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two columns, taking my direction by the -The enemy had his troops parallel to skirts of the woods, and establishing my me, extending his right by leaning towards camp between Alba de Tormes and Sala- the mountain of Tesares, which always apmanca. My object in taking this direction peared to be his point of retreat. There was to continue the movement by my left, was in front of the plain occupied by the in order to drive the enemy from the neigh- artillery another vast plain, easy of defence, bourhood of Salamanca and fight them with and which had a more immediate effect on greater advantages. I depended upon the enemy's movements. The possession taking a good defensive position, in which of this place gave me the means, in case I the enemy could undertake nothing against should liave maneuvred towards the evenme, and, in short, come near enough to ing, of carrying myself on the enemy's them to take advantage of the first faults they communications on Tamames. This post, might make and vigorously attack them.- which was otherwise well occupied, was On the 22d, in the morning, I went upon impregnable, and in itself completed the the heights of Calbaraca de Azzeva to re- position which I had taken. It was, beconnoitre the enemy. I found a division sides,'indispensably necessary to occupy it, which had just arrived there, others were seeing that the enemy had reinforced his in march for the same place. Some firing centre, from whence he might push forward took place, for the purpose of occupying the en masse on this plain, and commence his posts of observation, of which we respec- attack by taking this important point. tively remained masters. Every thing an. In consequence, I gave orders to the 5th nounced that it was the enemy's intention to division to take position on the right extreoccupy the position of Tesares, which was mity of this plain, the fire from which exa league in the rear of that in which he then actly crossed that from Aropiles, to the 7th was, distant a league and a half from Sala- division, to place itself in a second line to manca. They, however, assembled consi- support this, to the 2d to hold itself in derable forces upon this point, and as their reserve to the latter, and to the 6th to ocmovement upon Tesares might be difficult, cupy the plain at the head of the wood, if all the French army was in sight, 1 where a large number of pieces of artillery thought it right to have it ready to act as were yet remaining. I gave like orders circumstances required. There were be- to General Bonnet to cause the. 122d 10 octween us and the English some isolated cupy a point situated between the great points, called the Aropiles. I ordered Ge- plain and the point of Aropiles, which deneral Bonnet to occupy that which belonged fended the entrance of the village of Aroto the position we ought to take; his troops piles; and, finally, I gave orders to General did so with promptitude and dexterity. Boyer, Commandant of the Dragoons, to
The enemy ordered theirs to be occupied, leave a regiment to clear the right of the but it was commanded by ours at 250 toises General, and to push the three other regidistance. I had destined this point, in the ments to the front of the wood, on the flank event of there being a general movement by of the second division, in such manner as to the left, and a battle taking place, to be the be able, in case the enemy should attack the part and point of support of the right to all plain, to attack them by the right of this the army. The first division had orders plain, in the mean while that the light cato occupy and defend the plain of Calbaraca, valry should charge his left.
The most which is protected by a large and deep ra- part of these movements were performed vine. The third division was in the second with irregularity. The fifth division, after line, , destined to support it, and the 2d, having taken the post assigned to them, ex4th, 5th, and 6th were at the head of the tended itself on its left without any cause or :wood en masse, behind the position of reason. The seventh division, which had Aropiles, and could march equally on all orders to support it, marched to its posisides, wililst the 7th division occupied the tion, and, in short, the second division was left head of the wood, which formed a still in the rear. I felt all the consequences point extremely uneven, and of very diffi- which might result from all these irregucult access, and which I had lined with 20 larities, and I resolved on remedying them pieces of artillery. The light cavalry was myself on the spot, which was a very easy charged to clear the left, and place itself in matter, the enemy as yet not having made advance of the 7th division. The dra- any movement at all. At the same time I goons remained in the second line to the received the report of the enemy having
right of the army. Such were the dispo- caused fresh troops to pass from his left to șitions made towards the middle of the day. his right; I ordered the 3d and 4th divi
sions to march by the skirts of the wood, my removal from the army. I would with in order that I might dispose them as I delight have exchanged this wound for the found needful. It was half past four certainty of receiving a mortal stroke at the o'clock, and I went to the place which was close of the day, to have preserved the fato be the object of a serious dispute, but at culty of command, so well did I know the this moment a shell struck me, and broke importance of the events which had just my right arm, and made two large wounds taken place, and how necessary the prein my right side. I thus became incapable sence of the Commander-in-Chief was at of taking any kind of part in the command, the moment when the shock of the two ar
