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as it had not been gained by treaties, or by shall be confided to a Sub-Prefect.--VII. the right of conquest. - The heat conti-There shall be in the city of Wilna a nues to be very violent.--The people of Mayor, four Assistants, and a Municipal Poland are in motion on all sides. The Council, composed of twelve Members. White Eagle is hoisted everywhere. This Administration shall be charged with Priests, nobles, peasants, women, all call the management of the property of the for the independence of their nation. The city, with the superintendence of the Chapeasants are extremely jealous of the hap- ritable Establishments, and with the Mus piness of the peasants of the Grand Duchy, nicipal Police.-VIII. A national guard, who are free; for, whatever may be said to consisting of two battalions, shall be formed the contrary, liberty is considered by the at Wilna. Each battalion shall have six Lithuanians as the greatest blessing. The companies. This national guard shall be peasants express themselves with a vivacity organized in the following manner :-ETATof elocution, which would not seem to be. MAJOR. One Commandant, two Chiefs a long to the climates of the North, and all Battalion, two Adjutant-Majors, one Quarembrace with transport, the hope that the ter-Master, two Adjutant Sub-Officers, one result of the struggle will be the re-esta- Drum-Major, three Master Artificers, one blishment of their liberty. The peasants Surgeon-Major, one Assistant Surgeon, of the Grand Duchy have gained by their eight Musicians (22).—COMPANIES. One liberty, not that they are richer, but that Captain, one Lieutenant, one Sub-Lieutethe proprietors are obliged to be moderate, nant, one Sergeant Major, four Sergeants, just, and humane ; because otherwise the one Corporal Quarter-master, four Corpopeasants would quit their lands in order to rals, two Drummers, and 100 soldiers, seek better proprietors. Thus the noble making, in each company, 119. The loses nothing; he is only obliged to be just, strength of the two battalions 1450.-IX. and the peasant gains much. It must be There shall be in each of the Governments an agreeable gratification for the heart of of Wilna, Grodno, Minsk, and Bialistock, the Emperor, to witness, in crossing the a corps of gendarmerie, commanded by a Grand Duchy, the transports of joy and Colonel, having under his orders, those of gratitude which the blessing of liberty, the Governments of Wilna and Minsk, two granted to four millions of men, has excited. Chiefs of squadrons; those of the Govern

Six regiments of infantry are just or- ments of Grodno and Bialistock, one Chief dered to be raised by a new levy in Lithu- of a squadron. There shall be a company ania, and four regiments of cavalry have of gendarmerie in each district. Each Combeen offered by the nobility.

pany shall be composed of one Captain

Commandant, one Second Captain, one Acts relative to the Organization of

First Lieutenant, two Second Lieutenants,

one principal Quarter-master, four QuarterLithuania.

masters, sixteen Brigadiers, eighty volun, Order of The Day.-Article I. There teer gens d'armes, and one trumpeter, total shall be a Provisional Government of Li- 107.-X. The Colonel of gendarmerie thuania, composed of seven Members and shall reside at the chief seat of the Governa Secretary General.-II. The Commission ment. The residence of the officers, and of the Provisional Government of Lithuania the stationing of the brigades, shall be deshall be charged with the administration of termined by the Provisional Commission of the finances, with the care of the means of the Government of Lithuania.-XI. The subsistence, with the organization of the officers, sub-officers, and volunteers of the troops of the country, with the formation gendarmerie shall be taken from the genof the national guards, and of the gens- tlemen proprietors of the district: no one d'armie.--III. There shall be an Imperial can be exempted. They shall be appointCommissioner with the Commissioner of ed, viz. the officers by the Provisional the Provisional Government of Lithuania, Commission of the Government of Lithua-IV. Each of the Governments of Wilna, nia: the sub-officers and volunteers by the Grodno, Minsk, and Bialistock shall be ad Administrative Commission of the Governministered by a Commission of three Mem- ments of Wilna, Grodno, Minsk, and Biabers, with an Intendant presiding.–V. listock.—XII. The Polish uniform shall be These Administrative Commissions shall that of the gendarmerie.—XIII. The genbe under the orders of the Provisional Com- darmerie shall perform the service of the mission of the Government of Lithuania.- police ; it shall support the public authoriVI. The Administration of each District iy; and shall arrese traitors, marauders,

