« ForrigeFortsett »
of seriously contemplating our actual rela-La Council General, which shall be assisted tions, we have appointed a Committee to by the Marshal, and shall hold its sittings consider of, and report to us those relations; at Warsaw; and as an enterprise originatthus wishing to profit by all those means ing in motives so virtuous justly merits it, Heaven has dispensed to us, in order to ar we have sent a deputation to his Majesty, rive at the object of our desires. Our ef- the King of Saxony, to honour it with his fort is completed; in the Report of our formal approbation. The cause of sufCommittees are portrayed those sentiments fering innocence cannot be regarded but as which animate us, and at the same time, that of God; so brilliant a procedure must the line of conduct is pointed out which we extend its influence throughout Europe. should follow. And according to these This renovation, which will afford to the important representations, we have resolved world an example of what should be done to unite, and forin a general Confederation. for oppressed humanity, which will restore In order to evince the purity of our motives Poland to its ancient prosperity, will preand our objects, we declare, in the face of sent to the first Empire in the world an
Heaven and Earth, and of the Polish Na- Ally, equally faithful and worthy. An • tion, that we have no other view than the Ally which, from its geographical situation
restoration of our country, hitherto dismem and national character, it will have nothing bered by unprincipled violence, and to re- to apprehend from, but every thing to generate its pristine prosperity and inde- hope ; and therefore we must fondly conpendence, that we unite in general confe- clude, that such an Empire will not refuse deration, with consent, and under the au to our virtuous undertaking its powerful asthority of our gracious Sovereign, Frederic sistance. We shall lay at the feet of that Augustus, Grand Duke of Warsaw, and Throne the assurance of our confidence and King of Saxony, having at our head the devotion, and implore that its creating Prince Adam Czartoriski, Staroste, Gene- word may complete that existence which ral of Padolia, Nunceo (Nonce) of Warsaw, we have incipiently received from it. But a citizen respectable by his age and virtues in order to render ourselves worthy of this hat we continue faithful to the religion glorious protection, we most solemnly aver, of our fathers, the Catholic and Apostolic, that no possible event shall chill that paat the same time we dispense a perfect tole- triotic ardour which unites us, that we rance to all other taiths, following thus the shall persevere in our glorious career, until examples of our ancestors, in times when we have re-united to our bosoms all those all Europe was afflicted with sanguinary re- members of our common family, those broligious wars--that we respect the authori-chers of our love, which the hand of tyties of the throne, the laws of the nation, ranny has separated from us.-Polanders! and that we cherish in all its purity that you whom we thus call again to our bonational spirit, which for ages has been the som, judge of our feelings by your own. distinguishing characteristic of the Polonese. We implore you in the name of our com-Guided by similar considerations, we mon mother to unite mutually all your are unwilling to arrive by any but the most powers, and to fly to her support. Let her legal means, at our glorious object. And again press you to her heart; she presents well recollecting the disastrous events which to your exertions the equal road to virtue have passed, we solemnly declare that the and to glory. Let us join in brotherly general confederation will never aberrate union, and the Divine Justice will not from the path it has prescribed, nor tole. withhold our deserved recompense. We rate abuses, which must end but in the ruin shall again see the arms of Lithuania grace of the country. In consequence the admi- our escutcheons, and hear the fertile fields nistration of justice will vest in the legal of Volhinia, as well as the vast plains of authorities : while the consideration shall Podolia, and the Ukraine resound with the exercise in full plenitude, those powers joyous shouts --- Live, Poland !- live our which appertain to a general assembly of Country!