- The previous time which I should mies appeared to be preparing, to give the have employed in rectifying the placing of whole direction to the troops and to appoint the troops on the left, was fruitlessly passed, their movements. Thus one unfortunate the absence of the Commander gives birth moment has destroyed the result of six to anarchy, and from thence proceeds dis- weeks of wise combinations, of methodical order; meanwhile the time was running movements, the issue of which had hitherto away without the enemy undertaking any appeared certain, and of which every thing thing. At length, at five o'clock, the ene- seemed to presage to us that we should reap my, judging that the situation was favour- the fruit. On the 23d the army made its able, attacked this ill-formed left wing with retreat from Alba de Tormes on Penaranda, impetuosity. The divisions engaged re-taking its direction towards the Douro pulsed the enemy, and were themselves re- The whole of the enemy's cavalry harassed pulsed in their turn, but they acted without our rear, composed of the cavalry of the concert and without method. The division first division. This cavalry fell back, and which I had called to sustain the brst, left the division too much exposed, but it found themselves in the situation of taking formed itself in squares to resist the enemy. part in the combat without having foreseen One of them was broken ; the others reit. -- Every General makes extraordinary sisted, and especially that of the 69th, efforts to supply by his own particular dis- which killed 200 of the enemy's horse, by positions, those which are in the whole re- the push of the bayonet. After this time quisite, but if he can attain it in part, yet they made no attempt on us. -General he cannot effect it completely. The artil. Clausell has the command of the army, and lery covered itself with glory, performed takes such measures as circumstances reprodigies of valour, and in the midst of our quire. I am going to have myself transjosses, caused the enemy to suffer enor- ported to Burgos, where I hope by repose mously. He directed his attacks against and care taken, to recover of the severe Aropiles, which was defended by the brave wounds I have received, and which afflict 120th regiment, and was there repulsed, me more from the dire influence which they leaving more than eight hundred dead on have had on the success of the army, than
At length the army retires, from the sufferings which they have caused. evacuates the plains, and retires to the skirts me to endure. I cannot do sufficient of the wood. There the enemy makes justice to the bravery with which the Genefresh efforts. The division of Foy, which, rals and Colonels have fought; to the good by the nature of the business, was charged disposition which animated them in that with the covering of the retrograde move- difficult circumstance. I ought particularment, was attacked with vigour, and con- ly to mention General Bonnet, whose repustantly repulsed the enemy. This division tation has been so long established. I merits the greatest eulogy, as does likewise should likewise name General Taufin, who its General. From this moment the retreat commanded the sixth division; General was effected towards Alba de Tormes, Clausell, though wounded, did not quit the without being disturbed by the enemy field of battle, but to the end gave an exOur loss amounts to about 6,000 men hors ample of great personal bravery. The Gede combat.We have lost nine pieces of neral of Artillery, Terlet, and Colonel Dicannon, which being dismounted, could geon, commanding the reserve of artillery, not be carried off. All the rest of the bag- particularly distinguished themselves.gage, all the park of artillery, all the mate- In this day, unfortunate as it has been, there rials belonging to the army have been are a multitude of traits worthy of being brought away.It is difficult, M. le Duc, noticed, and which honour the French name. to express to you the different sentiments I will collect them, and solicit from his which agitated me at the fatal moment Majesty rewards for the brave men who when the wound which I received caused have deserved them.I ought not to defer mentioning the gallant conduct of the day's date, reporting the entry into Seville brave Sub-Lieutenant Guillemat, of the of the allied corps under General Le Cruz 1 18th regiment, who sprung into the ene- and Colonel Skerrett; I have received a my's ranks to obtain a flag, which he seized, dispatch from the latter, of which I transafter having cut off the arm of the person mit a copy herewith, and a return of the who carried it; he has brought this flag killed and wounded of the British detachinto our ranks, potwithstanding the several ment. I have the honour to be, &c. bayonet wounds he has received. We
Geo. Cooke, Major-General. have to regret the loss of the General of Division Fuey, dead of his wounds; of
SEVILLE, Aug. 28, 1812: General Thomieres, killed upon the field of Sir, I have the honour to report the battle; and of General Desgravurs. Gene- movements of the detachment under my rals Bonnet and Clausell, and the General orders since the date of my last. The reof Brigade Menne, are wounded. I beg sult of which, the capture of the city of your Excellency to receive the assurance of Seville by assault, defended by eight French my high consideration.
