« ForrigeFortsett »
The country, therefore, must be pretty well they would, if accepted of, leave us in posgoverned, and yet there is no member of session of all our conquests, of all the either House of the Legislature who is in Islands in the West Indies ; of the exclusive any office whatever under the government. fishery of Newfoundland; of the Cape of The members are paid for their time, and Good Hope and the French Settlements in paid their expenses to and from the place Senegal; of the French and Dutch Settleof sitting. They are appointed by the peo- ments in the East Indies ; of the Isles of ple and paid by the people; they are the France, and Bourbon ; in short, they would people's representatives, and are not suf- leave us in possession of about 40 millions fered to be the servants of, or to receive of conquered people, while France herself pay from, any body else.
would not possess above 17 or 18 millions Here, then, we have a proof, an experi- of conquered people. And, which is never mental proof, of the practicability of con- to be forgotten, they would leave in our ducting a government without giving place hands, the island of Malta itself, which, as men seats in the Legislature. And, though you well know, was the avowed object of the positive pledge may, in all cases, not be the war. insisted on, the principle ought to be clearly Why, then, have we not peace? Be understood; and, where the candidate is cause we have not reform, it being absonot very well known indeed, and has not lutely impossible, in my opinion, for our had long trial, I am for insisting upon the present internal system to be continued positive pledge. This pledge Mr. Hunt during a peace which should be accompahas given you; and you must be well as- nied with the usual consequences of peace. şured, that, if he were disposed to break When the present war began, it was stated it, he would not dare to do it. For this by the then Minister, Addington, that we alone I should prefer him to either of the were al war because we could not be at other candidates, both of whom, all three peace ; and, I suppose, that the same reaof whom, you may be assured, have in view, son would uow be given; for, otherwise, it either public money or lille, both of which is, I think, impossible to account for the reMr. Hunt disclaims.
jection of the late overtures of the Emperor The 2d pledge that Mr. Hunt has given Napoleon, which, as I have, I am persuadyou, is, that he will endeavour, if elected, ed, clearly shown in a former Register, to do away all the sinecure places, and all were both honourable and advantageous to the pensions not granted for real services. England. Not only, therefore, will this This is a pledge which I deem of great im- country, in my opinion, never regain its portance. The sum of money expended former state of freedom and happiness withannually in this way has been stated by out a reform of parliament; but, I am conSir Francis Burdett at nearly a million of vinced, that, without such reform, it will pounds sterling, that is to say, a sum suffi- never again have peace with France. cient to maintain 125,000 poor people all This being the it must be an inexthe year round, supposing them not to la- cusable folly for you to elect any man who bour at all. I, for my part, should deem is not decidedly for a reform of the parliathe abolition of these places and pensions of ment; and, amongst all your candidates, far greater importance to us than the gain- Mr. Hunt is the only man who has de ing of a hundred battles, by land or sea. clared for that reform. The partisans of
The 3d pledge of Mr. Hunt is, that he Sir Samuel Romilly say, that they doubt will, if elected, do all that in him lies to not that he will declare for reform.' I difprocure for the nation a peace and a reform fer from them in opinion. I do not think of parliament. Now, Gentlemen, look that he ever will; at least, not till such back for the last 20 years ; reflect on what men as Mr. Hunt shall have made it incon. has passed during that time; and then say, venient to be against reform. If Sir Sawhether you sincerely believe, that this na- muel Romilly were for reform, why should tion can possibly continue in its present he be so loath to inake the declaration ? dom, or common sense, bus finger peaceias Meshperioran Yeast, but, it this were to be the only possible means of rescuing our taken as a rule without an exception, there selves from our dangers; but, Gentlemen, would, at once, be an end of all promises how are we to have peace ? . The terms of- and engagements between man and man. sered by the Emperor of France are fair; In this case, however, the rule did not apthey are, indeed, such as I never expected ply; for he might have expressed his wish 19 see obtained at the close of a negociation; to see reform take place without making Dildoms
any promise upon the subject. This he " for the purpose of uniting in a testimony did not do: and, during the whole time “ of gratilude to their late Representative, that he has been a candidate for Bristol,' he , " the Right Hon. Charles Bathurst,has not once mentioned, in any way, the " THOMAS DANIEL, Esq. in the Chair, --subject of parliamentary reform.
