« ForrigeFortsett »
posed to attack in front of Xucar. On the the fort, and proceeds immediately to the 21st, an English fleet of ten sail, of which field of battle, while General Harispe is four were ships of the line and four frigates, calling in, from Alcoy, the reserve of the and the remainder sloops and transports, artillery and the cuirassiers, and the flank appeared before Valencia, and having the companies of the 116th. -Gen, O'Donwind in their favour, passed rapidly on nel had made a brisk attack. General Defrom Denia to Cullera, between the mouths lort, who had taken up an advantageous of the Xucar and the Albufera, seeming as position, kept up a heavy and severe fire if they were just about to land, and keep-with his artillery. The 24th dragoons, ing up a fire on the forts, which in return when they arrived on the right, hung upon fired on them. The Marshal Duke of Al- the left wing of the enemy, who were much bufera immediately adapted measures for harassed in consequence, and brought up their repulse. He recalled Gen. La Fosse two field-pieces against the cavalry as they from Reguena, and the 121st from Segorba. marched. In the mean time, Colonel Me The 14th proceeded with all possible speed silop having arrived on the left, General from Aleira to Cullera ; and the 4th hus- Delort did not think proper to delay any sars, the artillery, and a part of the 1st longer. The troops expecied this time with light battalion, and the 114th, made a confidence, and on the signal being given, forced march in the night to the part of the as fiery as they had before been cool, they coast which had been menaced.--To- rushed upon the enemy on all sides, the wards the evening, by good luck, quite un cavalry and artillery in a trot, and the inexpected, the wind changed suddenly, and fantry making a running charge. Colonel blew with such violence from the east, that Bubessi leads the dragoons straight forward the fleet, after having passed the night in against the battery which was playing on vain efforts, was obliged to luff and bear them with grape. It is carried in an inaway on the 22d. In the course of the stant, the artillerymen are put to the night the Commander in Chief visited the sword, a brigade of infantry, who supportcoast, and made himself the various dispo ed the guns, are attacked at the same onset; sitions of the troops.-At the same time broken, and made prisoners. The infantry General Harispe, at the head of the 2d di- and the cuirassiers at the same time make vision, had advanced before Alcoy, in pre- their way into Castella, carrying every sence of the army of Murcia; the 1st bri- thing before them. They complete the rout gade to Castella, under the orders of Gene of the enemy's entire line, which flies on ral Delort, and the second to Ibi, com- all sides. The streets of Castella are manded by Colonel Mesilop. General Ha- strewed with dead bodies, and Reramberrispe, foreseeing the attack, had chosen a ger, the commandant of a battalion, comcentral position, where the troops were to pels 400 men, who have taken refuge in the rendezvous and receive it. From the for- citadel, to lay down their arms. After mer evening the movements of the enemy this brilliant success, Colonel Mesilop haswere known, and the necessary arrange-tily returns to Ibi with his column. The ments made. On the 21st, by day-break, enemy was in the village, he attacks and the Commander in Chief, Joseph O'Don- overthrows him, and drives him beyond nel, at the head of four columns, attacked the ravine, leaving behind him a great Delort, who, pursuant to his instructions, number of killed and prisoners ; then as. retired en echellon, and called in upon the sembling his forces, he pursues him from point fixed upon the camps of Biar and position to position across the rocks, till the Oiull. No sooner was the first shot fired reserve of the 116th appearing upon the than Colonel Mesilop, whose troops were mountains in his rear, complete his defeat. ready, and under arms, marched to join -The loss of the enemy in this affair is General Delort, when he was himself at supposed to be as much as 3,600 in killed, tacked by a corps of 6,000 men, command wounded, and prisoners. The Brigadier ed by the English General Roche, who had General Laban, and several officers of rank, come by Xixona. With the assistance of are among the killed; among the prisoners the guns in the little fort of Ibi, with the are four Colonels, five Lieutenant-Colonels, voltigeurs of the 44th, and a handful of 125 officers of minor rank. We have not cuirassiers, he stops the progress of the lost more than 233 killed and wounded. enemy as they are passing a ravine, and - Colonel Mesilop, whose conduct durrepulses them; but faithful to his orders, ing the whole action was highly praisewot. he leaves some companies to observe the thy, had his horse killed under him. · Gemotions of the enemy with the garrison of nerals, officers, and soldiers, all performed
their duty with the utmost zeal, and con- of General Borde Soult, of General Pajol, tributed to the success of this glorious day. and General Nansouty, has narrowly escap
- The head-quarters of the Duke of Al- ed destruction. -Prince Bagration, with bufera are now at Cullera.
the 5th corps stationed more in the rear, marches towards the Dwina. He set out
on the 30th of June from Wolkowitsk to OFFICIAL PAPERS.
