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SS 466m, 466n. Repealed. Pub. L. 91-224, title I, § 102,

Apr. 3, 1970, 84 Stat. 91. Section 466m, act June 30, 1948, ch. 758, § 17, as added Nov. 3, 1966, Pub. L. 89-753, title II, $ 210, 80 Stat. 1252, authorized a study by the Secretary of Interior, and a report to Congress not later than July 1, 1967, of the extent of pollution of the navigable waters of the United States from litter and sewage deposited into such waters

from watercraft.

Section 466n, act June 30, 1948, ch. 758, § 18, as added Nov. 3, 1966, Pub. L. 89-753, title II, § 210, 80 Stat. 1252, authorized a study by the Secretary of Interior, and a report to Congress not later than Jan. 30, 1968, relating to incentives, including, but not limited to, tax and other financial incentives, to assist in the construction of industrial anti-pollution facilities.

3. Pollution of the Sea by Oil

33 U.S.C. 1001-1015

Sec. 1001. Definitions. 1002. Prohibition against discharge of oil or olly mix

tures; permissible discharges; regulations.. 1003. Excepted discharges; securing safety of ship; pre

vention of damage to ship or cargo; saving lue; damaged ship or unavoidable leakage; residue

from purification or clarification. 1004. Excepted discharges; olly mixtures from bilges. 1005. Penalties for violations; lability of vessel. 1006. Suspension or revocation of license of officers of

offending vessels. 1007. Personnel for enforcement of provisions; arrest of

offenders and procedure; ship fittings and equip

ment; civil penalty. 1008. Oil record book.

(a) Printing; regulations by Secretary.
(b) Book supplied without charge; inspection

and surrender.
(c) Operations requiring recordation.
(d) Entries; signatures.
(e) Rules and regulations.

(1) Penalties. 1009. Regulations. 1010. Boarding of ships; production of records; evidence

of violations by foreign ships. 1011. Prohibited zones: publication of reduction or ex

tension of zones. 1012. Repealed. 1013. Appropriations. 1014. Effect on other laws. 1015. Effective date.

CHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This chapter is referred to in section 1007 of this title.

nership, corporation, or association; and any owner, operator, agent, master, officer, or employee of a ship;

(g) The term “prohibited zones" means the zones described in section 1011 of this title as modified by notices, if any, of extension or reduction issued by the Secretary;

(h) The term "Secretary" means the Secretary of Transportation;

(1) The term "ship", subject to the exceptions provided in paragraph (1) of this subsection, means any seagoing vessel of any type whatsoever of American registry or nationality, including floating craft. whether self-propelled or towed by another vessel making a sea voyage; and “tanker”, as a type included within the term "ship", means a ship in which the greater part of the cargo space is constructed or adapted for the carriage of liquid cargoes in bulk and which is not, for the time being, carrying a cargo other than oil in that part of its cargo space.

(1) The following categories of vessels are excepted from all provisions of this chapter:

(1) tankers of under one hundred and fifty tons gross tonnage and other ships of under five hundred tons gross tonnage.

(11) ships for the time being engaged in the whaling industry when actually employed on whaling operations.

(iii) ships for the time being navigating the Great Lakes of North America and their connecting and tributary waters as far east as the lower exit of Saint Lambert lock at Montreal in the Province of Quebec, Canada.

(iv) naval ships and ships for the time being used as naval auxiliaries.

(j) The term “from the nearest land" means from the baseline from which the territorial sea of the territory in question is established in accordance with the Geneva Convention on the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone, 1958. (Pub. L. 87–167, § 2, Aug. 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 402; Pub. L. 89-551, $ 1(2), Sept. 1, 1966, 80 Stat. 372.)

8 1001. Definitions.

As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires

(a) The term “convention" means the International Convention for the Prevention of the Pollution of the Sea by Oil, 1954, as amended;

(b) The term “discharge” in relation to oil or to an oily mixture means any discharge or escape howsoever caused;

(c) The term “heavy diesel oil" means marine diesel oil, other than those distillates of which more than 50 per centum, by volume distills at a temperature not exceeding three hundred and forty degrees centigrade when tested by American Society for the Testing of Materials standard method D. 86/59;

(d) The term “mile" means a nautical mile of six thousand and eighty feet or one thousand eight hundred and fifty-two meters;

(e) The term "oil" means crude oil, fuel oil, heavy diesel oll, and lubricating oil, and “olly" shall be construed accordingly. An "oily mixture” means with an oil content of one hundred parts or more in one million parts of mixture.

