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that would otherwise be made to the landlord shall not hereafter operate to increase any such payment or grant to such landlord. Such limitations shall not apply if on investigation the local committee finds that the change is justified and approves such change in relationship or reduction. Such action of local committees shall be subject to approval or disapproval by State committees. (g) Assignment of payment; procedure for assign

ment; rules and regulations. A payment which may be made to a farmer under this section, may be assigned, without discount, by him in writing as security for cash or advances to finance making a crop, handling or marketing an agricultural commodity, or performing a conservation practice. Such assignment shall be signed by the farmer and witnessed by a member of the county committee or by an employee of such committee, except that where the assignee is a bank whose deposits are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Farmers Home Administration, or a production credit association supervised by the Farm Credit Administration, such assignment may be witnessed by a bonded officer of the lending institution. Such assignment shall be filed with the county committee. Such assignment shall not be made to pay or secure any preexisting indebtedness. This provision shall not authorize any suit against or impose any liability upon the Secretary or any disbursing agent if payment to the farmer is made without regard to the existence of any such assignment. The Secretary shall prescribe such regulations as he determines necessary to carry out the provisions of this subsection. (Apr. 27, 1935, ch. 85, $ 8, as added Feb. 29, 1936, ch. 104, § 1, 49 Stat. 1149, and amended June 28, 1937, ch. 395, § 1, 50 Stat. 329; Feb. 16, 1938, 3 p.m., ch. 30, title I, $ $ 101, 102, 103, 52 Stat. 31, 34, 35; Apr. 7, 1938, ch. 107, $$ 16—18, 52 Stat. 204, 205; Apr. 10, 1939, ch. 48, 53 Stat. 573; May 14, 1940, ch. 200, 54 Stat. 216; July 2, 1940, ch. 521; $ 2, 54 Stat. 727; June 21, 1941, ch. 217, 55 Stat. 257; Dec. 26, 1941, ch. 626, § 1, 55 Stat. 860; Feb. 6, 1942, ch. 44, § 4, 56 Stat. 53; Sept. 29, 1942, ch. 568, 56 Stat. 761; Sept. 21, 1944, ch. 412, title III, $ 301, 58 Stat. 737; July 25, 1946, ch. 642, 60 Stat. 663; July 3, 1948, ch. 827, title I, § 4, 62 Stat. 1250; Sept. 23 1950, ch. 997, 64 Stat. 978; May 26, 1952, ch. 335, 66 Stat. 95; Aug. 28, 1954, ch. 1041, title V, $ 501, 68 Stat. 907; Aug. 9, 1955, ch. 624, 69 Stat. 545; Apr. 6, 1956, ch. 186, 70 Stat. 105; July 24, 1956, ch. 668, 70 Stat. 597; July 25, 1958, Pub. L. 85– 553, 72 Stat. 414; June 25, 1959, Pub. L. 86–70, § 13 (a), 73 Stat. 143; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–624, § 8(a), 74 Stat. 412; Sept. 27, 1962, Pub. L. 87–703, title I, § 101 (2), (3), 76 Stat. 605; Aug. 31, 1964, Pub. L. 88-534, § 1, 78 Stat. 743; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–742, 80 Stat. 1167.)

AMENDMENTS 1966 Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 89-742 permitted assignments for handling or marketing an agricultural commodity, or performing a conservation practice, broadened the qualifications as to who may witness the signature of a farmer assigning such payments, and directed the Secretary to promulgate such regulations necessary to carry out the provisions of this subsection.

1964-Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 88-534 provided that members of local committees and not delegates from local

areas shall nominate and elect a county committee of three farmers in the county, substituted three year staggered terms of office for county committeemen in place of one year terms, limited committeemen to a maximum of three consecutive terms, and eliminated provisions for the annual election of delegates to a county convention for the election of a county committee.

1962—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 87-703, § 101(2), repealed subsec. (a) which related to duration of authority of Secretary of Agriculture in the operation of a Federal program on a temporary basis.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 87-703, $ 101(3), substituted the introductory "The" for "subject to the limitations provided in subsection (a) of this section, the."

