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And if they are, whence comes it that men who are so and oft persecuted order of the “ Society of Jesus.” It Jittle regard for those who procured it-imitating the characters who, in our own times have illustrated the annals Egyptians, who loved to have numerous, fruitful, and well of the Religious Orders in Ireland. But I cannot avoid tended socks, and loved to feed on their milk, and loved to saying something of those who for their great piety, talents, clothe themselves in their wool but at the same time and zeal, have been raised to the episcopacy, and sent into abhorred as unclean the poor shepherds who toiled for the four corners of the earth to preach the gospel. I pass them wirsmarta stro

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by those who have died within our recollection, and shall Haring said so much about some of the most renowned confine myself to those now living. If we go to Gibraltar and illustrious members of Religions Orders in former times we find an Irish Franciscan, in the person of the Illustrious and in foreign lands, it will not be improper to say something Confessor, Bishop Hughes, the worthy-nephew of the cele. of the present time, and particularly of our own country. brated Father Hayes. The Dr. at Isidore's in Rome, in We shall begin with the learned and witty O'Leary. He the Franciscan convents of Wexford, Cork, and Dublin, 1 was a gentleman, a scholar, and a profound theologian, immortalized himself by his fervid and flowing eloquences and it may not be too much to assert, that without treating by the sanctity and purity of his morals, by his rigid lightly the memories of the Irish Jesuit Brown, who wrote adherence to discipline, by his inflexibility, his labours, and the s Pax vobis ;"_Dr. Nary, the celebrated antiquarian, his great and unostentations charities. He purged hiss historian, and controversialist ; Dr. Burke and Dr. Lanigan, cathedral of the ripers who, in the shape of lay-trustees, hishops of Ossory; Dr. O'Brien, of Castle Lyons, diocese of were endeavouring to enslave the church and to create a se Cloyne; Dr. Coppinger, bishop of Cloyne and Ross ; and schism ; and in the felon's cell he achieved a glorious rictonos the three Drs. Butler, who in unbroken succession sat în ry over the wicked trio,—the trustees, the British officials, the archiepiscopal see of Cashel, there did not appear since and the Prince of Darkness; he lives in the affections of the Reformation such a champion of Catholicity as Father his devoted lock, and may God grant that he may longo O'Leary: and he was a Capuchin. His successor, Father continue to adorn the Franciscan order, bis native land, si Donovan, is still remembered with benedictions, and the and the See of Gibraltar, by the lustre of his virtues, the third on the list of the same Order, Father Matthew, the example of his charity, and his pnre and sincere devotion. 15 Apostle of Temperance, is revered wherever his name is In leaving the “Rock” we pass to Newfoundland, where to known, that is, throughout the wide domain of Christendom, we shall find a colony of Irish Franciscans, with twoiss Another holy and unassuming man of the same Order, bishops of their Order presiding over them. The name of as Father Kinsella, has "rendered most singular service to Dr. Fleming is familiar to all who read the Catholic papers, en religion by his faithful translations of Tertullian's book of and his super-human exertions for building up the spiritualla ** Prescriptions " Land of the Commonitorium or " Treatisc edifice of religion, and erecting material temples in which a of the Antiquity and Universality of the Catholic Church,” God may be worthily honoured, are known extensively both in by the renowned St. Vincent, of Lerins; works which the in the old and new worlds. His worthy co-adjutor, Dr. M Gallican assembly of bishops, at which Bossnet (no mean Mullock is in the vigour of life, and has rendered much authority) was present, declared were more than sufficient service to religion by his Life of St Alphousus Liguori,"ous to enable Catholics to successfally defend their religion,

and by his translation of the celebrated * History of their and to induse Protestants to embrace it. At present not one various Heresies, with their Refutation" by the same saint. ads of the Trish Hierarchy are 'members of a Religious Order, They have become the instruments of incalculable good