- It is therefore decreed as folthe nation, labouring in the grand work of lows:--Art. 1. The Diet constitutes itself restoring the country, and propagating with a General Confederation of Poland.-2. all its energies a national enthusiasm. The General Confederation of Poland, exIn order to confer on the Confederation, ercising in all their fullness the powers composed of the Members of the Diet, the which belong to the General Association of whole Public National Authorities, &c. the the Nation, declares, that the Kingdom of means of proceeding with activity, we dele Poland, and the Body of the Polish Nation, gate the power with which it is invested, to are re-established.-3. All the Dietines of
the Duchy shall be convoked, and shall ad- Francis Count Lubientski, Deputy of the here to the Confederation. They shall district of Skamierz and Hebdow; Charles transmit the Acts to the Council General of Skorkowski, Deputy of the city of Cracow; the Confederation.—4. All the Poles are Cajetan Kozmian, Secretary of the General invited, and authorized to join the Confede- Confederation.-11. The number requisite ration, whether collectively or individually, to form a deliberation, shall be five.-12. and to communicate as speedily as possible. The Secretary-General shall have a delibetheir adhesion to the Council General.-5. rative voice.-13. All the administrative, All the portions of the Polish territory are judicial, and military authorities shall coninvited to join the Confederation, in pro- tinue the exercise of their functions.-14. portion as the enemy's removal shall enable A deputation shall be sent to his Majesty them to do so. They are invited forthwith the King of Saxony, Duke of Warsaw, to to form Dietines which shall send Deputies request of him to accede to the General to convey their acts of adherence to the Coun- Confederation of Poland.-15. A deputa. cil General. These shall become Members tion shall also be sent to his Majesty the of the Diet of the General Confederation.—Emperor Napoleon, King of Italy, to pre6. All officers, soldiers, civil and military sent to him the Acts of the Confederation, agents, Poles by birth and inhabiting the and to beg of him to encircle the cradle of Polish territory, unjustly retained by the reviving Poland with his powerful protecRussians, are summoned to abandon the tion.–16. The Confederation, in the face service of that power.—7. All the military of Heaven and earth, in the name of all the men shall be replaced under the colours of Poles, comes under a solemn obligation to Poland; and all the civil agents may be re- prosecute to the end, and by all the means placed, each in a corresponding department in their power, the accomplishment of the of the Polish Administration.-8. All great work which is this day commenced. the ecclesiastical, civil, and military autho- –17. The Confederation declares, that, rities shall each in his department make under circumstances in which all its labours, known the existence, the spirit, and the ob- all its wishes, tend only to the re-establishject of the Confederation. For this pur ment of the country, and to the union of all pose the Bishops shall issue their charges ; | its parts, it cannot regard as a true Pole, as the Prefects, Subprefects, and Mayors shall a good citizen, whosoever shall dare to publish to those under their jurisdiction all search into the past for motives of division, the acts relative to this Confederation, and or accusation : in one word, whosoever calculated to enlighten or support the spirit shall resort to any measure calculated to of the districts confided to their care. All plant the germe of discord in the bosom of the Commanders and Chiefs of corps in the a family, which every thing conducts to. army shall do the same to those under their wards union. — 18. The Ministers are orders.-9. All those Members of the Con-charged, each in his own department, to federated Diet, who do not form part of the make known, through the medium of the General Council, are authorized to return to journals or otherwise, all the Acts which their homes, till invited anew; and the have emanated from the Confederation, on Confederation expects from the real and which shall be in future addressed to it. patriotism of which they have just given proof, that they will employ that interval in increasing, each in his sphere, the patriotic dispositions of their fellow-citizens.
