civilization of the race ani the realizatior. Of our national

ideals dependi, ani in taking lessons of 7e foreign way on

adapting means to enis in the realization of freat ileals.

Persian Ideals.

Among the nations of the Orient, Persia held a conspicuous place. From the standpoint of modern civilization, it sur

passed both China and India in the leigt of its educational

ideal and practice. Arch leacon Farrar in speaking of ancient

Persian education writes as follovs: "le boast of our eluca

tional ideal. Is it nearly as high in some essentials as that

even of son ancient and leathen nations lorg centuries before

Christ came? The ancient Persians were worshippers of fire and

of the sun; 110st of their children would have been probably

unable to pass the most elementary examination in physiology,

but assurerlly the Persian ileal might be worthy of our sturly.

At the age of fourteen--the age when we turn our children adrilt

fron school, and to nothing more for them--the Persians gave

their young robles the four best nasters 10?? they could fini, to teach their boys wisdo, justice, temperance, ani courage-

wisdom including the Luty of unswerving truthfulness throug!

life, temperance including mastery over sensual temptations, courage including a free mind opposed to all tings coupied

with puilt.


Her ideal was essentially the militant


civic, demanding physical strengt?, and moral

purity. The means employed to reach tris ideal were simple and

erfective and some suggest themselves as improverents over

methoris ir vogue. The boy, at t.e age of seven, was taken from

the care of the mother and placed under t at of the state. His

education, until his fifteenth year was physical and moral.

The body was steeled and strengthened by gyinnastics, exposure

to inclement weither, and by temperate labits ir partaking of

food and drink. He was carefully guarded against contact with

vice, Abhorrence of ingratitule and lying-considered the most

shanejul vices was duly inculcated. At the same time, by precept, example, and practice, the virtues of self-control,

trutifulness, and justice were fimly implanted. He was taught

to know that the kingdom of light and of the good will prevail

and that it is the duty of every man to contribute to its su3

cess. At the age of fifteen, while his military liscipline increased in severity, instructions from overseers and governors fitted hin for taking position in the civil service,

shouli occasion iemanl.

HOW! Moral

Their method of inculcating i leas of

Character De

justice was unique. According to Xenon? on,


the boys vient to school to!.ave their sense of

justice awakered and leveloped. Therefore the masters spent

the day especially in holling court among the boys,who, after

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