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It was alıpost unnecessary for him to say | hostile to it; but, I am now inclined to a word in praise of the individual to whom grant the Claims of the Catholics of Irethe next Resolution referred. His conduct land, provided they are content to receive in Parliament had been such as justly en- the privileges of Englishmen, and to retitled him to their unanimous choice and linquish their predilection in favour of the support.
jurisdiction of the Pope, which they seem 4th, That Sir Francis Burdett, Bart. anxious to establish in that part of these having with unshaken firmness invariably kingdoms."-On the subject of a Naval expressed the sense of the people in evil Officer being a Representative for Westreport and good report, and lent his bestminster, lie observes " One half of the assistance to restore to them those inesti- taxes levied on the people of England is mable blessings of the Constitution, of disbursed on the navy-for objects which which they have been deprived, by a long the ability of all the civil Members of series of fraud and hypocrisy, by endea Parliament cannot detect to be erroneous, vouring to obtain for them a full, fair, and from the inspection of accounts,” and free representation in Parliament, and thence infers the necessity of having permaintaining the right to Trial by Jury.in sons acquainted with nautical affairs in the all cases whatever, even at the cost of Per- House of Commons. And, lastly, on the SONAL IMPRISONMENT, is a fit and proper subject of flogging, he says—" I am no person to be again returned one of the advocate for Hogging; although I mainRepresentatives in Parliament for the City tain, from a knowledge of facts, that your of Westminster. — (Loud and reiteraled Aeets could not be governed at present if applause).
the power did not exist-a power which Before he read the 5th Resolution, which will cease to be abused when Parliamentary related to Lord Cochrane, he thought it influence shall cease to place fools and would be proper that the two letters, ex- boys in command." planatory of his Lordship's political prin- After the applause excited by his Lordciples, should be read, which was accord- ship's letters had subsided, Mr. Harris ingly done by Mr. Richter.
read the two following Resolutions :The first was dated the 28th of Sept. 5th, That the Right Hon. Lord Coch. 1812, and set forth that his Lordship had rane, by his manly support of Sir Francis never used the trust reposed in him to his Burdett, and his prompt attention to the private advantage, or to promote the in- wishes of the Electors at the time of his terests of those with whom he was con- Commitment to the Tower by the late nected by the bonds of consanguinity or House of Commons; for his assertion of friendship. It then proceeded to point the Right of the People to Trial by Jury, out the good effects which would have re- and having pledged himself to assist in sulted from a compliance with his Lord-procuring a full, fair, and free repreship's motion (soon after he liad been re- sentation of the People in Parliament, the turned to Parliament) for a list of the correction of the gross and scandalous corplaces and pensions held by Members of ruptions and abuses in various departinents the House of Commons and their relations. of the Government, and the enjoyment of It next adverted to his Lordship's exer- religious liberty, is a fit and proper pertions to carry into effect the provisions of son to represent this City in Parliainent. the Acts relative to prize concerns, by 6th, That the Resolutions of this Meetwhich two-thirds of the navy now employ- ing be communicated to Sir F. Burdett ed would be rendered more efficient than and Lord Cochrane by the Chairman. the whole at present is. And concluded The Resolutions were then put by the by attributing his Lordship's absence from Chairman, serialim. The four first were the House of Commons solely to ill health. carried unanimously ;-on the fifth being The second letter is dated Sept. 30. In proposed, this his Lordship pledges himself to yote, Major Cartwright rose aud spoke to on all occasions, for Parliamentary Re- the following effect :-"I am not aware form, and to support every measure for of any necessity that I shall be under of the abolition of sinecures. With respect opposing the resolution declaratory of the to the Catholic Question, his Lordship fitness of Lord Cochrane to be one of your says—“So long as its (the Catholic Re- Representatives; but notwithstanding the ligion's) inquisitorial auricular confession, many pledges given to this Meeting, I and its principles, so favourable to des- think we want from him one other pledge, potism, prevailed on the Continent, I was of more importance than all the others
in one of those pledges to which I allude, consideration, in case of being elected to he makes mention of certain plans, sug- Parliament as one of the Representatives gested by him for the annoyance of the of Westminster." enemy, and which plans it is probable Mr. Walker seconded the Resolution. will require the personal attendance abroad Mr. RichardSON rose to oppose the of his Lordship to carry into execution. Resolution. He said, he did not presume At a crisis like the present, highly as I to stand before them as an orator.–/ Laughs estimate the zeal, the courage, the enthue and hisses. )-Gentlemen might oppose his siasm, the character, the professional skill being heard; but though he could not disof my Lord Cochrane, I can by no means play much oratory, he could speak his consent to dispense with the services of the opinions. --(Interruption. )-The resoluNoble Lord in Parliament; because it is tion of the venerable Mover goes to swatch my opinion that, in the next Parliament, a mau from a profession, which, however the struggle is to be made, that shall de honourable in itself, he has exalted !