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Pokroskoe, and Slonckino.On the 27th the Militia; the whole under the command the enemy wishing to rest on the Osma, of Lieut.-Colonel Saint George, Inspecting opposite the village of Riebke, took a po Field Officer of Militia in the district. sition with his rear-guard. The King of General Brock, relying upon the strong asNaples directed his cavalry on the left of surances I had given him, of a reinforcethe enemy, which amounted to 7 or 8,000 ment as, prompt and as effectual as the circavalry. Several charges took place, all cumstances under which I was placed by to our advantage. A battalion of the this new war would permit me to send, enemy was penetrated by the 4th regiment adopted the most vigorous measures for the of Lancers. A hundred prisoners were the safety of that part of the frontier which had (To be continued.)

been attacked. In these measurez he was most opportunely aided by the fortunate

surrender of Fort Michilimachinack, which SURREN DER OF THE AMERICAN ARMY.

giving spirit and confidence to the Indian London Gazette Extraordinary, Oct. 6.

tribes in its neighbourhood, part of whom

assisted in its capture, determined them to War Department, Downing-street, Oct. 6, advance upon the rear and flanks of the 1819.

American army, as soon as they heard that Captain Gore, Aid-de-Camp to Lieute it had entered the province. The cernant-General Sir George Prevost, Governor tainty of the expected reinforcements, and in Chief of His Majesty's Provinces in the weakness of the enemy on the Niagara North America, arrived this morning with frontier, had in the mean time induced Gedispatches from the Lieutenant General, neral Brock to detach from the garrison of addressed to Earl Bathurst, one of His Ma. Fort George 50 men of the 41st

regiment, jesty's Principal Secretaries of State, of under Captain Chambers, into the interior which the following is an extract and a of the country, for the purpose of collectcopy :

ing such of the Indians and Militia as might Montreal, Aug. 16. be ready to join him, and afterwards adMy Lord,-I feel the greatest satisfaction vancing upon the left Alank of the enemy. in transmitting to your Lordship a letter Sixty men of the same regiment were also which I have this day received by express detached from that garrison to Amherstfrom Major-General Brock, announcing to burg, and 40 to Long Point, to collect the me the surrender of Fort Detroit, on the Militia in that quarter. Having made these 16th inst. by Brigadier-General Hull, with dispositions, and having previously sent the army under his command, exceeding forward Colonel Proctor, of the 41st regitwo thousand five hundred men, together ment, to Amherstburg, where he arrived with twenty-five pieces of ordnance. -In and assumed the command on the 26th of my dispatches of the 17th and 24th inst. I last month, General Brock proceeded him. had the honour of detailing to your Lord. self from York on the 5th instant, for Fort ship the operations which had taken place St. George and Long Point on Lake Erie, in Upper Canada, in consequence of the in- which last place he left on the 8th followvasion of that province by the army of the ing for Amherstburg, with forty rank and United States. Brigadier-General Hull file of the 41st regiment, and 260 of the having crossed the Detroit river on the 12th Militia forces. Whilst General Brock of last month, with 2,500 men, consisting was thus hastening his preparations for the of regular cavalry and infantry, and mili- relief of Amherstburg, the prospects of tia, bringing with him several field-pieces; the American army under General Hull and having driven in the militia towards were becoming every day more unfavourAmherstburg, first advanced to Sandwich, able, and their situation more critical. The and afterwards approached Amherstburg, intelligence of the fall of Michilimachinack with a part of his army to the river Canard, had reached them, which they knew must about five miles from the fort, where he expose them to an attack of the Indians on was foiled iu three attempts to cross that one quarter, at the same time that they river, and suffered a considerable loss. were threatened on another by the force apThe garrison of Amherstburg consisted at proaching under Captain Chambers. Ar that cime of a subaltern's detachment of the Indian tribe of the Wyandots, whom they Royal Artillery, commanded by Lieutenant had in vain attempted to bribe, aided by a Troughton ; of a detachment of 300 men of detachment of the 41st regiment from Amthe 41st regiment, under the command of herstburg, had succeeded in cutting off Captain Muir; and, of about as many of their supplies on the opposite side of the river, and in intercepting their dispatches, day surrendered prisoners of war, and about which described in very strong terms their twenty-five pieces of ordnance have been apprehensions and despondency. The losses taken without the sacrifice of a drop of Brithey had sustained in their different actions tish blood. I had not more than seven upon the Canard river, as well as those for hundred troops, including militia, and about protecting their supplies, together with the six hundred Indians, to accomplish this mode of warfare pursued by the Indians, service. When I detail my good fortune, had greatly discouraged and dispirited your Excellency will be astonished. I have them, and had convinced General Hull how been admirably supported by Colonel Prochopeless any attempt would be to storm tor, the whole of my Staff, and I may justly Fort Amherstburg, without great reinforce- say every individual under my command. ments and a battering train.