and deserters of whatever army.-XIV. 30th of June, our city has had quartered Our Order of the Day of the — of last upon it, 7 Marshals, 73 Generals, 416 OfJune shall be published in each Govern. ficers on the Staff, 3,642 Officers, 89,613 ment, and there shall consequently be esta Sub-officers and privates, and 10,902 horses. blished in each a Military Commission.- Berlin, July 14.-On the 11th of this XV. The Major-General shall appoint a month, his Highness the Prince of Orange General or Superior Officer, either French set out for Vogelsdorf, on his way to Bresor Polish, of the troops of the line to the lau.

According to the most recent intellicommand in each Government. He shall gence from the army, the few Swiss regi, have under his orders the national guards, ments were stationed in the environs of the gendarmerie, and the troops of the coun-Marienwerder, a short distance from Danttry. (Signed) NAPOLEON.

zic.- In the place where the Dwina and the Imperial Head-quarters, Wilna,

Niemen approach nearest to each other, July 1, 1812.

that is to say, from Dunaburg to Kowno, the (Then follow a number of other Orders distance of these two rivers asunder is of the Day, of the same date, appointing twenty German miles. the several Members of the Provisional Commissioners of Government, &c.]

Wilna, July 11.--Extract from the LithuWarsuw, July 7.-His Highness, Prince

anian Courier. Proclamation of the Poniatowski, General in Chief of the Fifth

Provisional Committee lo lhe Lithuanians. Corps of the Grand Army, has addressed Citizens—For the space of twenty years to the Poles, who are under his command, a foreign Government has communicated its the following Order of the Day:

orders to us in language with which we are Head-quarters, Baygodo, July 6. unacquainted. Listen now to the voice of Soldiers :- In communicating to you your brothers ; listen to the voice of Poles the Proclamation of his Majesty the Empe addressing you in the Polish language. Reror of the French, I am convinced of the turn thanks to Providence, which evidently sentiments with which you will reply to

manifests its beneficent designs towards

His his appeal, and that you will readily per- you, through Napoleon the Great. ceive that a new field is opening to you, in coming, like that of the Sun, before which which you will cover yourselves with glory. the ice dissolves, has dissipated every obAlready in two wars you have had an op- awake the joy of hope in our bosoms, fill us

stacle, and his benign accents, while they portunity of recognizing the restorer of your country, and of laying the foundation of the with sentiments of the most ardent grati. glory of the Polish army. I have no doubt tude.-By the Order of the Day of the 4th that, forming as you do in the present war, of July, by which a Provisional Govern. in the grand army, a corps, which this ment has been constituted, we are enabled powerful Protector has himself denomi. to call upon you to partake our sentiments. nated the Army of Poland, and which is to

Can there be any more reasonable ground decide the fate of many millions of Poles,

for exultation than the hope of seeing our your countrymen, you will then prove your

country once more take her rank amongst selves worthy of the French, in conjunction the nations ?-You shall be witnesses of our with whom we fight, as well as of those solicitude to assuage your evils, and lessen, projectors which have, during so long a pe- as much as possible, the calamities of war

. riod, formed the object of our wishes, and The sacrifices we shall call on you to make which now begin to be put in execution for will be but slight, when put in comparison us. We ought, then, to redouble our ef with the benefits we shall procure you. forts. Let no fatigues, no privations, en. Having promised thus much, we declare feeble the warlike spirit which we have in that we have been installed as a Provisional herited. We shall once more prove to the Government, and we invite all our fellowwhole world that the sacred name of coun- citizens to enter upon the necessary relations try renders its real children invincible. Posen, July 11.--Different corps of

Signed by the Members of the Commission. troops are continually passing through our city on their way to the Grand Army. The Provisional Commissioners of the GoYesterday the Saxon regiment of " low"

vernment of the Duchy of Lithuania lo infantry arrived here; one part of it was

The Clergy of the Diocese of Wilna. quartered in the city, and the rest in the The principles of the religion of the Livillages in the environs. Within the last thuanian people are well known. They three months, from the 1st of April to the have been well inculcated by a wise and

with us.

