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that the whole of the Germans have not themselves so often; if they have shown,
shown themselves in an eminent or exalted frequently, that there is a difference bea
point of view compared with the general tween them and the rest of the army, I see
mass of our native officers and men: I do no reason why they should not be raised
not say, tliat the Germans do not merit the over the heads of other officers. The
distinclion: I do not say, that any corps Morning Chronicle complains, that the
of English or Irish or Scotch have DIS- measure will bar our own officers in the
TINGUISHED themselves so much as way of promotion. · Well, and what. of
these Germans have distinguished them that? They will stand, the Morning
selves in a mass : I do not pretend to de- Chronicle says, “ before thousands of our
cide the point of fact here. The Morning" own gallant countrymen in the way of
Chronicle does, iudeed, say, that one promotion.” And what then? Our own
single English regiment lost more officers' gallant countrymen" did not, surely,
and men in the battle of Salamanca than enter the army for “ base lucre.” What
were lost by the whole of the German Le-' is it to them who fill the superior ranks,
gion put together, which, I believe, is so that they are filled to the advantage of
very true; but, still, it is possible, that the country? Our officers entered the
even that regiment might not be so meri- army, of course, with the view of fighting,
torious as the German Legion. It is pos- and losing their lives, if necessary, in de
sible, I say; and, as it has been officially fence of their beloved Sovereign and their
declared and promulgated by order of the country; and, that being the case, is it
Prince Regent (in the name and behalf of not to be presumed, that they will be
our good old King), that the Germans have pleased to see men placed over them, who
DISTINGUISHED themselves, not only have distinguished themselves in our army
in the recent battle, but on frequent former by their deeds against the enemy? As to
occasions ; as this fact has been so solemnly the mere pay; the paltry pence, that the
declared by the Prince ;. as he has com- rank brings with it, they can be no object
manded the interesting fact to be published to engage the serious attention of a map
and made known to us and to ail Europe, who has made a sacrifice of his life, when
through the channel of the Gazette, I must called for, merely to preserve the English
give the fact full credence; and, I must Consticution! What! A few pennies be
consider it, too, as a fact well known in, an object of contest with those sons of
and recognized by, our army. It would, glory, who bear commissions in His Ma-
I must confess, be more grateful to my jesty's service, and who have the honout
feelings to be able, with truth, to call the to be under the command of his gallant
fact in question, and even to deny it. Ison: Perish the grovelling idea! -
do not hear without some little chagrin, Here I think the Morning Chronicle wrong.
that a parcel of Germans, employed in The objection which it has taken is incon-
our army, have all so dislinguished them- sistent with that disinterestedness and that
selves as to merit particular notice. But, devotion to their country, which have so
justice forbids me to coinplain, that they often been ascribed to the officers of our
are praised for what has so distinguished army: A love of glory, such as that which
them. The old proverb of giving the Devil may be supposed to animate their bosoms,
his due I would apply to these Germans. is wholly inconsistent with the existence of
Įf they have dislinguished themselves in a desire to possess a larger portion of
Spain and Portugal; if they have, and Tokens or of Pennies. The love of pro-
frequently too, shown that there is a dif-motion is out of the question; and, the
ference between them and the rest of the Commander in Chief and the Prince Re-
army; if they have made theinselves emi- gent having perceived that the German
ñent, if they have eralted themselves, in Legion have so frequently distinguished
the army; if they have gone farther, or themselves in the army; that is to say,
done more, against the enemy than the have so frequently shown that there is
corps of the army in general, and if this a difference between them and the native
conduct has marked all the German corps, troops; the Commander in Chief and the
I must say, that they ought to be particu- Prince having discovered this and having
larly noticed : distinguished merit calls for declared it, we are not to suppose that
distinguished reward. -Nor, in a mere any of our native officers will grumble, but,
military point of view, do I quarrel with on the contrary, that they will rejoice, that
ihe effect of the reward that has been be- persons of distinguished conduct are to have
stowed ; if the Germans have distinguished permanent rank in the army, and are, in