Minsk. - The King of Westphalia enNORTHERN WAR.
tered Grodno the same day. The division
Bulletins of the Grand French Army. Fifth Bullelin, Platow was still at Grodno with his Cos
Dombrowski passed it first. The Hetman (continued from page 318.)
sacks. When charged by the light cavalry to the right, and made for Ochmiana. Ge- of Prince Poniatowski, the Cossacks were neral Baron Pajol arrived at that place with dispersed in every direction. Twenty his light cavalry at the moment when Doc were killed and 60 made prisoners. At torow's advanced vanguard entered it, Grodno were found materials for 100,000 General Pajol charged. The enemy was rations of bread and some remains of inaga. sabred and overthrown in the town; he zines. It had been foreseen, that Balost 60 men killed and 18 prisoners. Gen. gration would have fallen back upon the Pajol had five men killed' and some wound. Dwina, by drawing as near as possible to ed. This charge was made by the 9th re- . Dunabourg; and the General of Division, giment of Polish lancers. Gen. Docto- Count Grouchy, had been sent to Bogdarow, seeing his route intercepted, fell back now. He was on the 3d at Trabmi. Marupon Olchanoni. Marshal the Prince of shal the Prince of Echmuhl, reinforced by Eckmuhl, with a division of infantry, the two divisions, was on the 4th at Wichnew. Cuirassiers of the division of Count de Va- If the Prince Poniatowski had vigorously lence, and the second regiment of light ca. pressed the rear-guard of Bagration, that valry of the guard, moved upon Ochmiana, corps would have been endangered. All in order to support General Pajol. The the enemy's corps are in a state of the corps of Doctorow, thus cut off and driven greatest uncertainty. The Hetman Platow towards the South, continued to prosecute was still ignorant on the 30th of June, that the movement on the right by forced Wilna had been two days in the possession marches, with the sacrifice of its baggage. of the French. He took the direction toUpon Smoroghoni, Danowchoff, and Ro- wards that city, as far as Lida, at which bouilncki, whence he made for the Dwina. place he changed his route, and moved toThis movement had been foreseen. Gen. wards the South.-The sun during the Nansouty, with a division of Cuirassiers, whole of the 4th re-established the roads. the division of Light Cavalry of Count Every thing is now organizing at Wilna. Bruyere, and Count Moraand's division of The suburbs have suffered by the vast infantry advanced to Mikailitchki, with a crowds of people that rushed into them view to cut off this corps. He arrived on during the continuance of the tempest. the 3d at Swin, at the time when it passed There was a Russian apparatus there for that place, and pushed it briskly. He 60,000 rations. Another has been esta took a large number of waggons, and blished for an equal number of rations. obliged the enemy to abandon some hun- Magazines are forming. The head of the dreds of baggage-carts. The uncertain-convoys arrives at Kowno by the Niemen. ty, the anxiety, the marches, and counter Twenty thousand quintals of flour, and a marches which these troops had endured, million rations of biscuit, have just arrived the. Satigues which they had undergone, here from Dantzic. must have made them suffer severely:Torrents of rain fell during thirty-six hours, Sixth Bulletin of the Grand French Army. without intermission. The weather has suddenly changed from extreme heat to
Wilna, July 11, 1812. very severe cold. Several thousand of The King of Naples continues to follow horses have perished by the effects of this the enemy's rear-guard. On the 5th he sudden transition. Convoys of artillery met the enemy's cavalry in a position upon have been stopped by the mud. This the Dwina. He caused it to be charged by terrible storm, which has fatigued both the brigade of light cavalry, commanded by men and beasts, has unavoidably retarded General Baron Subervie. The Prussian our march; and the corps of Doctorow, régiments, the Wirtembergers and Poles, which successively fell in with the columns which form a part of this brigade, charged