1960_Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 86–624 substituted "in the States of the Union, except Alaska" for "in the continental United States, except in Alaska."

1959--Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 86–70 inserted words ". except in Alaska" following continental United States."

1958-Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 85-553 substituted “January 1, 1963" and "December 31, 1962" for "January 1, 1959” and “December 31, 1958", respectively, whenever appearing.

1956–Subsec. (a). Act July 24, 1956, substituted "January 1, 1959" and "December 31, 1958" for “January 1, 1957" and "December 31, 1956", respectively, wherever appearing.

Subsec. (b). Act Apr. 6, 1956, substituted "Clauses." for "In arid or semiarid sections," in the second sentence.

1955–Subsec. (e). Act. Aug. 9, 1955, authorized payments to persons carrying out conservation practices on federally owned noncropland.

1954-Subsec. (a). Act Aug. 28, 1954, $ 501 (a), (b), substituted “January 1, 1957" and "December 31, 1956" for “Janua 1, 1955" and "December 31, 1954" wherever appearing, and added last two sentences.

Subsec. (b). Act Aug. 28 1954, $ 501 (c), eliminated "at not to exceed a fair price fixed in accordance with regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary" following “furnished to producers” in second paragraph and added last sentence.

1952–Subsec. (a). Act May 26, 1952, extended the Secretary's authority for 2 more years until Jan. 1, 1955.

1950 Subsec. (a). Act Sept. 23, 1950, extended the Secretary's authority until Jan. 1, 1953.

1948Subsec. (a). Act July 3, 1948, extended the Secretary's authority until Jan. 1, 1951.

1946–Subsec. (a). Act July 25, 1946, substituted "January 1, 1949" for "January 1, 1947" wherever appearing and "December 31, 1948" for December 31, 1946".

1944–Subsec. (b). Act. Sept. 21, 1944, which added par. beginning "Appropriations are hereby".

Subsec. (e) amended by act Sept. 21, 1944, which added par. beginning "Persons who carry".

1942-Subsec. (c)(2). Act Feb. 6, 1942, added last two sentences.

Subsec. (e). Act Sept. 29, 1942, amended first sentence.

1941–Subsec. (a). Act Dec. 26, 1941, substituted "January 1, 1947" for “January 1, 1942" and "December 31, 1946" for "December 31, 1941."

Subsec. (b). Act June 21, 1941, added par, beginning with words "Notwithstanding any other provisions of law."

1940 Subsec. (c) (5). Act July 2, 1940, added the last sentence.

Subsec. (f). Act May 14, 1940, eliminated the last sentence, which provided "Such limitations shall apply only if the county committee finds that the change or reduction is not justified and disapproves such change or reduction" and substituted the last two sentences.

1939—Subsec. (c) (4). Act Feb. 16, 1938, repealed subsec. (c) (4) which provided "Notwithstanding any other provision of this subsection, if, for any reason other than flood or drought, the acreage of wheat, cotton, corn, or rice planted on the farm is less than 80 per centum of the farm acreage allotment for such commodity for the purpose of payment, such farm acreage allotment shall be 25 per centum in excess of such planted acreage."

1938—Subsecs. (b) and (c) amended generally by act Feb. 16, 1938.

Subsecs. (d), (e), (f), and (8) added by act Feb. 16, 1938.

Subsec. (C) (5). Act Apr. 7, 1938, substituted "for any county" for "on any farm" in the first sentence, and "therein," for "thereon".

Subsec. (c) (6) added by act Apr. 7, 1938.

Subsec. (8). Act Apr. 7, 1938, substituted second and third sentences for sentences which provided "Such assignment shall be acknowledged by the farmer before the county agricultural extension agent and filled with such agent. The farmer shall Ale with such county agricultural extension agent an affidavit stating that the assignment is not made to pay or secure any pre-existing indebtedness."

1937-Subsec. (a). Act June 28, 1937, substituted "January 1, 1942" for "January 1, 1938" wherever appearing, and “December 31, 1941" for "December 31, 1937".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1964 AMENDMENT Section 3 of Pub. L. 88–534 provided that: “Section 1 of this Act (amending subsec. (b) of this section) shall become effective for elections of committeemen held on or after January 1, 1965."