mány cases, to be promoted above them- | these very German Corps. That Act, as. selves.But, it is not in this military I showed in my last volume, page 360, point of view that I take the matter. In allowed of the giving of commissions to, the military point of view I have, indeed, foreign officers; and for what? because, little to do with it. If the Germans have they understood the language and manners distinguished themselves; if they have of the men to be raised better than our shown the difference between themselves native officers could be supposed to under-, and those by whom they have been sur- stand them. This was, in my opinion, a rounded; if this be the case, as it is ex- very poor reasou ; but it was a reason. pressly stated, why, really, wough an What, then, could be said in answer to Englishman may lament that the native Lord Folkestone, when he complained, troops have been surpassed ; though he that foreign Officers had been put into may lament that the glory, gained by our English regiments, and had had the com, army, and of which so much has been said mand of English districts given to them and sung, belongs, in so large a portion, Nothing was said in answer to him; or, to foreiguers, still he will be too just to at least, nothing but bare assertions were want to disguise the fact. He will applaud made, unsupported by either fact or argu; the conduct of the Commander in Chief ment.- -Amongst other things, however, and the Prince Regent in proclaiming that which were advanced in answer to his ob fact to the world, but, if he duly consi- servations upon the danger of employing ders the matter, he will not, nevertheless foreigners in this way, Perceval made the approve of this measure ; because it is a remark contained in my Motto, and in measure contrary to the constitutional laws sisted, that, as the German Officers had of England ; an assertiou which I shall only lemporary rank, there could be no now proceed to make good by proof. danger arising from them, even if they I say, then, plainly, that the giving of were Roman Catholics. He had been these Germans permanent rank in our army touched upon this point. He had been is what cannot be done legally, unless a asked what danger there was in the Irish new law be passed to enable the King or Catholics any more than in his Germaca Regent to do so, or, at least, unless a Catholics, and this was his answer. law be passed to enable some body to do But if he were to rise from his grave (mer it. The act of Settlement, which was cy on us !), what would he say, 'now? passed to provide against the contingency However, say what he would ; equivocate, of the House of Hanover coming to the shuffle, riggle and twist as long as he liked, throne of England, expressly says, that no he could not rub out the last clause of the foreigner shall, in case that House succeed Act by which these German Corps were to the throne, hold any office or place of tolerated ; and, unless he could do that, trust, civil or military, in this kingdom. he could not make it lawful to give the And, another act was afterwards passed, German Officers permanent rank, even when thé Hanoverian family had come to though they were all naturalized first. the throne, expressly providing, that in The Morning Chronicle says, that this every future naturalization bill, there should measure, by s one sweep naturalizes the be a clause prohibiting the party to be na- " whole German Legion." This is a turalized from ever holding any place of mistake. Nothing can naturalize them, or trust civil or military in this kingdom. So any one of them, but an act of parliament ; that, as long as the Act of Settlement and and, even an act of parliament, if it has the Act of George I. remain unrepealed, it naturalized them, cannot give them peris impossible, that any foreigner should manent rank in our army, unless it first legally hold any office or place of trust, further repeals the Act of Settlement. civil or military, in this kingdom;, and, of it is true, that the Act of 1804, which course, no foreigner can legally hold a authorized the raising of these German commission in our army. But, to a Corps, did so far repeal the Aci of Settlecertain extent, the Act of Settlement was ment as to authorize the King to grant repealed ; aye, this law, made by our commissions to foreigners in those corps; aricestors for the limiting of the Crown, but, it went no further; it did not auand the better preserving of the rights and thorize him to grant them commissions in liberties of the people ; this act was re- our native corps ; it did not authorize him pealed, to a certain extent, by the Act, to employ them in any way other than in brought in by Pitt and passed by the par- the way there pointed out; it admitted, for liatents for the raising and employing of the sake of language and manners, that the

ofcers should be foreigners as well as the observing on the great importance of the inen ; but here it stopped. It was, how- subject. Let the reader consider, that, if ever, asserted by Perceval, that it allowed permanent rank were given to these Gerof foreign officers being employed all inans, and if they were to be enabled to pass Through the army; though, I believe, that through the ranks of our army generally, this assertion even, if the occasion had they might hold all the principal comoffered, would not have been repeated. mands. They might have all the regi

