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(1) fulfill the responsibilities of each generation as trustee of the environment for succeeding generations;
(2) assure for all Americans safe, healthful, productive, and esthetically and culturally pleasing surroundings;
(3) attain the widest range of beneficial uses of the environment without degradation, risk to health or safety, or other undesirable and unintended consequences;
(4) preserve important historic, cultural, and natural aspects of our national heritage, and maintain, wherever possible, an environment which supports diversity and variety of individual choice;
(5) achieve a balance between population and resource use which will permit high standards of living and a wide sharing of life's amenities; and
(6) enhance the quality of renewable resources and approach the maximum attainable recycling of depletable resources.
(c) The Congress recognizes that each person should enjoy a healthful environment and that each person has a responsibility to contribute to the preservation and enhancement of the environment. (Pub. L. 91-190, title I, & 101, Jan. 1, 1970, 83 Stat. 852.) COMMISSION ON POPULATION GROWTH AND THE AMERICAN
"That the Commission on Population Growth and the American Future is hereby established to conduct and sponsor such studies and research and make such recommendations as may be necessary to provide information and education to all levels of government in the United States, and to our people, regarding a broad range of problems associated with population growth and their implications for America's future,
"MEMBERSHIP OF COMMISSION "Sec. 2 (a) The Commission on Population Growth and the American Future (hereinafter referred to as the 'Commission') shall be composed of
"(1) two Members of the Senate who shall be members of different political parties and who shall be appointed by the President of the Senate;
"(2) two Members of the House of Representatives who shall be members of different political parties and who shall be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives; and
"(3) not to exceed twenty members appointed by the President.
"(b) The President shall designate one of the members to serve as Chairman and one to serve as Vice Chairman of the Commission.
"(c) The majority of the members of the Commission shall constitute a quorum, but a lesser number may conduct hearings.
"COMPENSATION OF MEMBERS OF THE COMMISSION "SEC. 3. (a) Members of the Commission who are of ficers or full-time employees of the United States shall serve without compensation in addition to that received for their services as officers or employees of the United States.
"(b) Members of the Commission who are not officers or full-time employees of the United States shall each recelve $100 per diem when engaged in the actual performance of duties vested in the Commission.
"(c) All members of the Commission shall be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, as authorized by section 5703 of title 5 of the United States Code for persons in the Government service employed intermittently.
"DUTIES OF THE COMMISSION "Sec. 4. The Commission shall conduct an inquiry into the following aspects of population growth in the United States and its foreseeable social consequences:
“(1) the probable course of population growth, internal migration, and related demographic developments between now and the year 2000;
"(2) the resources in the public sector of the economy that will be required to deal with the anticipated growth in population;
“(3) the ways in which population growth may alfect the activities of Federal, State, and local government;
“(4) the impact of population growth on environmental pollution and on the depletion of natural resources; and
"(5) the various means appropriate to the ethical values and principles of this society by which our Nation can achieve a population level properly suited for its environmental, natural resources, and other needs.
"STAFF OF THE COMMISSION "SEC. 5. (a) The Commission shall appoint an Executive Director and such other personnel as the Commission deems necessary without regard to the provisions of title 5 of the United States Code governing appointments in the competitive service and shall fix the compensation of such personnel without regard to the provisions of chapter 51 and subtitle II of chapter 53 of such title relating to classification and General Schedule pay rates: Provided, That no personnel so appointed shall receive compensation in excess of the rate authorized for GS-18 by section 5332 of such title.
“(b) The Executive Director, with the approval of the Commission, is authorized to obtain services in accordance with the provisions of section 3109 of title 5 of the United States Code, but at rates for individuals not to exceed the per diem equivalent of the rate authorized for GS-18 by section 5332 of such title.
"(c) The Commission is authorized to enter into contracts with public agencies, private firms, Institutions, and individuals for the conduct of research and surveys, the preparation of reports, and other activities necessary to the discharge of its duties.
"GOVERN MENT AGENCY COOPERATION "SEC. 6. The Commission is authorized to request from any Federal department or agency any information and assistance it deems necessary to carry out its functions; and each such department or agency is authorized to cooperate with the Commission and, to the extent permitted by law, to furnish such information and assistance to the Commission upon reqeust made by the Chairman or any other member when acting as Chairman,
"ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES "Sec. 7. The General Services Administration shall provide administrative services for the Commission on reimbursable basis.
