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of parliament, your honourable House, act to have discovered; but the means taken ing up to the laudable jealousy of your pre- by candidates to obtain, and by electors decessors, and speaking the pure, constitu- tó bestow that honour, evidently appear tional language of a British House of Com- to have been increasing in a progressive inons resolve, as appears by your journals, degree of fraud and corruption. Your " That no peer of this realm hath any right petitioners are induced to make this asserto give his vote in the election of any mem- tion by the legislature having found it neber to serve in parliament ;” and also, cessary, during the last and present reigns “That it is a high infringement upon the so much to swell the statute book with liberties and privileges of the Commons of laws for the prevention of those offences. Great Britain, for any Lord of Parliament, As far as conjecture can lead your peor any Lord-lieutenant of any county, to titioners, they must suppose that the in: concern themselves in the elections of mem- creasing national debt, and the consequent bers to serve for the Commons in Parlia- increase of influence, are the causes of the ment."- Your Petitioners inform your increased eagerness of individuals to behonourable House, and are ready to prove come members of the House of Commons, it at your bar, that they have the most rea- and of their indifference as to the means sonable grounds to suspect that no less than used to gratify their speculations. TQ one hundred and fifly of your honourable prove that they do not state this wantonly, members owe their elections entirely to the or without substantial grounds, they hum. interference of Peers; and your Petitioners bly beg to call your attention to the folare prepared to shew by legal evidence, that lowing table, all the vouchers for which forty Peers, in defiance of your resolutions, are to be found in the journal of your hohave possessed themselves of so many burg- nourable House, or in different Acts of age lenures, and obtained such an absolule Parliament.
It is upon this evidence of and uncontroled command in very many the increase of taxes, establishments and small boroughs in the kingdom, as to be influence, and the increase of larvs found enabled by their own positive authorily necessary to repel the increasing attacks to return eighly-one of your honourable upon the purity and freedom of elections, members.- -Your Petitioners will, how that your Petitioners conceive it high time ever, urge this grievance of the interference to inquire into the premises.Your Peof peers in elections no farther, becausé titioners are conGident that in what they they are satisfied that it is unnecessary. have stated, they are supported by the evi. Numbers of your honourable members dence of facts, and they trust that, in conmust individually have known the fact, but veying those facts to your honourable collectively your honourable House has un House, they have not been betrayed into doubtedly been a stranger to it. It is now the language of reproach or disrespect. brought before you by those who tender Anxious to preserve in its purity a constig evidence of the truth of what they assert, tution they love and admire, they have and they conceive it would be improper in thought it their duty to lay before you, them to ask that by petition, which must be not general speculations deduced from theo looked for as the certain result of your retical opinions, but positive truths suscepown honourable attachment to your own tible of direct proof; and if in the performliberties and privileges.Your Petition- ance of this task, they have been obliged to ers have thus laid before your honourable call your attention to assertions which you House, what the mischiefs are which arise have not been accustomed to hear, and from the present state of the representation, which they lament that they are compelled and what they conceive to be the grounds of to make, they entreat the indulgence of those mischiefs, and therefore pray to have your honourable House: Your Petiremoved. They now humbly beg leave tioners will only further trespass upon your to offer their reasons, why they are anxious time, while they recapitulate the objects that some remedy should be immediately of their prayer, which are,—That your applied. Your Petitioners trust they honourable House will be pleased to take may be allowed to state, because they are such measures, as to your wisdom may ready to prove, that seats in your honour- seem meet, to remove the evils arising able House are sought for at a most extra- from the unequal manner in which the difvagant and increasing rate of expense. ferent parts of the kingdom are admitted What can have so much augmented the to participate in the representation.ambition to sit in your honourable House, To correct the partial distribution of the your petitioners do not presume accurately elective franchise, which commits the choice of representatives to select bodies should again press upon those who have of men of such limited numbers, as renders power to treat, to lose no time in offering them an easy prey to the artful, or a ready Napoleon terms of peace, though I begin purchase to the wealthy. To regulate to fear, that the golden opportunity is the right of voting upon an uniform and gone, never to return. The terms, which equitable principle.--Aud, finally, to offended us, only a few months ago, appeared shorten the duration of Parliaments, and to me, for the reasons I then gave, to be by removing the causes of that confusion, perfectly fair and equitable ; and, indeed, litigation and expense, with which they such as I could not possibly trace to any are at this day conducted, to render fre- source, other than that of his doubts as to quent and nerv elections, what our ances- success against Russia ; and, therefore, I tors at the revolution asserted them to be, must lainent, that they were not accepted the means of a happy union and good agree- of; for, if success attend him in the North, ment between the king and people.