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1948 AMENDMENT Section 6 of act July 3, 1948, provided in part that the amendment of this section by section 4 of act July 3, 1948, shall take effect as of July 3, 1948.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1938 AMENDMENT Section 105 of act Feb. 16, 1938, as amended by section 1 of act Apr. 7, 1938, provided that the amendments by this act affecting subsections (b), (c) and adding (d) — (8) to this section, "shall first be effective with respect to farming operations carried out in the calendar year 1938. Notwithstanding such amendments, payments with respect to farming operations carried out in the calendar year 1938 and based upon any soll-depleting crop for which special acreage allotments are established shall be made at not less than 90 per centum of the rates announced by the Secretary prior to the enactment of this act. Nothing contained herein shall require reconstituting, for 1938, any county or other local committee which has been constituted prior to February 1, 1938."

1966 INCREASE IN RATES OF COMPENSATION OF PERSONS

EMPLOYED BY COUNTY COMMITTEES Pub. L. 89-504, title I, $ 107, July 18, 1966, 80 Stat. 293, provided that: “The rates of compensation of persons employed by the county committees established pursuant to section 8(b) of the Soll Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act (16 U.S.C. 590h(b)) shall be increased by amounts equal, as nearly as may be practicable, to the increases provided by section 102(a) of this title for corresponding rates of compensation." 1965 INCREASE IN RATES OF COMPENSATION OF PERSONS

EMPLOYED BY COUNTY COMMITTEES Section 10 of Pub. L. 89-301, Oct. 10, 1965, 79 Stat. 1120, provided that: “The rates of compensation of persons employed by the county committees established pursuant to section 8(b) of the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act (16 U.S.C. 590h(b)) shall be increased by amounts equal, as nearly as may be practicable, to the increases provided by section 2(a) of this Act for corresponding rates of compensation."

Provision effective on the first day of the first pay period which begins on or after July 1, 1966, see section 109 (2) of Pub. L. 89-504. 1964 INCREASE IN RATES OF COMPENSATION OF PERSONS

EMPLOYED BY COUNTY COMMITTEES Pub. L. 88-426, title I, $ 122, Aug. 14, 1964, 78 Stat. 412, provided that: “The rates of compensation of persons employed by the county committees establish pursuant to section 8(b) of the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act (16 U.S.C. 590h(b)) shall be increased by amounts equal, as nearly as may be practicable to the increases provided by section 102 of this Act (see section 1113(b) of Title 5 and note thereunder) for corresponding rates of compensation in the appropriate schedule or scale of pay." 1962 INCREASE IN RATES OF COMPENSATION OF PERSONS

EMPLOYED BY COUNTY COMMITTEES Section 1002 of Pub. L. 87-793, Oct. 11, 1962, 76 Stat. 865, provided that: “The rates of compensation of persons employed by the county committees established pursuant to section 8(b) of the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act (16 U.S.C. 590h(b)) shall be Increased by amounts equal, as nearly as may be practicable, to the increases provided by title II of this part (see Effective Date of 1962 Amendment rate under section 1105 of title 5, Executive Department and Government Officers and Employees) for corresponding rates of compensation in the appropriate schedule or scale of pay." 1960 INCREASE IN RATES OF COMPENSATION OF PERSONS

EMPLOYED BY COUNTY COMMITTEES Section 115(a) of Pub. L. 86–568, title I, July 1, 1960, 74 Stat. 302, provided that: “The rates of compensation of persons employed by the county committees established pursuant to section 8(b) of the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act (16 US.C. 590h(b)) shall be increased by amounts equal, as nearly as may be practicable, to the increases provided by this title for corresponding rates of compensation in the appropriate schedule or scale of pay."