"REPORTS OF COMMISSION: TERMINATION "SEC. 8. In order that the President and the Congress may be kept advised of the progress of its work, the Commission shall, from time to time, report to the President and the Congress such significant findings and recommendations as it deems advisable. The Commission shall submit an interim report to the President and the Congress one year after it is established and shall submit its final report two years after the enactment of this Act. The Commission shall cease to exist sixty days after the date of the submission of its final report.
"AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS "Sec. 9. There are hereby authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, such amounts as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act." Ex. ORD. No. 11507. PREVENTION, CONTROL, AND ABATEMENT
OF AIR AND WATER POLLUTION AT FEDERAL FACILITIES Ex. Ord. No. 11507, Feb. 4, 1970, 35 F.R. 2573, provided :
By virtue of the authority vested in me as President of the United States and in furtherance of the purpose and
policy of the Clean Air Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 1857), the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended (33 U.S.C. 466), and the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (Public Law No. 91–190, approved January 1, 1970) (this chapter), it is ordered as follows:
SECTION 1. Policy. It is the intent of this order that the Federal Government in the design, operation, and maintenance of its facilities shall provide leadership in the nationwide effort to proteot and enhance the quality of our air and water resources.
SEC. 2. Definitions. As used in this order:
(a) The term "respective Secretary" shall mean the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare in matters pertaining to air pollution control and the Secretary of the Interior in matters pertaining to water pollution control.
(b) The term "agencies” shall mean the departments, agencies, and establishments of the executive branch.
(c) The term "facilities" shall mean the buildings, installations, structures. public works, equipment, aircraft, vessels, and other vehicles and property, owned by or constructed or manufactured for the purpose of leasing to the Federal Government.
(d) The term "air and water quality standards" shall mean respectively the quality standards and related plans of implementation, including emission standards, adopted pursuant to the Clean Air Act, as amended, and the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended, or prescribed pursuant to section 4(b) of this order.
(e) The term “performance specifications" shall mean permissible limits of emissions, discharges, or other values applicable to a particular Federal facility that would, as a minimum, provide for conformance with air and water quality standards as defined herein.
(f) The term "United States" shall mean the fifty States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and Guam.
SEC. 3. Responsibilities. (a) Heads of agencies shall, with regard to all facilities under their jurisdiction:
(1) Maintain review and surveillance to ensure that the standards set forth in section 4 of this order are met on a continuing basis.
(2) Direct particular attention to identifying potential air and water quality problems associated with the use and production of new materials and make provisions for their prevention and control.
(3) Consult with the respective Secretary concerning the best techniques and methods available for the protection and enhancement of air and water quality.
(4) Develop and publish procedures, within six months of the date of this order, to ensure that the facilities under their jurisdiction are in conformity with this order. In the preparation of such procedures there shall be timely and appropriate consultation with the respective Secretary.
(b) The respective Secretary shall provide leadership in implementing this order, including the provision of technical advice and assistance to the heads of agencies in connection with their duties and responsibilities under this order.
(c) The Council on Environmental Quality shall maintain continuing review of the implementation of this order and shall, from time to time, report to the President thereon.
SEC. 4. Standards. (a) Heads of agencies shall ensure that all facilities under their jurisdiction are designed, operated, and maintained so as to meet the following requirements:
(1) Facilities shall conform to air and water quality standards as defined in section 2(d) of this order. In those cases where no such air or water quality standards are in force for a particular geographical area, Federal facilities in that area shall conform to the standards established pursuant to subsection (b) of this section. Federal facilities shall also conform to the performance specifications provided for in this order.
(2) Actions shall be taken to avoid or minimize wastes created through the complete cycle of operations of each facility.
(3) The use of municipal or regional waste collection or disposal systems shall be the preferred method of disposal of wastes from Federal facilities. Whenever use of
such a system is not feasible or appropriate, the heads of agencies concerned shall take necessary measures for the satisfactory disposal of such wastes, including:
(A) When appropriate, the installation and operation of their own waste treatment and disposal facilities in & manner consistent with this section.
(B) The provision of trained manpower, laboratory and other supporting facilities as appropriate to meet the requirements of this section.