-It was

Believe me, &c. under these circumstances, at this critical

ISAAC BROCK, Major-General. period, and when the enemy were begin- To his Excellency Lieut.-General ning to consult their security by intrench

Sir George Prevost, Bart. ing themselves, that General Brock entered Amherstburg with a reinforcement, which he was fortunately enabled to do on the

Head-quarters, Montreal, Sept. 1. 1812. 12th instant, without the smallest molesta- My Lord, -Since I had the honour of tion, in consequence of our decided naval transmitting to your Lordship my letter of superiority on the lakes. To his active the 26th alt. in charge of my Aid-deand intelligent 'mind, the advantages which Camp, Captain Gore, I have received from the enemy's situation afforded him over Major-General Brock a dispatch, of which them, even with his very inferior force, be- the enclosed is a copy, containing the particame immediately apparent; and that he culars of Brigadier-General Huli's invasion has not failed most effectually to avail him- of Upper Canada, which has terminated self of those favourable circumstances, your most gloriously to His Majesty's arms, in Lordship will, I trust, be satisfied, from the that officer's defeat and surrender, as a priletter which I have the honour of transmit soner of war, with the whole of the northting. Having thus brought to your western army, together with the fort DeLordship’s view the different circumstances troit, and 33 pieces of ordnance. I for which have led to the successful termination ward this dispatch express, in the expectaof the campaign on the western frontier of tion of its reaching Captain Gore previously Upper Canada, I cannot withhold from to his leaving Canada, which, with the co Major-General Brock the tribute of applause lours of the 4th United States' regiment so justly due to him for his distinguished accompanying it, I trust that officer will conduct on this occasion, or omit to recom- have the honour of delivering to your Lord. mend him, through your Lordship, to the ship.--I have the honour to bé, &c. favourable consideration of his Royal High

GEORGE PREVOST. ness the Prince Regent, for the great ability to the Right Hon. Earl Bathurst. and judgment with wbich he has planned, and the promptitude, energy, and fortitude Head-quarlers, Detroit, August 17. with which he has effected the preservation Sir, I have had the honour of informof Upper Canada, with the sacrifice of so ing your Excellency, that the enemy effectlittle British blood in accomplishing so im- ed his passage across the Detroit river on portant a service. - My Aid-de-camp, the 12th ult. without opposition, and that Captain Gore, will have the honour of de after establishing himself at Sandwieh, he livering to your Lordship this dispatch ; had ravaged the country as far as Moravia and, as he is well qualified to give your town. Some skirmishes occurred between Lordship information respecting the mili- the troops under Lieut.-Col. St. George tary resources of this command, I shall beg' and the enemy upon the river Canard, leave to refer your Lordship to him for far- which uniformly terminated in his being ther particulars. I have the honour, &c. repulsed with loss. I judged it proper to

GEORGE Prevost. detach a force down the river Thames, cae

pable of acting in conjunction with the

garrison of Amherstburg offensively; but Head-quarters, Delroit, Aug. 16, 1812. Captain Chambers, whom I had appointed Sir,--I hasten to apprize your Excellency to direct this detachment, experienced difof the capture of this very important post. ficulties that frustrated my intentions. The Two thousand five hundred troops have this

(To be continued.)

As illustrated in the Prosecution and Punishment of

WILLIAM COBBETT. 479]