battalions and two regiments of dragoons (Signed with the left hand) intrenched, will, I trust, be considered as The MARSHAL DUKE OF RAGUSA. honourable to the allied arms and service
able to the cause of Spain.- -On the 24th After the first movements of the English instant, General Cruz Mourgeon, commandarmy, his Catholic Majesty, under whose
ing the Spanish troops, and myself, judged orders were placed all the French armies in it advisable to make a forward movement Spain, was determined to unite all the dis
on Seville; for this purpose it was advisable posable troops he had belonging to the army to force the enemy's corps of observation of of the centre, to march at the same time three hundred and fifty cavalry and two with the Marshal Duke of Ragusa against hundred infantry, at St. Lucar la Mayor. the enemy: -On the 20th July his Ma
I marched from Manzanilla with eight hunjesty had in effect assembled a considerable dred troops, composed of the 1st regiment corps, at the head of which he had ad- of guards, the 87th, and the Portuguese vanced between the 21st and 24th of July regiment, Brigadier-General Downie, acto Arevalo.The retreat of the Army of
companied with six hundred Spanish troops. Portugal having taken place before his Ma. The Spanish column attacked on the right, jesty could join it, he was obliged to con, and the British and Portuguese on the left. fine himself to checking Lord Wellington's The French were driven through the streets army, which he has successfully done by with precipitation, leaving some killed, this diversion. The greater part of the wounded, and prisoners. We took post at enemy's forces having marched
San Lucar without the loss of a man. -On army of the centre, his Catholic Majesty at the 26th inst. Gen. Cruz and myself having first thought of covering Madrid, and sending from it the persons most attached to his judged that it would be attended with the
most beneficial effects, both on the public service, and the most important objects. A opinion and in saving the city from being considerable convoy, escorted by Darmag- plundered, if the French could be precipi
tated in their retreat from Seville; the al. fortunately conducted towards Valencia. lied troops, in consequence, marched for
On the 18th August the King had his this purpose, and arrived at the heights of head-quarters at Villa Robledo. The in- Castillejos de la Cuesta, immediately
above of his troops of the Army of the Centre, accord- Seville, on the morning of the 27th, at six
o'clock. The Spanish troops formed our ing to circumstances, either with the Army advance. The French advance was driven of the South or the Army of Arragon, to in; the cavalry retired, leaving the infanfight the English with advantage.
try in the plain, which last were charged by the Spanish cavalry, who made many
prisoners. The Spanish troops attacked SEVILLE TAKEN.--DOWNING-STREET,
a redoubt on our left, and lost a good many Sepl. 23.- A Dispatch, of which the fol
men. The columns advanced into the plain, lowing is a Copy, has been this day received by which movement this redoubt was turnal Earl Bathurst's Office, addressed to his ed, and its communication cut off; the Lordship by. Major-General Cooke, daled Spanish troops under General' Cruz took the Cadiz, Aug. 30, 1812.