(C) The establishment of requirements that operators of Federal pollution control facilities meet levels of proficiency consistent with the operator certification requirements of the State in which the facility is located. In the absence of such State requirements the respective Secretary may issue guidelines, pertaining to operator qualifications and performance, for the use of heads of agencies.
(4) The use, storage, and handling of all materials, including but not limited to, solid fuels, ashes, petroleum products, and other chemical and biological agents, shall be carried out so as to avoid or minimize the possibilities for water and air pollution. When appropriate, preventive measure shall be taken to entrap spillage or discharge or otherwise to prevent accidental pollution. Each agency, in consultation with the respective Secretary, shall establish appropriate emergency plans and procedures for dealing with accidental pollution.
(5) No waste shall be disposed of or discharged in such a manner as could result in the pollution of ground water which would endanger the health or welfare of the public.
(6) Discharges of radioactivity shall be in accordance with the applicable rules, regulations, or requirements of the Atomic Energy Commission and with the policies and guidance of the Federal Radiation Council as published in the FEDERAL REGISTER.
(b) In those cases where there are no air or water quality standards as defined in section 2(d) of this order in force for a particular geographic area or in those cases where more stringent requirements are deemed advisable for Federal facilities, the respective Secretary, in consultation with appropriate Federal, State, interstate, and local agencies, may issue regulations establishing air or water quality standards for the purpose of this order, including related schedules for implementation.
(c) The heads of agencies, in consultation with the respective Secretary, may from time to time identity fa. cilities or uses thereof which are to be exempted, includ. ing temporary relief from provisions of this order in the Interest of national security or in extraordinary cases where it is in the national interest. Such exemptions shall be reviewed periodically by the respective Secretary and the heads of the agencies concerned. A report on exemptions granted shall be submitted to the Council on Environmental Quality periodically.
Sec. 5. Procedures for abatement of air and water pollution at eristing Federal facilities. (a) Actions necessary to meet the requirements of subsections (a)(1) and (b) of section 4 of this order pertaining to air and water pollution at existing facilities are to be completed or under way no later than December 31, 1972. In cases where an enforcement conference called pursuant to law or air and water quality standards require earlier ections, the earlier date shall be applicable.
(b) In order to ensure full compliance with the requirements of section 5(a) and to facilitate budgeting for necessary corrective and preventive measures, heads of agencies shall present to the Director of the Bureau of the Budget (now the Director of the Office of Management and Budget) by June 30, 1970, a plan to provide for such Improvements as may be necessary to meet the required date. Subsequent revisions needed to keep any such plan up-to-date shall be promptly submitted to the Director of the Bureau of the Budget (now the Director of the Office of Management and Budget].
(c) Heads of agencies shall notify the respective Secretary as to the performance specifications proposed for each facility to meet the requirements of subsections 4 (a) (1) and (b) of this order. Where the respective Secretary finds that such performance specifications are not adequate to meet such requirements, he shall consult with the agency head and the latter shall thereupon develop adequate performance specifications.
(d) As may be found necessary, heads of agencies may submit requests to the Director of the Bureau of the Budget (now the Director of the Office of Management and Budget] for extensions of time for a project beyond the time specified in section 5(a). The Director, in consultation with the respective Secretary, may approve such requests If the Director deems that such project is not technically feasible or immediately necessary to meet the requirements of subsections 4 (a) and (b). Full justification as to the extraordinary circumstances necessitating any such extension shall be required.
(e) Heads of agencies shall not use for any other purpose any of the amounts appropriated and apportioned for corrective and preventive measures necessary to meet the requirements of subsection (a) for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1971, and for any subsequent fiscal year.
SEC. 6. Procedures for new Federal facilities. (a) Heads of agencies shall ensure that the requirements of section 4 of this order are considered at the earliest possible stage of planning for new facilities.
(b) A request for funds to defray the cost of designing and constructing new facilities in the United States shall be included in the annual budget estimates of an agency only if such request includes funds to defray the costs of such measures as may be necessary to assure that the new facility will meet the requirement of section 4 of this order.
(c) Heads of agencies shall notify the respective Secretary as to the performance specifications proposed for each facility when action is necessary to meet the requirements of subsections 4 (a) (1) and (b) of this order. Where the respective Secretary finds that such performance specifications are not adequate to meet such requirements he shall consult with the agency head and the latter shall thereupon develop adequate performance specifications.