OFFICIAL PAPERS. 10. The Confederation, during its recess, delegates all the powers with which it is
(Continued from page 254.) invested to the Council General selected AMERICAN STATES.--Correspondence on from itself, residing at Warsaw, and com
the Orders in Council. -Mr. Foster posed of the following Members - Stanislas
to Mr. Monroe.-Washinglon, June 4, Count Zamoyski, Senator Palatine ; John
1812. Golaszewski, Bishop of Wigry: Alexander Linowski, Counsellor of State; Martin Ba Sir,-Since I had the honour of seeing deni, Counsellor of State ; Antony Ostrow- you at your office yesterday, I 'have perski, Nuncio of the district of Brzeziny; ceived an article in the public prints, stated Frederick Count Skorzewski, Nuncio of the to be extracted from an English news-paper, district of Bromberg; Joachim Owidzki, and purporting to be an official declaration Nuncio of the district of Lublin ; Francis of His Royal Highness the Prince Regent, Wezyk, Nuncio of the district of Biala ; that the Orders in Council will be, and are,
absolutely revoked, from the period when made through a note, might have shared the Berlin and Milan Decrees shall, by the fate of the rest. You will recollect, some authentic act of the French Govern- that it was at your own request that I acment, publicly promulgated, be expressly ceded to the dispatch being communicated and unconditionally repealed. A consider to the Presideni; and that it was also at able time has elapsed since, by order of my your instance, as being the only regular way Government, I had the honour of urging in which the subject could come before the to you the expediency of procuring such an American Government, that I determined authentic act from the French Government; to write to you a note founded upon it. and in all probability the above declaration You were aware, at the latter end of last may have been issued in the confident ex- week, that such was my determination, peciation, that the Government of the which I repeated to you through Mr. GraUnited States would have been able to pro- ham, who called upon me the 30th ult. lo duce it ere this. --At all events, Sir, ask me when I contemplated sending it to considering the important nature of the your office. The notice must have reached above-mentioned article, and the probabi- you, and been read, before any message lity that I shall have soon to be the organ could have been sent from the Executive to of some official communication to the Ame- Congress. -I cannot, Sir, consider my Tican Government in relation to it, I cannot note as liable to the charge of ambiguity, but trust, that no measure will, meanwhile, which you now impute to it. The abanbe adopted by the Congress, which would donment of our most important maritime defeat the endeavour of procuring a com- rights is more extensively than ever conplete reconciliation between our iwo coun- nected by France with a demand of the retries. Should any embarrassments arise peal of our Orders in Council; and while in consequence of the declaration on the you are entirely silent as to how far Amesubject of the proposed revocation of the rica concurs with her on this point of vital Orders in Council above alluded to resting interest to Great Britain, without even a at present upon a mere statement in the prospect of a reply from you to our just news-papers, it will no doubt occur to your complaints, as expressed in my note on the recollection, that on the enactment of those coincidence of the attitude taken by AmeOrders a measure was taken by Congress rica with the hostile system of France, I for the purpose of meeting them, when they cannot but be aware of the difficulties to were as yet known but through the public which I should expose myself in entering prints. I have the honour to be, &c. &c. into an explanation on any insulated pas
sage in it. I might, perhaps, by continued silence on your part, never afterwards
have an opportunity of making further exMr. Foster to Mr. Monroe. Washington,
planation; and you are well aware how June 4, 1812.
frequently points taken unconnected with
what precedes or follows them, are liable Sir,-I must rely upon your candour to to misconstruction. But, Sir, as a reason feel for the embarrassment into which your paramount to every other for my not comnote of this day lias thrown me. Willing mitting myself to an explanation on any to comply with the request contained in it, i single topic without the discussions between yet cannot but be sensible that in making us were to be continued, is the publication any portion of a dispatch from His Ma- of the highly important declaration of his jesty's Secretary of State to me the subject Royal Highness the Prince Regent, to of a correspondence between us, I should which I had the honour to allude in my not be justified to my own Government. I note to you of this morning. You will believe there is no example of a correspon- there find stated, in as explicit and authendence of such a wature, and I should be tic a manner as language can convey, the very loath to establish the precedent.- grounds upon which His Majesty's Orders When I had the honour to make the com- in Council will be revoked. I cannot, it is munication of Lord Castlereagh's dispatch true, as yet, refer you officially to this doto you in consequence of its being left to my cument; but I may now be in the expectaown discretion to do so, I did it because I Lion of receiving it, in a formal state, withhad reason to think, from the number of in a few days, and together with it, every my letters which there remained unanswer- explanation possible which you may reed at your office, such a corumunication, if quire.
Mr. Monroe to- Mr. Foster.- Department yond all controversy, and the official manof Stale, June 6, 1812.
