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the 12th June the enemy's army passed the same time the enemy's attacks and the fire Agueda : on the 14th, in the morning, I which destroyed their defences, magazines, was informed of it, and the order for as and provisions, and placed the soldiers sembling was given to the troops. On the themselves in the most dreadful situation. 16th the English army arrived before Sa- It was then obliged to surrender at discrelamanca.-

-In the night between the 16th tion, after having had the honour of reand 17th I evacuated that town, leaving, pulsing two assaults, and causing the enenevertheless, a garrison in the forts I had my a loss of more 1,300 men, viz. double constructed, and which, hy the extreme their own force. This event happened on activity used in their construction, were in the 28th at noon.—The enemy having a state of defence. I marched six leagues no further object by this operation, past from Salamanca, and then having collected the Tormes, and on the contrary, every five divisions, I approached that town; I thing indicating that it would be prudent drove before me the English advanced to await the reinforceinents announced in posts, and obliged the enemy's army to a formal manner by the army of the North, shew what attitude it reckoned upon tak- I decided on re-approaching the Douro, and ing; it appeared determined to fight upon passing that river in case the enemy should the fine rising ground and strong position march towards us, and there to take up a of San Christoval. The remainder of the good line of defence until such time as the army joined me; I maneuvred round that moment for acting on the offensive should position, but I acquired the certainty that appear. On the 28th, the army departed it every where presented obstacles difficult and took a position on the Guarena, on the to be conquered, and that it was better to 29th, on the Trabanjos, where it sojournforce the enemy to come upon another field ed.--The eneiny having followed the of battle, than enter into action with them movement with the whole of his forces, upon ground which gave them too many the army took a position on the Zopardiel, advantages; besides, different reasons made and on the 2d it passed the Douro, at me desire to prolong the operations—for I Tordesillas, a place which I chose for the had just received a letter from General pivot of iny mutions. The line of the Caffarelli, which announced to me that he Douro is excellent. I made with detail had collected his troops, and was going to every disposition which might render sure march to succour me, whilst my presence a good desence of this river, and I had no would have suspended the siege of the fort cause to doubt my being able to defeat of Salamanca. Things remained in this every enterprise of the enemy, in case they state for some days, and the armies in pre- should attempt the passage. The 3d, besence of each other, when the siege of the ing the day after that we had passed the fort of Salamanca vigorously recommenced. Douro, he made several assemblages of his On account of the trilling distance which forces, and some slight attempts to effect there was between the French army and this passage to Pollos, a point which, for the place, and by means of the signals him, would be very advantageous. The agreed upon, I was every day informed of troops which I had disposed, and a few the situation of the place. Those on the cannon shot, were sufficient to make him 26th and 27th, informed me that the fort immediately give up his enterprise. In could hold out five days; then I decided continual expectation of receiving succours to execute the passage of the Tormes, and from the army of the North, which had act upon the left bank. The fort of Alba, been promised in so solemn and reiterated which I had carefully preserved, gave me a manner, I endeavoured to add, by my a passage over that river, a new line of own industry, to the means of the army. operations, and an important point of sup- My cavalry was much inferior to that of port. I made dispositions for executing the enemy. The English had nearly 5,000 this passage on the night between the 28th horse, English or German, without countand 29th. During the night of the 27th, ing the Spaniards formed into regular the fire redoubled, and the enemy, fa- troops. I had no more than 2,000. With tigued with a resistance which to them this disproportion, in what manner could appeared exaggerated, fired red-hot balls one maneuvre his enemy? How avail

, upon the fort. Unfortunately its maga- one's self of any advantage that might be zines contained a large quantity of wood, obtained ? I had but one means of augit took fire, and in an instant the fort was menting my cavalry, and that was by tako in flames. It was impossible for the brave ing the useless horses for the service of the garrison who defended it to support, at the

To be continued.)

