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set fire to his grand magazine at Wilkomir. great number of intercepted fetters, the folUp to the last moment the inhabitants were lowing are remarkable: the one from the pillaging some barrels of flour; we succeed - Intendant of the Russian army, who comed in recovering a part of it.-- On the municates, that Russia having already lost 29th the Duke of Elchingen threw a bridge all her magazines of the 1st, the 2d, and over the Vilia, opposite Souderva. Some 3d lines, is reduced to the situation of columns received a direction of march by forming new ones in all haste; the other the roads of Grodno and Volhynia, for the from Duke Alexander of Wirtemberg, purpose of coming up with various Russian which shews, that after a campaign of a few corps that were cut off and scattered. days, the provinces of the centre are already Wilna is a city containing from 25 to declared in a state of war. In the pre30,000 souls, with a great number of con- sent situation of things, had the Russian vents, fine public buildings, and inhabi- army believed that they had any chance of tants full of patriotism. Four or five hun- victory, the defence of Wilna would have dred young men of the University, above been equivalent to a battle; and in all eighteen, and belonging to the best families, countries, but particularly in that where we have requested to form a regiment.---The now are, the preservation of a triple line of enemy is retiring upon the Dwina. A magazines should have determined a Genegreat number of Officers of the Staff and of ral to risk the chances of it. Manoeuvres, estafettes are daily falling into our hands. then, alone have placed in the power of the We are obtaining proofs of the exaggeration French army a considerable portion of the of all that Russia has published with re- Polish provinces, the capital, and three gard to the immensity of her means. Only lines of magazines. The magazines of two battalions to each regiment are with Wilna were set on fire with so much precithe army: the third battalions, the state- pitation, that we have been unable to save a nents of the situation of many of which great many things. have been found in the intercepted correspondence of the officers of the depots with Fifth Bulletin of the Grand Army.--Wilna, the regiments, do not amount for the most

July 6. part to 120 or 200 men. -The Court set off from Wilna 24 hours after being ap- The Russian army was posted and organprized of our passage at Kowno. Samogitia, ized in the following manner at the comLithuania, are almost entirely liberated, mencement of hostilities : The first The centralization of Bagrathion towards corps, commanded by the Prince Wittgenthe North has very much weakened the stein, consisting of the 5th and 14th divitroops which were to defend Volhynia. sions of infantry, and one division of cavalThe King of Westphalia, with the corps of ry, amounting in the whole to 18,000 men, Prince Poniatowski, and the 7th and 8th including artillery and sappers, had been corps, must have entered Grodno ou the a considerable time at Chawli. It had since 29th. -Different columns have set out to occupied Rossiena, and was, on the 24th of

upon the Hanks of the corps of Bagra- June, at Reydanoni. -The second corps, chion, which, on the 20th, received orders commanded by General Baggawont, conto proceed by forced marches from Prouja- sisting of the 4th and 17th divisions of innoni towards Wilna, and the head of which fantry, and one division of cavalry, consti-had already arrived within four days' march tuting the same force, occupied Kowno. of the latter city; but events have forced it The third corps, commanded by General to retreat, and it is now pursued.- -Hi. Schomoaloff, composed of the Ist division therto the campaign has not been sanguin- of grenadiers and one division of infantry, ary; there have been only maneuvres : we and a division of cavalry, amounting to have made in all 1000 prisoners. But the 24,000 men, occupied Nov-Trockl.enemy has already lost the capital and the The 4th corps, commanded by General greater part of the Polish provinces, which Tutschkoff, composed of the 11th and 23d are in a state of insurgency. All the ma- divisions of infantry, and one division of gazines of the first, second, and third lines, cavalry, in the whole 18,000 men, was the result of two years' care, and valued at stationed on the line from Nov-Trocki 10 more than 20 millions of rubles, are con- Lida.---The Imperial Guards were at -sumed by the flames, or fallen into our Wilna.The sixth corps, commanded power. In fine, the head quarters of the by General Doctorow, consisting of two diFrench army are in the place where the visions of infantry and one of cavalry, Court was for six weeks. Amidst the amounting to 18,000 men, had formed a