" the following Resolutions were moved by There is, besides, with regard to Sir Sa- Michael Castle, Esq. and seconded by muel Romilly, a most suspicious circum. “ John Cave, Esq. and carried unanimousstance; and that is, that liis leading parti- ly:-Ist, That the conduct of the Right sans all belong to that corrupt faction, 6 Hon. Charles Bathurst has been distinwhich has been designated under the name “ guished, during 18 years that he repreof Whigs, and which faction is, if possible, “ sented this City in Parliament, by a mea more hostile to reform than the followers of “ ritorious allention to its local interest, Pitt and Perceval themselves. I have fre-" und an invariable zeal for the individual quently asserted, that the two factions cor- concerns of its inhabitants, entirely inde. dially unite upon all occasions, where an “pendent of every consideration of politiattack is made upon corruption in general, " cal party.-2d, That in the retirement of or where the interests of party are concern. " the Right Hon. Charles Bathurst from ed. We saw them join hand-in-hand and " that elevated situation which he so deheart to heart when the late Perceval and “ servedly held amongst us, we feel desirCastlereagh were accused by Mr. Madocks, " ous of testifying, in this public manner, on the 11th of May, 1809, on the anniver: " the gratitude we entertain for services sary of which day Perceval was shot, at " that have reflected so much honour upon the door of the very place where he had be." his abilities and exertions.—3d, That a fore triumphed. We saw them join in ral-“ Subscription' be now entered into, for the lying round that same Perceval when Sir W" purpose of presenting the Right HonourFrancis Burdett was sent to the Tower
able Charles Bathurst with a permanent under the escort of thousands of soldiers. « Token of our esteem and approbation of We saw them join in reprobating the Ad- " services that have been so frequently dress to the Prince Regent proposed by Sir
and attended to with so Francis Bardett. In short, upon all occa- much alacrity on his part, and with so sions when something was to be effected much advantage to the Chy'åt lărge.-hostile, decidedly hostile, to the people, the 4th, That a Committee be appointed of two factions have cordially joined ; they
" those Gentlemen who signed the requisihave, for the time, become one. They hate " tion for the call of this meeting, together one another; they would destroy one an
any of those who may be subscriother; but, they love the public money bers, for the purpose of carrying into exmore than they hate one another; 'and, ecution the wishes and intentions of this therefore, when the system is in danger, meeting.-5th, That the name of Mr. they always unite. They cordially unite Robert Bruce be added to the Twenty also against every inan who is hostile to the “Gentlemen who have signed the requisisystem. They hate hiin even more than " tion, for the purpose of forming a Comthey hate each other ; because he would“ mittee, with any other of the Subscribers. destroy the very meat that they feed on. “ -6th, That Mr. Thomas Hellicar be re
Hence, Gentlemen, the united' rancour of " quested to take upon himself the office of the factions against Mr. Hunt, and their “ Treasurer. - Thomas Daniel, Chairunited approbation of Mr. Bragge Bathurst." man.” Bul, of this latter we must take more parti. Now, Gentlemen, you will observe, that cular notice. There has appeared is the here is as decided praise as men can beBristol' news-papers a publication respect- stow. Mr. Bragge is praised- for his eighing a Meeting for the purpose of uniting in teen years' conduct, though, during that a testimony of gratitude to Bragge Bathurst. time, he has been doing every thing which At this meeting the following resolutions the supporters of Sir Samuel Romilly affect were passed; but, I beg you to ohcorvo, in die pronus of Tadagnrihs first, the language and sentiments of the 'under three heads, it has been this: he hảs resolutions, and next, who were the princi- uniformly supported Pitt and the war; he pal' actors in the scene. The whole of the has uniformly distinguished himself as an publicátion was as follows:-“Ata opponent of Parliamentary Reform, and "General Meeting of the “Merchants, was one of the foremost in reprobating Mr. " Traders, and other Inhabitants of this Madocks's motion; he has, during the 18 "City, convened by public advertisement, years of war and national misery, been a
great part of the time a placeman, and he is only wanted to put in Sir Samuel Romilly row a placeman in possession of a rich sine- that he might give them more of the taxes cure, with immense patronage attached to than they had been able to get from Bragge it. And, it is for conduct like this that Bathurst. Mr. Hunt had told you this bethese townsmen of yours are about to give a fore; and now you see the fact openly testimony of their gratitude !
