The three first of these Points are pretty obvious, so that I need spend no Time in insistirig on them.

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ist. By the Spirit here is undoubtedly meant that Holy Spirit which our Lord" promised he would send upon his Disciples, after he was ascended into Heaven ; and which accordingly came upon them on the Day of Pentecost, and which from thence forward was to continue with the Church to the End of the World. This Spirit is here in the Text called the Spirit it self, to Tepresent Him as a Person, because in the Verse before the Apostle had used this Word

Spirit in another Sense, viz. for a State and
Rom. S. Dispensation. Ye have not, fays he, received

the Spirit of Bondage again to fear, but ye
have received the Spirit of Adoption: That is,
ye are not now in the Jewish Dispensation,
which is a Dispensation of Servants, wherein
ye are left to your natural Fears; but ye
are in the Dispensation of Sons : Ye

now call God Father; For the Sjirit it self
(as he goes on), that Spirit who hath the
principal Agency and Management of this
new Dispensation, bears witnefs with our
Spirit that we are the Children of God.

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But, 2dly, What is meant by being the Children of God? To this I answer, that to be a Child of God, in the Scripture-Phrase, is to be an Heir of Immortality; or to be an In


heritor of the Kingdom of Heaven: That is to say, either in actual Poffefsion of it, or in Right and Title to it. Thus our Saviour tells us, that they which mall be Luke 20. accounted worthy to obtain that future World 35, 36. and the Resurrection from the Dead, can die no more; for they are equal to the Angels, and are the Children of God, being the Children of the Resurrection. And thus our Saviour himself was stiled God's Son, as upon other accounts, so also upon this, that God begot him from the Dead, and exalted Pfal. 2. 7 him to an immortal glorious Life in Heaven. Thou art my Son (saith God) this Day have I hegotten thee. Which Passage the Apostle applies to our Saviour's Resurrection. And it Acts 13. is with this respect that St. John speaks— 33. Beloved, now are we the Sons of God, but it 1 John 3. doth not yet appear what we shall be : but we know that when He mall appear we shall be like him; for we shall sèe Him as He is. So that to be a Son or a Child of God, and to have a Right and Title to eternal Life, is the very fame Thing. As also sufficiently appears from the next Words that follow after my Text, if we be Children, then are Rom. 8. we Heirs; Heirs of God, and Joint-heirs with Christ: if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together.



But, 3dly, What is meant by this Exprefsion of the Spirit's bearing witness with our Spirit ? Is it meant that the Holy Spirit

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if you

doth, by his fecret Inspirations, his inward
Suggestions to the Minds of good Men,
poffefs them with an Opinion, or,
will, with an Assurance, that they are the
Children of God, and that they shall cer-
tainly go to Heaven, without giving them
any Reason for it. Thus indeed it is com-
monly taken. But I can by no means think
that this is the Meaning of the Words. I
conceive that which the Apostle here meant,
is this; that the Holy Spirit by the visible
sensible Operations which he wrought in, and
among Christians, gave an assured Proof
and Testimony to their minds, that God owned
them for his People, and as such would glorify
them with his Son Jefus at the last Day.
That I take to be the Meaning of the Ex-
pression. But now what these Operations
were, or in what Way the Spirit did, or
doth witness with our Spirit, is my

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4th Inquiry ; which I shall dwell longer ápon.-And here it is fit we should take notice, that there is a twofold Witness or Testimony of the Spirit to our being the Children of God: The one, General and Publick, refpecting the whole Church, or the whole Body of those who profess the Christian Faith, in opposition to all Unbelievers ; the other, Particular and Private, and only refpecting single Persons. Both these ways, I say, doth the Spirit witness with our Spirit that we are the Children of



God. And to both these ways, it is probable, the Apostle had Respect in this Text.

I. I begin with the publick Witness, First of all, I say, the Spirit gave an undeniable Proof to Christians, that they were the Children of God, by the publick Teftimony he gave to the Truth of the Promises of the Gospel ; in descending upon the Apostles on the Day of Pentecoft, and inabling them to speak all Languages, to cure all Diseases, to cast out Devils, to raise the Dead, to foretell Things to come, and to work all sorts of Miracles, for the Confirmation of the Christian Faith : And, which ought to be particularly taken notice of, when he gave them a Power likewise to transfer these Gifts and Powers upon others, even as many as they should lay their Hands upon; so that not only the Apostles, but a great Number of other Believers, in all Places, were able to work Miracles, for the Attestation of the Truth of Christ's Doctrine.

Here now was as plain a Testimony of the Holy Spirit to the Minds of all Christians, that they were the Children of God, that they had the true Religion among them, that they, in opposition both to Jews and Pagans, were God's peculiar People, and that he would at the last Day, when this World should have an End, own them

as such, and reward them with everlasting
Life, as our Saviour had promised them.
I say, here was as effectual a Witness of the
Spirit to the Truth of all this, as was pof-
sible to be given. It was both a Witness
to theniselves, and to all the World: A
Witness to their own Minds and Spirits,
for their infinite Comfort under all their
present Distresses, and for their Encourage-
ment, to persevere stedfastly in the Chri-
Itian Religion, whatever Trials they should
be called out unto: A Witness also to the
unbelieving World, for their Confusion, if
they did not quit their Infidelity, and enter
themselves into this Family of God, this
Society of Christians, to whom the Promises
of Adoption and eternal Life were made



But it will be said, how doth this Witness of the Spirit concern us who live at this Day, and see none of those extraordinary miraculous Effects of the Holy Ghost? How is this a Testimony to our Spirits, that we are the Children of God? I answer, it is the same Witness and Tefti, mony of the Holy Spirit with our Spirits, that it was when St. Paul wrote this Epistle. We do not, indeed, see now those visible Effects and Operations of the Holy Spirit, for the convincing us of the Truth of Christ's Promises, that were then to be seen; but the Reason is, because there is no need of it: for if that was a good Witness to the

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