(f) The term “person" means an individual, part

AMENDMENT3 1966—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 89-551, $ 1(2)(A), inserted ", as amended" immediately following "International Convention for the Prevention of the Pollution of the Sea by Oil, 1954".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 89-551. $ 1(2)(B), substituted "D. 86/59" for "D. 158/53".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 89-551. $ 1(2) (C), struck out relerence to persistent oils and struck out requirement that the oll in an oily mixture fouls the surface of the sea.

Subsec. (1). Pub. L. 89-551, § 1(2)(D), expanded the definition of "ship" to include seagoing vessels of any type whatsoever of American registry or nationallty, including far as practicable from land and excepted ships other than tankers from the prohibition of the subsection when the ship is proceeding to a port not provided with facilitles adequate for the reception, without causing undue delay, and, in such cases, allowed discharge of whatever discharges and olly mixtures as would remain for disposal if the bulk of the water had been separated from the mixture. Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 89-551 added subsec. (c).

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SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 1003, 1004, 1008, 1009 of this title.

noating craft, whether self-propelled or towed by another vessel making & sea voyage, inserted a definition of "tanker", subjected tankers of 150 to 500 tons to the provisions of this chapter, and substituted the lower exit of Saint Lambert lock for the lower exit of the Lachine Canal as the point at Montreal, Canada, constituting the easternmost point of the Great Lakes and their tributary waters within which ships are excepted from the provisions of this chapter.

Subsec. (1). Pub. L. 89-551, $ 1(2) (E), added subsec. (1).

SHORT TITLE Section 1 of Pub. L. 87-167, as amended by section 1(1) of Pub. L. 89-551, provided : “That this Act (which enacted this chapter), to implement the provisions of the International Convention for the Prevention of the Pollution of the Sea by Oil, 1954, as amended, may be cited as the 'Oll Pollution Act. 1961. as amended'."

SEPARABILITY OF PROVISIONS Section 15 of Pub. L. 87–167 provided that: "I & provision of this Act (this chapter) or the application of such provision to any person or circumstances shall be held invalid, the remainder of the Act (this chapter) and the application of such provision to persons or circumstances other than those to which it is held invalid shall not be affected thereby."

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS "Secretary of Transportation" was substituted for "Secretary of the Army" in par. (h) pursuant to Pub. L. 89– 670, Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 931, which transferred all functions, powers, and duties of the Secretary of the Army and other officers and offices of the Department of the Army under this chapter to the Secretary of Transportation. See section 1655(8) (5) of Title 49, Transportation.

8 1003. Excepted discharges; securing safety of ship;

prevention of damage to ship or cargo; saving life; damaged ship or unavoidable leakage; resi

due from purification or clarification. Section 1002 of this title shall not apply to

(a) the discharge of oil or oily mixture from a ship for the purpose of securing the safety of a ship, preventing damage to a ship or cargo, or saving life at sea; or

(b) the escape of oil, or of oily mixture, resulting from damage to a ship or unavoidable leakage, if all reasonable precautions have been taken after the occurrence of the damage or discovery of the leakage for the purpose of preventing or minimizing the escape;

(c) the discharge of residue arising from the purification or clarification of fuel oil or lubricating oil: Provided, That such discharge is made as far from land as practicable. (Pub. L. 87-167, § 4, Aug. 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 402; Pub. L. 89-551, $ 1(4), Sept. 1, 1966, 80 Stat. 373.)

AMENDMENTS 1966—Pub. L. 89-551 removed sediment which cannot be pumped from the cargo tanks of tankers by reason of its solidarity from the list of substances excepted from the prohibitions of section 1002 of this title and revised the excepted discharges to include discharges when made for securing safety when another ship is involved.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 1002, 1008, 1009 of this title.

$ 1002. Prohibition against discharge of oil or oily mix.

tures; permissible discharges; regulations. Subject to the provisions of sections 1003 and 1004 of this title, it shall be unlawful for any person to discharge oil or oily mixture from:

(a) a tanker within any of the prohibited zones.