[480 In order that my countrymen and that the two sureties in the sum of 1,000 pounds each ; world may not be deceived, duped, and cheated that the whole of this sentence has been executed upon this subject, I, WILLIAM COBBETT, upon me, that I have been imprisoned the two of Botley, in Hampshire, put upon record years, have paid the thonsand pounds TO THE the following facts; to wit: That, ou the 24th | KING, and have given the bail, Timothy Brown June, 1809, the following article was pub- and Peter Walker, Esqrs. being my sureties; lished in a London newspaper, called the that the Attorney General was Sir Vicary Gibbs, COURIER: The Mutiny amongst the LO- the Judge who sat at the trial Lord Ellenborongh, “ CAL MILITIA, which broke out at Ely, was the four Judges who sat at passing sentence Ellenfortunately suppressed on Wednesday by the borough, Grose, Le Blanc, and Bailey; and that “ arrival of four squadrons of the GÉRMAN the jurors were, Thomas Rhodes of Hampstead “ LEGION CAVALRY from Bury, under the Road, John Davis of Southampton Place, James « command of General Auckland. Five of the Ellis of Tottenham Court Road, John Richards “ ringleaders were tried by a Court-Martial, and of Bayswater, Thomas Marshan of Baker Street, « sentenced to receive 500 lashes each, part of which Robert Heathcote of High Street Marylebone, “punishment they received on Wednesday, and John Maud of York Place Marylebone, George “ a part was remitted. A stoppage for their knup Bagster of Church Terrace Pancras, Thomas “ sacks was the ground of the complaint that ex. Taylor of Red Lion Square, David Deane of St. “ cited this mutinous spirit, which occasioned John Street, William Palmer of Upper Street « the men to surround their officers, and demand Islington, Henry Favre of Pall Mall; that the “ what they deemed their arrears. The first Prime Ministers during the time were Spencer “ division of the German Legion halted yesterday Perceval, until he was shot by John Bellingbar, 6 at Newmarket on their return to Bury."- and after that Robert B. Jenkinson, Earl of LiThat, on the 1st July, 1809, I published, in the verpool; that the prosecution and sentence took Political Register, an article censuring, in the place in the reign of King George the Third, and strongest terms, these proceedings; that, for so that, he having become insane during my impridoing, the Attorney General prosecuted, as sedi. sonment, the 1,000 pounds was paid to his son, tious libellers, and by Ex-Officio Information, the Prince Regent, in his behalf; that, during my me, and also my printer, iny publisher, and one imprisonment, I wrote and published 364 Essays of the principal retailers of the Political Register; and Letters upon political subjects; that, during that I was brought to trial on the 15th June, the same time, I was visited by persons from 197 1810, and was, by a Special Jury, that is to say, cities and towns, many of them as a sort of depuby 12 men out of 48 appointed by the Master of ties from Societies or Clubs; that, at the expirathe Crown Office, found guilty; that, on the tion of my imprisonment, on the 9th of July, 1812, 20th of the same month, I was compelled to give a great dinner was given in London for the purbail for my appearance to receive judgment; pose of receiving me, at which dinner upwards of and that, as. I came op from Botley (to which 600 persons were present, and at which Siç place I bad returned to my family and my farm Francis Burdett presided; that dinners and other on the evening of the 15th), a Tipstaff went parties were held on the same occasion in many down from London in order to seize me, per other places in England; that, on my way home, sonally, that, on the 9th of July, 1810, I, toge. I was received at Altou, the first town in Hampther with my printer, publisher, and the news. shire, with the ringing of the Church bells; that man, were brought into the Court of King's a respectable company met me and gave me a Bench to receive judgment; that the three dinner at Winchester; that I was drawn from former were sentenced to be imprisoned for more than the distance of a mile into Botley by some months in the King's Bench prison; that I the people; that, upon my arrival in the village, was sentenced to be imprisoned for two years in I found all the people assembled to receive me; Newgate, the great receptacle for malefactors, that I concluded the day by explaining to then and the front of which is the scene of numerous the cause of my imprisonment, and by giving hangings in the course of every year; that the them clear notions respecting the flogging of the part of the prison in which I was sentenced to be Local Militia-men at Ely, and respecting the emconfined is sometimes inhabited by felons, that ployment of German Troops; and, finally, which felons were actually in it at the time I entered is more than a compensation for my tosses and all it ; that one man was taken out of it to be trans- my sufferings, I am in perfect bealth and strength, ported in about 48 hours after I was put into the and, though I must, for the sake of six children, same yard with him; and that it is the place of feel the diminution that has been made in my confinement for men guilty of unnatural crimes, property (thinking it right

in me to decline the of whom there are four in it at this time ; 'that, offer of a subscription), I have the consolation to besides this imprisonment, I was sentenced to see growing up three sons, upon whose hearts, I pay a thousand pounds TO THE KING, and to trust, all these faets will be engraven. give security for my good behaviour for seven

WM. COBBETT. years, myself in the sum of 3,000 pounds, and Botley, July 23, 1812.

Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent-Garden.

LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black Horse-Court, Fleet-street.

Vol. XXII, No. 16.) LONDON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1812. [Price 1s.

481]

[482 To the Freeholders of the County of sources in flour, soap, drugs, &c. and Southampton.

large magazines of brandy were found. Gentlemen,

The Russians burnt the magazines, and the Our triumph yesterday was as complete finest houses in the town were on fire at as even I could have wished; for, though our arrival. Two battalions of the 25th the Sheriff did, at last, decide the dispuled were employed with much activity in expoint as to the show of hands against me, tinguishing them. We got it under and there was, I believe, not a single indivi- saved three quarters of the town, The dual present, who was not convinced that Cossacks before they left it committed the a majority of the numerous assemblage dreadfullest pillage, which has made the were in my favour; or, ratber, in favour of inhabitants say, that the Russians think the honour and freedom of the country.