fall

part of the army of Prince Bagration. In Tesch.--The immense magazines which the middle of June this corps arrived at Lida | the Russians had in Samogitia have been from Volhinia, in order to reinforce the burned by themselves, which has occasionfirst army. It lay at the end of June be- ed an enormous loss, not only to their tween Lida and Grodno.- -The fifth finances, but still more to the subsistence corps, composed of the second division of of the people.The corps of Doctorow, grenadiers, of the 12th, 18th, and 26th di- however, viz. the 6th corps, was still on visions of infantry, and two divisions of ca- the 27th of June without any orders, and valry, was on the 30th at Wolkowisk. had made no movement. On the 28th it Prince Bagration commanded this corps, assembled and put itself in motion, in order which might probably amount to 40,000 to proceed to the Dwina by marching on its men. - Lastly, the 9th and 15th divi- Aank. On the 30th its advanced guard ensions of infantry, and a division of cavalry, tered Soleinicki. It was charged by the commanded by General Markow, was at light cavalry of General Baron Borde Soult, the extremity of Volhinia. The passage and driven out of the village. Doctorow, of the Vilia, which took place on the 25th perceiving that he was anticipated, turned of June, and the movement of the Duke of

(To be continued.) Reggio upon Janow, and towards Chatoui, obliged the corps of Wittgenstein to pro'ceed towards Wilkomir and on its left; and the corps of Bagawont to make for

OFFICIAL PAPERS. Dunabourg by Mouchnicki and Gedroitse. *These two corps were thus cut off from

(Continued from page 286.) Wilna. -The third and fourth corps, AMERICAN States.- -Correspondence on and Russian Imperial Guards, retired from

the Orders in Council. - Mr. Monroe Wilna upon Nementschin, Swentzianoui,

to Mr. Foster. - Washington, June 4, and Vidzoni. The King of Naples pressed

1812. them vigorously along both banks of the Vilia. The tenth regiment of Polish hus- can be of no avail either in the support or sars, which were at the head of the column violation of maritime rights.

This conof the division of Count Sebastiani, came struction is the more justifiable, from the up near Lebowo with a regiment of Cos- consideration that it is supported by the sacks who covered the rear-guard, and corresponding acts of the French Governcharged at full gallop, killed nine, and ment, continued from the time of the remade about a dozen prisoners. The Polish peal, and by communications to the Ministroops, which up to this moment have en- ter Plenipotentiary of the United States at gaged in a charge, have shown rare resolu-. Paris to the date of that report. tion. They are animated by enthusiasm you, Sir, to be assured, that it is painful to and passion. On the 3d of July the me to have imposed the least embarrassKing of Naples marched upon Swentziani, ment on you, by the correspondence on the and there overtook Baron Tully's rear difference between the tenor of Lord Casguard. He gave orders to General Mont-tlereagh's letter to you, and your's founded brun to charge, but the Russians did not on it to me. I continue to persuade mywait the attack, and retired with such pre- self, however, that you will become sensicipitation, that a squadron of Huhlans, ble, that with a knowledge of the extent - which was returning from a reconnoisance given by your Government to the condion the side of Mihailetki, fell in with our

tions on which alone its orders will be reposts. It was charged by the 12th Chas- pealed, and that this extent was always seurs, and the whole either taken or slain. contemplated by your Government, it was Sixty men were taken with their horses. impossible for the President to be inattenThe Poles, who are amongst these prison- tive to the fact, or to withhold it from the ers, have applied to serve, and have been legislative branch of the Government; I taken, full mounted, in the Polish troops. have to add, that had it been proper for

On the 4th, at day-break, the King of him so to have done, the late hour ai which Naples entered Swentziani, the Marshal your note was received, not till the noon of Duke of Elchingen entered Maliatoni, and the 1st instant, was not in time to be consiMarshal Duke of Reggio, Avanta.

-Ondered in relation to the Message sent to the 30th of June, Marshal the Duke of Ta-Congress on that day. With great rerentum arrived at Rossiena : he proceeded spect and consideration, I have the honour beyond that to Ponevieji, Chawli, and to be, &c.

James MONROE.