"Increases provided by this title", referred to above, means increases provided by title I of Pub. L. 86-568. Two COUNTY COMMITTEES FOR CERTAIN COUNTIES IN

MINNESOTA AND IOWA Pub. L. 85–278, Sept. 2, 1957, 71 Stat. 601, provided : "That, notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (b) of section 8 of the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act (subsec. (b) of this section), two county committees shall be elected annually under such subsection for the counties of Otter Tail, Polk, and Saint Louis, in the State of Minnesota, and for the county of Pottawattamie, in the State of Iowa, and that the actions heretofore or hereafter taken by each of such committees shall be given the same effect in the area served by it

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS Functions respecting lands under jurisdiction of Department of Interior, transfer to Department of Interior, see note under section 590a of this title. 1970 INCREASE IN RATES OF COMPENSATION OF PERSONS

EMPLOYED BY COUNTY COMMITTEES Adjustment by the Secretary of Agriculture, effective on the first day of the first pay period which begins on or after Dec. 27, 1969, of the rates of pay of personnel subject to this section with respect to individuals employed by county committees under subsec. (b) of this section, by the amounts of the adjustment for corresponding rates for employees subject to the General Schedule, set out in section 5332 of Title 5, which had been made by section 2 of Pub. L. 91-231 raising such rates by 6 percent, see Pub. L. 91-231, set out as a note under section 5332 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

1967 INCREASE IN RATES OF COMPENSATION OF PERSONS

EMPLOYED BY COUNTY COMMITTEES Section 210 of Pub. L. 90–206, title II, Dec. 16, 1967, 81 Stat. 633, provided that: “The rates of pay of persons employed by the county committees established pursuant to section 8(b) of the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act (16 U.S.C. 590h(b)) (subsec. (b) of this section) shall be increased by amounts equal, as nearly as may be practicable, to the increases provided by section 202(a) of this title (see section 5332(a) of Title 5) for corresponding rates of basic pay."

Section 210 of Pub. L. 90-206 effective as of the beginning of the first pay period which begins on or after Oct. 1, 1967, see section 220(a) (2) of Pub. L. 90–206, set out as & note under section 5332 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

as is given to the actions of the county committee in a county served by a single county committee."

CROSS REFERENCES Commodity Credit Corporation loans, see section 1391 of Title 7, Agriculture.

Emergency farm acreage allotment, see note set out under sections 1334, 1344, and 1358 of Title 7.

Finality of payments and loans under this chapter, see section 1385 of Title 7.

Utilization of local agencies, see section 1388 of Title 7.

Wheat marketing quotas, penalty provisions, see sections 1330 (7) and 1340 (7) of Title 7.

ner and adapted to conditions in the several States, as determined and approved by the State committees appointed pursuant to section 590h (b) of this title. for the respective States. (Aug. 3, 1956, ch. 950, 8 6 (b), 70 Stat. 1033.)

CODIFICATION This section was enacted as a part of the Department of Agriculture Organic Act of 1956, and not as a part of the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act which comprises this chapter.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 590g, 590h-1, 590h 4, 5901, 590m, 590n, 5900, 590p of this title; title 5, sections 5307, 5595, 6312, 8331, 8332, 8334, 8701, 8901; title 7 sections 1301, 1303, 1314c, 1330, 1388, 1391, 1441, 1444, 1838.

§ 590h-1. Same; naval stores; utilization of agencies.

In administering the naval stores conservation programs authorized in section 590h of this title and in making payments thereunder to gum naval stores producers the Secretary may utilize the services of regional associations of such producers or any agency of the Government in lieu of the State, county, and other local committees utilized in the other agricultural conservation programs if he finds that more efficient administration will result, and the provisions of section 1388 (b) of Title 7 shall otherwise be applicable to the administration of said naval stores conservation programs. (June 16, 1938, ch. 464, title I, 52 Stat. 746.)

CODIFICATION Section was not enacted as a part of the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act which comprises this chapter.

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS Functions respecting lands under jurisdiction of Department of Interior, transfer to Department of Interior, see note under section 590a of this title.

CROSS REFERENCES Finality of payments and loans under this chapter, see section 1385 of Title 7, Agriculture.