15 CE but there was a time when no less than twenty-three were and generations yet unborn will bless their ministry. We members of some Religious Society. Who can praise as he pass on to Demerara or Britisli Guinea, and there we find me merited the late immortal and ever to be lamented Dr. the humble, the laborious, the talented and saintly Dress Dople: he was an Augustinian. The celebrated Father Hynes, a worthy member of the Dominican order. When an Tom Maguire, whose death has left a vacuum which will not only a very young man his extraordinary labours in that she soon be filled up, and the manner of whose death will ever country obtained for him the glorious appellation of the sa Ireland, was justly called the . Bossuet” of Ireland ;-but a short time previous to his appointment to the co-adjator.ro of Dr. Doyle it may be truly said, that what St. Augustin ship of the united sees of Zante and Cephalonia in the lo was to the church, he was to the Irish branch of it-its Ionian Islands, he left a flourishing church there, which bisi honour, its glory, its champion, its David, its light, its through subsequent maladministration was rapidly ap-tusu rock of defence, and its invincible Doctor! Let not the proaching to the very brink of ruin, until the late illustriousdors names of Drs. Betagh and Kenny be forgotten; they were Pope Gregory XVI, sent Dr. Hynes to Demerara to be itsodal renowned in their generations, – learned but pious,-- labori- bishop, to repair the injury inflicted by the most flagrant tout ous but contemplative, -austere but charitable, fond of scandals, and to build up again the broken down fenerssiers privacy, yet going about every where doing good, -en- He has la boured in spite of the most disheartening difficulousin couraging the strong and strengthening the weak, -constant ties thrown in his way by unworthy men, whose deeds shall casin in the confessional yet preaching everywhere,-poor yet be passed by in silence, as they have long since been samaisqe enriching others, --without a sufficiency for themselves, yet moned before the tribunal of the God of justices he has non sharing with the necessitous,- in a word using this world laboured much, but he has laboured successfully, and alle ads as though they used it not,-walking on earth and com. good men pray deroutly that he may live long and may be 79 mi stantly ixed on heaven, the object of all their desires and crops which in his youth he planted by his preaching, and man aspirations, living as men having death always in view, watered with his sweat and tears. Time presses and my.d stao and dying with a well grounded hope that the God of charity space is now limited, let us hasten then to the Cape ofroy I would in eternity crown all their labours, and reward all Good Hope. An Irish Dominican, Dr. Griffith, sits there their works done for Him, in the bestowal of the delightful on the episcopal throne. Mild and gentle as a lamb, but, b70 fruition of those glories which He has specially reserved for strong as a giant in missionary labours. His name is helddidis

be , in perpetual remembrance, for they left a character and a he passed the most of his missionary life, can never forget crois fame, which like the fields of their own Emerald isle, shall him as a preacher. His eloquence was of the first orders Layor ever remain fresh and green in the minds of those whom it was swift but not impetuous, - it was burning but charity roig il they benefited! And as their deeds were destined also for always guided it, it would do honour to Demosthenes, yet savor the good of future times, in every generation shall their the simple perfectly understood it, --it had for its object thelbinow labours and merits be proclaimed by a proverbially kind. I wonders of Creation and Redemption, the glories of Mary, diiw hearted and grateful people. And who were these men ? | the characteristics and destinities of the Church ;--and it was They were worthy sons of the illustrious Ignatius of Lo- always proved successful when the widow and the orphan, five ad yola, faithful and holy members of the much maligned the educatien of youth,—and the cause of the forlorrifomab

