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not abated, that it would be premature in us to offer any remarks on these important subjects until the views and the policy of the Government have been more fully made known to the country. At present we are very imperfectly acquainted with them. We must therefore wait till the results of the recent deliberations of the Cabinet are more clearly apparent. But whatever those results may be, we trust they will be governed by the principles which are the fundamental conditions of our national policy and of the Liberal party-namely, that it is the imperative desire of Great Britain to maintain pacific and friendly relations with all foreign States, be they strong or weak; and that the first duty of Government is to enforce and maintain security for life and property, by the authority of law, in all parts of Her Majesty's dominions. To preserve peace and to repress anarchy are the two primary obligations of statesmen.

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No. CCCXIII, will be published in January, 1881.

INDEX.

A

Animals, Dr. Lindsay's and M. Houzeau's works on the mental faculties

of, reviewed, 36—Dr. Lindsay's claim of mental equality with man
for the lower animals, 38—incredible anecdotes, 39-effects of
association with man, 42, 45—the dog's power of observation and
memory, 43—hereditary cerebral impressions, 43—the story of
Carbo and Bounce, 45—knowledge of numbers, 48—alleged religious
instinct, 48—the parrot's power of speech, 50—due chiefly to a
structural cause, 53---brain organisation of the lower animals, 54-
wherein inferior to that of man, 59–influence of this difference on
the character of the mental functions, 61-suggested sixth sense, 63
-tippling propensities of animals, 61-treatment of animals, 65-
training, 67—the life of domesticated animals a striking proof of
mental inferiority, 68.

B
Bacon, his 'Solomon's House' embodied in the establishment of the

Royal Society, 10—his influence on the prograss of science, 11-
the English Campanella rather than the English Galileo, 12—his

disciples divided into two classes, 12–his method of exclusions, 13.
Baring-Gould, Mr., his work on Germany, reviewed, 503

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C
Candahar, review of papers relating the advance of Ayoob Khan on,

578--Ayoob's expedition from Herat, 579—dispositions of the
Indian Government, 579—disaffection among the Wali's troops, 581
--General Burrows's withdrawal to Khushk-1-Nakhud, 582-his
resolve to assume the offensive, 585-Lieutenant Maclaine's ad-
vanced party, 585—the battle, 586-gallant stand of the 66th Regi-
ment, 587--the retreat, 588—responsibility for the disaster, 589–
General Burrows's errors, 592—Ayoob's proceedings subsequent to
the action, 594—the attack on Del-i-Kwajeh, 595-delay of General
Phayre's division, 597---General Stewart's departure from Cabul,
598—General Roberts’s march, 600—his plan of operations, 601 –
results of the action, 602--the question of abandoning Candahar,

604.
Copernicus, early English followers of, 4.
VOL. CLII. NO. CCCXII.

RR

E
Exeter College, review of Mr. Boase’s Register of the Rectors and

Fellows of, 344-Bishop Stapledon, the founder, 346-other bene-
factors, 347—the college prizes, 354-participation of the fellows in
the Wycliffe controversy, 356-Bishop Lihart, 357—Bishops Arun-
del and Halse, 358—Michael Tregury, Archbishop of Dublin, 358–
religious principles of the fellows after the Reformation, 359—rector-
ships of Holland and Prideaux, 360-poets, 363—part taken by
the college in the civil war, 364-Dr. Conant's rectorship, 365–
Arthur Bury, 366–Antony Wood, 367—Thomas Hearne, 368–
Dr. Hole, 370—college life in the last century, 370—John Stack-
house, 372–Dr. Kennicott, 372—Stephen Weston, 374—reforms
in scholastic costume, 375_low condition of the college at the
beginning of the present century, 376-humble origin of several
of the fellows, 377.

F
Fox, Charles James, review of Mr. Trevelyan's Early History of, 540–

George III.'s change of policy under the influence of Fox, 542—the
King's faulty education, 543-Lord Sandwich, 544_Fox's gambling
propensity, 546—his studious habits and erudition, 546—his elocution
helped by his dramatic tastes, 548—his political opinions, 518—the
proceedings against Wilkes, 550—the popular agitation, 554—sup-
ported by Chatham, 556_acceptance of the Great Seal by Yorke, 558
-Lord North's Ministry, 559-death of Grenville, 560—the debate on
Parliamentary reporting, 562—proceedings against the printers, 565
—the Lord Mayor and Alderman Oliver cited and committed to the
Tower, 566—Sir William Meredith's motion relating to the Nullum
Tempus Act, 568—the petition against the Thirty-nine Articles, 571
--the Church Nullum Tempus Bill, 572—the Royal Marriage Bill,
573-Fox dismissed from office, 576

G
Germany, review of works relating to, by Mr. Baring Gould and other

authors, 503—modern English opinion of the Germans, 504_effects
of past serfdom on the people, 505-German noblesse, 505—inabi-
lity cf the German to comprehend the rules of our nobility, 512–
class-exclusiveness perpetuated by the conditions regulating mar-
riage, 515-how the absence of primogeniture acts, 517 note-mor-
ganatic marriages, 519--unenviable position of German women, 521
--marriage regulations, 524-facility of divorce, 528-litñcuity of
contracting marriage, 530-causes of the degeneracy of German
Protestantism, 531.

H
Hodge and his Masters, reviewed, 139
Hooke, Dr. Robert, incidents in the early life of, 15-his invention of

watch-springs, 17--his personal appearance and habits, 18-hi
scientific method, as expounded by himself, 20-srst to propose s
scientific system of meteorological forecasting, 25—his anticipation

of the telephone, 26—his relations with Newton concerning their
respective discoveries, 27—an inventor of ideas which bore fruit in

the hands of others, 35.
Horrocks, Rev. Jeremiah, discovers the transit of Venus across the sun,

8—his theory of lunar movements confirmed by Newton, 9-his
literary fragments, 9.