right, and made a detour to arrive and atCADIZ, Aug. 30, 1812. tack on that fank of Triana (the suburbs of My Lord, -Since my letter of yestera Seville). I ordered the redoubt to be
masked by a detachment of the 20th Por- Lieutenant Brett, royal artillery, who was tuguese regiment, and advanced a field- killed, gallantly fighting his gun at the piece with some troops, to keep in 'check bridge. The intrepidity of this valuable the enemy's fire at one of the gates of the officer was observed by the whole detachcity opposite to us, and after giving suffi- ment. - The loss of the enemy must have cient time for the Spanish column to arrive, been very great. We have taken several the British and Portuguese troops advanced officers, and, I believe, near two hundred to the attack in front; the cavalry and ar- prisoners.- The conduct of every officer tillery advanced at a gallop, supported by and soldier has been above praise; where the grenadiers of the guards, and the in- all have behaved well, it is difficult to disfantry following.—The enemy abandon- tinguish; I must, however, mention the ed the gate : we entered the suburbs, and detachment of the King's German Legion, advanced near to the bridge of Seville with commanded by Cornet Wieboldt; the aras much rapidity as possible, in hopes of tillery, by Captain Roberts; detachment of preventing its destruction, which would 95th, by Captain Cadoux; and the grenahave rendered it extremely difficult for us diers of the 1st regiment of guards, by Capto succeed. We were checked by the fire tain Thomas. To Colonel Maitland, ist of grape-shot and musketry at the turning regiment of guards (second in command), of the street. The grenadiers of the guards I am much indebted from the commenceadvanced to our support, and drove every ment of this service; and in the attack of thing before them. At this moment part Seville his military talents, intrepidity, and of the Spanish column arrived; we ad-zeal, were particularly conspicuous. I am vanced to the bridge under a heavy fire; also much indebted to Lieutenant Colonel Captain Cadoux, of the 95th, with great Colquitt, commanding a detachment of the judgment, made a lank movement on our 1st regiment of guards; to Lieutenant Coleft; Captain Roberts, of the artillery, lonel Prior, commanding a detachment 20th brought up with rapidity two guns; a heavy Portuguese regiment; and to Major Mafire of cannon and musketry was soon clain, commanding a detachment 87th rebrought to bear on the enemy, who were giment. -The exertions of Captain Wyridriven from their position on the other side yard (Coldstream Guards), Assistant Adjuof the river, and from the bridge, which tant General, and Lieutenant Reid, Royal they had only in part destroyed. "The gre- Staff Corps, Staff Officers attached to the nadiers of the guards, and some Spanish detachment, have been indefatigable. Captroops, led the columns that crossed the tain Bunbury, 20th Portuguese regiment, bridge. A general rout ensued, and the Brigade Major, and Lieutenant Smith, enemy were driven through the streets, Royal Engineers, were at this time detachwhich were strewed with their dead, and ed on other service. --During the whole, pursued at all points, leaving behind them of this attack, our allies, the Spaniards, valuable captures of horses, baggage, and have rivalled the conduct of the British money. - It is difficult for me to express and Portuguese troops; and General Cruz the joy of the people of Seville. The in- Murgeon, by his military talents and habitants, under the fire of the French, bravery, has principally contributed to the brought planks to lay across the bridge; successful result of the day.--Enclosed is and their acclamations and vociferous marks a return of the killed and wounded.-of joy, added to the immense crowd, ren. During last night a division of 7 or 8,000 dered it extremely difficult for the officers French troops passed by. Our attack has to advance through the streets with their saved the city from the devastations and columns.—The vast extent of this city, contributions with which it was threatened. the exhausted state of the troops who had Captain Wynyard is the bearer of advanced in double quick time for three this dispatch, who will inform you of any miles, and the want of cavalry, rendered it further particulars you may require. impossible to continue the pursuit beyond
I have the honour, &c. the town. Such was the rapidity of our attack, that this victory over a French di
J. B. SKERRETT. vision, and the passage of a bridge which the enemy had materially destroyed, with P.S. A return of the guns and military his infantry and artillery, formed on the stores taken, will be sent as soon as the banks of the river, was achieved with a quantity can be ascertained. Two of the loss that appears almost incredible.--I field-pieces which the enemy advanced have only to regret the loss of one officer, against us, fell into our hands.
NORTHERN WAR.--Fifteenth Bulletin of ing 800 baggage-waggons, which the enemy
the Grand French Army.- -Slawkovo, could neither carry off nor destroy. The 27th Aug. 1812.