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to its advocacy. Under the that crime will never be effectually checked, I or will the burning sun of Africa the good bishop labours unremittingly poor be properly provided for, or treated by such methods in season and out of season ; and that he has not been idle-as have alone the sanctions of genuine Christianity, until is proved from the fact that he solicited and obtained from the death warrant of heresy, in delity, and demoralization, Pius IX. a division of his Vicariate-one-half of which has shall hare been signed by the same instrument which shall during the past two years been governed by a young Irish recal into being the ruined cells and cloisters, and give them bishop, Dr. Devereux, a secular. We have now arrived at life and energy. You are labouring worthily in your rocaBombay, and there we behold an Trish Carmelite wearing a tion, and the splendid convent and church of Knocktopher mitre. The unassuming but energetic Dr. Whelan presides are trophies of your victories over the undisguised malice of ofer that extensive Vicariate. You know him well, Rev. your enemies, and of the cruel apathy of those who should Father, and it is not too much to assert that he is an orna. be your friends. Oh! what a lesson have you taught the ment to religion, a pillar of the house of God. A kind, Catholic body by your labours and by your success. If a patient, laborious, and talented sħepherd of the Rock of poor and powerless friar (I speak kumanly) could achieve Christ. He indeed possesses talents of no ordinary kind, so much, what might not the poor but countless thousands and we have reason to conclude that, if his life be spared, of Irish Catholics in Ireland and Great Britain do, if they he will effectually crush the last remnants of the Portuguese could only be induced to forget party strifes and provincial schismatics,--strengthen the faith of the oppressed Irish jealousies, and unite as true sons of the church to promote soldiers, conquer the malice of military despots, edify his sound education and undefiled religion? Shall that day peeple, and be the instrument of innumerable conversions never come? Deus absit-Godfordid ? Ireland has bech among the aboriginal inhabitants of that portion of the East the benefactress of the nations, and thougli the lastre of committed to his episcopal care. On our homeward voyage her former greatness has been dimmed aud iaded, vet even let us pass the Straits of Gibraltar and risit the island of now she is, as far as her limited means and the altered Corfu. There we behold in the person of the co-adjutor state of circumstances will permit, recovering her former archbishop, another Irish Carmelite, Dr. Nicholson, a man splendour. May you and I live to see that day when she of genius, well known in Rome and in Ireland, as possessing shall be again horoured with the glorious appellation of the talents of the highest order; powerful in word and work; Island of the Saints and of the learned," Insula Sanctoram an ornament to the hierarchy, a patriot without reproach, a

et doctorum;" I deeply regret that when you lately 0.1 genuine, warm-hearted, and noble son of the "Emerala journed amongst us here, that my very limited means pretty Isle." At length we have reached Ireland, and there we rented me from giving you a substantial proof of my find two amiable and eloquent members of the hierarchy, profound respect for yourself individually, my esteem and is who filled with honour and diguity the episcopal thrones of veneration for the Religious Orders in general, and of my ve Madras and Caleutta, until declining health obliged them sincere desire to enable you to complete the noble work to return home. Dr. O'Connor, of the “ Augustinian Order," which has rendered your name famous in the annals of youe sur and Dr. St. Leger, of the “ Society of Jesus.". Who can order, and in the history of the Irish church, and which recount their labours or enumerate their conquests? When shall perpetuate your memory to the latest generation have they went to the East, obstacles without number beset their If I have been the instrument of any, good, however spalt: 10 path. Religion in ruins through the corrupt influence of in amount, I beg most carnestly to be remembered in the jud Portuguese schismatical bishops and priests, and the wither prayers of your pious community. Ny wishes are bat few gier ing influence of powerful lay-patronage, which the schis. I only ask that I may not die in debt, and that Jesus and me matics had called into their aid ! But the legitimate Mary may receire my sinful soul when I die. I hare 2000 pastors were men of sterling worth and of indomitable earthly attachments, for fortunately the world has treatedict energy:

they crushed schism and banished lay intruders. me cruelly, and I have long since made up my mind foroca Demoralization skulked into the shade, and religion with troubles. Oh!'if I had improred the opportunities which id her attendant train of virtues gained the ascendancy. Be- presented themselves, (there is still room for improrement 1911 fore the bishops eommitted their flocks to the fostering care for they continue to present themselves,) I should'indeed bey jo of their worthy successors, Drs. Carew and Fennelly, they truly happy. But, "Rev. Father, boman nature is weak, laid the foundation of reřgion's future greatness in the and we sometimes require all the aids which religion cannot East; and their names, in generations yet to come, shall be afford, to enable us to sustain the conflict. Nay I hen beggut embalmed in the memory of a happy people, and their of you most earnestly to remember me. As a priest of the ten labours shall be recorded by the future historian. Had I Most High, -as a client of the glorious and immaculate. 154 not made up my mind to confine myself to write of living Mother of God, I conjure you not to forget me before the 110 characters, I could cover, many pages with the names, Holy Altar. Oh! if Jesus and Mary attend my dying pillow 119 without recording the deeds, of the many illustrious Irish I shall indeed be happy; and I skall then willingls submitous members of Roligious Orders, who in Ireland, in France, in that my body bé commingled with the earth: and thrices rei Spain, in Portugal, in Italy, and in America, hare been happy would'I be, if etrcumstances would permit, chat mgitus honoured with the mitre, since the period improperly called bones should commingle with the hallowed dust of mysera the Reformation. And if to these I were to add those who persecuted and renerated fathers.