-10 cide whether our political liberties shall rob him of that glory which awaits him, stand or fall. It is, therefore, of great and which he has so dearly earned !--10 importance to know if Lord Cochrane destroy the fair prospects of fame and forwould leave England in case he should be tune, which have led him through a laordered abroad by the Minister, for I borious life of peril and privation-nay, hope you are all convinced that the great more, it calls on him to disgrace himself, baitle, that battle on which your all de- by abandoning a profession in which the pends, is to be fought, not in the Medi- Noble Lord has reaped so much honour terranean, but in St. Stephen's chapel.himself, and has contributed, in so large a Applause.) I am not preaching doctrines proportion, to the glory of the nation: that I do not practise, I was a naval He proceeded to observe, that such a officer, and in the American war I refused pledge would be an inducement to Mito serve, and threw up my commission, nisters to give the Noble Lord a ship, as because I considered that service incom- soon as he was returned to Parliament, so patible with my other duties-- Applause). that his Lordship would be obliged to -Should Lord Cochrane be returned as resign his commission or his seal, and thus one of your representatives, I have two perhaps be prevented from serving his powerful reasons for objecting to his being country in either capacity. employed on foreign service. The first is,
Mr. WALKER supported the motion. If that the Minister would gain a very able there were two duties to be performed, officer to assist in the prosecution of this one abroad and one at home; the latter, rollen-borough war ; and that he would he conceived, would be paramount. It by the same stroke lop off one of the arms was very properly stated by the Gentleman of representation in Westminster.- Ap- who preceded him, that Westminster plause.)-Should the Noble Lord be in ought not to be deprived of one of its arms. the room, I hope he will appear, and give They must all recollect the upright conduct the meeting an answer on the subject of Lord Cochrane in the House of Com
Applause) - [Lord C. did not appear, mons, in opposing the insult offered to the and the Major proceeded]-I have not Electors of Westminster, in the person of been much in the political world of late ; their other Representative; but what would but I am informed that gentlemen from have been the consequence if he had not distant counties have been invited to be- been on the spot ? Who, then, could come Candidates for the City of West- have spoken their sentiments ? minster (Mr: Sturch the Chairman said Mr. Gibbon opposed the motion-If, as No!)-Well, then, I have but one other Lord Cochrane stated, there was a system observation to make, and that renders me of corruption in every department of the still more anxious to see Lord Cochrane in State, and if, by going abroad, he might the room.
A relation of his Lordship not only serve his country against the lately called on me, and informed me that enemy, but devise means of rectifying a frigate was fitting out to carry his Lord abuses in the profession which he so greatship to the Mediterranean, as his health ly ornamented, he could see no just reason was so precarious that he could not pos why he should be deprived of his seat in sibly live in England. The Major then Parliament.
It would be most preposmoved a Resolution
terous to find fault with him under such 66 That Lord Cochrane be called on to circumstances —when, perhaps, he was pledge himself not to quit England on any achieving a greater benefit thau he could
have effected even in the House of Com- sitting in Parliament, liable to be sent out
of the country at the shortest notice.
The Major Carlwright's motion was then least the people could expect was, that put and negatived. After which the fifth they should not suffer by it. The Officer, Resolution was carried almost unanimously. if ordered abroad, had his option. Let
On the sixth Resolution being proposed him, if he pleased, pursue the career of
Major CARTWRIGHT said, that, previous honour and ambition; but let not the to the question being put, he wished to people lose sight of the necessity of having move a Resolution, which, if carried, their Representatives ready on the spot, should be inserted before that which they prepared to oppose every attack on their had just heard read. Although the mo- liberties. He need scarcely point out to tion he had before submitted was nega- them the encroachments which had been tived, he flattered himself that what he made on their liberties, when they saw was about to propose would meet their ap- their country, under a military Governprobation. It had been carried, that ment, and the law carried into execution Lord Cochrane was a proper person to re- by the point of the bayonet." Major C. present them in Parliament; but it cer- then entered at some length into the cirtainly could not be their intention, if his cumstances attending the arrest of thirtyLordship were elected, and afterwards sent eight persons, who had assembled at Manout of the country, to do without one of chester, to petition for Reform-these men, their Representatives. He should, there- he said, were falsely accused by an infore, propose
former, and the friends of despotism ea« That Lord Cochrane, if elected, be gerly darted on their prey. They were requested to pledge himself to resign his sent to gaol; not by the ordinary operation seat in the Commons' House of Parliament, of the law, not by the intervention of conby accepting of the Chiltern Hundreds, in stables, but by the agency of a military case he should be ordered out of the king- force. They, however, gained a victory dom in his naval capacity.”