As illustrated in the Prosecution and Punishment of

WILLIAM COBBETT. 447]

[448 In order that my countrymen and that the two sureties in the sum of 1,000 ponnds each; world may not be deceived, duped, and cheated that the whole of this sentence has been executed upon this subject, I, WILLIAM COBBETT, upon me, that I have been imprisoned the two of Botley, in Hampshire, put upon record years, have paid the thousand pounds TO THE the following facts; to wit: That, on the 24th KING, and have given the bail, Timothy Brown Jnne, 1809, the following article was pub- and Peter Walker, Esqrs. being my sureties; lished in a London news-paper, called the that the Attorney General was Sir Vicary Gibbs, COURIER :- -" The Mutiny amongst the LO- the Judge who sat at the trial Lord Ellenborongh, « CAL MILITIA, which broke out at Ely, was the four Jndges who'sat at passing sentence Ellenfortunately suppressed on Wednesday by the borough, Grose, Le Blanc, and Bailey; and that « arrival of four squadrons of the GERMAN the jurors were, Thomas Rhodes of Hampstead “ LEGION CAVALRY from Bury, under the Road, John Davis of Southampton Place, James « command of General Auckland. Five of the Ellis of Tottenham Court Road, John Richards “ ringleaders were tried by a Court-Martial, and of Bayswater, Thomas Marsham of Baker Street, « sentenced to receive 500 lashes each, part of which Robert Heathcote of High Street Marylebone, “punishment they received on Wednesday, and John Mand of York Place Marylebone, George

à part was remitted. A stoppage for their knup- Bagster of Church Terrace Pancras, Thomas “ sacks was the ground of the complaint that ex. | Taylor of Red Lion Square, David Deane of St. “ cited this mutinous spirit, which occasioned John Street, William Palmer of Upper Street "the men to surround their officers, and demand Islington, Henry Fayre of Pall Mall; that the « what they deemed their arrears. The first Prime Ministers during the time were Spencer “ division of the German Legion halted yesterday Perceval, until he was shot by John Bellipgham, " at Newmarket on their return to Bury.". and after that Robert B. Jenkinson, Earl of LiThat, on the 1st July, 1809, I published, in the verpool; that the prosecution and sentence took Political Register, an article censuring, in the place in the reign of King George the Third, and strongest terms, these proceedings; that, for so that, he having become insane during my impridoing, the Attorney General prosecuted, as sedi-sonment, the 1,000 pounds was paid to his son, tious libellers, and by Ex-Officio Information, the Prince Regent, in his behalf; that, during my me, and also my printer, my publisher, and one imprisonment, I wrote and pnblished 364 Essays of the principal retailers of the Political Register; and Letters upon political subjects; that, during that I was brought to trial on the 15th June, the same time, I was visited by persons from 197 1810, and was, by a Special Jury, that is to say, cities and towns, many of them as a sort of depuby 12 men ont of 48 appointed

by the Master of ties from Societies or Clubs; that, at the expira. the Crown Office; found guilty; that, on the tion of my imprisonment, on the 9th of July, 1812, 20th of the same month, I was compelled to give a great dinner was given in Londou for the purbail for my appearance to receive judgment;pose of receiving me, at which dinner upwards of and that, as I came up from Botley (to which 600 persons were present, and at which Sir place I had returned to my family and my farm Francis Burdett presided; that dinners and other on the evening of the 15th), a Tipstaff went parties were held on the same occasion in many down from London in order to seize me, per other places in England; that, on my way home, sonally ; that, on the 9th of July, 1810, I, toge. I was received at Ålton, the first town in Hampa ther with my printer, publisher, and the news shire, with the ringing of the Church bells; that man, were brought into the Court of King's a respectable company met me and gave me a Bench to receive judgment; that the three dinner at Winchester; that I was drawn from former were sentenced to be imprisoned for more than the distance of a mile into Botley by some months in the King's Bench prison; that I the people; that, upon my arrival in the village, was sentenced to be imprisoned for two years in I found all the people assembled to receive me; Newgate, the great receptacle for malefactors, that I concluded the day by explaining to them and the front of which is the scene of numerous the canse of my imprisonment, and by giving hangings in the course of every year; that the them clear notions respecting the flogging of the part of the prison in which I was sentenced to be Local Militia-men at Ely, and respecting the em. confined is sometimes inhabited by felons, that ployment of German Troops; and, finally, which felons were actually in it at the time I entered is more than a compensation for my losses and all it; that one man was taken out of it to be trans- my sufferings, I am in perfect health and strength, ported in abont 48 hours after I was put into the and, though I must, for the sake of six children, same yard with him; and that it is the place of feel the diminution that has been made in my confinement for men