nghorft er in erery country, England not excepted, even now sit on And now, Rev. Father, before I conclude, permit me to nie episcopal thrones, without enumerating those countless vindicate myself in very few words from the malerolent and lete names which adorn the history of the Church from the first artful on the one side, and from the simple and misinformedee establishment of Religious Orders, if eren space permitted, on the other. There is no becd of telling you that I ane bro I would tire you out, and weary my reader. Suffice it then, the Editor or compiler of this rolume, which l hace dedi - 100% Rey. Father, to say, that to the abolition of the Religious cated to you in preference to the many priests of my own Orders in the united kingdom, are, we almost wholly to family. Besides writing much (and I write without fee or divri attribute the banishment of true religion, the introduction reward) you will pereeire by a perusal of the following iH of heresy and infidelity, and the wide spread of demoraliza, pages that I also speak a great deal, but I beg you will di tion throughout the ramifications of society. When the keep in view that I nerer speak outside of Manchester royal robber plundered the religious houses he stabbed re- without a special invitation. My conduct in Manchester is 1579 ligion in a vital part, he defrauded the poor and laid the open to criticism, and as I have been annoyed by a mercio vod: worldly greatness of England, has been travelling pari passu manner, I owe to my

character as a Catholic, and as a man idol with the distribution of corrupted Bibles. Remove the having some claims to the appellation of a scholar, to say: 109 eause and you will remove the effect. If the cause of all something by way of defence. I was called upon towards edT the evils of which I complain may be fairly traced to the, the close of 1848 to rebut some infamous charges which slog demolition of the monasteries and other religlous houses, had been brought by a notorious Trish apostate against the surely it cannot be too much to assert that England and religious principles of Irish Catholics. I reluctantly yielded, the rest of the united kingdom will never be truly happy, I and purposed to meet the charges and then retire. Cis

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cumstances above my control combined to force me out Popery, and would consequently leave the Church in for a longer period. Indeed I hare continued to the crowds. I have, it is true, like every other lecturer, present time, and my last lecture was the 112th since the permitted discussion, and if any foreign matter were in. commencement. I knew full well my duty as a layman, troduced, or if any Protestant having a doubt upon his and I have never even once transgressed against the mind called upon me to solve a difficulty, I answered him, discipline of the Church. I selected for my subjects -- and gare a reply in other matters, and in so doing I - The Life and Times of Martin Luther; of “ Calvin ;” | merely performed a duly. I could say more, and if prus of “ Knox;" of " Henry VIII;" of “Elizabeth;” of Jence permitted, I might publish uncharitable letters “ Oliver Cromwell;"> “ The Gunpowder Plot;"! " The which were much more calculated to injure the writers Inquisition;" the “ Crusades;" the “ History of the than myself, but I forbear: it is enough that I hare stated Jesuits ;” the " Paraguay Mission ;" the “ History of the the case fairly, and that I defy any man, here or elsewhere, Manicheans ;” of the “ Albigenses ;” of “ Jolin Wickliffe;" to prove that I have acted an improper part as a Catholic the “ Iluminized Free Masons ;” the “ Roman Revolu- My labours have been productive of much good, and you tion;" the “ Red Republicans ;” “ Dr. Achilli :"the" Sup will readily admit, as a priest ready to stand by your order, pression of Monasteries;" the “Demoralized State of Eng. that my course has been a meritorious one, and that none land and every other Protestant State ;' and a variety of but the malevolent, or those who have been imposed upon other interesting subjects. I have made it my business to by wicked tale-bearers, can censure my public career. act the part of an Historical lecturer, and by accumulating, Accopt, in conclusion, Rev. Father, this hasty and impera as it were, a mountain load of facts, I have left our oppo- fect vindication of the Religious Orders; reckon upon my nents in a defenceless position. In acting thus I have services whenever you think they may be serviceable, and performed two things, namely, I have vindicated our prinbe assured that I am, with feelings of the most profound ciples from the attacks of our enemies, and in the second respect and veneration, your very humble, ever devoted, place I have refuted the charge so shamefully, and often and much obliged servant, brought against the Catholic priesthood, when it is said that

