" other. The United States are sufficient- “ and relentless system of retaliation. I "sly powerful to afford every security con- “ doubt not your courage and firmness“ sistent with their rights and your expec- " I will not doubt your attachment to li

tations. I tender you the invaluable “berty. If you tender your services vo“ blessings of civil, political, and religious “ luntarily, they will be accepted readily. • liberty, and their necessary result, indi- " The United States offer you peace, liber"vidual and general prosperity. That li- ty, and security; your choice lies between “berty which gave decision to our councils, “ these and war-slavery and destruction.

and energy to our conduct, in a struggle “ Choose, then, but choose wisely; and " for independence, and which conducted "may He who knows the justice of our 6 us safely and triumphantly through the " cause, and who holds in his hand the * stormy period of the revolution—that li- " fate of nations, guide you to a result the "* berty which has raised us to an elevated “ most compatible with your rights and in" rank among the nations of the world;" terests, your peace and happiness. " and which afforded us a greater measure

" By the General, " of peace and security, of wealth and im- " A. P. Hull, Capt. the 13th United

provement, than ever fell to the lot of “ States' Regiment of Infantry and any country. In the name of iny

“ Aid-de-Camp. country, and by the authority of Govern- Head-quarters, Sandwich, ment, promise you protection to your July 12, 1812.”

persons, property, and rights. Remain " at your homes- pursue your peaceful He, Sir, who will not believe in this, 6 and customary avocations-raise not your would not believe though one were to rise 6 hands against your brethren. . Many of from the dead. This is an animating ad

your father's fought for the freedom and dress, and, it is, at least, possible that it " independence we now enjoy.

now enjoy. Being may prove the fore-runner of the fall of “ children, therefore, of the same family Canada, which, when once gone, will 6. with us, and heirs to the same heritage, never, I believe, return to the English " the arrival of an arıny of friends must Crown. “ be hailed by you with a cordial welcome. The fact of war being now ascertained “ you will be eniancipated from tyranny beyond all doubt, the next thing for us to so and oppression, and restored to the dig- think of is, the means' by which we are to 66 nified station of free men.- -Had I any obtain peace with this new and inost formi66 doubt of eventual success, I might ask dable enemy. The hired writers, unable so your assistance, but I do not.

I come any longer to keep from their readers the " prepared for every contingency—I have fact that war has taken place, are now af. " a force which will look down all opposi- fecting to treat the matter lightly ; to make "otion, and that force is but the van-guard the people of England believe, that the 6 of a much greater. If, contrary to your Americans will be driven out of Canada ;

own interests, and the just expectation that the people of America hate the war ; s of my country, you should take part and that, at any rate, the Congress will be " in the approaching contest, you will obliged to put an end to the war when the so be considered and treated as enemies, intelligence of the repeal of our Orders in 66 and the horrors and calamities of war will Council shall arrive at the seat of the An:is stalk before you. If the barbarous and rican government.

savage policy of Great Britain be pur- These being the assertions now most in " sued, and the savages let loose to murder vogue and most generally listened to, I will is our citizens and butcher our women and give your Royal Highness my reasons for “ children, this war will be a war of exter. disbelieving them. 66 mination. The first stroke of the toma- First, as to the probability of the Ame" hawk, the first attempt with the scalp ricans being baffled in their desigus upon So ing knife will be the signal of one indis- Canada, if the contest was a contest of man " criminate scene of desolation. No white lo man, upon ground wholly neutral, I " man found lighting by the side of an In- should say, that the advantage might be on “dian will be taken prisoner; instant de- our side; but, I am not sure that it would; so struction will be his lot. If the dictates for, the Americans have given repeated " of reaso, duty, justice, and humanity, proofs of their courage. They are, indeed,

cannot prevent the employment of a force known to be as brave as any people in the " whicla respects no rights, and knows no world. They are, too, volunteers, real