(b) & ship, other than a tanker, within any of the prohibited zones, except when the ship is proceeding to a port not provided with facilities adequate for the reception, without causing undue delay, it may discharge such residues and olly mixture as would remain for disposal if the bulk of the water had been separated from the mixture: Provided, such discharge is made as far as practicable from land.

(c) a ship of twenty thousand tons gross tonnage or more, including a tanker, for which the building contract is placed on or after the effective date of this chapter. However, if in the opinion of the master, special circumstances make it neither reasonable nor practicable to retain the oil or olly mixture on board, it may be discharged outside the prohibited zones. The reasons for such discharge shall be reported in accordance with the

regulations prescribed by the Secretary. (Pub. L. 87-167, § 3, Aug. 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 402; Pub. L. 89-551, § 1(3), Sept. 1, 1966, 80 Stat. 373.)

REFERENCES IN TEXT For the effective date of this chapter, referred to in subsec. (c), see section 1015 of this title.

AMENDMENTS 1966–Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 89-551 struck out provision that, to constitute a prohibited discharge of oil or oily mixture, the discharge must foul the surface of the sea.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 89-551 substituted "oil or an oily mixture" for "olly ballast water or tank washings" as the decription of the discharges which have to be made as

$ 1004. Excepted discharges; oily mixtures from bilges.

Section 1002 of this title shall not apply to the discharge from the bilges of a ship of an oily mixture containing no oil other than lubricating oil which has drained or leaked from machinery spaces. (Pub. L. 87–167, § 5, Aug. 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 403; Pub. L. 89-551, 8 1(5), Sept. 1, 1966, 80 Stat. 374.)

AMENDMENTS 1966—Pub. L. 89–551 removed the exception for the discharge from the bulges of oll mixtures during the period of twelve months after the United States accepts the convention and narrowed the exception for an olly mixture containing lubricating oil by limiting it to lubricating oll which has drained or leaked from machinery spaces.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 1002, 1009 of this title.

$ 1005. Penalties for violations; liability of vessel.

Any person who violates any provision of this chapter, except sections 1007(b) and 1008 of this title, or any regulation prescribed in pursuance thereof, is guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction shall be punished by a fine not exceeding

$2,500 nor less than $500, or by imprisonment not exceeding one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment, for each offense. And any ship (other than a ship owned and operated by the United States) from which oil is discharged in violation of this chapter, or any regulation prescribed in pursuance thereof, shall be liable for the pecuniary penalty specified in this section, and clearance of such ship from a port of the United States may be withheld until the penalty is paid, and said penalty shall constitute a lien on such ship which may be recovered in proceedings by libel in rem in the district court of the United States for any district within which the ship may be. (Pub. L. 87-167, § 6, Aug. 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 403.)

ments thereof, shall be in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating. Any person found violating these regulations shall, in addition to any other penalty prescribed by law, be subject to a civil penalty not in excess of $100. (Pub. L. 87-167, § 8, Aug. 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 403.)

CHANGE OF NAME References to United States commissioners to be deemed references to United States magistrates, see Pub. L. 90-578. title IV, $ 402, Oct. 17, 1968, 82 Stat. 1118, which provided that, within each district, references in previously enacted statutes and previously promulgated rules and regulations to United States commissioners are to be deemed, within such district, references to United States magistrates duly appointed under section 631 of Title 28 as soon as the first United States magistrate assumes office within that district or on Oct. 17, 1971, whichever is earlier. See Applicable Law note under section 631 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

CROSS REFERENCE
Convention defined, see section 1001 of this title.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 1005, 1009 of this title.

& 1006. Suspension or revocation of license of officers

of offending vessels. The Coast Guard may, subject to the provisions of section 239 of Title 46, suspend or revoke a license issued to the master or other licensed oficer of any ship found violating the provisions of this chapter or the regulations issued pursuant thereto. (Pub. L. 87–167, § 7, Aug. 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 403.)

