loans to commercial fishermen for the purpose of chartering fishing vessels pending the construction or repair of vessels lost, destroyed, or damaged by the earthquake of March 27, 1964, and subsequent tidal waves related thereto: Provided, That any loans made under this subsection shall only be repaid from the net profits of the operations of such chartered vessels, which profits shall be reduced by such reasonable amount as determined by the Secretary for the salary of the fishermen chartering such vessels. The funds authorized herein shall not be available for such loans after June 30, 1966. (Aug. 8, 1956, ch. 1036, § 4, 70 Stat. 1121; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–888, 72 Stat. 1710; May 20, 1964, Pub. L. 88–309, $ 9, 78 Stat. 199; July 24, 1965, Pub. L. 89–85, $$ 1-4, 79 Stat, 262; June 12, 1970, Pub. L. 91-279, § 9, 84 Stat. 309; Aug. 24, 1970, Pub. L. 91387, 88 1, 2, 84 Stat. 829.)

AMENDMENTS 1970—Subsec. (b) (2). Pub. L. 91-279 provided maturity period of fourteen years for loans for all or part of the costs of constructing new fishing vessels.

Subsec. (b)(7). Pub. L. 91-387, § 2, permitted a national of the United States to be an applicant for a fishery loan.

Subsec. (b) (8). Pub. L. 91-387, § 2, substituted provision for Secretary's determination of United States citizen. ship of a corporation, partnership, or association by satisfactorlly meeting all of the requirements set forth in section 802 of Title 46 for determination of citizenship of such entity operating a vessel in the coastwise trade, for prior provision for establishment of such citizenship within meaning of section 802 of Title 46 to satisfaction of the Secretary.

Subsec. (b) (9). Pub. L. 91-387, § 2, added par. (9).

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 91-387, § 1, extended the term for making fisheries loans, substituting "June 30, 1980" for "June 30, 1970" in three instances.

1965—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 89-85, $1, substituted "financing or refinancing of the cost of purchasing, constructing, equipping, maintaining, repairing, or operating new or used commercial fishing vessels or gear" for "financing and refinancing of operations, maintenance, replacement, repair, and equipment of fishing gear and vessels" and deleted provision for research into basic problems of fisheries.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 89–85, $$ 2, 3, substituted in par. (1) provision respecting determination of Interest rate taking into consideration average market yield on outstanding Treasury obligations of comparable maturity plus additional charge toward coverage of other costs of the program for former provision prescribing an interest rate of not less than 3 per centum per annum and added pars. (4)—(8), respectively.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 89-85, $4, extended the term for making fisheries loans from June 30, 1965 to June 30, 1970, required the Secretary to pay at the end of each fiscal year into the miscellaneous receipts of the Treasury Interest on the cumulative amour of appropriations avallable as capital to the fund after July 1, 1965, less the average undispersed cash balance in the fund during the year, provided formula for determination of rate of interest, and authorized the deferral of Interest payments but with payment of interest on deferred payments.

1964 Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 88–309 added subsec. (e).

1958_Subsec. (C). Pub. L. 85–888 Increased authortzation for $10,000,000 to $20,000,000. EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1970 AMENDMENT; FISHERIES LOAN FUND

AVAILABLE POR LOANS FROM JULY 1, 1970 TO CLOSE OF JUNE 30, 1980

Section 3 of Pub. L. 91-387 provided that: "The provisions of this Act (amending subsecs. (b) (7), (8) and (c) and adding subsec. (b) (9) of this section) shall be effective July 1, 1970. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 4(c) of the Fish and wildlife Act of 1956, as amended (subsec. (c) of this section), any balance remaining in the fisheries loan fund at the close of June 30, 1970, shall be available to make loans for the purposes of section 4 of sald Act (this section) from July 1, 1970, to the close of June 30, 1980." EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1965 AMENDMENT: REMAINING FUNDS:

AVAILABILITY FOR LOANS Section 5 of Pub. L. 89-85 provided that: “The provisions of this Act (amending this section shall be effective July 1, 1965. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 4(c) of the Fish and Wildlife Act of 1956, as amended, (subsec. (c) of this section), any balance remaining in the fisheries loan fund at the close of June 30, 1965, shall be available to make loans for the purposes of section 4 of said Act (this section) from July 1, 1965, to the close of June 30, 1970."