§ 590i. Surveys and investigations; publication of in.

formation; reports. The Secretary is authorized to conduct surveys. investigations, and research relating to the conditions and factors affecting, and methods of accomplishing most effectively, the policy and purposes of section 590g (al of this title. Notwithstanding any provision of existing law, the Secretary is authorized to make public such information as he deems necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter. The Secretary shall transmit to the Congress a report, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1937, and for each fiscal year thereafter, of the operations for such year under this chapter, which report shall include a statement of the expenditures made and obligations incurred, by classes and amounts. (Apr. 27, 1935, ch. 85, $ 9, as added lieb. 29, 1936, ch. 104, § 1, 49 Stat. 1150, and amended June 28, 1937, ch. 395, § 2, 50 Stat. 329.)

AMENDMENTS 1937-Act June 28, 1937, amended section by adding last sentence.

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS Functions respecting lands under jurisdiction of Department of Interior, see note under section 590a of this title.

CROSS REFERENCES Commodity Credit Corporation loans, see section 1391 of Title 7. Agriculture.

Utilization of local agencies, see section 1388 of Title 7.

Wheat marketing quotas, penalty provisions, see sections 1330 (7) and 1340 (7) of Title 7.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 590g. 590h-4. 590m, 590n, 590p of this title; title 8 section 1330.

$ 590h-2. Same; adjustments between payee and third persons; definitions.

CODIFICATION Section, act July 2, 1940, ch. 521, § 9, 54 Stat. 729, was omitted as executed.

8 590h-3. Repealed. Pub. L. 88–534, § 2, Aug. 31, 1964,

78 Stat. 743. Section, act Aug. 28, 1954, ch. 1041, title V, $ 503, 68 Stat. 908, provided that nothing in section 590h (b) of this title or in any other law, shall be construed to authorize the imposition of limitations upon the number of terms for which members of county committees established under such section may be reelected. See section 590h (b) of this title.

$ 590i-1. Furnishing photographs, mosaics, and maps

required by Soil Conservation Service. Reproductions of such aerial or other photographs, mosaics, and maps as shall be required in connection with the authorized work of the Soil Conservation Service may be furnished at the cost of reproduction to Federal, State, county, or municipal agencies requesting such reproductions. (July 22, 1942, ch. 516, $1. 56 Stat. 691.)

CODIFICATION The text of this section was taken from Department of Agriculture Appropriation Act, 1943, and not from the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act, which comprises this chapter.

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS Functions respecting lands under jurisdiction of Department of Interior, transfer to Department of Interior, sec note under section 590a of this title.

SIMILAR PROVISIONS Similar provisions were contained in the following prior appropriation acts:

8 590h-4. Conditions for payments of grants.

Payments of grants under sections 590g, 590h, 590i, 590j to 590q of this title, may be conditioned upon the utilization of land with respect to which such payments or grants are to be made in conformity with farming practices which will encourage and provide for soil-building and soil- and water-conserving practices in the most practical and effective man

1941-July 1, 1941, ch. 267, § 1, 55 Stat. 434.
1940-June 25, 1940, ch. 421, § 1, 54 Stat. 560.
1939June 30, 1939, ch. 253, title I, 53 Stat. 973.
1938—June 16, 1938, ch. 464, title I, 52 Stat. 744.

1937—June 29, 1937. ch. 404, 50 Stat. 429. $ 590i–2. Furnishing photographs, mosaics, and maps

required in soil conservation operations of De.

partment of the Interior. Reproductions of such aerial or other photographs, mosaics, and maps as shall be required in connection with the authorized soil and moisture conservation operations of the Department of the Interior may be furnished to cooperating persons or agencies and to Government agencies at the estimated cost of furnishing such reproductions, and to other persons or agencies at such prices (not less than estimated cost of furnishing such reproductions) as the Secretary may determine, the money received from such sales to be deposited in the Treasury to the credit of this appropriation. (July 2, 1942, ch. 473. § 1, 56 Stat. 508.)

CODIFICATION The text of this section was taken from the Department of the Interior Appropriation Act, 1943, and not from the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act, which comprises this chapter.