enlightened clergy. The Provisional Sovereigns is resident within its walls, Government cannot better announce to the within which also are assembled the prinpeople the benignity of the Great Napoleon, cipal citizens of our country. A youthful who has been led by Providence into Li- and impetuous race have arranged themthuania, nor choose a better channel to selves under the Polish Eagles; it is here make them acquainted with the amelioration proper to mention the names of those zeaof their lot, than by confiding this great lous children of Lithuania who were the interest to the Clergy.--We therefore or- first to take arms and equip themselves at der the people to assemble for the purpose their own expense. In the guard of honour of returning thanks to God, who has been we find Prince Oginski, its chief; Count graciously pleased to send us this saviour Plater, M. M. Pilgudski, Briot Bemco, of Poland, and to pray that he will further Romer, Chlewiski-(here follows several the successes of his arms.—The Clergy will other Polish names).-In the Lithuanian afterwards endeavour to cherish proper Guard, commanded by Brigadier Konosentiments in the people, so that, support phill, we find M. M. Magelonki, Narbut, ed by their religion, they may continue and Michalowisk, completely equipped. with their agricultural labours. --The pea- A great number of young persons are busantry must not be remiss in the perform- sily employed equipping themselves. We ance of their duty. Their safety and hap- have no doubt but that the Lithuanians will piness depend thereon.—They may dis- seek the opportunities to distinguish themcover in the abundant harvest before them, selves as the gallant fellows of the regithe evident assistance afforded by Provi- ment, commanded by Count Knadinski, dence to Napoleon the Great.-Let them did at Som, Sierra, and Benevenţe.—The peaceably gather in their crops, as in or- Bishop of Korakowski has had the honour dinary times. Circumstances even require of being twice brought to Court to say an increase of zeal, and it cannot be doubt- mass in the Imperial Chapel. He received ed, that with the feelings by which they a diamond ring as a present. The Priests appear to be now actuated, but that they who accompanied him had also presents.-will be eager to shew the utmost.-Done The grand national festival was celebrated the 7th July, 1812.

here yesterday with universal enthusiasm. SIGNED BY THE COMMISSIONERS. - At eleven o'clock all the Clergy were

assembled in the porticos of the Church, to July 15.-We still enjoy the presence receive the Constituted Authorities.--At of His Majesty, who rides out every day, noon a numerous procession, consisting of attended by a very few persons. The day the Members of the Provisional Commisbefore yesterday His Majesty gave audience sion, the Deputies of the Grand Confedeto the Polish Deputies, the Senators War- ration, the Commission of Administration, vedon, Wibiski, Wladislaus, Count Ja- the Members of the Tribunals, the Subrousky, &c. They have been commission- Prefect, the Mayor, the Municipality, the ed by the General Confederation of Poland Guard of Honour, the Officers of the Gento bear their homage to His Majesty. They darmerie of the City, finally, of all the were presented by His Excellency the Duke Public Functionaries, arrived at the Caof Bassano, Minister of Foreign Affairs. thedral, where they were introduced by The President of the Deputation, the Se- the Clergy.-Bishop Korakowski officiated; nator Warvedon Wybiski was spokesman. when Te Deum was sung, the President of -The answer of His Majesty was couched the Provisional Commission delivered a in the most gracious terms. —- The same very eloquent discourse, and published the day, the 11th, some inhabitants of the Act of Confederation of Poland. When Duchy of Samogitia, M. M. Bilwuz, Bra- the reading of the Act was over, cries of losewo, Jellemshy, and other Officers, “ Long live the Emperor Napoleon the having at their head, the old Marshal of Great," a thousand times repeated, filled the Court of Zietgua, had the honour of the spacious arches of the church.-Salvum being admitted to His Majesty's presence, fac imperatorem Napoleonem,- was then they assured him how much the Samogi- sung; after this ceremony all the authotians wish to partake in the honour enjoyed rities proceeded to the residence of His by their brethren at Wilna.--His Majesty Excellency the Duke of Bassano, to present conversed with them on all matters, re- to him the Act of Confederation, and beg lating to the interests of their country:- that he would submit it to His Majesty. Our city was never so brilliant as it has it was announced the same day that the been for the last 15 days. The greatest of

(To be continued.)