it would be an insult to common sense to And your petitioners shall ever pray." affect to believe, that we shall ever hear
To the allegations in this Petition, which of such terms again. -As to the war in were never contradicted, I shall only add the the Southern Peninsula, that will follow facts relating to the charge brought against the fortunes of the war in the North; bePERCEVAL and his associates Castlereagh cause, when once the French armies are and H. Wellesley, in 1809; which facts let loose from their present enterprise, they were as follows: That, on the 11th of will pour in upon Spain like a deluge ; May, in the last mentioned year, Mr. and, if they be defeated in the North, the Madocks rose in his place in the House of contest in Spain will soon be decided against Commons, and made a charge in the fol- France. My opinion is, however, that lowing words .--" I affirm, that Mr. Napoleon will succeed; that he will bring “ Dick purchased a seat in the House of the Czar to his terms; and that he will
Commons for the borough of Cashel, next bend his course towards Portugal, " through the agency of the Honourable and afford the King's German Legion an“ HENRY WELLESLEY, who acted for, other opportunity to " distinguish them. " and ou behalf of, the Treasury; that, “ selves.”. -They may beat him; it is
upon a recent question of the last im- possible; but, IF THEY SHOULD portance, when Mr. Dick had deter. NOT! If they should not beat him? mined to vote according to his conscience, Why, then it will be time for us to begin
the noble Lord, CASTLEREACH, did in to look about us; unless, like the Russians, “timate to that gentleman the necessity of we are made to believe, that the advance " either his voting with the Government, of the enemy and the retreat of our own
or resigning his seal in that House; and troops are proofs of his being defeated. " that Mr. Dick, sooner than vote against Accompanying their last Bulletins, the
principle, did make choice of the latter French have given the world a specimen “ alternative, and vacated his seat accord- of the way, in which the Russian People “ ingly. To this transaction I charge the are gulled. But, really, they are not “ Right Honourable Gentleman, Mr. Per- more completely gulled than are the people " CEVAL, as being privy, and having con- of England, who believe just what the Rus" nived at it. This I will ENGAGE TO signs believe, and who will never be un“ PROVE BY WITNESSES AT YOUR deceived, till they actually see the treaty, " BAR, if the House will give me leave to which Napoleon will make with the Czar. $ call them.”—That, at the end of a debate, which ensued upon this, the question Canada. The Governor of Upper was taken upon a motion FOR AN IN- Canada has, it appears, assembled the LeQUIRY into the matter ; there appears, gislature, in consequence of the American from the report, to have been 395 mem- invasion. He, in his speech to them, talks bers present; and, out of the 395, 85 vot- in a pretty high strain of the loyalty and ed for the motion, which, of course, was devotion of the people; but, he calls upon lost, there being three hundred and ten out the Legislature for A SUSPENSION OF of ihree hundred and ninety five, who THE LAWS OF PERSONAL SAFETY. yoted AGAINST THE INQUIRY.