-Be this as it may, however, there is ments; they might command in all the one clause in the act, which no one can counties; they might form the whole of the torture from its meaning, and that clause military officers in the kingdom; they is complete as to the impossibility of giving might command in the Engineers and permanent rank to the German Officers, Artillery, and might be the governors of without the aid of another Act of Parlia- all the fortresses and garrisons. Really ment. That clause provides expressly, it is time that the subject were discussed, that the Corps and the Commissions of and especially as such persons as the editor the Officers shall cease in twelve months of the Morning Chronicle seem to think after the signing of a treaty of peace with that the measure which has been adopted France. Al that time, if it ever come, the is decisive, and requires the sanction of no rank of these men must cease, for their other authority to make it valid. I commissions must cease. They can only shall subjoin to this article, one, with hold commissions in virtue of the Act of little alteration, that I wrote in March last, 1804 ; that act says, that it shall itself die in order to show what was the law upon in twelve months after the peace; and, of the subject.. The reader will here find the course, in twelve months after the peace, Act of 1804 entire, and the rest of the law it will be unlawful for any one of these more fully stated. The battle of SalaGermans to hold a commission in our army; manca will, in all likelihood, have several or any place of trust in this kingdom, civil consequences ; but, the reader inay be or military. To give them permanent assured that this step with regard to the rank 'is, therefore, impossible without Germans, if it finally have effect, is the another act of parliament; and, whoever most important of all those consequences was the adviser of the measure will find, The more it is considered the pore iss magthat, clever as he may have thought it, nitude will become evident. : In the mean he will have to discover some other mea while, I beg the reader to peruse with care sure to supply its place. -The Morning the article which I hereunto subjoin. Chronicle says, that, if parliament had

WM. CÔBBETT. been sitting, the measure would not have passed without remonstrance. Well, then,

Bolley, 2d Seplember, 1812. we shall now see the

part which his friends, the Whigs, will act, when the measure comes to be discussed in parliament ; for,

GERMAN TROOPS. discussed it surely will be before a law be Upon this subject, which I am glad to passed to allow of these Germans becoming see has been, at last, noticed in the House officers of permanent rank in our army. of Lords, I left two points untouched in my Whether it is meant, that they shall be last Number; namely, the justification capable of having commissions in the built upon the necessity of the case; and the militia I know not; but, I must suppose justification built on the Act of Parliament. that it is, for if there be a regulation per- -We will take the last of these first, mitting officers of the regular army, with for, if what is done be lawful, all that will out any qualification of real property, to remain to do will be to show the necessity go into the militia, the Germans may, of of the law. First, then, there is a law, course, come into the militia from the re- which forbids, and that, too, in the clearest gular army as well as native officers; and and strongest terms, the suffering of any thus it is possible for us to see a very pret- foreigner to hold any place of trust, civil or ty concern of it all taken together. --o, military, under the Crown of this kingdom. yes: The Morning Chronicle need not be And, what law is this? Why, it is one of uneasy. The question will be discussed in the fundamental laws of the realm. It is parliament. The subject for anxiety with that very law, by which, and by which the Chronicle ought to be: how its friends alone, the present Royal Family became will behave in the case of such discussion. entitled to reign here, or to have any au

I cannot dismiss this article without thority whatever in this country; it is, in

