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The Spartan ileal was pre-eminently mili
tant. Their rethods of realizing them were
similar to, but far more rigorous than those employed by the
Persians for this end. The sternest simplicity prevailed every
where. Their food and clothing were scant. They were thoroughly
trained in gymnastics, especially runninę, jumping, wrestl
ing and playing with spears. The meager instruction in reading
and writing was admirably Supplemented
by their constant
association with the oli fror: whom they absorbed the art of
conversing in an easy and agreeable manner, dignifiel bearing,
intense love of country, adviratior of courage, and much prac
tical knowledge of state and other affairs.
Athen s' Ideal.
In bold contrast wit? the simple military ideal of
Sparta stands the 'aesthetic ideal of Athens,-a beautiful soul
in a beautiful body. There the youth of the poor received
second period by instruction in arithmetic, gravar, ani
literature. At the age of twelve he was introduced to the
beauties of poetry, rhetoric, music, mathematics, inii philos
ohy. Music with them was not a source of annuserent, but was
stu lied on account of its enrobling ten lencies upon the soul.
Their physical development received careful
attention in the gymnasium where they were
taught swimmine, running, junping, wrestling, spear and discus throwing, not for the purpose of developing strengti .
ani endurance as in Sparta and Persia, but for securing sym
metrical developent of the body. Courage, patriotism, modesty
and politenes were enjoinei ani practicel at all times.
Socrates, Plato, Aristotle anı other great teachers have contributed muc? to education,
but a discussion of this phase would be foreign to the purp se
of this paper. Suffice it to say that the lesson of Ancient
Greece to America point out that we have sadly neglected in
our secondary elucation the feeling for the beautiful, the picturesque, the sublime--feeling capable of contributing so much to Hwan happiness, that we have neglected the arts of music and oratory, nor do fully comprehend the educational
value of the play. It iş sad, yet tmie, that we have not yet
succeeded in combiring systematic physical training and play,
as dit the Greeks of yoro ir their national pares.