He says, that he wants an act to restrain Now let the world judge!
for a limited period the liberty of indivi
duals;" and in this, he says, he is warSUMMARY OF POLITICS. ranted by " the history and experience of -NORTHERN WAR. -If I had room, I the mother country.”— -This would be all in regular course, only the Governor talks, the line, commanded by Gen. Frederick. in the very same breath, of the loyalty and General Bagration was arrived at Novoi zeal of the people! But, amidst all this, Brickow; he intended giving battle, in orit does creep out, that “ A FEW TRAI. der to enter Mohilow; he had four diviTORS have already joined the enemy. sions of infantry, 5,000 Cossacks, and What! Traitors in Canada! Traitors! 8,000 cavalry, being in the whole 35,000 A few, a few, only a few! Well, then, men. I had at Mohilow only the 57th, why suspend the Habeas Corpus Act? 61st, and 111th regiments of the division But, no more. A little time will, I am of Campans (the 23d, together with the certain, unriddle the mystery.
brigade of Pajol and the 1st of chasseurs, I
had left on the Berezira to cover Minsk), WM. COBBETT.
the 85th and the 108th of the division DesBolley, 30th September, 1812.
saix, General Valence's division of cuiras-
herewith transmit your Highness a sketch,
appeared to me a proper place for duly re
ceiving the enemy. In the night of the NORTHERN WAR.— Fourteenth Bullelin of 22d, I caused the bridge which lies on the
the French Grand Army.- (Continued grand route to be barricadoed, and destroyfrom page 414.)
ed the inn which is situated next to it. The vitsch, and the General of Artillery Aubry, mill-bridge on the right was cut by a comwho directed the artillery of the 2d corps pany of sappers, and the houses in the with great distinction. General Merle, neighbourhood pulled down. The 85th with only a part of his division, repulsed was charged with the defence of these with great skill an attack which the enemy posts, and in case of being attacked, to made on our left, to protect their retreat to keep them, in order to give time for the the wood. The Croats distinguished them- other troops stationed between this place selves in this charge, supported by a part and Mohilow 10 arrive. These disposiof General Castex's cavalry. In general I tions being taken, I myself retired to Modemand the consideration of his Majesty; hilow, to press the arrival of the division the troops have meriied encouragement and Claperede, and of the troops detached by rewards. His Majesty will give me great General Pajol.- On the 23d, at 7 o'clock pleasure by dispensing his favour on M. de in the morning, I received a report of thie Maille, my Aid-de-Camp, the bearer of advanced posts being attacked.' At eight this letter, whose zeal I have every reason o'clock I found the 83d regiment very spifor praising. I have also nothing but eulo- ritedly attacked ; General Frederick, who giums to bestow upon the Chiefs of the 2d commanded it, had taken good dispositions, and 6th corps.- I have the honour to be, and during the whole of the day has shewn your Highness's most obedient and very light artillery of his division, and that of
the 85th, had been disposed on the pre-
mischievous, and in about an hour after the Report of the Prince of Eckmuhl to the combat had began they bad already killed Prince Major-General Doubrowna, the above 500 Russians. Twelve or Gfteen 7th Aug.
pieces of Russian artillery came out of the Monseigneur,— I have the honour to lay wood, and were ranged in order of battle before your Highness the report of the af- on the mill plain, where the bridge had fair which took place on the 23d July, in been destroyed. The Russian regiments of front of Mobilow, between a part of the infantry formed themselves. A battalion troops belonging to the 1st corps, and the of the 108th was sent to sustain the com. Russian corps under Prince Bagration.-Ipanies of the 85th, which were on the entered Mohilow on the 20th, and on the bridge. Some pieces of artillery were op21st the 3d regiment of chasseurs were at posed to those of the Russians. The tacked by the van-guard of Prince Bagra- combat became exceedingly lively on this tion, who wished to occupy this important side, and the enemy's force increased with town. The regiment lost 100 men, and every moment. The battalion of the 108th, were driven out. - On the 22d I placed which had repulsed the Russians, was in position the 83d regiment of infantry of obliged to yield to numbers. General Gu
Horodetzka. After having passed the de- | Podubuc.' When the 'advanced guards file at Kosebrod, it took the road of Bizese after having debouched from the wood, apby Zabra, where it took a position. At the peared on the Aank and rear of the enemy, commencement of night the advanced guard they caused a part of the 9th and 15th dia advanced to Podubno, and occupied the visions to change its front, and directed on small dike which crosses the marshes to the the advanced guard the fire of a numerous firm ground at Podubno, and which is not artillery, which dismounted several pieces passable for artillery; it drove off the ene- of the iwo batteries of Saxon and Austrian my's posts of cavalry which observed the light artillery. The arrival of the first passage, and established posts in advance division with other artillery, supported the of the marsh, which extend from beyond advanced guard; it extended itself behind Horodetzka to the entry of the wood of the left of the enemy. The brigade of Podubno.