WILLIAM FRANCIS CLEARY. they are enemies of education, and that they designedly St. Patrick's Hall, Charles Street, Manchester, keep their people in ignorance, lest, if they were properly the Feast of SS. Peter and Paul, instructed, they should discover the supposed errors of

June 29th, 1850.

ADDRESS OF THE EDITOR OF THE ILLUMINATOR TO THE CATHOLIC BODY.

The appearance of a New CATAOLIC Weekly JOURNAL may perhaps surprize you, although you feel perfectly satisfied that such a publication is absolutely required in this vicinity, and especially in these times. We have long {-}t that our people want a steady and healthy supply of knowledge, copreyed to them through channels purely Catholic, proportioned to their education and position, rendered pleasing by the admixture of many ingredients, and useful for filling up the leisure hours which from time to time they may possess. We are eren bold enough to assume, that aster the great duties of the Christian Sabbath have been performed, eren on that day our readers may profitably enploy their leisure in the persoal of our pages. For, is not our sole object,--to instruct the ignorant, both young and old, in their moral and social duties, from sources purely Catholic ;- to refute the calumnies of out unscrupulous opponents ; - and to place within the reach of the sincere inquirers after truth those means and helps, which with the Divine assistance, will infalibly allay their fears and remove their doubts. If ever a time existed for action on our parts, surely it is the present. Heresy and Infidelity were never bolder than they now are. Look at the almost countless numbers of cheap trashy publications which appear every week. The avowed purpose of the authors is to defame the religion of antiqnity, misrepresent its practices and lani poon its most august and sacred rites and ceremonies. This is not all,- for there are some who studiously endeavour to undermine the morality of the Gospel, and to spread the most filthy licentiousness, by presenting vice to the youthful mind in the most ensnaring and fascinating style. It is said that the spirit of inquiry is abroad, and that the youth of the present generation ardently thirst for the waters of knowledge. That in consequence of the want of better fare they swallow large draughts of those unwholesome streams which hare been polluted with the mud of heresy and infidelity. And that go far as the Catholic youths are concerned they have no choice, since no cheap literature has been provided for them. We could reply, that it would be better to remain in ignorance for ever than be indebted to such sources for information. We could remind those who so speak of the ferrour and constancy of their martyred or plundered fathers, who would rather remain ignorant of human science than place their faith and consciences in jeopardy. But, we forbear, -for we know too well that opportunities of being informed, through the medium of cheap literature, have been often affirded them, but they were neglected : and many useful and valuable periodicals have disappeared for want of zeal and spirit on the part of our youth, but not until partial, and sometimes total ruin, fell unmeritedly upon the enterprizing editors or publishers. We now labour, without any great pretensions, to supply wholesome information for the youthful mind, and to remove, partially at least, the causes of complaint. If there be an anxious desire for information, we put it at once to the Catholic people, -ought not this desire to be gratified, ought not our youth to be led away, and that immediately, from those polluted waters and to be supplied with those wholesome pellucid streams which flow so abundantly, and always, from the fountains of Catholicity. Surely if we are sincere we will patronize a laudable effort to meet a great eril. We will strain a point to support a cheap periodical, especially when that periodical is a local one, the conductors of which are pledged to spare no pains to create a taste for Catholic litera. : 3 ture,- to inspire the rising generation with a love of morality and religion, to furnish at the same time the candid inquirer with solutions to all his doubts, and to castigate with wholesome severity those false prophets, those wolves, in sheep's clothing, who itinerate the kingdom from end to end for the purpose of carrying on an irreligious crusade against God, his religion, and people. We insist most strongly on this, that if a hundred useful Catholic publica. tions were published in London or elsewhere, they could not produce half as much good as a local periodical. We want a paper to represent our own wants and wishes, and to refute the combined attacks of Stowell and his clique; and we repeat that no journal or periodical could do this but a local one. You must not expect too much in the beginning, or be disposed to guarrel if faults appear. We are pledged to make gradual improvements; and so far from being offended, would feel highly favoured, if any of our readers could suggest any useful alterations, either as to the quality of our subjects or the plan of their arrangement. Wo wish our periodical to be useful and efficient, and our desire is to edify and instruct. But, so far as principle will tolerate, we are more willing to obey than to command. To the Divine Founder of our holy religion we humbly dedicate our la bours, and to Him we confidently appeal for the purity of our intentions and the disinterestedness of our motives. To his Holy Church we hambly submit ourselves and our writings, being determined in life and death to be obedient. To bis Holy Mother we commend our labours and ogrselves, and we place both under her especial patronage.