& 1007. Personnel for enforcement of provisions; ar.

rest of offenders and procedure; ship fittings and equipment; civil penalty. (a) In the administration of sections 1001 to 1011 of this title, the Secretary may make use of the organization, equipment, and agencies, including engineering, clerical, and other personnel, employed under his direction in the improvement of rivers and harbors and in the enforcement of laws for the improvement of rivers and harbors and in the enforcement of laws for the preservation and protection of navigable waters. For the better enforcement of the provisions of said sections, the oficers and agents of the United States in charge of river and harbor improvements and persons employed under them by authority of the Secretary, and officers and employees of the Bureau of Customs and the Coast Guard, shall have power and authority and it shall be their duty to swear out process and to arrest and take into custody, with or without process, any person who may violate any of said provisions: Provided, That no person shall be arrested without process for a violation not committed in the presence of some one of the aforesaid officials: And provided further, That whenever any arrest is made under the provisions of said sections the person so arrested shall be brought forthwith before a commissioner, judge, or court of the United States for examination of the offenses alleged against him; and such commissioner, judge, or court shall proceed in respect thereto as authorized by law in cases of crimes against the United States. Representatives of the Secretary and of the Bureau of Customs and Coast Guard of the United States may go on board and inspect any ship in a prohibited zone or in a port of the United States as may be necessary for enforcement of this chapter.

(b) To implement article VII of the convention, ship fittings and equipment, and operating require

$ 1008. Oil record book.
(a) Printing; regulations by Secretary.

The Secretary shall have printed separate oil record books, containing instructions and spaces for inserting information in the form prescribed by the Convention, which shall be published in regulations prescribed by the Secretary. (b) Book supplied without charge; inspection and

surrender. If subject to this chapter, every ship using oil fuel and every tanker shall be provided, without charge, an oil record book which shall be carried on board. The provisions of section 140 of Title 5 shall not apply. The ownership of the booklet shall remain in the United States Government. This book shall be available for inspection as provided in this chapter and for surrender to the United States Government pursuant to regulations of the Secretary. (c) Operations requiring recordation.

The oil record book shall be completed on each occasion, whenever any of the following operations takes place in the ship:

(1) ballasting of and discharge of ballast from cargo tanks of tankers;

(2) cleaning of cargo tanks of tankers;

(3) settling in slop tanks and discharge of water from tankers;

(4) disposal from tankers of oily residues from slop tanks or other sources;

(5) ballasting, or cleaning during voyage, of bunker fuel tanks of ships other than tankers;

(6) disposal from ships other than tankers of oily residues from bunker fuel tanks or other sources;

(7) accidental or other exceptional discharges or escapes of oil from tankers or ships other than tankers.

In the event of such discharge or escape of oil or oily mixture, as is referred to in sections 1002(c) and 1003 of this title, a statement shall be made in the oil (b) Should evidence be obtained that a ship registered in another country party to the convention has discharged oil in any prohibited zone, such evidence should be forwarded to the State Department for action in accordance with article X of the convention. (Pub. L. 87-167, § 11, Aug. 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 404.)

8 1011. Prohibited zones; publication of reduction or

extension of zones. (a) All sea areas within fifty miles from the nearest land shall be prohibited zones, subject to extensions or reduction effectuated in accordance with the terms of the Convention, which shall be published in regulations prescribed by the Secretary.

(b) With respect to the reduction or extension of the zones described under the terms of the Convention, the Secretary shall give notice thereof by publication of such information in Notices to Mariners issued by the United States Coast Guard and United States Navy. (Pub. L. 87–167, § 12, Aug. 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 404; Pub. L. 89-551, § 1(8), Sept. 1, 1966, 80 Stat. 375.)

record book of the circumstances of, and reason for, the discharge or escape. (d) Entries; signatures.

Each operation described in subsection (c) of this section shall be fully recorded without delay in the oil record book so that all the entries in the book appropriate to that operation are completed. Each page of the book shall be signed by the officer or officers in charge of the operations concerned and. when the ship is manned, by the master of the ship. (e) Rules and regulations.

Oil record books shall be kept in such manner and for such length of time as set forth in the regulations prescribed by the Secretary. (f) Penalties.