Austrian infantry of General Sillenberg,
sent by the Prince Schwartzenberg to GeneREPORT OF THE 12TH OF AUGUST.
ral Regnier, placed itself between the left
of the first division and the extremity of the The reconnoitrings sent early into the wood : that General was soon afterwards wood of Podubuc, on the roads of Brzesc wounded, and Lieutenant-General Bianchi and Twele occupied the debouche of the took the command of this brigade.- -The wood upon the two roads, and made some second Saxon division, composed only of Russian Uhlans prisoners at Kiwatice. the brigade of General Saar, also passed the Some patrols of infantry, passing the wood, and placed itself before the left of marshes by Zabia, took several of the ene- the Austrian brigade : it was soon attacked my's horsemen, who were seeking their by the enemy, who endeavoured to take horses, which had run off during the night the wood. This brigade repulsed several into the marshes. At eight in the morn- attacks, and was seconded by the Austrian ing, a strong column of the enemy's infan troops which occupied Podubuc, and sent try, which it was afterwards known was the tirailleurs into the marshes. It endeavour9th and 15th divisions, with a brigade of ed, after having repulsed the attacks of the cavalry, appeared on the heights between enemy upon the wood, to possess itself of Zambosc and the farm of Podubuc, attack the heights which command the dike of ed the posts that had passed the dike which Podubuc.—This brigade was supported crosses the marshes, and forced them to by two batteries of six pieces of cannon fall back to the entrance of the dike: this each, and the fire of the artillery of the column formed upon the heights, placed first division, as also by that of the Austrian there in battery 30 pieces of cannon, and batteries placed near Podubuc; but this sent infantry into the marshes to possess was the point which the enemy most obstis themselves of the dike which the advanced nately defended, because they feared that if guard deferided.The corps d'armée they abandoned it, the Austrian troops began its march to support the advanced which were at Podubuc might pass the guard, placed itself before Podubuc, and marshes and augment the forces which were forced the enemy to give up the attack of on their Aank and rear. They continually the dike. The advanced guard, composed directed fresh troops against the brigade of of a battalion of light infantry, a battalion General Saar.-A regiment of dragoons of light artillery, hussars, the light horse charged the second regiment of Saxon light of Polentz, and Saxon lancers, supported infantry, which immediately formed with by the Austrian regiments of light horse of the greatest order in square, and repulsed Hohenzollern and Orcily, sent by the Prince the charge. During this time the cavalry of Schwartzenberg, put itself in march to of the advanced guard extended towards turn the marsh, traversed the wood, which the right, nearly to the great road to Kothe enemy had only caused to be observed bryn, and connected itself with the first diby the regiment of dragoons of Czernikow- vision, which was in the same direction; ski and Uhlan Tartars, and placed itself at but which could not advance so far.the debouche of this wood on the road to The enemy's cavalry extended from the Twele. The first division of the 7th elevated plain of-Podubuc to Zawanies, on corps followed the movements of its advance the road to Kobryn, and was supported by ed guard about ten o'clock, and the second a numerous artillery and by a part of the division followed it to the entrance of the enemy's 13th division, which remained in Wood as soon as the Austrian division of the morning before Horodetzka, and had General Siegenthal arrived to replace it at come to take position at some distance from
444 the left of the 15th division. All this line soon as the light artillery.
