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Stormont, said ; indeed we are "a most him as their deliverer, instead of rising « thinking people!”. -To thoše, how. upon him as an hostile tyrant.- -In the ever, who are not of this very thinking de- meanwhile, however, it is not certain, that scription, I would beg leave to make an he will succeed in his views against Russia. observation or two that may tend to make He himself is not certain of it. Though he them see the situation of Russia as it really has gained greater victories, and several of is.--Russia has been invaded by the Em-them, since he left Paris, than we have peror Napoleon, who has driven her ar gained in Spain; though he has done as mies before him from fortress to fortress, much in orie month as all our armies and who has set free a whole kingdom of her Generals have been able to do in twenty subjects, who has made a progress towards years, still he is not sure of final success; her capital such as was never made by any and, therefore, this is, I repeat it, the time other commander in a similar space of time, to offer him terms of peace; and, indeed, if and who (as will be seen by the documents this be not now done, it will be in vain for I now insert) has received the benedictions any one to contend, that peace can ever be of the people whom he has first conquered made, without the extermination of Napoand then set free, or, in other words, whom leon, or of our system of rule. he has withdrawn from the power of Russia.
-Now, reader, are there here marks of DEATH OF NAPOLEON. The hired his having been defeated? Are there here news-writers in London have, for about any of the signs of a baffled project? And, the fiftieth time, spread a report of the I would ask the Morning Chronicle, whe- Death of Napoleon; and, though some of ther there are here any signs of Napoleon them have stated their doubts of the fact, being “a tyrant," as that print is (for they have all spoken of it as of an event reasons best known to the editor) continu- most ardently to be desired. In short, they ally calling him? —We have usually have shown, that his death would be to seen that an invading army, if not success- them a subject of joy as great as that of the ful in the end, has been soon met and death of Perceval was to the people of Notdriven back. When the Duke of Bruns- tingham, Sheffield, Leicester, Westminster, wick invaded France, we saw the gallant Truro, &c. &c., who expressed their joy by people rise and beat and drive him out, as signs the most unequivocal, and in whose we should, I hope, see the people of Eng-joy I myself most cordially participated. land do to an invader. When the Duke of And why? Why did so many people in York invaded Holland, we saw what I need England rejoice at Perceval's death? For not, or, at least, what I do not choose, to the same reason, to be sure, that many describe; but, at any rate, we saw the af. would rejoice to hear of the death of Napofair end by the famous Convention of the leon; namely, because they would regard Helder. When Napoleon invaded Italy, it as a good thing for the country. To the people did not drive him out. He re- Perceval's death we owe, in all probabimained in the country, or, at least, his ar-lity, the repeal of the Orders in Council; mies did, till he had conquered Italy, and the abandonment of the Marylebone barhad placed a king upon the throne of one racks; and some other measures very part of it, and had made himself king of much to the advantage of the country. the other part. When the French repub- The people of Nottinghain and elsewhere licans invaded Holland, they remained felt that these benefits were likely to result there; they drove out the Stadtholder and from his death, and, therefore, they rehis race, and made the country their own. joiced, and not from the bloody-minded
These are instances of unsuccessful, ness, which the hirelings in London had and of successful, invasion; and, I must the baseness to ascribe to them and to the confess, that, at present, the invasion of whole of the working classes in England. Russia appears to me to resemble that of Since that time these very writers, in Italy under Napoleon rather than that of speaking of American affairs, have observHolland under the Duke of York, In ed, that when the news of Mr. Percevals short, I see the Czar hastening to his capi- death should arrive, they expected the tal, instead of remaining at the head of his American government to put a stop to ils army to face Napoleon, and I see the latter warlike proceedings. Here they confessed still getting on nearer and nearer to Mos that they themselves expected that death cow, marching through a country, which, to produce a most beneficial effect for the as far as he has hitherto gone, appears to country; they not only thought this, but be inhabited by people ready to receive they said it; and yet had they the impu
dence and the baseness to ascribe the joy There is a Rev. C. COTTON, who, as the
But think not, France, we wish to see restord, do any thing to rescue the man who had Thy trembling vassal, and thy feudal lord, killed him. I took the event as it came, The grinding impost, and the tort'ring wheel, and believing most sincerely, being tho- The horrific letter, and the mute Bastile: foughly convinced, that it would produce Britain too well the sweets of freedom knows, good to England, I rejoiced at it. When And deprecates oppression e'en to foes.