avowed. The jobbers on both sides plainly If, however, this were confined to the tell whoever is to be their candidate, that friends of Bragge Bathurst, to those who he must take care of their individual cons profess his principles, all would be in its cerns. place, all would be natural enough. But, This, Gentlemen, is the real cause of the you will bear in mind, Gentlemen, that the hatred, the rancour, the poisonous malice, two factions have united here, and that of both factions towards Mr. Huni, who these resolutions, extolling to the skies a makes open war upon the tax-eaters. This sinecure placeman, a Pittite, and a known is the reason why they hate him. There and decided enemy of reform of parliament; are other reasons, but ihis is the great reayou will bear in mind that these resolutions son of all; and you may be well assured, were moved by Mr. MICHAEL CASTLE, that you will see both the factions always the very man who introduced Sir Samuel unite against any man, be he who he may, Romilly into your city; the very man in who is opposed to the system of places and whose carriage Sir Samuel Romilly entered pensions. But, what, then, must be the your city; the very man who filled the extent of the hypocrisy of the friends of Sic chair at Sir Samuel Romilly's dinner. This Samuel Romilly! They pretend that they was the man selected to MOVE resolutions wish for a reform of parliament, when they expressive of the gratitude of the people of must well know, that such a reform would Bristol for the conduct of Bragge Bathurst, totally destroy the very root whence spring the sinecure placeman, the supporter of those individual benefits for which they exPitt and the war, and the decided and dis- press their gratitude to Bragge Bathurst. tinguished enemy of parliamentary reform. Sir Samuel Romilly, as I had before the This was the man, this Mr. Michael Castle, honour to observe to you, has never told to tell the world in the most solemn man- you that he is for a reform of the parliasier, that the friends of Sir Samuel Romilly inent; and, after the publication of these approved of the conduct of the very man, Resolutions, moved by the man who introwhom they, when canvassing you for your duced him into your city, there are very . voies, represented as unfit to be your mem- few amongst you, I trust, who will not be ber.
convinced, that his partisans are well conGentlemen, can you want any further vinced that he will not support such a reproof of the political hypocrisy of such form as shall give us a chance of destroying men as Mr. Charles Elton, and Mr. Mills, that corruption which is now eating out the and Mr. Gastle ? Can you be made to be very vitals of the country. lieve that they are sincere when they tell Clear as it is, then, that both the factions you that they wish for a reform of any sort? are your enemies, I hope that you will The truth is, they wish to put in a member stand firmly by each other in opposition to of their own, that they may enjoy the beso detestable an union. Both factions are nefit of his patronage ; but, in doing this, hatcful; but of the two the Whigs are the they must take care not to do any thing worst; because they disguise their hostility hostile to the system, for without the existe to the cause of freedom. Take, however, ence of that all their prospects are blasted. only a little time to reflect, and you
will You see, that they have, in these resolutions, not be deceived by the cant of Mr. Charles no scruple to declare the vile and abomina- Elton and Mr. Mills, both of whom, 'I ble principle upon which they act. They would venture my life, have bespoke places here most explicitly avow, that they are for themselves in case of success to their grateful to Bragge Balhuist for the zeal he candidate. They well know that the suchas shown in the individual concerns of his cess of Mr. Hunt would defeat their scheme, constituents. That is to say, in getting and therefore they hate him. They do not them places under the Government ; or, in dislike him for his separation from 'his other words, in enabling them to live upon wife; they would not give his wife a bit of the taxes; that is to say, upon the