great was furnished with a very numerous artil- number of the enemy were killed and taken lery. The enemy's cavalry attempted a in this pursuit. Exact accounts, by which charge against the right of the cavalry, but to estimate their loss in the actions of the was repulsed by the regimeut of Austrian 12th and 13th, have not yet been obtained, dragoons of Hohenzollern, and the Saxon because the field of battle was very extenlight horse of Polentz, which made a very sive, and the prisoners are not collected, fine charge, and took several prisoners. but it cannot be estimated at less than 3,000 A moment after this charge General Fre-in killed, wounded, and prisoners. The lich arrived to reinforce the cavalry of the inhabitants of Kobryn say, that a great numright with two Austrian regiments of hus- ber of wounded have passed through that
Towards evening, General Regnier place, and many still remain on the field of caused a new effort to be made by the bri-battle. Statements of the loss of the 7th gade of General Saar, to possess himself of corps have not yet been made out, but it the elevated plain of Podubuc. He caused may be estimated at 1,000 killed or woundthis to be supported by an Austrian batta- ed.--The Saxon troops displayed the lion of the division of General Bianchi and greatest bravery; the brigade of General the tirailleurs of the first division, while Saar fought and attacked with infinite vi. thetirailleurs of the troops, which the Prince gour, and the division of General Lacoq of Schwartzenberg had at Podubuc, tra- supported with calmness a very great fire versed the marshes.- - The elevated plain of artillery. The tirailleurs march with was taken possession of, but night termi- ardour upon the enemy. The artillery was nated the combat, and prevented the perfectly well directed, and well sustained enemy, who had then begun their retreat, the fire of the enemy, who had a superior from being pursued. At the same time the artillery, of which many pieces were discavalry had orders to send out several-par-mounted. - The General Commander in ties and patrols towards Twele, on the road Chief of the 7th corps of the Grand Army, to Kobryn, and a commissary was taken,
Kobryn, Aug. 13.
REGNIER. who confirmed the retreat of the enemy.
REPORT OF THE 13TH OF AUGUST.
BATTLE OF SALAMANCA. Report of At five in the morning, the troops began
Marshal the Duke of Ragusa to the Mitheir march to attack the enemy, who were
nisier at War. -Tudela, July 31. retreating on the road of Kobryn, but who Monsieur -The interruption of the comhad still a rear-guard on the heights be-munications with France since the opening tween Horodetzka and Zanrlym. The right of the campaign having prevented me from of the cavalry, which was reinforced by giving you the successive accounts of the the Austrian regiment of dragoons of Le- events which have passed, I shall comvenchr, took its direction upon Twele, and mence this Report from the moment at placed itself to the left of this village, in which the English began operations; and I order to cut off the retreat of the enemy, am going to have the honour to place bewho were in haste to effect it, and were fore you in detail all the movements, which briskly cannonaded on the road till the ca- have been executed, to the unhappy event valry had entered Twele, where the enemy that has just taken place, and which we had a rear-guard of infantry, which retired were far from expecting.- - In the month as soon as it saw this movement. -The of May, I was informed the English army Prince of Schwartzenberg then caused the would open the campaign with very pow. cavalry of the enemy, which was between erful means. I informed the King of it, in Twele and Sulkow, to be charged, and order that he might adopt such dispositions they were pursued, retiring in the greatest as he thought proper, and I likewise acdisorder upon Kobryn, where, however, quainted General Caffarelli with it, that they did not dare lo stop. A regiment he might take measures for sending me of infantry, which was at Kobryn, behind succours when the moment should have the Muchawice, and had begun to burn the arrived. The extreme difficulty in probridge, fled on the arrival of the hussars curing subsistence, and the impossibility and Saxon light artillery. Two batteries, of provisioning the troops when assembled, served by Saxon gunners on foot, which prevented me from having more than 8 or had been advanced in the morning, along 9 battalions in Salamanca, but all were in with the cavalry, arrived at Kobryn as readiness to join me in a few days.---On