But in thy fickle clime no medium reigas : I can be convinced that the death of Na- Must thou be forging still, or wearing chains ? poleon will be good for England; when I still in extremes of heat or darkness groan? can be made clearly to see how his death Nor find in Albion, freedom's temp?rate zone ! will tend to the honour, the happiness, the Here still her fruits by Patriots planted, spring,
The King a speaking law! the Law a silent King! freedom of Englishmen, I shall stand prepared to rejoice at his death. At present What " sentiment" here is that the Morn. there is no such conviction in my mind; ing Chronicle agrees in I do not know; and, therefore, his death does not appear but, I do know, that a Frenchman might to me to be a thing to wish for or rejoice give the Rev. Poet an answer that he would at; and I believe, that hundreds of thou- not much like, as for example: Rev. Sir, sands of those, who are so anxious to hear since when, I pray you, has it been right, of his death, have never duly considered, according to your creed, for subjects to nor, indeed, at all considered, the effects' resist their sovereign; and, without such which it would probably produce with re- resistance, how are, we to follow your gard to England. - There are some per
" advice? As to the question whether sons, and, indeed, the greater number, "Napoleon be our lawful sovereign, you who wish for his death, who desire to see
have settled that by acknowledging bim the Bourbons restored and all the old des- as such at the peace of Amiens and at the potism re-established in France. These Convention of Cintra ; and, you are not persons would, of course, wish to see the ' now, when it suits your own purpose, to whole of Europe and of the world in the persuade us that he is not our legitimate most wretched slavery, and, therefore, sovereign; you are not, one day, to treat they could have no objection to its coming with him
• with him as our lawful ruler, capable of here; but, there are others who wish for disposing of the territories and honours the death of Napoleon, who do not wish to of France, and the next day to call upon see England as well as the rest of the world us to resist him and destroy him as a in chains; and, it is for these persons to foreigner and an usurper ; besides that it consider what might possibly be the effect • is very impudent in you, or any of your of the sudden death of this powerful man, countrymen, to talk in this strain. It whose existence prevents any attempt to
• will be quite soon enough, Rev. Sir, for revive the old despotisms of Europe. He you to go into the particulars of what you has, upon the Continent, crushed all the wish to restore in France, when we shall ecclesiastical tyranny, except in Russia and • be disposed to suffer you, or any body Spain ; and, will any man, and especially else, to restore any thing in France; but, any Englishman, say that he would like to since you have touched upon the subject, see that tyranny revived ? Lord Sheffield, let me ask you what you mean by telling in his report to the Wool-farmers, says that
wish us to imitate you, and, that this country suffers in its competition at the same time, that you do not wish with neighbouring countries on account of to restore the “ grinding impost," &c. our lands being tilhed. His Lordship must' &c. ? You mean, I suppose, that you allude to France ; and, therefore, he, at would not give us the gabelle again, and least, who is a very loyal man, can hardly other grinding imposts; but would merewish to see tilhes restored in France ; un- ly lay on us the Excise and Customs and less, indeed, he can be supposed to be · Assessed and Land and Property Taxes ; actuated by a spirit similar to that of the you would only make us pay ten per jockey who lamed his neighbour's horse to centum out of our income after having colbring it dowu to a level with his own. lected a tax upon the land and upon al
most every article of use to the life of you why, Rev. C. Cotton ; I'll tell you 6 man.