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short, that very law by which the Crown'cially as that family would continue to of this kingdom was bestowed upon them. have foreign dominions and subjects, it beThe occasion was this. James II. came necessary to provide, that, after

any had been driven from the throne on ac- of that family came to the throne, no focount of his tyranny; his son-in-law, the reigner should have any power of governPrince of Orange, who had married his ing in this country ; because, if this eldest daughter, was invited over to fill provision was not made, it was easy to his place, and he with his wife Mary were foresee, that the Hanoverians would soon crowned king and queen of England, Ire- have a considerable part of the power land, and Scotland, under the title of Wil- in their hands, and the people of this liam and Mary; his queen died, leaving no kingdom would have the mortification children; and the Princess Anne, after to see themselves domineered over by wards Queen ANNE sa younger daughter favourites from the Electorate.—--Théréof James II.') having lost her son by death, fore it was enacted: “ That after the said and there being. no likelihood of either her“ Limitation shall take effect as aforesaid" or the king having any more children, it (that is to say, after the family of Hanover became necessary to provide against the should come to the throne) “no person contingency of their deaths. James II." born out of the kingdoms of England, had left a son, who, according to lineal" Scotland, or Ireland, or the Dominions descent, was the undoubted heir to the " thereunto belonging (although he be nathrone; but, the nation resolved not to “ turalized or made a Denizen, except have him, and to exclude that branch of such as are born of English parents) the family for ever, notwithstanding its shall be capable to be of the Privy Counheirship to the throne. They then sought " cil, or a member of either House of out another branch, who were Protestants, “ Parliament, or to enjoy any Office or and who they thought would do better“ Place of Trust, either Civil or Military, than the old branch. James II. was ' or to have any grant of Lands, Tenethe son of Charles. The first, who was the s ments, or Hereditaments from the Crown, son of James 1. That same James I. had" to hiinself or to any other or others in a daughter Elizabeth, who became by mar- "Trust for him."--Such was the proviriage Queen of Bohemia; this queen of sion made, in this respect, for the beller Bohemia had a daughter named Sophia, securing of the rights and liberties of the who, iby marriage, became Electress of subject. And, very necessary this proviHanover. She, therefore, next after King sion was; for, though the King would, in William, and the Princess Aime, became course of time, as it really happened, be heiress to the throne, if the son of James born in England, still he would, it was II. was set aside, as he at this time was. well known, have dominions and subjects Now this Sophia, mind, was the mother of in Hanover, and it was not for men who GEORGE I. who became Elector of Hanover, had read human nature to suppose, that he and who afterwards became our King.- would not have a very great regard for the In the year 1700, called the 12th and 13th country of his ancestors, and that he would year of William III. when,' as was before not have a strong liking for those of his subobserved, there was no longer any pro-jects, who, from the very nature of their spect of immediate heirs to William him- government, would be much more subserself or the Princess Anne, an Act was vient to his wishes than his English subjects passed, to sellle the crown, in case of their would be. Add to this the inevitable pardying without heirs, on the head of the tialities arising from matrimonial con" Princess Sophia, the Electress of Hanover, nexions, running in the same direction, or her heirs. This Act, which for this rea- and you will see how necessary this provison, is generally called the Act or Set-sion of the Act was, and how necessary it TLEMENT, is entitled, “ An Act for the always must have been. ---But, whatever further Limilation of the Crown, and bet- was the reason on which it was founded, ler securing the rights and liberty of the such was the law. And, now, let us see subject.It was not an Act for merely whether this law has been changed, and, if conferring the Crown; it was not an Act it has, to what extent.