If any person fails to comply with the requirements imposed by or under this section, he shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $1,000 nor less than $500 and if any person makes an entry in any records kept in accordance with this chapter or regulations prescribed thereunder by the Secretary which is to his knowledge false or misleading in any material particular, he shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $1,000 nor less than $500 or imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or both. (Pub. L. 87-167, § 9, Aug. 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 404; Pub. L. 89-551, § 1(6), Sept. 1, 1966, 80 Stat. 374.)

CODIFICATION The provisions of section 140 of title 5, referred to in this section, have been incorporated in title 31 section 483a.

AMENDMENTS 1966—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 89–551 substituted provisions covering the printing of oil record books by the Secretary for provisions requiring that an oil record book be carried and that the circumstances surrounding a prohibited discharge be recorded.

Subsecs. (b)-(e). Pub. L. 89-551 added subsecs. (b)(e). Former subsec. (b) amended by inserting reference to regulations prescribed under this chapter by the Secretary and, as so amended, redesignated as subsec. (1).

Subsec. (1). Pub. L. 89-551 redesignated former subsec. (b) as subsec. (f) and inserted a reference to regulations prescribed under this chapter by the Secretary.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 1005, 1009 of this title.

AMENDMENTS 1966—Pub. L. 89-551 substituted a general reference to extensions or reductions of sea areas within 50 miles from land effectuated in accordance with the terms of the Convention to be published in regulations by the Secretary for detalled descriptions of areas excepted from the prohibited zones.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in section 1009 of this title.

8 1012. Repealed. Pub. L. 89–551, 8 1(9), Sept. 1, 1966,

80 Stat. 375. Section, Pub. L. 87–167, § 13, Aug. 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 405, set out the form and required entries for the oll record book. See section 1008 of this title.

8 1013. Appropriations.

There is authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter. (Pub. L. 87-167, § 14, Aug. 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 407.) 1014. Effect on other laws.

Nothing in this chapter or in regulations issued hereunder shall be construed to modify or amend the provisions of the Oil Pollution Act, 1924, or section 89 of Title 14. (Pub. L. 87-167, $ 16, Aug. 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 407.)

REFERENCES IN TOT

8 1009. Regulations.

The Secretary may make regulations for the administration of sections 1002, 1003, 1004, 1007(a), and 1008, and 1011 of this title. (Pub. L. 87-167, § 9, Aug. 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 404; Pub. L. 89–551, $ 1(7), Sept. 1, 1966, 80 Stat. 375.)

The Oil Pollution Act, 1924, referred to in text, was repealed by Pub. L. 91-224, title I, $ 108, Apr. 3, 1970, 84 Stat. 113, and its provisions are generally covered by section 1151 et. seq. of this title.

AMENDMENTS 1966—Pub. L. 89-551 inserted reference to section 1011 of this title.

§ 1010. Boarding of ships; production of records; evi

dence of violations by foreign ships. (a) The Secretary may make regulations empowering such persons as may be designated to go on board any ship to which the convention applies, while the ship is within the territorial jurisdiction of the United States, and to require production of any records required to be kept in accordance with the convention.

8 1015. Effective date.

(a) This chapter shall become effective upon the date of its enactment or upon the date the amended Convention becomes effective as to the United States, whichever is the later date.

(b) Any rights or liabilities existing on the effective date of this chapter shall not be affected by the enactment of this chapter. Any procedures or rules or regulations in effect on the effective date of this chapter shall remain in effect until modified or superseded under the authority of this chapter. Any reference in any other law or rule or regulation pre

scribed pursuant to law to the “International Convention for the Prevention of the Pollution of the Sea by Oil, 1954,” shall be deemed to be a reference to that Convention as revised by the "Amendments of the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by Oil, 1954," which were adopted by a Conference of Contracting Governments convened at London on April 11, 1962. Any reference in any other law or rule or regulation prescribed pursuant to law to the "Oil Pollution Act, 1961," approved August 30, 1961, shall be deemed to be a reference to that Act as amended by this Act. (Pub. L. 87–167, § 17, Aug. 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 407; Pub. L. 89-551, § 1(10), Sept. 1, 1966, 80 Stat. 375.)

REFERENCES IN TEXT The "date of its enactment" referred to in subsec. (a) means the enactment of Pub. L. 87-167, which was approved on Aug. 30, 1961.