Russian arıny, under Tormasow, has lost, The General of division Zayoneheick, almost all its baggage.--The equipage for who commanded a Polish division at the the siege of Riga has begun to move from battle of Smolensk, was wounded. The Tilsit for the Dwina. --General St. Cyr. behaviour of the Polish corps at Smolensk has taken a position on the Drissa. The astonished the Russians, who used to de- rout of the enemy at the battle of Polotsk spise them. They were struck with their on the 18th was complete. The brave Basteadiness, and the superiority which they varian General Deroy was wounded on the displayed over themselves.--At the bat- field of honour, at the age of 72, after tles of Smolensk and Valontina, the enemy nearly 60 years' service. His Majesty has lost twenty Generals killed, wounded, or nominated him a Count of the Empire, taken, and a very great number of officers. with a revenue of 30,000 francs. The BaThe number of men killed, taken, or wound-varian corps behaved with much bravery. ed, on these occasions, may amount to from His Majesty has granted it rewards and 25 to 30,000 men.- On the day after honours. The enemy gave out that he the battle of Valontina, his Majesty gave would make a stand at Doroghobouj. He the 12th and 21st regiments of infantry of had, according to custom, thrown up earth the line, and the 7th regiment of light in-.
and coustructed batteries. The army hav., fantry, a number of decorations of the Le-, ing shewn itself in order of battle, the Emgion of Honour, to be bestowed on the peror repaired thither; but the enemy's Captains, Lieutenants, Subalterns, and Sol- General thought better of it, beat a retreat, diers. The selections were made on the and abandoned Doroghobouj, a city confield, in a circle before the Emperor, and taining ten thousand souls and eight steeples. were confirmed with acclamations by the Head-quarters were there on the 26th, and troops.-The following are the names of on the 27th at Slawkovo. The advanced those who obtained this honourable dis- guard is close to Viasma.--The Viceroy tinction :-[Here follows a list of the re- manoeuvres on the left, at two leagues from spective individuals. 1-Number of decora- the great road; the Prince of Eckmuhl on tions granted, to the 12th regiment 30;
great road; and Prince Poniatowski on 21st do. 25; 7th light do. 32-Total, 87. the left bank of the Osma.—The capture
-The enemy's army, in retiring, burn of Smolensk appears to have had a sad efthe bridges and destroy the roads, in order fect on the spirits of the Russians. It was to retard the march of the French army as
called Smolensk-the-sacred; Smolensk-themuch as possible. On the 21st, they had strong; the key of Moscow; besides a thourepassed the Borysthenes at Slob Pniwa, sand other common sayings. Whoever has always closely followed by our advanced Smolensk, has Moscow, say the peasants, guard.--The coinmercial establishments
-The heat is excessive; it has not rainat Smolensk were quite untouched on the ed for a month.--The Duke of Belluno, Borysthenes, in a fine suburb, to which with the 9th corps, 30,000 strong, has set the Russians set fire, for the sole parpose of out from Tilsit for Wilna. This corps is retarding our march a single hour. Never to form the reserve. was war conducted with so much inhumanity: the Russians treat their own coun
Sixteenth Bullelin of the Grand Army. try as they would that of an enemy. The
Viasma, Aug. 31. country is fine, and abundantly supplied The head-quarters of the Emperor were, with every thing. The roads are admir- on the 27th, at Slawkovo; on the 28th, able.--Marshal the Duke of Tarentum near Senlovo; on the 29th, in a Castle continues to destroy Dunabourg. The one league in the rear of Viasma; and on wooden materials, palisades, &c. which the 30th at Viasma; the army marching were immense, served to make feu-de-joie in three columns—the left, formed by the in honour of the 15th of August.--Prince Viceroy, proceeding by Kanoochkino, Schwartzenberg writes from Ossiati, on the Znamenkoi, Kosterecikovo, and Novoe17th, that his advanced guard has pursued the centre formed by the King of Naples, the enemy on the road to Divin, that he has the corps of the Prince of Eckmuhl, the taken some hundreds of prisoners, and Duke of Elchingen and the Guards march obliged the enemy to burn his baggage. ing on the grand road, and the left by the General Bianchi, however, who commands Prince Poniatowski marching on the left the advanced guard, has succeeded in seiz- bank of the Osna by Volosk, Louchke,