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS The Bureau of Commercial Fisheries in the Department of the Interior and the Office of Director of the Bureau were abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 4 of 1970, eff. Oct. 30, 1970, 35 F.R. 15627, 84 Stat. - set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, which created the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in the Department of Commerce and transferred to the Secretary of Commerce all functions formerly vested by law in the Bureau together with all functions formerly vested in the Secretary of the Interior or the Department of the Interior administered through the Bureau, exclusive of certain enumerated functions with respect to Great Lakes fishery research. Missouri River Reservoir Research, the Gulf Breeze Biological Laboratory, and Trans-Alaska pipeline investigation.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 742a, 7426, 742e, 742h, 7421, 742), 742k of this title. $ 742d. Investigations; preparation and dissemination

of information; reports. The Secretary shall conduct continuing investigations, prepare and disseminate information, and make periodical reports to the public, to the President, and to Congress, with respect to the following matters:

(1) The production and flow to market of fish and fishery products domestically produced, and also those produced by foreign producers which affect the domestic fisheries;

(2) The availability and abundance and the biological requirements of the fish and wildlife resources;

(3) The competitive economic position of the various fish and fishery products with respect to each other, and with respect to competitive domestic and foreign-produced commodities;

(4) The collection and dissemination of statistics on commercial and sport fishing;

(5) The collection and dissemination of statistics on the nature and availability of wildlife, progress in acquisition of additional refuges and measures being taken to foster a coordinated program to encourage and develop wildlife values;

(6) The improvement of production and marketing practices in regard to commercial species and the conduct of educational and extension services relative to commercial and sport fishing, and wildlife matters;

(7) Any other matters which in the judgment of the Secretary are of public interest in connection with any phases of fish and wildlife opera

tions. (Aug. 8, 1956, ch. 1036, § 5, 70 Stat. 1121.)

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS The Bureau of Commercial Fisheries in the Department of the Interior and the Office of Director of the Bureau were abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 4 of 1970, eff. Oct. 30, 1970, 35 F.R. 15627, 84 Stat. 3, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, which created the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in the Department of Commerce and transferred to the Secretary of Commerce all functions formerly vested by law in the Bureau together with all functions formerly vested in the Secretary of the Interior or the Department of the Interior administered through the Bureau, exclusive of certain enumerated functions with respect to Great Lakes fishery research, Missouri River Reservoir Research, the Gulf Breeze Biological Laboratory. and Trans-Alaska pipeline investigation.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 742a, 742b, 742e, 742h, 7421, 742) of this title. $ 742d-1. Studies of effects in use of chemicals.

The Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency is authorized and directed to undertake comprehensive continuing studies on the effects of insecticides, herbicides, fungicides and pesticides, upon the fish and wildlife resources of the United States, for the purpose of determining the amounts, percentages, and formulations of such chemicals that are lethal to or injurious to fish and wildlife and the amounts, percentages, mixtures, or formulations that can be used safely, and thereby prevent losses of fish and wildlife from such spraying, dusting, or other treatment. (Pub. L. 85-582, § 1, Aug. 1, 1958, 72 Stat. 479; 1970 Reorg. Plan No. 3, § 2(a) (2) (i), eff. Dec. 2, 1970, 35 F.R. 15623, 84 Stat.

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS "Administrator of

the Environmental Protection Agency” was substituted for "Secretary of the Interior" pursuant to 1970 Reorg. Plan No. 3, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, which abolished the Federal Water Quality Administration in the Department of the Interior and transferred to the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency all functions vested in the Secretary of the Interior by this section.

APPROPRIATIONS Section 2 of Pub. L. 85-582, Aug. 1, 1958, 72 Stat. 479, as amended Pub. L. 86–279, Sept. 16, 1959, 73 Stat. 563; Pub. L. 89-232, Oct. 1, 1965, 79 Stat. 902; Pub. L. 90-394, July 11, 1968, 82 Stat. 338, provided that: "In order to carry out the provisions of this Act (this section), there is authorized to be appropriated $3,500,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1969, and for each of the two fiscal years immediately following such year. Such sums shall remain available until expended." 8 742e. Transfer of functions, personnel, property, fa

cilities, records, and funds; cooperation with other governmental agencies. (a) There shall be transferred to the Secretary all functions of the Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of Commerce, and the head of any other department or agency, as determined by the Director of the Office of Management and Budget to relate primarily to the development, advancement, management, conservation, and protection of commercial fisheries, but nothing in this section shall be construed to modify the authority of the Department of State or the Secretary of State to negotiate or enter into any international agreements, or conventions with respect to the development, management, or protection of any fisheries and wildlife resources or with respect to international commissions operating under conventions to which the United States is a party.