ner in which it was coinmunicated to your
Government ought to have been satisfactory Sir, I have had the honour to receive to it. A general repeal of the French Deyour letter of the 4th inst. The receipt of crees in favour of all neutral nations, and that of May 30th has already been acknow. of such parts of them as prohibited a trade ledged. As these letters relate to the with France, and the countries under her same subject, the Orders in Council, i control, in British manufactures, the United shall take both into my view in this reply. States have not demanded, because they
I am not disposed to make any unne- had no right to demand it. It is farther cessary difficulty on account of the infor- made a condition of the proposed repeal of mality of the document alluded to in the the declaration of the Prince Regent, that Jast letter. If the declaration of the Prince it shall take effect at a future uncertain day; Regent was such as to afford the satisfaction and that the Orders in Council should be required, it would be received in any form again in force, on a contingency of which entitled to credit, with great interest, as a the British Government is to be the sole token of just and friendly
sentiments in your judge. If this were a ground on which Government towards the United States; the United States could call upon France to but nothing is seen in that act of the cha- repeal her Decrees in case they were still in racter which you impute to it. Without force as to them, surely the French repeal, removing a single objection to the principle to take effect on a future specified day, and on which the Orders in Council were is whose revival was not provided for on any sued, and have been maintained, it affords contingency whatever, was a ground on a complete justification of the demand here which their call on Great Britain to repeal tofore made on your Government for their her Orders in Council, in respect to the repeal. - The British Government has United States, ought not to have been recomplained that the United States demand- sisted. In reply to your insinuation, ed the repeal of the Orders in Council in a that the demand made on your Government conditional repeal of the French Decrees, to repeal its edicts, which violate the neualthough the French condition required notral rights of the United States, is made in thing of Great Britain which she ought not concert with France, to obtain from Great to have consented to, and was, moreover, Britain an abandonment of her maritime a condition subsequent, and not precedent; rights; it is sufficient to refer you to docuand it now proposes to repeal the Orders in ments which have been long before the pubCouncil conditionally also, with this dif- lic, and particularly to the letter of Mr. ference, that the condition on which their Pinckney to the Marquis Wellesley, of Jarepeal is to be made is a condition pre-nuary 14, 1811, protesting in the most socedent, and not subsequent, and is likewise lemn manner against looking to any other one which Great Britain has no right to source for the opinions and principles of the claim. This condition requires that the United States, than to the United States French Decrees shall be absolutely and un- themselves. Let me repeat, with respect conditionally repealed; that is, that they to the Orders in Council, that all we deshall be repealed according to explanations mand is, that they cease to violate the neugiven, not only as they related to the tral rights of the United States, which they United States, but as to all other neutral have violated, and still violate on the high nations, and all who prohibited a com sea : should they be continued as to France merce in British manufactures with the ene- in any form which may not violate those mies of Great Britain. So far as the rights, or as to any other neutral nation to French Decrees violated the neutral com which they may be applicable, it would be merce of the United States, we had a right for such nation, and not for the United to demand the repeal, and obtained it. The States, to contend against them. The repeal was declared by an authentic and report of the French Minister, on which formal act of the French Government, and this declaration of your Government is communicated to this Government by the founded, affords no proof that the French Minister Plenipotentiary of the United Government intended by it to violate its States at Paris, and to the British Govern engagement to the United States, as to the ment by their Minister Plenipotentiary at repeal of the Decrees. It evidently refers London; and has, moreover, been officially to the Continental system, by the means republished within the United States. The lied on to enforce it. The armies of France authenticity of the repeal was placed be
(To be continued.)