-I beg

As illustrated in the Prosecution and Punishment of

WILLIAM COBBETT. 319)

[320 In order that my countrymen and that the two sureties in the sum of 1,000 pounds each; world may not be deceived, duped, and cheated that the whole of this sentence has been executed upon this subject, I, WILLIAM COBBETT, upon me, that I have been imprisoned the two of Botley, in Hampshire, put upon record years, have paid the thousand pounds TO THE the following facts; to wit: That, on the 24th KING, and have given the bail, Timothy Brown June, 1809, the following article was pub- and Peter Walker, Esqrs. being my sureties; lished in á London news-paper, called the that the Attorney General was Sir Vicary Gibbs, COURIER :-“The Mutiny amongst the LO- the Judge who sat at the trial Lord Ellenborough, “ CAL MILITIA, which broke out at Ely, was the four Judges who sat at passing sentence Ellenfortunately suppressed on Wednesday by the borough, Grose, Le Blanc, and Bailey; and that « arrival of four squadrons of the GÉRMAN the jurors were, Thomas Rhodes of Hampstead “ LEGION CAVALRY from Bury, under the Road, John Davis of Southampton Place, James 6 command of General Auckland. Five of the Ellis of Tottenham Court Road, John Richards “ singleaders were tried by a Court-Martial, and of Bayswater, Thomas Marsham of Baker Street, " sentenced to receive 500 lashes each, part of which Robert Heathcote of High Street Marylebone, “ punishment they received on Wednesday, and John Maud of York Place Marylebone, George

a part was remitted. A stoppage for their knup- Bagster of Church Terrace Pancras, Thomas « sacks was the ground of the complaint that ex- Taylor of Red Lion Square, David Dease of St. “ cited this mutinous spirit, which occasioned John Street, William Palmer of Upper Street “ the men to surround their officers, and demand Islington, Henry Fayre of Pal Mall; that the “ what they deemed their arrears. The first Prime Ministers during the time were Spencer “ division of the German Legion halted yesterday Perceval, until he was shot by John Bellingham, 6 at Newmarket on their return to Bury."- and after that Robert B. Jenkinson, Earl of LiThat, on the 1st July, 1809, I published, in the verpool, that the prosecution and sentence took Political Register, an article censuring, in the place in the reign of King George the Third, and strongest terms, these proceedings; that, for so that, he having become insane during my impridoing, the Attorney General prosecuted, as sedi- sodusent, the 1,000 pounds was paid to his son, tious libellers, and by Ex-Officio Information, the Prince Regent, in his behalf; that, during my me, and also my printer, my publisher, and one imprisonment, I wrote and published 364 Essays of the principal retailers of the Political Register; and Letters upon political subjects; that, during that I was brought to trial on the 15th June, the same time, I was visited by persons from 197 1810, and was, by a Special Jury, that is to say, cities and towns, many of them as a sort of depuby 12 men out of 48 appointed by the Master of ties from Societies or Clubs; that, at the expirathe Crown Office, found guilty'; that, on the tion of my imprisonment, on the 9th of July, 1812, 20th of the same month, I was compelled to give a great dinner was given in London for the pur. bail for my appearance to receive judgment; pose of receiving me, at which dinner upwards of and that, as I came up from Botley (to which 600 persons were present, and at wbich Sir place I had returned to my family and my farm Francis Burdett presided; that dinners and other on the evening of the 15th), a Tipstaff went parties were held on the same occasion in mauy down from London in order to seize me, per- other places in England; that, on my way home, sonally; that, on the 9th of July, 1810, I, toge. I was received at Ålton, the first town in Hampther with my printer, publisher, and the news. shire, with the ringing of the Church bells; that man, were brought into the Court of King's a respectable company met me and gave me 2 Bench to receive judgment; that the three dinner at Winchester; that I was drawn from former were sentenced to be imprisoned for more than the distance of a mile into Botley by some months in the King's Bench prison; that I the people; that, upon my arrival in the village, was sentenced to be imprisoned for two years in I found all the people assembled to receive me; Newgate, the great receptacle for malefactors, that I concluded the day by explaining to them and the front of which is the 'scene of numerous the cause of my imprisonment, and by giving jhangings in the course of every year; that the them clear notious respecting the flogging of the part of the prison in which I was sentenced to be Local Militia-men at Ely, and respecting the em confined is sometimes inhabited by felons, that ployment of German Troops; and, finally, which felons were actually in it at the time I entered is more than a compensation for my losses and all it; that one man was taken out of it to be trans- my sufferings, I am in perfect health and strength, ported in about 48 hours after I was put into the and, though I must, for the sake of six children, same yard with him; and that it is the place of feel the diminution that has been made in my confinement for men gyilty of unnatural crimes, property (thinking it right in me to decline the of whom there are four in it at this time, that, offer of a subscription), I have the consolation to besides this imprisonment, I was sentenced to see growing up three sons, upon whose hearts, I pay'a thonsand pounds TO THE KING, and to trust, all these facts will be engraven. give security for my good behaviour for seven