(b) There shall be transferred to the Department of the Interior so much of the personnel, property, facilities, records, and unexpended balances of appropriations, allocations, and other funds (available or to be made available) as the Director of the Office of Management and Budget determines to be necessary in connection with the exercise of any functions transferred to the Secretary pursuant to subsection (a) of this section.

(c) The Secretary may request and secure the advice or assistance of any department or agency of the Government in carrying out the provisions of sections 742a to 742d, and 742e to 742% of this title, and any such department or agency which furnishes advice or assistance to the Secretary may expend its own funds for such purposes, with or without reimbursement from the Secretary as may be agreed upon between the Secretary and the department or agency. (Aug. 8, 1956, ch. 1036, § 6, 70 Stat. 1122; 1970 Reorg. Plan No. 2, § 102, eff. July 1, 1970, 35 F.R. 7959, 84 Stat. ..)

CHANGE OF NAME The Bureau of the Budget was designated the Office of Management and Budget and the offices of Director of the Bureau of the Budget, Deputy Director of the Bureau of the Budget, and Assistant Directors of the Bureau of the Budget were designated Director of the Office of Management and Budget, Deputy Director of the Office of Management and Budget, and Assistant Directors of the Omce of Management and Budget, respectively, by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1970, eff. July 1, 1970, 35 F.R. 7959, 84 Stat. set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, which also transferred all records, property, personnel, and funds of the Bureau to the Office of Management and Budget.

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS The Bureau of Commercial Fisheries in the Department of the Interior and the Office of Director of the Bureau were abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 4 of 1970, eff. Oct. 30, 1970, 35 F.R. 15627, 84 Stat. -, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, which created the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in the Department of Commerce and transferred to the Secretary of Commerce all functions formerly vested by law in the Bureau together with all functions formerly vested in the Secretary of the Interior or

the Department of the Interior administered through the Bureau, exclusive of certain enumerated functions with respect to Great Lakes fishery research, Missouri River Reservoir Rescarch, the Gulf Brecze Biological Laboratory. and Trans-Alaska pipeline investigation. Such Reorg Plan also transferred the marine sport ish program of the Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife.

FISHING VESSEL INSURANCE Secretary of Interior authorized to exercise authority in relation to issunnce of Insurance on Sshing vessels com. parable to authority of Secretary of Commerce under Merchant Marine Act of 1936, as amended, see "Secretary of Interior; F!shing Vessel Insurance" note, set out under section 1275 of Title 46, Shipping.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 742a, 7425, 742h. 7421, 742) of this ütle. § 742f. Policies, procedures, and recommendations.

(a) The Secretary of the Interior, with such advice and assistance as he may require from the Assistant Secretary for Fish and Wildlife, shall consider and determine the policies and procedures that are necessary and desirable in carrying out eficiently and in the public interest the laws relating to fish and wildlife. The Secretary, with the assistance of the departmental staff herein authorized, shall

(1) develop and recommend measures which are appropriate to assure the maximum sustainable production of fish and fishery products and to prevent unnecessary and excessive fluctuations in such production;

(2) study the economic condition of the industry, and whenever he determines that any sugment of the domestic fisheries has been seriously disturbed either by wide fluctuation in the abundance of the resource supporting it, or by unstable market or fishing conditions or due to any other factors he shall make such recommendations to the President and the Congress as he deems appropriate to aid in stabilizing the domestic fisheries;

(3) develop and recommend special promotional and informational activities with a view to stimulating the consumption of fishery products whenever he determines that there is a prospective or actual surplus of such products;

(4) take such steps as may be required for the development, advancement, management, conservation, and protection of the fisheries resources; and

(5) take such steps as may be required for the development, management, advancement, conservation, and protection of wildlife resources through research, acquisition of refuge lands, de

velopment of existing facilities, and other means. (Aug. 8, 1956, ch. 1036, $ 7,70 Stat. 1122.)

CODIFICATION
Section was enacted without a subsection (b).

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS The Bureau of Commercial Fisheries in the Department of tho Interior and the Omce of Director of the Bureau waro abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 4 of 1970, eft. Oct. 30, 1970, 35 F.R. 15627, 84 Stat. set out in the Appendix to Titlo 5. Government Organization and Employees, which created the National Occanic and Atmospheric Ad. ministration in tho Department of Commerce and trung

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