SIMILAR PROVISION Similar provision was contained in prior appropriation act of June 28, 1941, ch. 259, $ 1, 55 Stat. 306.

vided. For the purpose of allocating funds and computing payments or grants the Secretary is authorized to consider as a commodity a group of commodities or a regional or market classification of a commodity. For the purpose of computing payments or grants, the Secretary is authorized to use funds allocated to two or more commodities produced on farms of a designated regional or other classification to compute payments with respect to one of such commodities on such farms, and to use funds, in an amount equal to the estimated payments which would be made in any county, for making payments pursuant to a special program under section 590h of this title approved by the Secretary for such county: Provided, That farm acreage allotments shall be made for wheat in 1938, but in determining compliance wheat shall be considered in the group with other crops for which special acreage allotments are not made.

Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this section and the provisions of section 590g (g) of this title, programs of soil building practices and soiland water-conserving practices shall be based on a distribution of the funds available for payments and grants among the several States in accordance with their conservation needs, as determined by the Secretary, except that the proportion allocated to any State shall not be reduced by more than 15 per centum from the distribution of such funds for the next preceding program year. In carrying out such programs, the Secretary shall give particular consideration to conservation problems on farm lands diverted from crops under acreage allotment programs and to the maintenance of a proper balance between soil conserving and soil depleting crops on the farm. (Apr. 27, 1935, ch. 85, § 15, as added Feb. 29, 1936, ch. 104, § 1, 49 Stat. 1151, and amended Feb. 16, 1938, ch. 30, title I, § 104, 52 Stat. 35; Aug. 28, 1954, ch. 1041, title V, $ 502, 68 Stat. 908.)

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AMENDMENTS 1954-Act Aug. 28, 1954, added last paragraph.

1938—Act Feb. 16, 1938, added paragraph beginning "The funds available".

8 5900. Appropriations for purposes of sections 590g

and 590h; allocation of funds among commodities. To enable the Secretary of Agriculture to carry out the purposes of sections 590g and 590h of this title there is authorized to be appropriated for any fiscal year not exceeding $500,000,000.

The funds available for payments (after allowing for estimated administrative expenses, and not to exceed 5 per centum for payments with respect to range lands, noncrop pasture lands, and naval stores) shall be allocated among the commodities produced with respect to which payments or grants are to be computed. In allocating funds among the commodities the Secretary shall take into consideration and give equal weight to (1) the average acreages planted to the various commodities (including rotation pasture), for the ten years 1928 to 1937, adjusted for abnormal weather and other conditions, including acreage diverted from production under the agricultural adjustment and soil conservation programs; (2) the value at parity prices of the production from the allotted acreages of the various commodities for the year with respect to which the payment is made: (3) the average acreage planted to the various commodities during the ten years 1928 to 1937, including the acreage diverted from production under the agricultural adjustment and soil conservation programs. in excess of the allotted acreage for the year with respect to which the payment is made; and (4) the value based on average prices for the preceding ten years of the production of the excess acreage determined under item (3). The rate of payment used in making payments to the producers of each commodity shall be such that the estimated payments with respect to such commodity shall equal the amount of funds allocated to such commodity as herein pro

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1938 AMENDMENT Section 105 of act Feb. 16, 1938, as amended by section 1 of act Apr. 7, 1938, provided that amendment of this act affecting this section, "shall first be effective with respect to farming operations carried out in the calendar year 1938.

Notwithstanding such amendments, payments with respect to farming operations carried out in the calendar year 1938 and based upon any soil-depleting crop for which special acreage allotments are established shall be made at not less than 90 per centum of the rates announced by the Secretary prior to the enactment of this act. Nothing contained herein shall require reconstituting, for 1938, any county or other local committee which has been constituted prior to February 1, 1938."

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS Functions respecting lands under jurisdiction of Department of Interior, transfer to Department of Interior, see note under section 590a of this title.

CROSS REFERENCES Commodity Credit Corporation loans, see section 1391 of Title 7, Agriculture.

Utilization of local agencies, see section 1388 of Title 7.

Wheat marketing quotas, penalty provisions, see sections 1330 (7) and 1340 (7) of Title 7.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 5901-4, 590n, 590p of this title; title 7 sections 1292, 1301, 1330, 1391.