guilty of unnatural crinies, property (thinking it right in me to decline the of whom there are four in it at this time ; that, offer of a subscription), I have the consolation to besides this imprisonment, I was sentenced to

see growing up three sons, upon whose hearts, I pay a thousand pounds TO THE KING, and to trust, all these facts will be engraven. give "security for my good behaviour for seven

WM. COBBETT. years, myself in the sum of 3,000 pounds, and Botley, July 23, 1818.

Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent-Garden.

LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black Horse-Court, Fleet-street.

Vol. XXII, No. 15.7 LONDON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1812. [Price Is.

449)

[450 Winchester, 7th Oct. 1812. sion of assuring you, that, I will never, My readers, when they have read the either by myself, or by any dependent on following Address, will, I am sure, think mé, receive in any shape, or under any it natural and right, that I should devote name, a single farthing of the people's the whole of the time between this and next money. I am actuated by no motive of. Tuesday (the day of Nomination) to the vanity or ambition. I think it my duty to important duty which I am about to per

endeavour to assist in saving my native form. It has always been my opinion, country from that total ruin which hangs that the people cannot reasonably be blamed over it; and, the tender of my services to for making a bad choice, if no other is pre- you is made in the performance of that sasented to them. It has also always been

cred duty. my opinion, that every man should labour I am, Gentlemen, your faithful friend, for the public weal in that way which he

WILLIAM COBBETT. thinks most likely to prove efficacious, Botley, October 1, 1812. whether it may comport with his taste, or interest, or not. And, it being my firm conviction, that an earnest endeavour to supplant the late Members for the county

WESTMINSTER ELECTION. in which I live is the way in which I can employ a week or two with the greatest pro, Westminster, “ Friends of Purity of Elec

A numerous meeting of the Electors of bability of doing service to the public, i have resolved in that way to employ them, tion;" was on Monday lield, pursuant to and to devote my whole time and attention public advertisement, at the Crown and to that object.

Anchor Tavern, for the purpose of consi

dering of proper persons to be returned to To the Freeholders of the County of

Parliament as Representatives of the City

of Westminster. Southamplon.

Mr. STURCH having been called to the Gentlemen,

chair, addressed the assembly as follows: That House of Commons, who voted “Gentlemen Electors, the advertisement that they would not inquire into a direct which I now hold in my hand, and which charge against some of their own Members has been published in several of the newsfor trafficking in Seats in their own Assem- papers, sufficiently expresses the intention bly; that House of Commons, who voted with which this meeting has been called, their approbation of the Walcheren Expe- by a few of those persons who advocated dition; that House of Commons, who voted the cause of Parliamentary Reform at the that Bank Notes are still equal in value to last election. (Mr. Slurch here read the Guineas in the estimation of the people; advertisement).- Gentlemen, it will be seen that House of Commons, who have added by the terms of this notice, that this was upwards of Seventy Millions to the National not intended to be a meeting of the Electors Debt, and who have added nearly one- in general, but only of that description of fourth to the amount of our Taxes ; that Electors who are friends to the Purity of House of Commons being, thank God, now Election--the friends of corruption and unno more, and an opportunity being afforded due influence are not to be understood as you of choosing as your Representatives men having been invited; and if, therefore, who have not concurred in such votes, I there be any person present who is not offer myself to you in that capacity. On friendly to reform---if there be any person the day of Nomination, at Winchester, I within hearing who wishes that corruption propose to do myself the honour of stating inay be able to keep its ground--who preto you more fully my opinions and iny fers the wide-wasting desolation of war, the views; but, I shall not omit even this occa- government of incapable Ministers, and the