You would not restore any thing why you did not give us this assurance ; • grinding, and would merely give us your it was because it would have let the peo• Excise and Custom-House laws, which, ple, the “ most thinking people," of • however, have provided the punishments England into the secret, that we have no .
of forfeiture, fine, imprisonment, and tithes to pay, while they have; that we . death, for different degrees of offence in have, by our revolution, got rid of tithes; • smuggling. And, Rev. Sir, you would and this is a secret that you did not wisha • not give us the “ lorturing wheel ;" but to communicate to that thinking people,
would, doubtless, content yourself with that " most thinking people." - This · hanging us by the neck, cutting us down one article, Rev. Sir, might have solved • before we were dead, ripping out our your question : 66 WHAT ARE • bowels before our faces, chopping off our FRENCHMEN FIGHTING FOR ?" " heads, cutting us into four quarters, and They are fighting because they would . placing those quarters at the disposal of not be restored to their former state. the king that you would put over us, They are not fighting for " a Corsican;"
agreeably to the sentence lately passed they are not fighting for “ an usurper;" . and executed upon some of your coun- they are not fighting for an upstart ;" 'trymen, who, strange as it may seem, they are fighting for no game laws, no 'had, at the Isle of France, voluntarily' tithes, no gabelle, no corvée, no seudal, • quiued the service of your king for that ecclesiastical or regal tyranny; and of this very Napoleon whom you describe though they submit to the cominands of
as such a terrible tyrant; or, perhaps, one of themselves placed at their head, ' in minor cases, you would give us that they feel that all that nine-tenths of them • which Sir Francis Burdett has said so much possess is held by the same tenure that he about. These are what you would give us,are holds his authority,' - This answer
they? Thank you, Rev. Sir ; we will take would, I imagine, puzzle the Rev. C. • the will for the deed.- In place of Letters Cotton a little. But, indeed, I question of Cachet and a Bastile, you would, I whether he knows any thing at all of the suppose, give us occasional suspensions state of France. He, perhaps, has taken of the Habeas Corpus Act and Solitary up his notions wholly from the hired news
Imprisonment. Thank you again, Rev. papers, which have been constantly in the • Sir.But, Rev. Sir, there are two habit of publishing false accounts of the
things, and those of great importance, state of that country, and which, upon this • and such too as you might have been ex- subject, have promulgated his till their
pected to have uppermost in your mind, editors, probably, believe them to be true. which you have wholly omitted ; I mean The Rev. Poet seems to be as much out in the GAME LAWS and THE TITHES. his geography as in his political views ; 6. It is surprising, that, when you were and, to be sure, it must make Frenchmen
telling us of what you did not wish to laugh to see an Englishman pitying them • restore, you should have left out of your on account of the fickleness of the climate of ' list these two grievances, which were their country; but, even this is not quite
more powerful than all the others put so absurd as an attempt to persuade a whole • together in producing our revolution, and nation of proprietors of land, that it is • rather than see which restored, French- beller for them to have a tenth part of their • men would perish to the last. Now we crop taken from thein than to retain the • know and feel, that no man in France whole crop. In a parson one might have • can be prevented from killing game upon excused an assertion that it was as good; • his own land or upon the land of any but an attempt to make them believe that • other man by that other man's consent. it was belter was too much to go down, • We know, that, in France, to be able -There is one view of the subject, I
to kill, or possess, game requires no qua- mean of the consequences of the death of lification of any sort; and, we also know, Napoleon, that the friends of our system • that no man's crop is liable to a deduc- never seem to take. They always appear