over their false accuser, and the current of Mr. GIBBON said, Lord Cochrane had Reform was only impeded for the moment. shewn, in his address, that, even abroad, When this was the case, wherr such base he could be of essential benefit to the acts were publicly known, was it not imcountry. He would, therefore, oppose a portant that their Representatives should be Resolution, which narrowed and confined ready to protect their rights? He, therehis exertions. If they were to fetter men fore, thought this pledge was not too much in this manner, they would ultimately find to expect from a Member of Parliament, no candidate willing to serve them. Would and he would not give his vote for any it be just, if the great Lord Nelson, or man who would not accede to it. Marquis Wellington, held seats in the Mr. Harris said, if this pledge were House of Commons, ihat, while they were demanded of Lord Cochrane, and he agreed pursuing the interests of their country to it, he certainly would not vote for him. abroad, they should be deprived of the He was astonished to hear such a propohonour of a seat in the Parliament at sition; it went to drive Lord Cochrane home?
from a noble profession, to which he was Mr. WALKER supported the motion. an honour. Major Cartwright said, that the Gen- Mr. RICHARDSON was of opinion, from tleman (Mr. Gibbon) who had lately ad- the nature of the proposed condition, that dressed them, seemed to have an objection there was not a sincere wish to elect Lord to Members of Parliament given pledges ; Cochrane. If such a pledge were tendered but he could inforın him, that the Lord to his Lordship, and he accepted of it, he High Chancellor, and every man who ac-(Mr. R.) would neither vote for him, por cepted a situation under Government, gave would he ask a single friend to do so. a pledge, by taking the oatlas of allegiance After a few words from the CHAIRMAN and supremacy. Therefore, pledges were and Major CARTWRIGHT, the Resolution the doctrine of the law and the constitution. proposed by the latter was carried. The number of military and naval officers The sixth Resolution was then agreed to. in the House of Coinmons had grown out Mr. Harris next proposed of that system, which was called the Rot- " That the Committee who conducted ten-borough Parliament. If the people the Election for Westminster in 1807, be had the fair exercise of the elective fran- requested to carry the Resolutions of this chise, there would be very few Officers Meeting into effect, and the individuals of
this Meeting will give their best assistance | knowledge he has of the country, that it to the same end." -Agreed to.
is much easier to enter, than depart out The thanks of the Meeting were then of it, according as the enemy might oppose voted to the Chairman, after which the the entrance or departure, he decided on assembly immediately broke up.
evacuating this province, and on taking a position at Reynosa ; there having learnt that the Army of Portugal was in presence
of the English army, and that they were OFFICIAL PAPERS.
on the point of engaging, he did not hesi. BATTLE OF SALAMANCA.
tate on putting himself in motion and re
joining it. --Strongly impressed with (Continued from page 446.)
this important succour and the augmentarmy, or such as belonged to individuals ation which my cavalry was about to re. who had no right to have them, or to such ceive, not having learnt any thing positive who had a greater number than they are further concerning the Army of the North, allowed. I did not hesitate making use of and being besides informed of the march this means, the imminent interest of the of the army of Gallicia, which in the course army and the success of the operations be- of a few days would necessarily force me ing at stake. I therefore ordered the seiz- to send a detachment to repulse them, I ure of such horses as were under this thought it my duty to act without delay. predicament, and I likewise seized a great I had to fear that my situation, which was number which were with a convoy coming become much ameliorated, might change from Andalusia, all upon estimation of by losing time, whilst that of the enemy their value, and inaking payment for them. would, by the nature of things, become This measure, executed with security, gave better every moment; I therefore resolved us, in the space of eight days, 1,000 more on repassing the Douro, but this operation horsemen, and my cavalry united amount is difficult and delicate, it cannot be uned to more than 3,000 combatants. Mean- dertaken without much art and circumwhile I no less hoped to receive succours spection in presence of an army in condifrom the army of the North, which con- tion for batile. I employed the days of tinued its promises, the performance of the 13th, 14th, 15th, and 16th July in which appeared to have commenced, but making a number of marches and counter. of which we have not hitherto seen any marches, which deceived the enemy. I effect. The 8th division of the army of feigned an intention to turn by Toro and Portugal occupied the Asturias ; these turned by Tordesillas, making an extroops were completely isolated from the tremely rapid march. This movement army; by the evacuation of the provinces succeeded so well that the whole army of Leon and Benavente they were without could pass the river, move to a distance succours, and without any communication from aud form itself without meeting a with the Army of the North ; because on single enemy:
On the 17th the army the one side the Trindadores, who should took a position at Navarre del Rey. The have come from Bayonne, could not be enemy, who was in full march for Toro, sent to Gijon; and, on the other side, the could only bring two divisions with celeGeneral in Chief of the Army of the North, rity to Tordesillas de la Orden ; the others although he had formally promised so were recalled from different parts, to redoing, had caused himself to be dispensed cruit themselves. On the 18th, in the with, throwing a bridge over the Deba, morning, we found these two divisions at and there to establish posts. This division Tordesillas de la Orden. As they did not had been able to bring only very little am- expect to find the whole army joined, they munition, for want of means of carriage, thought they inight, without peril, gain. and this was, in part consumed ; nor did some time. Nevertheless, when they saw they know how to replace it: its position our masses coming forward, they endeamight every moment become more critical, voured to effect their retreat to a plain and the enemy seriously occupied himself which commanded a village to which we with it, inasmuch as if it were still thus were marching. We had already reached isolated, it would remain entirely ignorant them. If I had had a cavalry superior oc of the important events which were taking equal to that of the enemy, these two diplace in the plains of Castille, General visions would have been destroyed. We Bonnet, calculating on this state of mat did not, however, pursue them the less, ters, and considering, according to the and with all possible vigour, and during three hours' march, they were overpowered higher Guarena, to return by a rapid by the fire of our artillery, which I caused movement upon the position they should to take them in the rear and flank, and have abandoned. The enemy followed my which they could with difficulty answer, movement. On the 20th, before day, the and protected by their numerous cavalry, army was in motion to ascend the Guarena. they divided themselves to reascend the The advanced guard rapidly passed Guarena, in order to pass it with greater that river at that part where it is but a facility.--Arrived upon the heights of river, and occupied the commencement of the valley of Guarena, we saw that a por- an immense piece of ground, which contition of the English army was formed upon nues without any undulation to nearly Sathe left bank of that river. In that place lamanca. The enemy endeavoured to octhe heights of that valley are very rugged, cupy the same ground, but could not sucand the valley a middling breadth. Whe ceed: then he attempted to follow a pather it was necessary for the troops to ap- rallel rising ground, connected with the proach the water on account of the exces position they had just quitted, and which sive heat, or whether it was from some every where offered them a position, proother cause of which I am ignorant, the vided I should have marched towards English General had placed the greater them. The two armies thus marched papart of thein in the bortom of the valley, rallel with all possible celerity, always within half cannon shot of the heights of keeping their masses connected, in order which we were inasters ; I therefore, upon to be every moment prepared for battle. arriving, immediately ordered a battery of The enemy thinking to be beforehand with 40 pieces of artillery to be placed, which us at the village of Cantalpeno, directed a in a inoment forced the enemy to retire, column upon that village, in the hope of after having left a great number of killed being before us upon the rising ground and wounded upon the place. The army which commands it, and towards which marched in two columns, and I had given we marched; but their expectations were the command of the right column, distant deceived. The light cavalry, which I from that of the left three quarters of a sent thither, and the sih division, which league, to General Clanssel. Arrived was at the head of the column, marched upon this ground, General Claussel, hav- so rapidly that the enemy were obliged to ing few people before him, he thought he abandon it. Besides the road from the was able to seize upon the two rising other plain approaching too close to ours, grounds upon the left bank of the Guarena, and that which we had having the advanand preserve them; but this attack was tage of commanding it, with some pieces of made with few troops ; his troops had not cannon, judiciously placed, greatly annoyhalted, and scarcely formed; the enemy ed the enemy, for a great part of the army perceived it, marched upon the troops, was obliged to defile under this cannon, which he had thus thrown in advance, and and the remainder was obliged to repass forced the to retreat. - In this battle, the mountain to avoid it. At last I which was of short duration, we expe- dragoons in the enemy's track. The rienced some loss. The division of dra- enormous number of stragglers which were goons which supported the infantry, vigo left behind would have given us an oprously charged all the English cavalry; portunity of making 3,000 prisoners, had but General Carree, a little too far ad- there been a greater proportion between vanced from the 13th regiment, fell into our cavalry and theirs, but the latter the enemy's power. The army re- disposed so as to arrest our pursuit, to mained in its position all the night of the press the march of the infantry by blows 19th; it even remained in it all the day of from the flat sides of their sabres, and to the 20th. The extreme heat, and the fa- convey those who could no longer march, tigue experienced on the 18th, rendered prevented us. Nevertheless, there fell this necessary to assemble the stragglers. into our hand between 3 and 400 men and -At four' in the evening the army re- some baggage. In the evening the army sumed their arms, and defiled by the left encamped upon the heights of Aldea Rubia, to proceed up the Guarena, and take a po- having its posts upon the Tormes. The sition in front of Almo. My intention enemy re-occupied the position of San was, at the same time, to threaten the Christoval. On the 21st, having been enemy, and continue to proceed up the informed that the enemy did not occupy Guarena, in order to pass it with facility, Alba de Tormes, I threw a garrison into or if the enemy marched in force upon the it. The same day I passed the river in