I
Italy, review of Mr. Hodgkin's work on the invaders of, between the

fourth and fifth centuries, 194—origin of the Huns, 196—character
of Attila, 197—the battle of the Mauriac plain, 199—destruction of
Aquileia, Concordia, Altinum, and Patavium, 2014-the foundations
of Venice laid by fugitives from these places, 202—Goths and
Vandals, 204—Genseric, 206—Valens allows the Goths to become
foes, 209—policy of Gratian and Theodosius towards them, 210–
the battle between Theodosius and Eugenius, the Frankish leader,
in the valley of the Frigidus, 211–Alaric, 214_internal causes of
the fall of the Roman Empire, 217-mischievous influence
slavery, 220.

J
Jefferies, Richard, review of his book entitled 'Hodge and his Masters,

139—popular impressions formerly current concerning the state of
society in the country districts, 139—the present condition of things,
143—Mr. Jefferies's picture of the seasons, 148—-market day at
Woolbury, 150—a fariner of the old-fashioned type, 151-scientific
farming, 154-dairy farming, 156—the borrowing and gambling
farmer, 157—altered style of life in modern farm households, 159
-landlord and tenant, 160—peasant proprietors, 161—farm la-
bourers, 164—the impending agricultural revolution, 167.

K
Katharine of Arragon, additional information on the divorce of, con-

tained in Don Pascual de Gayangos'. Calendar of Spanish Papers,
258—the endeavour to prove the Queen's breve a forgery, 261
Chapuys' mission to England, 262—his conversations with the
King, 264—Katharine’s resolve not to make use of the breve, 266

-Anne Boleyn's reproach to Henry, 267—Chapuys' hopes and
fears, 268—hints of incest in the King's intended marriage with
Anne, 269-embassy to persuade the Emperor to consent to the
divorce, 270-condemnation of Tyndale's writings, 271-allusion to
the intrigue of Anne with Wyatt, 272–behaviour of Wolsey, 273–
his arrest and death, 275—the bishops' endeavour to convert Fisher,
277- – reason for offering Reginald Pole the archbishopric of York,
279—letter from the Queen to the Pope, 280.

L
Lindsay, Dr. W. Lauder. See Animals.
Lynedoch, Lord, review of Captain Delavoye’s Life of, 303—his birth,
education, and travels, 305—joins as a volunteer in the attack on
Toulon, and renders signal service, 309 — raises the 90th Regi-

ment, 311_his applications for permanent rank, 311—refused on
account of his political opinions, 312—employed on a confidential
mission to the Austrian army, 313—his perilous journey to Alvinzy's
head-quarters, 314-explains how the battle of Rivoli' was lost, 317
-on duty in Sicily and Malta, 320—accompanies Sir John Moore
to Spain, 323—his memorandum on Sir Arthur Wellesley's reason-
ing about the Convention of Cintra, 325—his notes on the cam-
paign, 326-his account of Moore's death, 329-made major-general
in the army, 330—commands the defences of Cadiz, 331_second in
command under Wellington, 333—wins the battle of Barrosa, 336
-Bergen-op-Zoom, 339—his qualities as a commander, 341—Lord
Cockburn's description of him in his eighty-eighth year, 342-service
of his regiment, 343.

M

Martin, Sir Theodore, review of the concluding volumes of his Life of

the Prince Consort, 97—the Prince's views on the Indian Mutiny,
100—the Orsini conspiracy, 101—its effect on the relations between
England and France, 103—the Prince's endeavours to effect an
Anglo-Prussian union, 104-letter from the Prince Regent of Prus-
sia, 105--English opinion on the cession of Savoy and Nice, 108-
the fear of French invasion, 110—the Prince's occupations, 113–

his view of death, 114—moral estimate of his life, 115.
Mongols, review of Mr. Howorth's history of the, 473-Yissugei, the

first Mongol emperor, 475—his son Temujin, 475—assumes the
name Genghis Khan, 476—his invasions of China, 477—victories of
his general Muhule, 476-conquest of Khwaresm, 479—first inroad
into Europe, 482—prosecution of the Chinese war by Ogotai, 483–
Kublai Khan's victorious career, 485—Batu Khan's campaign
against the Russians, 489—invasion of Poland and Hungary, 491–
causes of the apparently irresistible military power of the Mongols,
496—decline of their power, 497—the Khanates of Bokhara and
Khiva, 498—Abul Ghazi Khan and Allah Kuli Khan, 500—fate of
the Mongol conquests, 501—relations of China with the Mongol
tribes, 501.

N
Newton, Sir Isaac, precursors of, 1.

P
Pacific, extent of British interests in the, 70—dependencies of other

nations, 71-history of Russian colonisation on its shores, 72–con-
dition of the seaports and naval forces of the Maritime Siberian
provinces, 81-Sakhalin and Nikolayevek, 81--Olga Bay and V7:-
divostok, 82—Possiette Bay, 84-climate of the region, 85—strength
of Russia's naval position on the Pacific, 86—other European navies,
90—formidable strategic advantages possessed by the United States
92—the Galapagos indicated as a serviceable British possession,

93—danger to British interests from war, 94—our Pacific navy, 93
Parliament, the new, review of Mr. Saunders’s book on, 281_the

virtue of inconsistency, 282-representation of the Whigs in the

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