wrong, it will be prevented by a severe volunteers, in the service they are now the injuries which she alleges she has sus, the statesmen who adorn, and who have tained? If, there were in existence no adorned your and your royal Sire's court ; ground of dispute other than that of the and, I do not know of any maxim in pubOrders in Council, it appears to me, that lic law, or in diplomacy, that forbids a America could (especially with our par- republic any more than a monarchy to make liamentary evidence before her) never think such a demand. If we do allow that Ameof peace without a compensation for the 'rica has just cause of complaint, we canvessels seized illegally, as she says, under not well refuse her indemnity at least; if the Orders in Council. Otherwise she we do not allow that she has just cause of tells the world, that she may be always complaint, we do wrong, we act a base injured with impunity; because, the ut- and cowardly part, if wc desist from doing most that any nation has to apprehend from that which she complains of. her hostility is to be compelled to cease to Upon what ground it is, then, that Mr. violate her rights. Upon this principle Brougham expects an immediate cessation she may be exposed to a like attack the next of hostilities on the part of America I am day after she has made peace. Either, at a loss to discover. I am at a loss to therefore, she complains without cause; discover upon what ground it is that he or, the mere repeal of our Orders in Coun- has made his pledge, or, at least, the cil ought not to satisfy her.

pledge which has been attributed to him. Besides, Sir, it appears to me, that, Either he must look upon the Orders in even supposing that there were no other Council as the sole ground of the American ground for the war, on her part, than the declaration of war, or he must suppose existence of our Orders in Council, she is there to be other grounds. If he looks bound, in fairness towards the Emperor upon them as the sole ground, he must, I Napoleon, to obtain some kind of compen- think, suppose that America will not lay sation for what she has suffered from the down her arms without obtaining indemexecution of our Orders in Council after nity for such heavy losses as those Orders the time that he repealed his decrees. If bave occasioned her; and, if he looks upon she make peace with us, and place us 'up- the declaration as having been partly proon the same footing with Franice, without duced by other subjects of complaint, he obtaining such compensation, he will as- must necessarily suppose, that an adjustsuredly allege partiality against her, since ment as to those grounds of complaint she will have suffered us to continue to do must precede a cessation of hostilities. with impunity, for a year and a half, that Whatever pledges may have been given which she made him cease to do. It was, by any persons, it is for your Royal Hightherefore, I repeat it, matter of great sur- ness to lend an ear to the voice of reason; prise with me, that Mr. Brougham should and, I ain greatly deceived if that voice have given the pledge above-inentioned ; will not recommend to you an expression, though I hope your Royal Highness will as speedily as possible, of your readiness he advised better than to pursue measures to cause the officers of the feet to cease to that shall put him to the test.

impress any persons out of American ships. Compensation for the property seized This, as I have before had the honour to under our Orders in Council will, I think, assure your Royal Highness, is the combe demanded ; and, if the Orders be re- plaint which has, at last, in reality, procognized as a violation of the rights of duced the war between us and our AmeAmerica, I do not see upon what ground rican brethren. There have been many such compensation could be objected to; subjects of difference ; many grounds of but, Sir, as far as relates to ourselves, i quarrel, but this is what finds its way to trust, that the means of making such com- the hearts of the American people. They peasation would not be demanded of the would, I verily believe, have endured all people, but would be taken from those but this ; this, however, I knew they who have received the amount of the pro- would not endure, and I told your minisperty seized. With this, however, Ame- ters and the public so long ago. If I am rica has nothing to do: she can only de- asked whether I think, that the ceasing to mand compensation; but, she may extend impress people on board of American ships that demand to the amount of her expenses would cause many of our sailors to desert, I in fitting out ships of war and in raising answer, that I do not know; but, that I and sending forth an army. "Indemnily do not see why it should ? I do not see why "for the past and security for the future." Englishmen should like the American seris, Sir, a phrase not unknown amongst vice better than our own. And, really, I