8 590p. Limitation on obligations incurred; Great

Plains conservation program. (a) The obligations incurred for the purpose of carrying out, for any calendar year, the provisions of sections 590g, 590h, 590i, and 590j to 590n of this title shall not exceed $500,000,000. (b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law

(1) the Secretary is authorized, within the amounts of such appropriations as may be provided therefor, to enter into contracts of not to exceed ten years with owners and operators of land in the Great Plains area having such control as the Secretary determines to be needed of the farms, ranches, or other lands covered thereby; but such contracts shall be entered into with respect to lands, other than farms or ranches, only where erosion is so serious as to make such contracts necessary for the protection of farm or ranch lands. Such contracts shall be designed to assist farm, ranch, or other land owners or operators to make, in orderly progression over a period of years, changes in their cropping systems or land uses which are needed to conserve, develop, protect, and utilize the soil and water resources of their farms, ranches, and other lands and to install the soil and water conservation measures and carry out the practices needed under such changed systems and uses. Such contracts may be entered into during the period ending not later than December 31, 1981, with respect to farms, ranches, and other lands in counties in the Great Plains area of the States of Colorado, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming, designated by the Secretary as susceptible to serious wind erosion by reason of their soil types, terrain, and climatic and other factors. The land owner or operator shall furnish to the Secretary a plan of farming operations or land use which incorporates such soil and water conservation practices and principles as may be determined by him to be practicable for maximum mitigation of climatic hazards of the area in which such land is located, and which outlines a schedule of proposed changes in cropping systems or land use and of the conservation measures which are to be carried out on the farm, ranch, or other land during the contract period to protect the farm, ranch, or other land from erosion and deterioration by natural causes. Such plan may also include practices and measures for (a) enhancing fish and wildlife and recreation resources, (b) promoting the economic use of land, and (c) reducing or controlling agricultural related pollution. Inclusion in the farm plan of these practices shall be the exclusive decision of the land owner or operator. Approved conservation plans of land owners and operators developed in cooperation with the soil and water conservation district in which their lands are situated shall form a basis for contracts. Under the contract the land owner or operator shall agree

(1) to effectuate the plan for his farm, ranch, or other land substantially in accordance with the schedule outlined therein unless any requirement thereof is waived or modified by the Sec

retary pursuant to paragraph (3) of this subsection;

(ii) to forfeit all rights to further payments or grants under the contract and refund to the United States all payments or grants received thereunder upon his violation of the contract at any stage during the time he has control of the land if the Secretary, after considering the recommendations of the soil and water conservation district board, determines that such violation is of such a nature as to warrant termination of the contract, or to make refunds or accept such payment adjustments as the Secretary may deem appropriate if he determines that the violation by the owner or operator does not warrant termination of the contract;

(ii) upon transfer of his right and interest in the farm, ranch, or other land during the contract period to forfeit all rights to further payments or grants under the contract and refund to the United States all payments or grants received thereunder unless the transferee of any such land agrees with the Secretary to assume all obligations of the contract;

(iv) not to adopt any practice specified by the Secretary in the contract as a practice which would tend to defeat the purposes of the contract;

(v) to such additional provisions as the Secretary determines are desirable and includes in the contract to effectuate the purposes of the program or to facilitate the practical administration of the program.

In return for such agreement by the landowner or operator the Secretary shall agree to share the cost of carrying out those conservation practices and measures set forth in the contract for which he determines that cost sharing is appropriate and in the public interest. The portion of such cost (including labor) to be shared shall be that part which the Secretary determines is necessary and appropriate to effectuate the physical installation of the conservation practices and measures under the contract;

(2) the Secretary may terminate any contract with a land owner or operator by mutual agreement with the owner or operator if the Secretary determines that such termination would be in the public interest, and may agree to such modification of contracts previously entered into as he may determine to be desirable to carry out the purposes of the program or facilitate the practical administration thereof or to accomplish equitable treatment with respect to other similar conservation, land use, or commodity programs administered by the Secretary;

(3), (4) Repealed. Pub. L. 89-321, title VI, $ 602(g), Nov. 3, 1965, 79 Stat. 1208.

(5) in applying the provisions of paragraph (6) of section 1340 of Title 7, relating to the reduction of storage amount of wheat, any acreage diverted from the production of wheat under the program carried out under this subsection shall be regarded as wheat acreage;

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