fruit of bread 10 save her life, if she was a beggar ile people's labour. I told you, in my instead of being, as she is, well and liberalfirst letter, that they had no other objectly provided for; they would see her drop Thin this in view ; that one part of them from their door dead in the street, rather than tender her a helping hand; but, to this country, or render it any essential ser. speak of the separation suits the turn of the vice. There is no national evil that we hypocrites ; by having recourse to it, they feel, be it small or great, which may not can cast calumny on their soe without letting be traced to the want of a parliamentary their real motive appear. They would, if reform, and such a reform, too, as shall cut they dared, tell him that he is a cruel sa- up corruption by the roots. vage for endeavouring to prevent them from It is with great pleasure that I perceive, pocketing the public money; but this would that Mr. Hunt has promised you to be a not suit their purpose; and they therefore candidate at Bristol at every future election, resort to his separation from his wife. as long as he has life and health, unless he
Trusting now, Gentlemen, that you see should be a member wiren a vacancy takes clearly the motives of the two factions, and place for your city. This promise ensures that their main object is to get at a share of you an election ; it secures you against bethe public money, I shall not fear, that, at ing sold like dumb creatures; it secures another election, you will resolutely endea. you the exercise of your right of voting, vour to defeat that vile object. The whole and the right of now and then openly remystery lies here. It is the public money proaching and loading with just maledicthat the factions want to get at. They are lions any of the wretches who may betray not attached to any particular set of men or you. To be a member for Bristol, in fuof means. Whoever or whatever will give ture, a man must stand an election of some them the best chance of getting at the public days, at any rate; no one will be able to money is the man or the thing for them; / gei in by a mere day's parade ; an election and Sir Samuel Romilly has been brought at Bristol will not in future be a ceremony. forward upon the recent occasion, only be like that of choosing a churchwarden ; your cause there were a set of men, who found voices will be heard, and, I hope, they that they could not get so much of the pub- will always carry terror to the hearts of the lic money as they wanted under any of the corrupt. You have only to persevere. To other candidates. They found the old keep steadily on. To suffer nothing to ground too thickly settled for them; they turn you aside. Your enemies cannot kill therefore resolved to get new ground of you, nor can they do you harm. If they their own; and they chose Sir Samuel Ro- collect and publish lists of your names; milly, because he was at once likely to be you will do well to collect and publish a placeman, and was at the same time a lists of theirs, and then stand your chance man of a good deal of deserved popularity for the final effect. But, above all things, They, if he were elected, would say as Fal- be upon your guard against the fraudulent staff did of the moon: " the chaste Diana, dealings of the Whigs, who are the worst under whose influence we sleal.” They faction of the two because they are the mean to make a passage of him through greatest hypocrites. They make use of the which to get at the people's earnings; and, name of Sir Samuel Romilly as the means all this, too, under the guise of virtue and of deceiving you, and of getting a share of patriotism. With me there wanted no- the public money into their own pockets ; thing to produce conviction of this fact be- and of this fact I beg you never to losa fore; and now, I trust, that there is no man sight. who will affect to doubt it ; now when we
I am, Gentlemen, your friend, see them moving and signing resolutions, applauding the conduct of a member of par
WM. COBBETT, liament who has become a sinecare place
Bolley, Tuesday, man, and who is notoriously a most decided
11th August, 1812. enemy of reform of parliament.