WM, COBBETT. . years, myself in the sum of 3,000 pounds, and Botley, July 23, 181%.

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Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent-Garden.

LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black-Horse-Court, Fleet-street.

Vol. XXII. No. 11.)

LONDON, SATURDAY, SEPT. 12, 1812.

[Price 1s.

321]

(322 quartered at Brighton. The fact was ac. SUMMARY OF POLITICS.

knowledged by Palmerstone and Perceval; GERMAN Troops. In my last I show-but, they said that the said foreigners were ed wbat was the law, and what is the law, Germans and not" Frenchmen. How this with regard to these troops. I have now mended the matter it was difficult to peronly to notice a little circumstance that ceive; for, these Germans had been made may, possibly, have escaped the attention prisoners in the service of the Emperor of of the public. It has before been shown, France. If they entered his service as voor, at least, I think so, that the Act of 1804 lunteers, they were guilty of the blackest does not authorize the employing of Ger- perfidy in inlisting into our service, and, of mans, , or other foreign Officers, in any course, could be entitled to no trust from part of our army; that it does not authorize us; and if they were put into his service by the giving them any place of trust, civil or the law of conscription, they must have military, in any.corps, or in any way, ex- been his subjects, and, of course, were, in cepting merely in the corps authorized to be inlisting into our service, guilty of high formed by that same Act. This was what (reason, in the same way that our '

men my Lord Folkestone contended for, and this were, who were found in the service of the was what could not be contradicted. Upon Emperor at the Isle of France. These this ground it was that he complained, that objections were urged at the time, but German Officers had been, and still were, never answered. Now, however, it is proemployed upon the staff at home; that they per to inquire, whether these men bestill had the command of whole districts in Eng- in the 10th (or Prince of Wales's own Reland; that they were placed over whole giment) of Light Dragoons; because, I see corps and brigades of English troops even it stated in the news-papers, that this rein England; that they commanded many giment is coming to London to supply the of our own general officers in this our own place of the Life Guards, who are, it is country; that, at last, they had been put said, to be sent abroad? If this be

true, it into our native corps; that they were get is a matter of more than curiosity to ascerting into the command of our native corps ; tain to what extent this regiment really is and that German Soldiers were, even from of German growth. The whole of the reprisons, inlisting, in considerable numbers, giment do, I believe, wear whiskers; but, into our regiments, and particularly into I should like to know how many, or, at one regiment to be hereafter named, while, least, what proportion, of the regiment are at the very same time, Irishmen were not really of German mould. In the discusinlisted into that same regiment. None sion upon Lord Folkestone's motion, it of this could be denied, and none of it was came out, that the senior Lieulenant Colodenied. , Perceval contended, indeed, that nel, whose name is QUINTIN, was a Gerthe Act of 1804 tolerated it, but, he once man; and, as the Prince himself cannot contended that a volunteer could not resign, personally take the command of the regiand the judges decided against bis opinion. mient, this German is, of course, the real In the case before us his assertion was un- commander of it. So that, if what the supported by even the show of reason. news-papers say relative to this exchange of There was not sophistry itself to give him troops, be true, the troops which will percountenance. It was a barefaced falsehood, form the duty of Life Guards in the metrounsustained by any thing but impudence. polis and round the person of the King or

However, be that as it may, it was a his substitute, will have a German at their fact, that the Germans were thus employed; head, and will, in part, be composed of and now for the particular instance spoken Germans in the ranks, unless those men of above. My Lord Folkestone complained, who were inlisted out of the prisons into that a considerable number of foreigners the regiment have been since discharged. had been inlisted oul of the prisons into the I noticed before, that, at the same time 10th Regiment of Light Dragoons, then that these Germans were taken out of pri