-We are, at prefor merely declaring who should be kings sent, speaking of the law only in as far as it and who should not; but, also, for securing relates to the Foreign Troops; and, it is the rights and liberties of the people.-lo evident, that, according to the Act of Setthis Act, therefore, as a foreign family were clement, no foreigner can be employed as about to be raised to the throne, and espe- an officer in the army, that being a place of

military trust, in which the Act so express Germans may now hold places of military ly forbids foreigners to be placed. Well, trust in this kingdom, I say that it is not then, has this Act been repealed ? No; lawful for them to hold such places in any but, amongst the other good things, which but in Corps composed of foreigners, and this nation inherits from Pitt and his wars that to give them commissions in our Own against "republicans and levellers,” is an native Corps, or upon the Staff, in this Act passed in 1804 to indemnify Pitt and kingdoin, is a violation of law. Lord his associates for having advised the King FOLKESTONE and Sir John NEWPORT inte violate the above-mentioned law! The sisted upon this, in the debate, the remaincase was this. Hanover, dear Hanover, der of which will be found below. Lord had been taken possession of by the French ; GROSVENOR has since, in the House of and, great numbers of the Hanoverian army, Lords, maintained the same, and has said who had not defended Hanover against the that he is ready so to do against the Lord French, but who had laid down their arms Chancellor himself.---Lord PALMERSTON, and given up their native country without a the Secretary at War, and Mr. PERCEVAL, blow ; great numbers of this army found asserted, that the Act of 1804 authorized their way to England, and it was judged by what had been done, namely, the giving Pitt and his set, that these were very fit Germans commissions in English regiments persons to defend England against those and posts upon the Staff. Here, then, same French; or, at any rate, it was judged the parties are at issue; and, in order to proper (for whatever reason) to take these enable the public to judge between Lord Hanoverians into our PAY! Therefore, Folkestone and Mr. Perceval, I shall here the parliament not being assembled at the insert the whole of the Act of 1804, which time, and the affairs of these generous fo- was passed on the 14th of July, the annireigners being very pressing, Pitt took versary of the destruction of the Bastile ! them into pay against law, gave commis. - This Act, as the reader will see, was sions to Officers, and inlisted men; and, intended to authorize the King to inlist fowhat is more, made no scruple to take Ro. reigners and to form them into Corps; and, man Catholic Officers, though it is well as the preamble expressly states, he was to known, that our own Roman Catholic be authorized to put foreign officers into countrymen cannot become Officers, nor en those corps, because they were best acjoy any place of military trust.- -When quainted with the language and manners of the parliament met he came and proposed ihe men. How, then, in the name of sina Bill of Indemnity for what he had done ; cerity, can it be said, that this Act justifies that is to say, having advised the King to the putting of such officers into our native violate the law of the land, he comes and corps ? Will it be pretended, that they proposes to the parliament to pass a law to are best acquainted with the language and screen him from the punishment due to such manners of our men too ?- -But, here is a crime ; and, without any hesitation the the Act itself, which, as the reader will parliament did it, as they did in the case see, speaks, from one end to the other, of of the forty thousand pounds, which it was nothing but Foreign Corps, and leaves not discovered the same Pitt had lent to Boyd the smallest room for the interpretation, and Benfeld. -Here, then, the minister which would extend it to our native regigot a protection for having advised the vio- ments, or to the Staff in this country. lation of this great constitutional Act; but, that was not all; for the same parliament Stales to inlist as Soldiers in His Majesty's

An Act for enabling Subjects of Foreign authorized, by the same Act which screened Pitt, the raising of 10,000 foreign troops, Service, and for enabling His Majesty to and the putting of them under the command grant Commissions to Subjects of Foreign of foreign Officers. Here is the legal Slates to serve as Officers or as Engineers, origin of the King's German Legion and the under certain Restrictions; and to indem other German Corps that we have in our nify all Persons who may have advised His pay, and the Officers of which have had, Majesty to in list any such Soldiers, or grant and yet have, so much authority in this any such Commissions as aforesaid. - Passed kingdom.--The Act of Settlement is, July 14, 1804. then, in part done away by this Act of 1804.

• Whereas it hath been deemed expeThis we all know ; we know, that it is law-dient by His Majesty, in order to provide ful to employ foreigners in places of military in the speediest manner for the better trust; but, the difference is this : while í

• Desence and greater Security of the Unit see, and see it with sorrow and shame, that'ed Kingdom, in the present important

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