tion of a tenth part. Why did you not, to suppose, that, if he were to die, or be * Rev. Sir, assure us that you would not re- killed, there would be a great change, and • store tithes? Why did you not give us I think there can be no doubt of that; but
this assurance, of inore jinportance to us then, they rush on to a further conclusion, • than ever, because so many of us are now and take it for granted, that that change become proprietors of the soil? I'll tell would be in favour of the restoration of the
old government, in which, I think, they And yet, I dare say, that Mr. George are deceived. The first consequence of the Chalmers would undertake to set up an death of Napoleon would, in all human affected horse-laugh at any one who should probability, be a state bordering upon say, that the paper was depreciated! anarchy; but, the republic would revive. Here is a clear depreciation of more than The republicans would again bear sway; 30 per centum. Nobody but Mr. Chalmers and, if we had good memories, we should or somebody in pay wil deny this. And be very well assured, that much was not this is the grand object to keep one's eye to be gotten by the change. If our sto- upon. At this rate about 65 or 66 LIGHT mach for fight did not get the better of our guineas are worth a hundred pounds in Bank recollection, we should not be exceedingly of England paper. Nay, though there is glad to see a new race of Jourdaius and a law against selling full-weight guineas Pichegrus and Brunes come forth against for Bank of England paper, there is no us. The people of Europe would see law against selling them for country bank such a change with feelings that I need not paper ; so that people may, and they do, describe ; and their sovereigus would, in sell them daily and hourly, and the last my opinion, have more ground for appre- stragglers are now going out of the country. hension than they now have. Therefore, I have 64 guineas; I want to sell it appears to me possible, to say the least them; I sell them for £100. in country of it, that the death of Napoleon is what bank notes. That done I go to the country no high-flying royalist ought to wish for ; bank and make them change their notes or, at least, that, if he should hear of into London Bank notes ; and thus is my that death, he ought to moderate his joy. operation as complete as if I had sold then
-I have, however, I must confess, at once for Bank of England Notes.-I another principle according to which I know, that there are people who laugh at judge of the good or evil of Napoleon's this, and say that all will come about again, death. I see all the hireling news-writers That it certainly will; but, it must all unexpressing their anxiety to hear of his dergo the proper process. Things are not death; I perceive that his death is wished restored without a process. The paper is for by all those whom I know to be the going down. It must go lower yet; and, country's worst enemies; by all those who afterwards, things will, in one shape or hate every thing like freedom in the coun- another, take a new turn.--I know of a try, by all the sons and all the daughters REMEDY. I have said so before. But, of corruption. And, as I cannot refrain I will not tell the remedy. I have as much from believing, that they wish him dead right to keep my secret to myself as any because they think that his death will be other possessor of valuable secrets. I would good for them, and, as I am convinced rather tell it to Mr. Vausittart than to such ihat whatever is for their good must be in a man as Perceval; but, I will not tell it jurious to the country, I conclude that the yet. When the pinch comes I will make death of Napoleon would be injurious to it known.-Suffice it, for the present, England, and, thereupon, I make up my to say, that I have never yet seen my remind to wish that he may live.- I know medy so much as hinted at in print. My that I shall be abused for this ; but I com- remedy is a strong one ; but, if ever apfort myself with the reflection, that lo re- plied, it will be efficacious, I'll warrant vile is not to refule. I have given my it. Whenever the proper time comes, I opinion very frankly, and shall not be will make a fair bargain with the public: offended with any one who may differ from no cure, no pay. But, perhaps, it may me. I do not wish for the death of Na- be thought “ base lucre" in me to sell my poleon. That I say distinctly.