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as our very limited capabilities will permit, go on as we ADDRESS

have begun, hoping that our people will effectually sustain OF THE EDITOR OF THE ILLUMINATOR us in our labours; and entreating Providence to give effiTo the Catholic Body.

cacy to our exertions, as we work only for the defence of

truth and the well-doing of our fellow men. We leave the You perceive that a change has been made this week, matter in your hands-we shall patiently await the result and we deeply regret it. We were no parties to it, but and if we fail, we shall console ourselves with the reflection we were obligrd reluctantly to yield. Many were desirous that we have done our duty, and that our want of success to have the Illuminator in a smaller form, fit for binding must be entirely attributed to circumstances abore our

control, in a portable shape; and others preferred a penny publication, under the impression that it would meet, at that

Manchester, December 15th, 1849. price, a more general circulation, and that its permanency would thereby be more effectually secured. We confess

THE GLORIOUS that we respectfully differ in opinion from our correspondents on this subject, and we would rather enlarge it than EFFECTS OF CHRISTIAN CHARITY. cut down its dimensions. We shall try it in its present form and size ; and we trust that, at no distant period, we

ST. JOHN OF GOD.-A.D. 1550. shall be enabled to publish as much matter as each of the

St. John, surnamed of God, was born in Portugal, in procediog numbers contaired. We have no control in the 1495. His parents were of the lowest rank in the country, affair, and therefore we are compelled to submit for the but devout and charitable. John spent a considerable part present. But arrangements are being made that will of his youth in service, under the mayoral or chief shep

herd of the Count of Oropeusa, in Castile, and in great place this journal on a more independent footing. Our innocence and rirtle. In 1522 he listed himself in a comsubscribers must then look upon the present number as the pany of fout raised by the count, and served in the wars beginning of the series, for they will perceive that the life between the French and Spaniards; as he did afterward in of St. Elizabeth is not continued, and the lectures are

Hunvary against the Turks whilst the Emperor Charles V.

was king of Spain. By the licentiousness of his comomitted too. We intend to publish all the lectures. Each panions he, by degrees, lost his fear of offending God, and lecture will appear by itself, and its price will be only one laid aside the greatest part of his practices of devotion. penny. The matter contained in the two numbers which The troop which he belonged to being disbanded, he went

into Andalusia in 1536, where he entered the service of a hare been already published, will again appear in due time, rich lady near Seville, in quality of shepherd. Being now in order that they may be bound up with the series; and about forty years of age, stung with remorse for his past no pains shall be spared to render the work both instruc. misconduct, he began to entertain very serious thoughts of tive and amusing.