must say, Sir, that I think, that to enter- sleek-headed man: though he wears neitain any such apprehension squares not well ther tails, nor bags, nor big wigs, nor with the tenor of our national songs about robes ; though he dresses in a pepper the valour and patriotism of our “ tars.and-salt coat and a nice dimity waistcoat, I think it exceedingly humiliating to us 10 knows a great deal more of our real situsuffer it to be said, or to act as if we said, ation than I believe many of your ministers that we must retain the power of impress-kuow of it; and, I should not wonder if ment, or personal seizure, on board Ame- he knew almost as much of it as your rican ships out at sea, for fear the giving Royal Highness's self does. He is a man, up of that power should cause our fleet to Sir, who is not to be led by our lireling be deserted. Sir, I am one of those who prints; he sees our gold at above five love to believe, that English seamen do pounds an ounce ; he has seen acts passed not want force to induce them to fight for which, in effect, force the circulation of their country. It is, in my eyes, a most our Bank notės; and, seeing this, he does mortifying thing to proclaim to the world, not want any body to tell him what is that we are likely to have war with Ame- coming; seeing this he will laugh at the rica, and that we appear to prefer war idea of our exhausting the resources of with America to the giving up of the means America, the capital of whose whole debt of detecting and seizing English sailors, does not amount to a tenth part of one deserters from the King's service. This so half year's interest upon our debt. This badly comports with all our assertions re- ground of hope is, Sir, more visionary specting the freedom we enjoy, and also than any other. Indeed, they are all respecting our devotion to our King and equally visionary. There is no hope of our glorious constitution; for, it appears any thing but loss and injury to us by a to me, that, if the world believe in the war with America. necessity of this power of impressment, it I have now done all that I am able to must think either that our boastings of our prevent this calamity. If the war proceed, blessed state are untrue, or, that our sailors í shall say as little about it as circuinstances are not the most wise or the most loyal set will permit. I have lost no occasion of of nien.

I am for wiping off this stigma; endeavouring to put aside this evil; and, and, without crying or fainting away, as when the result of the contest shall be laSir Vicary Gibbs is reported to have done mented; when those who now rejoice at at Horsemonger Lane, I am for showing the idea of doing mischief to free men, the Yankees and the whole world, that we shall be weeping over their folly, I trust want no terror to keep our seamen to their that your Royal Highness will have the duty ; that we are not afraid of their sculk. justice to remember, that this war had ing from our fleet to take refuge in Ame- always a decided opponent in your faithful rican ships; that we entertain not the dis- servant, graceful apprehension, that those who have

WM. COBBETT, once had the honour to sail under the royal flag of the House of Hanover will Bolley, 15th Seplember, 1812. ever prefer that of the American or any other republic.

SUMMARY OF POLITICS. Honour, Sir, as well as policy seem to Paper AGAINST GOLD). By the last ' me to dictate the giving up of this power ; price current I see that the Gold Coin is and, as the giving of it up might, and, as now £ 5. 8s. the ounce in Bank notes. Of I think, would cause the restoration of course a real guinea will sell for about peace between England and America, 1 £1. 10s. The following article from the will not be persuaded that such a measure Morning Chronicle of the 15th instant condoes not accord with the wishes of your tains very curious matter upon this subject. Royal Highness.

“ The scarcity of money becomes every As to * the exhausting of the resources day more and more inconvenient. Per! !! of America, which now begins to be " sons, evidently agents, with great pow. talked off by that most corrupt of news- ers of drawing on London Bankers, have papers, the Times, I do most earnestly opened accounts with Country Bankers, beseech your Royal Highness to bear in " for the purpose of getting their local : mind how long the late Pittpromised" notes ; and with these they go into shops, this deluded nation that he would exhaust 66 fairs, and even Farmers' houses, to buy the resources of republican France ! up guineas, as well as silver. They pay Mr. Madison, though a very plain-dressed, for them in these country bank notes,