L

sons, out of the service of the Emperor of |ing us in the face, we shall hardly be such France, to be put into the Prince of Wales's brutes as to be persuaded, that Napoleon own regiment, there existed in the regi. has been experiencing reverses. The ment regulations which forbade the inlist- hirelings of the press tell us, that his army ing of Irishmen. This fact was stated in has been beaten here and beaten there; the House of Commons, and Colonel Palo that the Russians have killed so many thoumer, the junior Lieutenant-Colonel of the sands and wounded so many thousands ; regiment, avowed that there were instruc- nay, they have already (according to our tions given to the recruiting officers, not to hired writers) killed and wounded more inlist Irishmen, which instructions must, men than Napoleon has in his army. But, of course, have proceeded from the PRINCE while all these Russian victories are going HIMSELF as Colonel, or from Mr. QUINTIN on, the Emperor advances towards Moscow, as senior Lieutenant-Colonel.--It is not and the Czar goes thither before him! Odd for me to say positively what were the rea-proofs of Russian victories ! But we are a sons for preferring Germans taken out of a thinking people. The most thinking peoprison ; what were the reasons for prefer- ple in all Europe. We are so profound; ring Germans taken in the service of France, our noddles lead us so deep, that we can to the natives of Ireland, who had never see proofs of victories in those very circumbeen in any service, or in none but that of stances where the less thinking people of their own King; what were, or could be, Europe can discover nothing but defeats. the reasons for this, it is not for me posi- In the Peninsula, indeed, we see with tively to say; but, it is for me to say, be- different eyes. There our thinking faculcause it is my feeling, that I think a thou- ties lead us to perceive proofs of defeat in sand Irishmen worth, as soldiers, any five the retreat of the French. Our General is thousand Germans that ever wore whiskers. got on to Madrid; he is got into the heart -However, I shall now, for the

present, of Spain, and the French have retreated bequit the subject. All I wished to do was, fore him. These we take for indubitable to furnish the means of making it clearly un- proofs of victory on our part and of defeat derstood by the public. Time will do the rest, on the part of the French. It is curious to without any violent efforts on the part of the observe how differently we thinking people press. Much must be left to Time, and it reason with regard to what is passing in is great folly for men to fret and chafe them- different parts of Europe ! In the North, selves, if they can avoid it, because events to retreat is a symptom of victory; in the appear tardy in their progress. Every man South it is a sure mark of defeat. We did ought to do what he can; but, it would be not, indeed, always reason thus as to the best for no man to attempt what he cannot operations of the armies in the South. do.

—The public will, after all, or, at There was a time when Talavera retreated, least it ought, to judge for itself. The and with such rapidity as hardly to take thing is of no more importance to me than time to look behind him. We did not it is to any one else. I shall neither gain then look upon a retreat as a mark of denor lose by the employment of Germans. feat; no, but we sang victory at every spot

where our army stopped and turned round NORTHERN WAR.-In the present num- and made a momentary stand ; and, we asber and the last I insert the Bulletins of the serted, that our retreat was by design; that Grand French army as far as they have it was in consequence of a plan laid for gone; for, as in all former instances, I am drawing the enemy on, though we can now persuaded, they will, in the end, prove to discover no possibility of there being such be the true, and the only true, history of a design on the part of the French Marshals the campaign.---These Bulletins are, by in Spain. So that, upon the whole, this our hired prints, said to be full of false- appears be our notion; that, when we or hoods. May be so; but, at any rate, the our allies retreat before the French, then to facts which they state do not appear to re- retreat is a mark of victory; and that, when ceive any positive contradiction; and, one the French retreat before us, or our allies, thing we are certain of, that the places, then to retreat is a mark of defeat. This is whence they are dated, are the real places the notion inculcated by our hired writers, where Napoleon is at the time of dating who form at least five-sixths of the newsthem. This being the case; this fact being paper editors in London, and, indeed, in undeniable, we know that the French army the counties; and this is the notion which gel nearer and nearer to the capital of the their readers in general have adopted. Oh! Russian Empire; and, with this fact star- we are as the sinecure placeman, Lord

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