As illustrated in the Prosecution and Punishment of

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WILLIAM COBBETT. 351]

(352 In order that my countrymen and that the two sureties in the sum of 1,000 pounds each; world may not be deceived, dnped, and cheated that the whole of this sentence has been executed upon this subject, I, WILLIAM COBBEIT, upon me, that I have been imprisoned the two of Botley, in Hampshire, put npon record years, have paid the thonsand pounds TO THE the following facts; to wit: 'That, ou the 24th KING, and have given the bail, Timothy Brown June, 1809, the following article was pub- and Peter Walker, Esqrs. being my sureties; lished in a London news-paper, called the that the Attorney General was Sir Vicary Gibbs, COURIER: “ The Mutiny amongst the LO- the Judge who sat at the trial Lord Ellenborough, “ CAL MILITIA, which broke out at Ely, was the four Judges who sat at passing sentence Ellenfortunately suppressed on Wednesday by the borough, Grose, Le Blanc, and Bailey; and that "arrival of four squadrons of the GERMAN the jurors were, Thomas Rhodes of Hampstead « LEGION CAVALRY from Kary, under the Road, John Davis of Southampton Place, James « command of General Auckland. Five of the Ellis of Tottenham Court Road, John Richards & ringleaders were tried by a Court-Martial, and of Bayswater, Thomas Marsham of Baker Street, sentenced to receive 500 lashes each, part of which Robert Heathcote of High Street Marylebone, “punishment they received on Wednesday, and John Maud of York Place Marylebone, George

a part was remitted. A stoppage for their knup Bagster of Church Terrace Pancras, Thomas « sacks was the ground of the complaint that ex. Taylor of Red Lion Square, David Deane of St. “ cited this mutinous spirit, which occasioned John Street, William Palmer l'pper Street “ the men to surround their officers, and demand Islington, Henry Favre of Pall Mall; that the “ what they deemed their arrears. The first Prime Ministers during the time were Spencer “ division of the German Legion halted yesterday Perceval, until he was shot by John Bellingham, “ at Newmarket on their return to Bury.". and after that Robert B. Jenkinson, Earl of Li. That, on the 1st July, 1809, 'I published, in the verpool; that the prosecution and sentence took Political Register, an article censuring, in the place in the reign of King George the Third, and strongest terms, these proceedings; that, for so that, he having become insane during my impridoing, the Attorney General prosecuted, as sedi. sonvient, the 1,000 pounds was paid to his son, tious" libellers, and by Ex-Officio Information, the Prince Regent, in his behalf; that, dnring my me, and also my printer, my publisher, and one imprisonment, I wrote and published 364 Essays of the principal retailers of the Political Register; and Letters upon political subjects; that, daring that I was brought to trial on the 15th June, the same time, I was visited by persons from 197 1810, and was, by a Special Jury, that is to say, cities and towns, many of them as a sort of depaby 12 men ont of 48 appointed by the Master of ties from Societies or Clubs; that, at the expirathe Crown Office, found guilty ; that, on the tion of my imprisonment, on the 9th of July, 1812, 20th of the same month), I was compelled to give a great dinner was given in London for the purbail for my appearance to receive judgment; pose of receiving me, at which dinner apwards of and that, as I came up from Botley (to which 600 persons were present, and at which Sir, place I had returned to my family and my farm Francis Burdett presided; that diuners and other on the evening of the 15th), a Tipstaff went parties were held on the same occasion in many down from London in order to seize me, per other places in England; that, on my way home, sonally; that, on the 9th of July, 1810, I, toge. I was received at Alton, the first town in Hampther with my printer, publisher, and the news shire, with the ringing of the Church bells; that man, were brought into the Conrt of King's a respectable company net me and gave me a Bench to receive judgment; that the three dinner at Winchester; that I was drawn from former were sentenced to be imprisoned for more than the distance of a mile into Botley by some months in the King's Bench prison; that I the people; that, upon my arrival in the village, was sentenced to be imprisoned for two years in I found all the people assembled to receive me; Newgate, the great receptacle for malefactors, that I concluded the day by explaining to them and the front of which is the scene of numerous the cause of my imprisonment, and by giving hangings in the course of every year; that the them clear potions respecting the floggiog of the part of the prison in which I was sentenced to be Local Militia-men at Ely, and respecting the emconfined is sonetimes inhabited by felons, that ployment of Gerinan Troops; and, finally, which felons were actually in it at the time I entered is more than a compensation for my losses and all it; that one man was taken ont of it to be trans- my sufferings, I am in perfect health and strength, ported in about 48 hours after I was put into the and, though I must, for the sake of six children, same yard with him; and that it is the place of feel the diminution that has been made in my confinement for men guilty of unnatural crinies, property (thinking it right in me to decline the of whom there are four in it at this time ; that, offer of a subscription), I have the consolation to besides this imprisonmeut, I was sentenced to see growing up three sons, upon whose hearts, I pay a thousand pounds TO THE KING, and to trust, all these facts will be engraven. give security for my good behaviour for seven