a change of life, and doing penance for his sins. He We earnestly call upon the Catholics of Manchester and by day and night, in the exercises of prayer and mortifica

accordingly employed the greatest part of his time, both its vicinity to aid and assist, as much as possible, in placing tion; bewailing almost continually his ingratitude towards the Illuminator on a respectable footing. That a neces. God, and deliberating how he could dedicate himself in sity for its publication exists, is denied by none; and there for the distressed mored him to take a resolution of leaving

the most perfect ruanner to his service. His compassion fore it is the duty of all, since we are continually attacked his place and passing into Africa, that he might comfort and misrepresented to use every lawful means to give it a and succour the poor slaves there, not without hopes of large circulation. We believe that more than sufficient meeting with the crown of martyrdum. At Gibraltar he

met with a Portuguese gentleman condemned to banish. means are at our disposal, and we feel convinced that there ment, and whose estate had also been confiscated by King will be no lack of zeal in our body. We deeply feel our John III. He was then in the hands of the king's officers, incompeteney for thở task imposed upon us, and we would together with his wife and children, and on his way to gladly place the matter in'abler hands, contenting our

Ceuta in Barbary, the place of his exile. John, out of selves with performing the duties of a subordinate station. Ceuta, the gentleman falling sick with grief and the

charity and compassion, served him withont any wages. At However, until such persons appear, we shall gladly, as far I change of air, was soon reduced to such straits as to be

obliged to dispose of the small remains of his shattered The archbishop of Granada, taking no

notice of so excellent forenne for the family': support. John, not content to sell an establishment, and admiring the incomparable order what little stock he was master of to relieve them, went to observed in it, both for the spiritual and temporal care of day labour at the public works to earn all he could for the poor, furnished considerable soms to increase it, and their slisistence. The apostacy of one of his companions favoured it with his protection. This excited all persons aturmed bim, and his confessor telling him that his going to vie with each other in contributing to it. Indeed, the in quest of martyrdom was an illusion, he determined to charity, patience, and modesty of St. John, and his wonTellin tv Sp.in. Coming back to Gibraltar, his piety sugo derful care and foresight, engaged every one to admire puted to hir to turn pedlar, and sell little picures and and favour the institute. The bishop of 'l'uy, president of the oks of slevotion, which might furnish him with oppor the royal court of judicature in Granada, having invited tunities of es horring his customers to virtue. His stock the holy man to dinner, put several questions to him, to all inireasing considerably, he settled in Granada, where he which he answered in such a manner as gare the bishop 0;ned a shop in 1538, being then forty three years of age. the highest esteem of his person. It was this prelate that

The great preacher and servant of God, John D'Avila, gave him the name of John of God, and prescribed him a surnamed the Apostle of Andalusia, preached that year at kind of babit, though St. John never thought of founding (franada on St. Sebastian's day, which is there kept as a a religious order : for the rules which bear his name were grat festival. Jubn haring heard his sermon, was so only drawn up in 1556, six years after his death; and reallieted with it that, melting into tears, he filled the ligious vows were not introduced among his brethren before whole church with his cries and lamentations; detesting the year 1570. his past life, beating his breast, and calling aloud for

(To be continued in our next.) Torrey, Not content with this, he ran about the streets like a districted person, tearing his hair, and behaving in such a manner that he was followed everywhere by the

TRUTH, rabble with sticks and stones, and came home all besmeared with dirt and blood. He then gare away all he had in the world, and having thus reduced himself to