with the greatest intrepidity. They over- | 8th. He found there considerable magawrned a line of Russian dragoons and hus-zines of flour, hay, clothing, &c. Bagrasars, and took 200 prisoners, with their tion had already arrived at Novoi-Sworhorses. When they arrived on the other giew: perceiving that he was anticipated, side of the Dwina, they broke down the he sent orders to burn the magazines ; but bridges, and showed a disposition to de- the Prince of Eckmuhl did not give time fend the passage of the river. General for effecting these orders. -The King of Count Montbrun then brought up his five Westphalia was on the 9th at Nowogrodek; batteries of light artillery, which, during General Regnier at Konina : magazines, several hours, carried destruction into the baggage waggons, quantities of medicines, ranks of the enemy. The loss of the Rus- and straggling parties, fall into our hands sians has been considerable. General every instant. The Russian divisions are Count Sebastiani arrived on the same day straying in these countries without any preat Vidzoni, whence the Emperor of Russia viously arranged route, pursued on every had departed on the preceding evening. side, losing their baggage, burning their
Our advanced guard is upon the magazines, destroying their artillery, and Dwina.-- General Count Nansouty was, leaving their places without defence. on the 5th of July, at Postavoni. In order General Baron Colbert took, at Vileika, a to pass the Dziana, he proceeded six miles magazine of 300 quintals of flour, a hunfarther on the right of the King of Naples. dred thousand rations of bread, &c. He The General of brigade, Roussel, with the found also at Vileika a chest contain91h regiment of Polish light cavalry, and ing 200,000 francs, in copper money. the 2d regiment of Prussian hussars, passed -All these advantages have scarcely the river, overthrew six Russian squadrons, cost the French army a man. Since the sabred a great number, and took 45 pri-opening of the campaign there have been soners, with several officers. General Nan- but about thirty killed in all the corps, souty praises the conduct of General Rous- about 100 wounded, and ten prisoners; sel, and mentions, with commendation, whilst we have already taken from Lieutenant Borke, of the Prussian hussars, 2,000 to 2,500 Russian prisoners. the Sub-Officer Kranse, and the hussar, The Prince of Schwartzenberg passed Lutze. His Majesty has granted the in- the Bug at Droghitschin, pursued the enesignia of the Legion of Honour to General my in different directions, and made himRoussel, and to the Officers and Sub-of- self master of many baggage carts. The ficers above-named. -General Nansouty Prince of Schwartzenberg praises the retook 130 Russian mounted hussars and ception he has met with from the inhabitdragoous prisoners. On the 3d of July ants, and the spirit of patriotism which the communication was opened between animates these countries. Thus, ten days Grodno and Wilna by Lida. The Hetman after opening the campaign, our advanced Platoff, with 6,000 Cossacks, when driven posts are upon the Dwina. Almost the out of Grodno, moved towards Lida, and whole of Lithuania, containing four millions found there the French posts. He descend- of inhabitants, has been conquered. The ed to Ivie on the 5th. -General Count operations of the war commenced at the Grouchy occupied Witchnew, Traboni, passage of the Vistula. The projects of and Soubotnicky. General Baron Pagol the Emperor were from that time plainly was at Perchia ; General Baron Bade Soult uufolded, and he had no time to lose in carwas at Blackchtoni; Marshal the Prince of rying them into execution. Thus, the Eckmuhl was in advance of Bobrowitzki, army has been making forced marches from pushing heads of columns in every direc- the period of passing that river, in order to tion. Platoff retreated precipitately on advance by means of manoeuvres upon the the 6th, to Nikolaew.-Prince Bagration Dwina, for the distance between the Vistula having set out in the beginning of July froin and the Dwiua is greater than that between Wolkowisk on his route for Wilna, was the Dwina and Mosjere or Petersburg. intercepted in his march. He turned back The Russians appear to be concentrating with a view to reach Minsk; anticipated themselves upon Dunaburg: they give out there by the Prince of Eckmuhl, he altered that it is their intention to wait for us and his direction, gave up his intention of pro- to give us battle before we enter their anceeding towards the Dwina, and moved to cient provinces, after having abandoned wards the Boristhene, by Bobruisk, across Poland without a contest ; as if they were the marshes of Beresina. -Marshal the constrained by justice, and had wished to Prince of Eckmuhl entered Minsk on the restore a country badly acquired, is as much