remedy. Very well, then, shall I say,
I'll keep my remedy to myself, and keep PAPER AGAINST Gold.—The rise in you your disease. You canuot get my rethe price of bullion has created some little medy.out of me, if you were to rip me up. alarm; but, the time is not yet come. People may laugh at these pretensions The war in the Peninsula, and a few more of mine; but they will, if we live but a subsidies; these will settle the matter in little longer, see that these pretensions have due course. The Gold is now sold at Five some foundation. I say I could tell the pounds and five shillings an ounce, and the ministers how to cure the depreciation ; Silver at Sir shillings and eight pence an I say I could tell them how to set all to
The real value of the former is rights again. I say I will not tell them £3. 175. 10'd, and of the latter 5$. 2d. how to do it; and if they laugh at me, I
can laugh at them. Let them go on with charter-party, bills of loading, invoices, war and subsidies, and they will soon letters, and other documents and writings, come to my shop I warrant' them. found on board ; the said papers to be proOthers have written upon this subject, and vided by the affidavit of the Commander of many have well written ; but the first man the captured vessel, or some of the persons to say, in print, in England, that Bank present at the capture, to be produced as Notes were depreciated, was
they are received, without fraud, addition, WM. COBBETT. subduction, or embezzlement. By the
command of the President of the United Bolley, 9th September, 1812.
JAMES MONROE, Secretary of State. PUBLIC PAPERS.
An Act to prohibit American Vessels from AMERICAN States.--Instructions for the proceeding to or trading with the Ene
Privateer Armed Vessels of the United mies of the United States, and for other Slates.
purposes. 1. The tenour of your commission, under Be it enacted by the Senate and House of the Act of Congress, entitled, “An Act Representatives of the United States of concerning Letters of Marque, Prizes, and America, in Congress assembled, That no Prize Goods,” a copy of which' is hereto ship or vessel, owned in whole or in part annexed, will be constantly in your view. by a citizen or citizens of the United States, The high seas referred to in your Commis- shall be permitted to clear out or depart sion, you will understand generally to ex- from any port or place within the limits of tend to low water mark, but with the exa the United States, or territories thereof, to ception of the space, neither one league nor any foreign port or place, till the owner, three miles from the shore of countries at agent, factor, freighter, master, or compeace both with Great Britain and the mander shall have given bond, with suffiUnited States; you may, nevertheless, exe- cient security, in the amount of such ship cute your commission, rather than detain or vessel, and cargo, not to proceed to or the shore of a nation at war with Great trade with the enemies of the United States. Britain, and even on the waters within the And if any ship or vessel, owned as afore. jurisdiction of such nation, if permitted so said, shall depart from any port or place to do. 2. You are to pay the strictest within the limits of the United States, or regard to the rights of neutral powers, and territories thereof, for any foreign port or usages of civilized nations ; and in all your place, without giving bond with security proceedings towards neutral vessels, you are aforesaid, such ship or vessel, and cargo, to give them as little molestation or inter- shall be forfeited to the use of the United ruption, as will consist with the right of States ; and the owner or owners, freighter, ascertaining their neutral character, and of factor, or agent, master, or commander, detaining and bringing them under regular shall severally forfeit and pay a sum equal adjudication, in proper cases.
to the value of such ship or vessel, and particularly to avoid even the appearance cargo ; and the said master or commander, of using force or seduction, with a view to if privy thereto, and being thereof convicta deprive such vessels of their crews and of ed, shall be liable to a fine not exceeding their passengers, other than persons in the one thousand dollars, and imprisoned for a military service of their country.-3. term not exceeding twelve months, in the Towards every vessel, and their crews, you discretion of the Court.- -Sect. 2. And are to proceed in exercising the rights of be it further enacted, That if any citizen or war with all the justice and humanity citizens of the United States, or person inwhich characterizes the nation of which you habiting the same, shall transport or atare a member.-4. The Master, and one tempt to transport, overland or otherwise, or more of the principal persons belonging in any waggon, cart, sleigh, boat, or otherto a captured vessel, are to be sent, soon wise, naval or military stores, arms, or the after the capture, to the Judge or Judges of munitions of war, or any article of provi. the proper Courts of the United States, to sion, from any place of the United States, be examined on oath touching the interests to any place in Upper or Lower Canada, or property of the captured vessel and her Nova Scotia, or New Brunswick, the waglading; and, at the same time, are to be de- gon, cart, sleigh, boat, or the thing by livered to the Judge, or Judges, all passes, which the said naval or military stores,