(d) Heads of agencies shall give due consideration to the quality of air and water resources when facilities are constructed or operated outside the United States.
Sec. 7. Procedures for Federal Water Resources Projects. (a) All water resources projects of the Departments of Agriculture, the Interior, and the Army, the Tennessee Valley Authority, and the United States Section of the International Boundary and Water Commission shall be consistent with the requirements of section 4 of this order. In addition, all such projects shall be presented for the consideration of the Secretary of the Interior at the earlies feasible stage if they involve proposals or recommendations with respect to the authorization or construction of any Federal water resources project in the United States. The Secretary of the Interior shall review plans and supporting data for all such projects relating to water quality, and shall prepare a report to the head of the responsible agency describing the potential impact of the project on water quality, including recommendations concerning any changes or other measures with respect thereto which he considers to be necessary in connection with the design, construction, and operation of the project.
(b) The report of the Secretary of the Interior shall accompany at the earliest practicable stage any report proposing authorization or construction, or a request for funding, of such a water resource project. In any case in which the Secretary of the Interior fails to submit a report within 90 days after receipt of project plans, the head of the agency concerned may propose authorization, construction, or funding of the project without such an accompanying report. In such a case, the head of the agency concerned shall explicitly state in his request or report concerning the project that the Secretary of the Interior has not reported on the potential impact of the project on water quality.
SEC. 8. Saving provisions. Except to the extent that they are inconsistent with this order, all outstanding rules, regulations, order, delegations, or other forms of administrative action issued, made, or otherwise taken under the orders superseded by section 9 hereof or relating to the subject of this order shall remain in full force and effect until amended, modified, or terminated by proper authority.
Sec. 9. Orders superseded. Executive Order No. 11282 of May 26, 1966, and Executive Order No. 11288 of July 2, 1966, are hereby superseded.
§ 4332. Cooperation of agencies; reports; availability
of information; recommendations; international
and national coordination of efforts. The Congress authorizes and directs that, to the fullest extent possible: (1) the policies, regulations, and public laws of the United States shall be interpreted and administered in accordance with the pollcies set forth in this chapter, and (2) all agencies of the Federal Government shall
(A) utilize a systematic, interdisciplinary approach which will insure the integrated use of the natural and social sciences and the environmental design arts in planning and in decisionmaking which may have an impact on man's environment;
(B) identify and develop methods and procedures, in consultation with the Council on Environmental Quality established by subchapter II of this chapter, which will insure that presently unquantified environmental amenities and values may be given appropriate consideration in decisionmaking along with economic and technical considerations;
(C) include in every recommendation or report on proposals for legislation and other major Federal actions significantly affecting the quality of the human environment, a detailed statement by the responsible official on
(i) the environmental impact of the proposed action,
(ii) any adverse environmental effects which cannot be avoided should the proposal be implemented,
(iii) alternatives to the proposed action,
(iv) the relationship between local shortterm uses of man's environment and the maintenance and enhancement of long-term productivity, and
(v) any irreversible and irretrievable commitments of resources which would be involved in
the proposed action should it be implemented. Prior to making any detailed statement, the responsible Federal official shall consult with and obtain the comments of any Federal agency which has jurisdiction by law or special expertise with respect to any environmental impact involved. Copies of such statement and the comments and views of the appropriate Federal, State, and local agencies, which are authorized to develop and enforce environmental standards, shall be made available to the President, the Council on Environmental Quality and to the public as provided by section 552 of Title 5, and shall accompany the proposal through the existing agency review processes;
(D) study, develop, and describe appropriate alternatives to recommended courses of action in any proposal which involves unresolved conflicts concerning alternative uses of available resources;
(E) recognize the worldwide and long-range character of environmental problems and, where consistent with the foreign policy of the United States, lend appropriate support to initiatives, resolutions, and programs designed to maximize international cooperation in anticipating and preventing a decline in the quality of mankind's world environment;
(F) make available to States, counties, municipalities, institutions, and individuals, advice and
information useful in restoring, maintaining, and enhancing the quality of the environment;
(G) initiate and utilize ecological information in the planning and development of resourceoriented projects; and
(H) assist the Council on Environmental Quality established by subchapter II of this chapter, (Pub. L. 91-190, title I, § 102, Jan. 1, 1970, 83 Stat. 853.)
SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in section 4334 of this title.
§ 4333. Conformity of administrative procedures to
national environmental policy. All agencies of the Federal Government shall review their present statutory authority, administrative regulations, and current policies and procedures for the purpose of determining whether there are any deficiencies or inconsistencies therein which prohibit full compliance with the purposes and provisions of this chapter and shall propose to the President not later than July 1, 1971, such measures as may be necessary to bring their authority and policies into conformity with the intent, purposes, and procedures set forth in this chapter. (Pub. L. 91–190, title I, § 103, Jan. 1, 1970, 83 Stat. 854.)
SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in section 4334 of this title. 8 4334. Other statutory obligations of agencies.
Nothing in section 4332 or 4333 of this title shall in any way affect the specific statutory obligations of any Federal agency (1) to comply with criteria or standards of environmental quality, (2) to coordinate or consult with any other Federal or State agency, or (3) to act, or refrain from acting contingent upon the recommendations or certification of any other Federal or State agency. (Pub. L. 91–190, title I, § 104, Jan. 1, 1970, 83 Stat. 854.)
environments and the effects of those trends on the social, economic, and other requirements of the N&tion; (3) the adequacy of available natural resources for fulfilling human and economic requirements of the Nation in the light of expected population pressures; (4) a review of the programs and activities (including regulatory activities) of the Federal Government, the State and local governments, and nongovernmental entities or individuals, with particular reference to their effect on the environment and on the conservation, development and utilization of natural resources; and (5) a program for remedying the deficiencies of existing programs and activities, together with recommendations for legislation. (Pub. L. 91–190, title II, $ 201, Jan. 1, 1970, 83 Stat. 854.)
SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in section 4344 of this title. $ 4342. Establishment; membership; Chairman; ap
pointments. There is created in the Executive Office of the President a Council on Environmental Quality (hereinafter referred to as the “Council"). The Council shall be composed of three members who shall be appointed by the President to serve at his pleasure, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The President shall designate one of the members of the Council to serve as Chairman. Each member shall be a person who, as a result of his training, experience, and attainments, is exceptionally well qualified to analyze and interpret environmental trends and information of all kinds; to appraise programs and activities of the Federal Government in the light of the policy set forth in subchapter I of this chapter; to be conscious of and responsive to the scientific, economic, social, esthetic, and cultural needs and interests of the Nation; and to formulate and recommend national policies to promote the improvement of the quality of the environment. (Pub. L. 91-190, title II, § 202, Jan. 1, 1970, 83 Stat. 854.)
8 4335. Efforts supplemental to existing authoriza
tions. The policies and goals set forth in this chapter are supplementary to those set forth in existing authorizations of Federal agencies. (Pub. L. 91-190, title I, $ 105, Jan. 1, 1970, 83 Stat. 854.)
8 4343. Employment of personnel, experts and con
sultants. The Council may employ such officers and employees as may be necessary to carry out its functions under this chapter. In addition, the Council may employ and fix the compensation of such experts and consultants as may be necessary for the carrying out of its functions under this chapter, in accordance with section 3109 of Title 5 (but without regard to the last sentence thereof). (Pub. L. 91–190, title II, § 203, Jan. 1, 1970, 83 Stat. 855.)