upon. The American army does not con- | Congress is the real representative of the sist of a set of poor creatures, whom mi- people; there are no sham elections ; no sery and vice have made soldiers; it does buyings and sellings of votes and of false not consist of the off-casts and out-casts of oaths; but the members are the unbought, the country. It consists of a band of free- uncorrupted, unenslaved agents of the peomeu, who understand things, and who are ple, and, if they cease to speak the sentiready to fight for what they understand ; ments of those who elect them, they are put and not of a set of half-cripples; of crea- out of the Congress at the end of a very tures that require to be trussed up in order few months. It is, therefore, not only to prevent them from falling to pieces. · It false, but stupid, to affect to believe that is the youth; the strong, the active, the the war is unpopular, and that the govern. hardy, the sound youth of America whom menl is odious in the eyes of the people. our army in Canada have to face; and,'| The whole of the government is of the though I do not say, that the latter will be people. All its members are chosen by unable to resist them, yet I must say, that them; and, if it ceased to please them, it I fear they will not, when I consider, that would soon cease to exist. Nothing, therethe Americans can, with ease, pour in a fore, can be so absurd as to suppose that a force of forty or fifty thousand men, and measure so important as that of war has when I hear it stated, that we have not been adopted against the will of the people. above fourteen or fifteen thousand men in This opinion has been attempted to be Canada, exclusive of the Militia, - upon sustained upon the evidence of a riot at whom I do not know what degree of reli- Baltimore, che object of which was the siance is to be placed. After all, however, lencing of a news-paper, and the end of the question of success in the invasion of which was bloodshed on both sides. But, Canada, will, as in the cases of France and from this fact the exactly contrary conclus : Holland, depend wholly upon the people of sion ought to be drawn. The news-paper Canada. If they have reason to fight for in question was, it appears, hostile lo the their present government; if they be con- war ; and, therefore, a riot, in order to sivinced, that a change of government would lence such paper, cannot be considered as a make their lot worse, they will, of course, proof of unpopularity attached to the war. rise and light against the invaders, and then The truth appears to have been, that the our commander may safely set General Hull editor of the paper was pretty notorious as at defiance; but, if the people of Canada being bribed to put forth what gave so much should have been inveigled to believe, that offence to the people, who were, upon this a change of government would be for their particular occasion, unable to imitate the benefit, I must confess that I should greatly tolerant conduct of their government. It doubt in our power of resistance. It will was, however, very wrong to assail the corbe quite useless for us ia reproach the peo- rupt tool by force. He should have been ple of Canada with their want of zeal in left to himself; for, though this species of defence of their country. We have re- attack upon the liberty of the press is far proached the Dutch, and the Italians, and less injurious to that liberty than the base the Hanoverians for the like; but, . Sir, it attacks, dictated by despotism, and masked answers no purpose. Such reproaches do under the visor of forins dear to freedom; not tend to drive out the invaders ; nor do still it is an allack; it is answering statethey tend to deter other nations froni follow- ments or arguments by violence; by someing the example of the invaded party. thing other than statement and argument. What a whole nation wills must, sooner or Therefore, I disapprove of the attack; but later, take place.