With these facts before him, it is not to be believed, that any one man amongst you
SUMMARY OF POLITICS. will give his vote for this hypocritical fac- NORTHERN War. - The progress of tion. If Sir Samuel Romilly will dori.ro openly for reform of parliament, you will it, seems to prove the correctness of the do well to vote for him and for Mr. Hunt; opinion of Sir Francis Burdett, given in his but, if he will not, it is your duty not only admired speech upon the State of the Na. not to vote for him, but to do all that lies tion. Napoleon does seem siill to be a in your power to prevent his being elected ; match for Lord Castlereagh aud Lord Palfor, be you well assured, that, without a re- merston. He seems not to have been 'form of parliament, no man living can save totally ignorant of the means of carrying on
war in the country which he was going to force. This opinion is now confirmed ; beattack.--As to the grounds of this war, cause, if he had been so minded; if he my readers, who have now all the cor- had wished to send a larger force to Spain respondence before them, must have seen, and Portugal, he could have sent at least á that it was no other than the refusal of the hundred and fifty thousand of those men, Czar to exclude the manufactures and trade whom he is now marching against the of England from his doininions. Whether Czar. His war against the Czar did not the demand made by Napoleon was rea press. It could have waited. Its object sonable or not must depend upon circum- was merely to enforce commercial regustance; and whether it was wise to refuse lations. The North offered no danger, no it, will very soon, I dare say, be proved. insult;" to the Empire of France. The At present I can see, for my part, no sign object to be accomplished by the war could of any impediment to the French armies, have been accomplished after the war had who are, it appears, marching over coun. been ended in the South. It is, therefore, tries, where the people are glad to receive clear, that, though he had the means of them.---This may seem strange to some sending 150,000 additional troops into the persons ; but, the cause once known, it Peninsula, he chose rather to let the war will no longer seein strange. ----The ques- drawl on there as the means of drawing off tion with every people, in such a case, is, the blood and treasure of England.s shall we be beller or worse off by be- he now succeed in the North (which is, at 6 coming subjects of Napoleon ?" And, least, possible), what terms of peace does if the answer is, that they shall be worse the reader suppose will be offered to us off, they assist in opposing him; if the next time? Does any man imagine, that contrary, they do not assist in opposing we shall ever again hear of such terins as him.--It is as much in vain for us to those which we have rejected ? !, for any abuse the people of Poland or of Russia, as part, imagine no such thing; and, i sulla it was for us to abuse the Dutch or the I am pretty confident, hear those linnenring Italians. They do not hear our abuse ; and, that rejection who are now applauding it to if they were to hear it, they would only the skies.--The terms were not only hate us a little more for it. Every nalion good, but the time was singularly favourmust feel for itself. It is very amusing to able. Russia ready for war, and a great hear people in England execrating the Po- dearth of bread in France ; two circuidlanders because they do not fight, because stances that we can never hope to see unite they do not shed their blood, for the Rus- again. But, such appears to be the aversians who conquered their country, who sion to peace, that even these circumstances, have held it by force, and who have al. so singularly favourable, were wholly overways considered the people as a conquered looked or set at nought.---The people of people. It is amusing to hear us abuse the England have been told very often, that Polanders for this, while, in the same those of France sighed for peace ; that the breath, we abuse the Emperor Napoleon war was unpopular in France ; that the as an Usurper, and while we call upon all people there hated Napoleon because he his people to shake off his yoke. --To would not give thein peace with England. predict any thing as to the result of this I have never seen any proof of the truth of war would be absurd; but, it may not be this; but, supposing it to be the real state amiss to endeavour to prepare the public of the fact, would it not have been wise in mind for the consequences of the success of us to show a disposition for peace when the Napoleon. That success would, it seems offer was made to u$? - If any thing were to me, be decisive of the fate of the conti- wanted to reconcile the people of France to neut' of Europe. The whole force of France, the continuation of the war, what is so a great pari of which has been always held likely to do it as a rejection, on our part, i readiness for a Northern War, would of reasonable terms of peace ? - When then be directed against Spain and Poriu- the circumstances of the war are in our aal, which latter eyen would. in that case. favour, we refuse to treat upon the ground probably not be long in our possession of its being unwise to stop our army in its
It has all along been my opinion, that career of victory; and when the circuinNapoleon meant to end the continental war stances of the war are unfavourable to, we in the Southern Peninsula, whither we refuse to treat upon the ground that it were and still are sending such immense would be unwise to appear to be frightened suims of money, and where employment is into a treaty. In the former case we treat found for so large a part of our military a proposition for peace as proceeding from