§ 4341. Reports to Congress; recommendations for
legislation. The President shall transmit to the Congress annually beginning July 1, 1970, an Environmental Quality Report (hereinafter referred to as the “report") which shall set forth (1) the status and condition of the major natural, manmade, or altered environmental classes of the Nation, including, but not limited to, the air, the aquatic, including marine, estuarine, and fresh water, and the terrestrial environment, including, but not limited to, the forest, dryland, wetland, range, urban, suburban, and rural environment; (2) current and foreseeable trends in the quality, management and utilization of such
8 4344. Duties and functions. It shall be the duty and function of the Council
(1) to assist and advise the President in the preparation of the Environmental Quality Report required by section 4341 of this title;
(2) to gather timely and authoritative information concerning the conditions and trends in the quality of the environment both current and prospective, to analyze and interpret such information for the purpose of determining whether such conditions and trends are interfering, or are likely to interfere, with the achievement of the policy set forth in subchapter I of this chapter, and to compile and submit to the President studies relating to such conditions and trends;
(3) to review and appraise the various programs and activities of the Federal Government in the light of the policy set forth in subchapter I of this chapter for the purpose of determining the extent to which such programs and activities are contributing to the achievement of such policy, and to make recommendations to the President with respect thereto;
(4) to develop and recommend to the President national policies to foster and promote the improvement of environmental quality to meet the conservation, social, economic, health, and other requirements and goals of the Nation;
(5) to conduct investigations, studies, surveys, research, and analyses relating to ecological systems and environmental quality;
(6) to document and define changes in the natural environment, including the plant and animal systems, and to accumulate necessary data and other information for a continuing analysis of these changes or trends and an interpretation of their underlying causes;
(7) to report at least once each year to the President on the state and condition of the environment; and
(8) to make and furnish such studies, reports thereon, and recommendations with respect to matters of policy and legislation as the President
may request. (Pub. L. 91-190, title II, $ 204, Jan. 1, 1970, 83 Stat. 855.)
TRANSFER OY FUNCTIONS So much of the functions of the Council on Environmental Quality under par. (4) of this section as pertains to ecological systems was transferred to the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency by 1970 Reorg. Plan No. 3, § 2(a) (5), eff. Dec. 2, 1970, 35 F.R. 15623, 84 Stat. —, set out under section 4321 of this title. 8 4345. Consultation with the Citizen's Advisory Com
mittee Environmental Quality and other
representatives. In exercising its powers, functions, and duties under this chapter, the Council shall
(1) consult with the Citizens' Advisory Committee on Environmental Quality established by Executive Order numbered 11472, dated May 29, 1969, and with such representatives of science, industry, agriculture, labor, conservation organizations, State and local governments and other groups, as it deems advisable; and
(2) utilize, to the fullest extent possible, the services, facilities, and information (including statistical information) of public and private agencies and organizations, and individuals, in order that duplication of effort and expense may be avoided, thus assuring that the Council's activities will not unnecessarily overlap or conflict with similar activities authorized by law and performed
by established agencies. (Pub. L. 91-190, title II, $ 205, Jan. 1, 1970, 83 Stat. 855.)
REFERENCES IN TEXT Executive Order numbered 11472, dated May 29, 1969, referred to in par. (1), is set out as a note under section 4321 of this title.
g 4346. Tenure and compensation of members.
Members of the Council shall serve full time and the Chairman of the Council shall be compensated at the rate provided for Level II of the Executive Schedule Pay Rates. The other members of the Council shall be compensated at the rate provided for Level IV or the Executive Schedule Pay Rates. (Pub. L. 91-190, title II, $ 206, Jan. 1, 1970, 83 Stat. 856.)
REFERENCE IN TEXT Levels II and IV of the Executive Schedule Pay Rates, referred to in text, are set out as sections 5313 and 5315, respectively, of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees. & 4347. Authorization of appropriation.
There are authorized to appropriated to carry out the provisions of this chapter not to exceed $300,000 for fiscal year 1970, $ 700,000 for fiscal year 1971, and $1,000,000 for each fiscal year thereafter. (Pub. L. 91-190, title II, § 207, Jan. 1, 1970, 83 Stat. 856.)
2. Environmental Quality Improvement Act
42 U.S.C. 4371-4374 Sec. 4371. Congressional findings, declarations,
(2) that many of these changes may affect the
and purposes. 4372. Office of Environmental Quality.
relationship between man and his environment; (a) Establishment; Director; Deputy Director.
(3) that population increases and urban consultants; compensation.
centration contribute directly to pollution and the (d) Duties and functions of Director.
degradation of our environment. (e) Authority of Director to contract.
(b) (1) The Congress declares that there is a na4373. Referral of Environmental Quality Reports to standing committees having jurisdiction.
tional policy for the environment which provides for 4374. Authorization of appropriations.
the enhancement of environmental quality. This
policy is evidenced by statutes heretofore enacted § 4371. Congressional findings, declarations, and pur. poses.
relating to the prevention, abatement, and control of (a) The Congress finds
environmental pollution, water and land resources, (1) that man has caused changes in the en
transportation, and economic and regional developvironment;