I cannot consider it as a mark of the unpo. As to the second assertion, that the peo- pularity of the war, of the precise contrary ple of America hate the war, I must say, of which it is, indeed, a very bad proof. that I have seen no proof of such hatred. Much having, in our hired news-papers, The Americans, being a reflecting people heea said of this riot; it having been reand a people resolutely bent upon preserv- presented as a proof of bad government in ing their freedom, have a general hatred of Ainerica, and (which is more to iny prewar, as being, generally speaking, hostile sent purpose) as a sign of approaching anarto that freedom. But, in the choice of chy, tending to the overthrow of that go. evils, if war should appear the least evil, vernment which has declared war against they will not fail to take it; and, indeed, us, I must trespass a little furtlier upon they have taken it; for, in America, it is this head, to beg your Royal Highness to really the people who declare war; the believe nothing that the hired men say upon the subject. When the war with France Highness my opinion, that the mere repeal began in 1793; that war which appears of the Orders in Council would not satisfy not to promise any end; when that war the people of America. Įt was, therefore, began, many riots took place in England with no small degree of surprise, that I saw against those who were opposed to the war; (from the reports in the news papers), that many houses were destroyed; many print. Mr. Brougham had pledged himself to suping-offices demolished ; many booksellers port the ministers in a war against America, put to flight; many men were totally ruin- if she should not be satisfied with their ed, and that, too, by mobs marching and measure of repeal. I was surprised at burning and killing under banners on which this, because Mr. Brougham must have were inscribed “CHURCH AND KING.” seen, that she complained of the impresso Now, as there was not a general anarchy ment of her seamen, and of divers other to follow these things in England, I beg things, which she deemed to be injuries. your Royal Highness not to be persuaded to Besides, did Mr: Brougham imagine, that believe, that anarchy will follow the de- our two years' nearly of refusal to repeal molishing of a printing-office in the United were to go off without any thing done by States of America, where there are more us in the way of compensation? The hisnervs-papers than there are in all Europe, tory of the transaction is this: The Amethis country included. Once more, how-rican President announces in 1810, that, ever, I express my disapprobation, and even unless we repeal our Orders by a certain my abhorrence, of that demolition ; which day, in the same way that France had was the less excusable, as the assailants had done, a certain law shall go into force freedom, real freedom of the press, to an- against us. We do not comply; we continue swer any thing which the bribed printer in what he calls a violation of bis country's might publish, and even to publish an rights for a year and a half after the time account of his bribery. Such, however, appointed for repealing; at the end of that appears to have been the popular feeling in time an inquiry takes place in parliament, favour of the war, that no consideration and two volumes are published, containing was of sufficient weight to restrain the re, evidence of the ruinous consequences to us sentment of the people against a man who of the measure which America has adopted. was daily declaiming against that mea- Thereupon we repeal. But, Sir, Mr. sure.

Brougham can hardly want to be told, that : If we conclude, as, I think, we must, America has made no promise to be satisfied that the people of America were in favour with any repeal which should take place of the war at the time when it was declar- after her act should go into effect. Indeed, ed, the next thing to be considered is, what she has never made any such promise ; nor effect the intelligence of the repeal of our was it to be supposed, that, when she saw Orders in Council will have in America. that her measure of exclusion was ruining The question is, in short, whether that in- us, she would be content with our merely telligence will make such a change in the doing that which was calculated to save sentiments of the people of America as lo ourselves. This, in fact, is our language produce peace. I think it will not. There to her: we refused to repeal our Orders are some persons in England who seem to till we found that the not repealing of them believe, that the receipt of that intelligence was injurious lo ourselves, and, therefore, will, at once, put an end to the war; for, we now repeal them, and, in consequence, they do not appear to consider any treaty call upon you to act as if we had never renecessary to the restoration of peace with sused. America.

This, Sir, is what no nation can be sup. Not only must there be a negociation posed to listen to. We do what America and a brealy, or convention, before there deems an injury; we do what she says is can be peace, or even a suspension of arms; sufficient to justify her in-declaring war but, I am of opinion, that no such treaty or against us. And, after a while, we deconvention will be made without inore sist; but notoriously because proof has being done by us than merely the repealing been produced that perseverance is injuof our Orders in Council, which removes rious to ourselves. In the meanwhile she but a part, and not, by any means, the declares war to compel us to do that which greatest part, of the grievances of which we have done before we hear of her declathe Americans complain. So long ago as ration. And, under these circumstances, the inonth of February

as will be seen can we expect her to disarm, until she has by my motto, I expressed to your Royal obtained something like indemnification for

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