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consequent decay of trade and prosperity, all elections, like other things, are necessato liberty, security, and peace-it may be rily attended with expense. proper to remind such person, that he that the expense has lately been very much comes without being invited.--/ Applause.) reduced. At the last election, no disburse-Gentlemen, I persuade myself, that all ments were made, except those which were those who are now assembled, are of a very absolutely necessary. By a late Act of different description indeed. I persuade Parliament, the expenses to the candidates myself, that, while you are all zealously are clearly defined, and what cannot be deattached to the Constitution, every heart manded is also pointed out. According to beats high with the love of freedom and in- that Act it appears, that even when there is dependence (applause )—which constitutes no contest whatever, we cannot walk over the very life and soul of purity of election. the course, without incurring an expense of I am convinced, that all who are now as. 8001. This we consider as a great hardsembled, are clearly of opinion, that, if ship and one, small as the sum may seem, this country, in its present deplorable state that ought to be remedied; and I hope to of distress, is to be saved at all, it must be see the day when this obnoxious act will be by the adoption of those principles which repealed. The debt thus incurred must were manfully supported by the Electors fall either on the eleclors or the elected. during the last struggle.-( Applause.)- Now, our principle has been to send our Gentlemen, it is the pleasure of His Ma- Representatives to Parliament free of exjesty's Ministers, at this time, to indulge pense—which is the true principle of the us with an opportunity of electing our Re. constitution; because no man should have prescutatives for the ensuing Parliament, the pretence to say, that, having purchased which they might, if they pleased, have his interest in Parliament, he was obliged put off for a year longer, and which they to reimburse himself by selling his vote to would have put off, if they thought it would the Minister. And, if we were to abandon have answered certain purposes, which it is that principle for one moment, we should not now necessary for me to state. We do have undone all our work-obliterated, and, not exercise this invaluable right so often as he might add, annihilated, the great and we are entitled to do. By the words of glorious example which, five years ago, we ancient statutes, and from the very reason set to the electors of Great Britain and Ireof the thing, we should exercise the right land—and which is doing so much good in of election once in the year, and oftener, various parts of the United Kingdom.if need be."--/ Applause. )--These are the I hold it, therefore, necessary, that this express words of the statute. But by an principle should be steadily adhered to, Act of modern times, which cannot be too and that the sum of 8001, should be submuch reprobated—which is, in fact, little scribed. When I consider the smallness of short of treason against the liberties and the sum, contrasted with the great number constitution of the country, we are restrain- of electors, I conceive it very easy to de ed in the exercise of that right, which is fray the expense, by each elector advancing granted but once in seven years, unless, as a trifle towards that object ; and I hope in the present instance, we are permitted that no man, who prides himself on being to make use of it, by the special grace and an elector, who feels the dignity of his sifavour of His Majesty's Ministers.-(Laugh- tuation, and desires to be fairly represented ler).—This, however, is no reason at all in Parliament, will refuse to put down his why we should neglect a duty, when it de- mite towards the creation of a proper fund. volves on us. The duty we have to per: As most of you are, like myself, men of form on the present occasion, is to select business, I will not detain you much lon. two gentlemen to represent us in Parlia-ger. I will not relate what you yourselves ment, whom we shall have every reason to did five years ago,it is fresh in your rebelieve will be the firm supporters of that collection. You then demanded and obportion of liberty which we now enjoy, tained the service of a man, exactly of the and the pledged advocates of those rights description I noticed in the beginning of: and privileges of which we have been this address—the firm defender and supforcibly and unjustly deprived. It is not porter of those rights and liberties which for me to dictate what you are to do. Iwe still possess, and the strenuous advocate have only to state what I apprehend to be for a restoration of those which we have the general principle on which we are to lost. Perhaps it may be said, that being proceed. There is one thing to which I placed by you in the situation of chairman, inust not omit calling your attention, that I ought to speak impartially; but I should