"That Act", referred to in subsec. (b), refers to the “O11 Pollution Act, 1961", Pub. L. 87-167, Aug. 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 402, which is classified to this chapter, and "this Act", referred to in subsec. (b), presumably refers to Pub. L. 89-551, Sept. 1, 1966, 80 Stat. 372, which amended Pub. L. 87–167 and brought it into line with the 1962 Amendments of the 1954 Convention,

AMENDMENTS 1966—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 89-551 denominated existing provisions as subsec. (a) and in subsec. (a) as so denominated substituted "upon the date the amended Convention becomes effective as to the United States" for "upon the date the United States becomes a party to the convention".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 89-551 added subsec. (b).

4. Soil Conservation

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16 U.S.C. 590ff Sec. 690a. Prevention of soll erosion; surveys and investiga- to be the policy of Congress to provide permanently tions; preventive measures; cooperation with

for the control and prevention of soil erosion agencies and persons; acquisition of land. 590b. Lands on which preventive measures may be taken.

and thereby to preserve natural resources, con590c. Conditions under which benefits of law extended trol floods, prevent impairment of reservoirs, and nongovernment controlled lands.

maintain the navigability of rivers and harbors, pro590d. Cooperation of governmental agencies; officers and

tect public health, public lands and relieve unememployees, appointment and compensation; expenditures for personal services and supplies.

ployment, and the Secretary of Agriculture, from 590e. Soil Conservation Service; establishment; utiliza- now on, shall coordinate and direct all activities

tion and transfer of existing governmental agen- with relation to soil erosion and in order to effectuate
cies.

this policy is authorized, from time to time-
*
*

(1) To conduct surveys, investigations, and re5901. Appropriation authorized.

search relating to the character of soil erosion 690g. Additional policies and purposes of chapter. (a) Purposes enumerated.

and the preventive measures needed, to publish (b)-(8) Repealed.

the results of any such surveys, investigations, or 590g-1. Allocation for county agricultural conservation

research, to disseminate information concerning program; amount withheld; use; deposit of funds.

such methods, and to conduct demonstrational 590g-2. Allocation for State agricultural conservation projects in areas subject to erosion by wind or program; amount withheld; use.

water; 590h. Payments and grants of aid.

(2) To carry out preventive measures, includ+ * +

*

ing, but not limited to, engineering operations, 6901. Surveys and investigations; publication of Infor

methods of cultivation, the growing of vegetation, mation; reports. 5901-1. Furnishing photographs, mosaics, and maps re

and changes in use of land; quired by Soil Conservation Service. 6901–2. Furnishing photographs, mosaics, and maps re

(3) To cooperate or enter into agreements quired in soil conservation operations of De- with, or furnish financial other aid to, any partment of the Interior.

agency, governmental or otherwise, or any per* + *

son, subject to such conditions as he may deem 5900. Appropriations for purposes of sections 590g and necessary, for the purposes of this chapter; and 590h; allocation of funds among commodities.

(4) To acquire lands, or rights or interests 690p. Limitation on obligations incurred; Great Plains

therein, by purchase, gift, condemnation, or conservation program. 590p-1. Limitation on wetlands drainage assistance to

otherwise, whenever necessary for the purposes of ald wildlife preservation; termination of llmi- this chapter. tation; redetermination of need for assistance

(Apr. 27, 1935, ch. 85, § 1, 49 Stat. 163.)
upon change of ownership of lands,

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS
*
+

Functions of Soil Conservation Service in Department 8 590a. Prevention of soil erosion; surveys and inves.

of Agriculture with respect to soll and moisture conservatigations; preventive measures; cooperation with

tion operations conducted on lands under jurisdiction of agencies and persons; acquisition of land.

Department of Interior were transferred to Department of

Interior, to be administered under direction and superviIt is recognized that the wastage of soil and

sion of Secretary of Interior through such agency or moisture resources on farm, grazing, and forest lands agencies in Department of Interior as Secretary shall desof the Nation, resulting from soil erosion, is a men

ignate, by 1939 Reorg. Plan No. IV, § 6, eff, June 30, 1940,

5 P.R. 2421, 54 Stat. 1234, set out in the Appendix to Title ace to the national welfare and that it is declared 5, Government Organization and Employees.

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