As illustrated in the Prosecution and Punishment of
WILLIAM COBBETT. 287)
(288 In order that my countrymen and that the two sureties in the sum of 1,000 pounds each ; world may not be deceived, duped, and cheated that the whole of this sentence has been executed upon this subject, 1, WILLIAM COBBETT, upon me, that I have been imprisoned the two of Botley, in Hampshire, put upon record sears, have paid the thousand pounds TO THE the following facts; to wit: That, on the 24th KING, and have given the bail, Timothy Brown June, 1809, the following article was pub- and Peter Walker, Esqrs. being my sureties; lished in a London news-paper, called the that the Attorney General was Sir Vicary Gibbs, COURIER: “ The Mutiny amongst the LO. the Judge who sat at the trial Lord Ellenbarongh, “ CAL MILITIA, which broke out at Ely, was the four Judges who sat at passing sentence Ellen. "fortunately suppressed on Wednesday hy the borough, Grose, Le Blanc, and Bailev; and that « arrival of four squadrons of the GÉRMAN the jurors were, Thomas Rhodes of Hampstead "LEGION CAVALRY from Bury, under the Road, John Davis of Southampton Place, James * command of General Auckland. Five of the Ellis of Tottenham Court Road, John Richards " ringleaders were tried by a Court-Martial, and of Bayswater, Thomas Marshan of Baker Street,
sentenced to receive 500 lashes each, part of wbieh Robert Heathcote of High Street Marylebone, punishment they received on Wednesday, and John Maud of York Place Marylebone, George
a part was remitted. A stoppage for their knup Bagster of Church Terrace Pancras,' Thomas " sacks was the ground of the complaint that ex- Taylor of Red Lion Square, David Deane of St, “cited this mntinous spirit, which occasioned John Street, William Palmer of Upper Street “ the men to surround their officers, and demand Islington, Henry Favre of Pall Mall; that the “ what they deemed their arrears. The first Prime Ministers during the time were Spencer
division of the German Legion halted yesterday Perceval, until he was shot by John Bellingham,
at Newmarket on their return to Bury." and after that Robert B. Jenkinson, Earl of LiThat, on the 1st July, 1809, I published, in the verpool; that the prosecution and sentence took Political Register, an article censuring, in the place in the reign of King George the Third, and strongest terms, these proceedings; that, for so that, he having become insane during my impridoing, the Attorney General prosecuted, as sedi-sonment, the 1,000. ponads was paid to his son, tious libellers, and by Ex-Officio Information, the Prince Regent, in his behalf; that, during my me, and also nry printer, my publisher, and one imprisonment, I wrote and published 364 Essays of the priucipal retailers of the Political Register; and Letters upon political subjects; that, during that I was brought to trial ou the 15th June, the same time, I was visited by persons from 197 1810, and was, by a Special Jury, that is to say, cities and towns, many of them as a sort of depuby 12 men ont of 48 appointed by the Master of ties from Societies or Clubs; that, at the expirathe Crown Office, found guilty ; that, on the tion of my imprisonment, on the 9th of July, 1812, 20th of the sanje xonth, I was compelled to give a great dinner was given in London for the purbail for my appearance to receive judgment ; pose of receiving me, at which dinner upwards of and that, as I came up from Botley (to which 600 persons were present, and, at which Sir place I had returned to my family and my tarm Francis Burdett presided; that dinners and other on the evening of the 15th), a Tipstatt went parties were held on the same occasion in many down from London in order to seize nie, per other places in England; that, on my way home, sonally ; that, on the 9th of July, 1810, I, toge. I was received at Alton, the first town in Hampther with my printer, publisher, and the news shire, with the ringing of the Church bells; that man, were brought into the Court of King's a respectable company met me and gave me a Bench to receive judgment; that the three dinner at Winchester; that I was drawn from former were sentenced to be imprisoned for more than the distance of a mile into Botley by some mouths in the King's Bench prison ; that the people; that, upon my arrival in the village, was sentenced to be imprisoned for two years in I found all the people assembled to receive me; Newgate, the great receptacle for malefactors, that I concluded the day by explaining to them and the front of which is the scene of numerous the cause of my imprisonment, and by giving hangings in the course of every year; that the them clear notions respecting the flogging of the part of the prison in which I was sentenced to be Local Militia-men at Ely, and respecting the emconfined is sometimes inhabited by felons, that ployment of Germau Troops; and, finally, which felons were actually in it at the time I entered is more than a compensation for my losses and all it ; that one man was taken out of it to be trans- my sufferings, I am in perfect health and strength, ported in about 48 honrs after I was put into the and, though I must, for the sake of six children, same yard with him; and that it is the place of feel the diminution that has been made in my confinement for men guilty of unnatural crinies, property (thinking it right in me to decline the of whom there are four in it at this time; that, offer of a subscription), I have the consolation to besides this imprisonment, I was sentenced to see growing up three sous, upon whose hearts, I pay a thousand pounds: TO THE KING, and' to trust, all these facts will be engraven. give security for my good behaviour for seven
WM. COBBETT. years, myself in the sum of 3,000 pounds, and Botley, July 23, 1813.
Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent Garden.
LONDON; Printed by J. NI Creery, Black Horse-Court, Fleet-street.