as it had not been gained by treaties, or by shall be confided to a Sub-Prefect.–VII. the right of conquest. - The heat contiThere shall be in the city of Wilna a nues to be very violent.--The people of Mayor, four Assistants, and a Municipal Poland are in motion on all sides. The Council, composed of twelve Members. White Eagle is hoisted everywhere. This Administration shall be charged with Priests, nobles, peasants, women, all call the management of the property of the for the independence of their nation. The city, with the superintendence of the Chapeasants are extremely jealous of the hap- ritable Establishments, and with the Mu. piness of the peasants of the Grand Duchy, nicipal Police.-VIII. A national guard, who are free; for, whatever may be said to consisting of two battalions, shall be formed the contrary, liberty is considered by the at Wilna. Each battalion shall have six Lithuanians as the greatest blessing. The companies. This national guard shall be peasants express themselves with a vivacity organized in the following manner :-ETATof elocution, which would not seem to be. MAJOR. One Commandant; two Chiefs a long to the climates of the North, and all Battalion, two Adjutant-Majors, one Quarembrace with transport, the hope that the ter-Master, two Adjutant Sub-Officers, one result of the struggle will be the re-esta- Drum-Major, three Master Artificers, one blishment of their liberty. The peasants Surgeon-Major, one Assistant Surgeon, of the Grand Duchy have gained by their eight Musicians (22).-COMPANIES. One liberty, not that they are richer, but that Captain, one Lieutenant, one Sub-Lieutethe proprietors are obliged to be moderate, nant, one Sergeant-Major, four Sergeants, just, and humane ; because otherwise the one Corporal Quarter-master, four Corpopeasants would quit their lands in order to rals, two Drummers, and 100 soldiers, seek better proprietors. Thus the noble making, in each company, 119. The loses nothing; he is only obliged to be just, strength of the two battalions 1450.-IX. and the peasant gains much. It must be There shall be in each of the Governments an agreeable gratification for the heart of of Wilna, Grodno, Minsk, and Bialistock, the Emperor, to witness, in crossing the a corps of gendarmerie, commanded by a Grand Duchy, the transports of joy and Colonel, having under his orders, those of gratitude which the blessing of liberty, the Governments of Wilna and Minsk, two granted to four millions of men, has excited. Chiefs of squadrons; those of the Govern
-Six regiments of infantry are just or ments of Grodno and Bialistock, one Chief dered to be raised by a new levy in Lithu- of a squadron. There shall be a company ania, and four regiments of cavalry have of gendarmerie in each district. Each Combeen offered by the nobility.
pany shall be composed of one Captain
Commandant, one Second Captain, one Acls relative to the Organization of
First Lieutenant, two Second Lieutenants,
one principal Quarter-master, four Quarter. Lithuania.
masters, sixteen Brigadiers, eighty volunOrder of the Day.--Article I. There teer gens d'armes, and one trumpeter, total shall be a Provisional Government of Li- 107,-X. The Colonel of gendarmerie thuania, composed of seven Members and shall reside at the chief seat of the Governa Secretary General.-II. The Commission ment. The residence of the officers, and of the Provisional Government of Lithuania the stationing of the brigades, shall be deshall be charged with the administration of termined by the Provisional Commission of the finances, with the care of the means of the Government of Lithuania.—XI. The subsistence, with the organization of the officers, sub-officers, and volunteers of the troops of the country, with the formation gendarmerie shall be taken from the genof the national guards, and of the gens- tlemen proprietors of the district: no one d'armie.--III. There shall be an Imperial can be exempted. They shall be appointCommissioner with the Commissioner of ed, viz. the officers by the Provisional the Provisional Government of Lithuania, Commission of the Government of Lithua-IV. Each of the Governments of Wilna, nia: the sub-officers and volunteers by the Grodno, Minsk, and Bialistock shall be ad Administrative Commission of the Governministered by a Commission of three Mem- ments of Wilna, Grodno, Minsk, and Biabers, with an Intendant presiding.–V. listock.—XII. The Polish uniform shall be These Administrative Commissions shall that of the gendarmerie.—XIII. The genbe under the orders of the Provisional Com- darmerie shall perform the service of the mission of the Government of Lithuania.- police; it shall support the public authoriVI. The Administration of eacla District iy; and shall arrest traitors, marauders,
and deserters of whatever army.-XIV. 30th of June, our city has had quartered Our Order of the Day of the of last upon it, 7 Marshals, 73 Generals, 416 OfJune shall be published in each Govern. ficers on the Staff, 3,642 Officers, 89,613 ment, and there shall consequently be esta Sub-officers and privates, and 10,902 horses. blished in each a Military Commission.