WM. COBBETT. years, myself in the sum of 3,000 ponnds, and Botley, July 23, 1812.

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Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent-Garden.

LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black-Horse-Court, Fleet-street.

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Vol. XXII. No. 12.]

LONDON, SATURDAY, SEPT. 19, 1812.

[Price 1s.

TO THE

“ If I were asked what ought to be done to prevent war with America, I should say: first repeal

the Orders in Conncil; but, I am far from supposing, that that measure alone wonld be suffi« cient. Indeed, it seems to me, that the impressment of American seamen must be abandoned.”

-Pol. Register, Vol. XXI. page 20. Feb. 15, 1812. 353]

(354 war; and that such war would, in all pro

bability, be very calamitous to England. PRINCE REGENT,

While I was telling you this, your late ON THE DISPUTE WITH AMERICA. minister, Perceval, was laughing at the idea

of America going to war; and his opinion Letter VIII.

was upheld by all the venal scribes in the Sir,

kingdom ; that is to say, by nineteen twenDuring the time that I was imprisoned tieths, perhaps, of all those who write in for two years in Newgate for writing about news-papers, and other political works. the flogging of the Local Militia, in the That we really are al war with America, town of Ely, and about the enıployment of however, the following document clearly German Troops upon that occasion, I ad- proves. The American Congress declared dressed to your Royal Highness several war in due form; they passed an Act making Letters, the object of which was to prevent war against your Royal Sire and his people; this country from being plunged into war their government issued Letters of Marque with America. I took great pleasure in of- and Reprisals; but, still our hirelings said fering to you advice, which I thought would that there was no war. The following be beneficial to my country; and, of course, proclamation, however, issued by an AmeI have experienced great sorrow at seeing rican General from his head-quarters in that that advice has not been followed, and Canada, which province he has invaded, that, in consequence of its rejection, we puts the fact of war beyond all doubt. are now actually in a state of war with our brethren across the Atlantic.

By William Hull, Brigadier-General and Those corrupters and blinders of the peo- " Commander in Chief of the North Westple, the hired writers, do yet attempt to ern Army of the United States. make their readers believe, that we are not at war with the Republic of America.

"A PROCLAMATION. They it is, who have hastened, if not ac- “ Inhabitants of Canada! - After thirty tually produced this war; for, they it was, “ years of peace and prosperity, the United who reviled the American President, and “ States have been driven to armis. The who caused it to be believed here, that he " injuries and aggressions, the insults and and the Congress dared not go to war. " indignities of Great Britain, have once What pains, alas ! have I taken to convince more left them no alternative but manly your Royal Highness of the folly and false- resistance or unconditional submission.hood of these opinions! Though my mind “ The army under my command has invadwas busied with the means of raising the “ ed your country, and the standard of thousand pounds fine to pay TO THE “ Union now waves over the territory of KING (and which you have received from “ Canada. To the peaceable, unoffending me in his behalf), I let slip no occasion to " inhabitants, it brings neither danger nor caution you against believing these repre-“ difficulty. I come to find enemies, not sentations. I told you (and you might as "' to make them. I come to protect, not to well have believed me), that the American “ injure them.-Separated by an impeople were something ; that they had a say mense ocean and an extensive wilderness in the measures of government; that they “ from Great Britain, you have no particiwould not suffer themselves to be plunged " pation in her councils, no interests in her into war for the gain of a set of lazy and " conduct ; you have felt her tyranny, you rapacious fellows; but that, if their coun- " have seen her injustice; but I do not ask try's good demanded it, they would go to

you to avenge the one or redress the

M M

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