ST. PETER, absolute poverty, that he might die to himself, and crucify St. Peter, the most glorious prince of the apostles, and all the sentiments of the old man, he began again to coun. the most ardent lover of his divine master, before his terfeit the madman, running about the streets as before, vocation to the apostleship was called Simon. He was son till some had the charity to take him to the renerable John of Jonas, and brother of St. Andrew. St. Epiphanius D'Avila, covered with dirt and blood. The holy man, full says, that though he was the younger brother, he was of the Spirit of God, soon discovered in John the motions made by Christ the chief of all the apostles St. Chrysosof extraordinary graces, spoke to him in private, heard his tom, on the contrary, takes him to have been the elder gineral confrsion, and gave him proper advice, and pro- brother, and the oldest man in the apostolic college. If mired his assistance ever after. John, out of a desire of writers of the fifth age were divided upon this point, suc. the greatest humiliations, returned soon after to his apo ceeding ages have not been able to decide it. "St. Peter parent inadness and extravagances. He was, thereupon, originally resided at Bethsaida, a town much enlarged and taken up and put into a madhouse on supposition of his beautified by Herod the tetrarch, situated in the tribe of bring di orderd in his senses, where the severest methods Nepthali, in Upper Galilee, on the banks of the lake or ere used to bring liim to himself, all which he underwent sea of Gennesareth. This town was honoured with the in the spirit of penance, and by way of atonement for the presence of our Lord, who, in the course of his ministry, 311 of his past lite. D'Avila being informed of his conduct preached and wrought miracles in it. Its inhabitants, howcome to visit him, and found him reduced almost to the ever, were for the most part a stupid and obstinate set of frase be weakness, and his body covered with sounds and men, and their abuse of the grace that was offered them

MP4; but his soul was s ill vigorous, and thirsing with deserved the dreadful woe which Christ denounced against t'in greatest ardour after new sufferings and humiliations. them. St. Peter and St. Andrew were religions, docile, 11la, lowever, toid him that having now been sulii and humble in the midst of a perverse and worldly minded {*}**.tly "Xorised in that so singular a method of penance people. They were educated in the laborious trade of tichami humiliation, he advised him to employ himself for the ing, which was probably their father's calling. From Bethtune to come in something more conducive to his own and saida St. Peter removed to Capharnaum, probably on the putrlic good. His exhortation had its desired effect; account of his marriage; for his wite's mother dwelt there. and he was opew instantly calm and sedate, to the great asto This place was equally commodious for fishing, being stated 1 istarvey of his keepers. He continued, however, some on the bank of the same lake, near the mouth of the river time to in the hospital serving the sick, but luft it Jordan, on the confines of the tribes of Zabulin and Nope Entirely *t. Ursula's day in 1539. This his extraordi. thali. Andrew accompanied his brother thither, and thy 1.2*** *****t is an object of our admiration, not of our still followed their trade as before. With their worldly instalim: in this saint it was the effect of the frorenier of employment they retained a due sense of religion, and did los contarsion, Iris desire of humiliation, and a hely hatred not suffix the thoughts of temporal concerns or gain to poi himsef and his past criminal life. By it he learned in derour their more necessary attention to spiritual thing, a short time perfectly to die to himself and the world; and the care of their souls. They lived in the earnest which prepared his soul for the graces which God after expectation of the Messiah. St. Andrew breanu a dirward bestowed on him. He then thought of cxecuting ciple of St. John the Baptist; and most are of ap?non that his design of doing something for the relief of the poor; St. Prter was so too, The forser having bearid Si. Jom nit, after a pilgrimage to our Lady's in Guadaloupe, to call Christ the Limb of God, repaired 10 our Larri, and recommend himself and his undertaking to her intrees- continurd with him the remainder of that day, and, acrord. sion, in a place celebrated for devotion to her, he began toying to St. Anstin, the following night. By the conversiselling wood in the market-place, to feed some poor by the tion of Jesus, he was abundantly convinced thit he was the means of his labour. Soon after he hired a houst to har. Christ, the world's Redeeiner; and, coming from him, he bour poor sick persons in, whom he served and provided went and sought out his brother Simon, and told him, in trop with an ardour, prudence, economy, and rigilance that a transport of holy jos, that he hail found the Messiah.. surprised the whole city. This was the foundation of the simon believed in Christ before he saw him; any being orier of charity, in 1540, which, by the bewijietion of inpatirit to belielu him with his moyes, and to bear the heaven, has since been spread all over Christendom. Joon words of eternal life from his divine mouth, he' without was occupied all day in serving his patients: in the right delay went with his brother to Jesus, who looking upon le went out to carry in new objects of charily, rather than hin, in order to gire liim a proof of his omnisience, told to seek out provisions for them; for people, of their own him not only his own but also his father's name. He on

lui accord, brought him in all necessaries for his little hospital. I that occasion gave him the new name of Cephas, which in

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