Berlin, July 14.--Ou the 11th of this XV. The Major-General shall appoint a month, his Highness the Prince of Orange General or Superior Officer, either French set out for Vogelsdorf
, on his way to Bresor Polish, of the troops of the line to the lau. According to the most recent intellicommand in each Government. He shall gence from the army, the few Swiss regihave under his orders the national guards, ments were stationed in the environs of the gendarmerie, and the troops of the coun-Marienwerder, a short distance from Danttry. (Signed) NAPOLEON.
zic.- In the place where the Dwina and the Imperial Head-quarters, Wilna,
Niemen approach nearest to each other, July 1, 1812.
that is to say, from Dunaburg to Kowno, the [Then follow a number of other Orders distance of these two rivers asunder is of the Day, of the same date, appointing twenty German miles. the several Members of the Provisional Commissioners of Government, &c.] Wilna, July 11.-- Extract from the LithuWarsaw, July 7.-His Highness, Prince
anian Courier, Proclamation of the Poniatowski, General in Chief of the Fifth
Provisional Committee lo lhe Lithuanians. Corps of the Grand Army, has addressed Citizens—For the space of twenty years to the Poles, who are under his command, a foreign Government has communicated its the following Order of the Day:
orders to us in language with which we are Head-quarters, Baygodo, July 6.
unacquainted. Listen now to the voice of SOLDIERS! - In communicating to you your brothers ; listen to the voice of Poles the Proclamation of his Majesty the Empe- addressing you in the Polish language. Reror of the French, I am convinced of the turn thanks to Providence, which evidently sentiments with which you will reply to
manifests its beneficent designs towards his appeal, and that you will readily per- you, through Napoleon the Great. His cejve that a new field is opening to you, in coming, like that of the Sun, before which which you will cover yourselves with glory. the ice dissolves, has dissipated every obAlready in two wars you have had an op- stacle, and his benign accents, while they portunity of recognizing the restorer of your awake the joy of hope in our bosoins, fill us country, and of laying the foundation of the with sentiments of the most ardent grati. glory of the Polish army. I have no doubt tude.-By the Order of the Day of the 4th that, forming as you do in the present war,
of July, by which a Provisional Govern. in the grand army, a corps, which this ment has been constituted, we are enabled powerful Protector has himself denomi. to call upon you to partake our sentiments. nated the Army of Poland, and which is to
Can there be any more reasonable ground decide the fate of many millions of Poles, for exultation than the hope of seeing our your countrymen, you will then prove your country once more take her rank amongst selves worthy of the French, in conjunction the nations ? – You shall be witnesses of our with whom we fight, as well as of those solicitude to assuage your evils, and lessen, projectors which have, during so long a pe- as much as possible, the calamities of war. riod, formed the object of our wishes, and The sacrifices we shall call on you to make which now begin to be put in execution for will be but slight, when put in comparison
We ought, then, to redouble our ef. with the benefits we shall procure you. forts. Let no fatigues, no privations, en. Having promised thus much, we declare feeble the warlike spirit which we have in that we have been installed as a Provisional herited. We shall once more prove to the Government, and we invite all our fellowwhole world that the sacred name of coun
citizens to enter upon the necessary relations try renders its real children invincible.
Posen, July 11.---Different corps of Signed by the Members of the Commission, troops are continually passing through our city on their way to the Grand Army. The Provisional Commissioners of the GoYesterday the Saxon regiment of “low" vernment of the Duchy of Lithuania to infantry arrived here; one part of it was
the Clergy of the Diocese of Wilna. quartered in the city, and the rest in the The principles of the religion of the Livillages in the environs. Within the last thuanian people are well known. They three months, from the 1st of April to the have been well inculcated by a wise and