be unworthy of the honour you have done himself to the satisfaction of the assembly, me, if I affected to conceal the first wish of whom he could assure, that he had undermy heart. I sincerely hope, that of all the taken the task for the benefit of his counElectors, who, five years ago, gave their try, and not from any private aim or gravote in favour of the Honourable Baronet, tification of his own. They would, in a there is not one now living who will not be very few days, be called on to elect two ready, if it should be again necessary, to persons' to represent them in the ensuing come forward on this occasion, and do the Parliament, which was at all times a very same. And to them, I trust, I may be able important duty, but particularly so at the to add thousands of others, who, since that present period, when we were threatened time, have had an opportunity of examin- by an overwhelming taxation at home, and ing and scrutinizing the parliamentary con- by an implacable enemy abroad. At such duct of Sir Francis Burdett-—applause) - a time they were imperatively called on to and must have seen in it all that could ren- examine scrupulously those persons whom der a Representative respectable, or endear they sent to Parliament--for there, and him to the hearts of his Constituents. He there only, the evil can be cured. It was has displayed extraordinary talents, incor- stated by their worthy Chairman, with ruptible integrity, undaunted courage, and great force and propriety, that the persons the most sound constitutional principles, elected ought not to be loaded with ex

Applause):-I understand, that, with re- pense. This position was perfectly corgard to your last Representative, Sir Francis rect; for if Members of Parliament imBurdett, he does not come forward, solicit- paired their fortunes in expensive contests, ing your votes, as a candidate. I am told, what could their constituents expect, but for I have had no communication with Sir that they would endeavour to pay themFrancis, that he considers it the duty of the selves out of the pockets of the people, by Electors to look out for, and support, such selling theinselves to Ministers ? They persons as they think best calculated to re- should not, therefore, send their reprepresent them, and not the business of Can- sentatives in on such conditions, but perdidates to push themselves personally for- fecily free, to prevent the smallest excuse ward. I will not take upon me to say for a dereliction of their duty. They cerwhether this is or is not a correct principle; tainly possessed the ability, and they had but, if Sir Francis Burdett conceives it to exercised it, of sending their Representabe right, he, as an honest man, must act lives into Parliament without puuing them upon it. The same feeling does not appear to any expense. He doubted not that the to sway the Noble Lord (Cochrane), who, Electors of Westminster would, on this for the purpose of proving his political prin occasion, set a good example to the country ciples, has written two letters, which have in general.—Books were then open in the come into the hands of Mr. Brooks, the room, and some money had already been gentleman so well known as the treasurer of subscribed; and he trusted every man, the former election. Those letters were according to his means, would endeavour addressed " To the Gentlemen composing to further the great object they had in the Committee for promoting the Purity of view. Mr. Harris then proceeded to read Election," and contained an explanation of the Resolutions. his Lordship's political opinions and senti. 1st, That the Election of Members of bents, which, I suppose, the meeting would Parliament ought to be conducted accordwish to have read. Having stated the ob- ing to the principles of old English Freeject in view, if any gentleman has a propo- dom, which declare that Elections should sition to make, I shall be very happy to be free and without corruption. hear him.”

2d, That the City of Wesminster will Mr. HARRIS then rose and said, having not disappoint the expectation of the Counundertaken to submit certain Resolutions to try, but, following up the great example the Meeting, he was under the necessity it has set, return its Represent:- ives to of throwing himself on their indulgence, Parliament free of expense. and trusted that they would not impute to 3d, That Subscriptions be entered into presumption, his thus coming forward on to defray the expense of the ensuing Elecso important an occasion. He felt himself tion, and that Samuel Brooks, Esq. be placed in a most awkward situation, in Treasurer of the Fund; to the support of addressing them, when there were so many which it is the bounden duty of every older, wiser, and better men in the room. Elector and friend to purity of Election to He would, however, endeavour to acquit contribute.

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