Viasma will be no longer under their In the course of iny address to you,

dominion, since they treat it in so barand which you received in a manner which barous a manner. All the population of convinced me that success must finally at the towns retires upon Moscow.' It is said tend our exertions, I made many assertions,

there are now one million and a half of which assertions, I will, in my next Num- souls in that great city. They fear the ber, prove to be strictly true. I am now

result of these crowds. The inhabitants absent from my books and papers ; but, in say that General Kutusow has been appointmy next, I will not only go fully into all ed Commander in Chief of the Russian the matters here alluded to; but will also army, and that he took the command on lay before you a plan for effecting an eman- the 28th. - The Grand Duke Constan, cipation from the trammels which now dis- tine, who had returned to the army, have grace the Freeholders of this county. In ing fallen ill, has quitted it. A little the mean while, Gentlemen, I am

rain has fallen, which has laid the dust Your faithful friend,

that incommoded the army. The weather WILLIAM COBBETT.

to-day is very fine it will last, as they

believe, to the 19th Oct., which gives us Winchester, October 14, 1812.

still 40 days' campaign.

Seventeenth Bulletin of the Grand Army. OFFICIAL PAPERS.

Ghjal, Sept. 3. NORTHERN WAR. -Sixteenth Bulletin of

The head-quarters were, on the 31st of the Grand French Army.

August, at Velitchero; on the 1st and 2d

of September at Ghjat.-The King of (Continued from page 475.)

Naples, with the advanced guard, had his result of this small affair. The positions head-quarters on the 1st, ten wersts in adof the enemy were carried, and he was vance of Ghjat; the Viceroy had his the obliged to quicken his retreat.- -On the same distance in advance on the left ; and 28th, the enemy was pursued. The ad- Prince Poniatowski had pushed forward vanced guards of three French columns wo leagues on the right. Some discharges came up with the rear guard of the enemy; of artillery and attacks with the sabre were they exchanged several cannon shot. The exchanged in each direction, and a few enemy was driven every where.---Gene- hundreds of prisoners were taken. The ral Count Caulincourt entered Viasma on Ghjat river empties itself into the Wolga. the 29th, at day break.—The enemy –Thus we are in possession of the course had burned the bridges, and set fire to of those waters that flow into the Caspian several quarters of the city. Viasma is a Sea. The Gbjat is navigable to the Woltown of 15,000 inhabitants : there are ga. - The City of Ghjat contains a po4,000 burghers, merchants, and artisans ; pulation of eight or ten thousand souls. there are 32 churches. Considerable re- Many of the houses are built of stone and

Q

brick. There are many parish churches, before Moscow. At the battle of Krasand several manufactories of linen cloth. noi, Colonel Marbeuf, of the sixth light It is perfectly clear that agriculture has cavalry, was wounded with a, bayonet at made great progress in this country within the head of his regiment, in the midst of the last forty years. It no longer bears a square of Russian infantry, which he had any resemblance to the descriptions which penetrated with the greatest intrepidity. are given of it. Potatoes, pulse, and We have thrown six bridges over the cabbages grow there in abundance: the Ghjat.—(Moniteur, Sept. 18.) granaries are full. The present is the harvest season, and we enjoy now the same The following are the Russian articles weather here as we have in France at the alluded to in the Seventeenth Bulletin. commencement of October.-The de

Military Intelligence. On the 4th serters, the prisoners, the inhabitants, all (16th) of August, the Emperor Napoleon, agree that the greatest confusion prevails at the head of his whole army, 100,000 ai Moscow, and in the Russian army, strong, made his appearance before Smowhich is distracted with a diversity of

lensk. He was received about six wersts opinions, and has suffered enormous losses from the city, by the corps of Lieut.-Gen. in the different actions. Some of the Ge

Rayewsky. The battle commenced at sis nerals have been changed. It appears o'clock in the morning, and at noon became that the opinion of the army is not fa- most bloody. The courage of the Russians vourable to the plans of Barclay de Tolli:

overcame numbers, and the enemy was he is accused of having made his divisions overthrown. The corps of Gen. Doctorow, fight in detail. The Prince of Schwart- which had arrived to replace that of Rayzenburg is in Volhynia : the Russians fly ewsky, attacked the enemy on the 5th before him. Some sharp affairs have

(17th) at day-light, and the engagement taken place before Rioga; the Prussians lasted till night-fall. The enemy was rehave always had the advantage. We pulsed at every point, and the Russian have found in this place two Bulletins, soldiers, full of that courage and intrepiwhich give an account of the actions before dity which animates them in the defence Smolensk, and of the battle of the Drissa. of their country, fought with desperacy, They have appeared sufficiently curious to invoking the assistance of the Almighty. be annexed to this Bulletin. When we

-But during this time the city of Smoshall receive the sequel of these Bulletins, lensk was a prey to the flames, and our they shall be sent to the Moniteur. It ap- troops took a position between the Dnieper, pears by their contents that the Editor has the village of Peneva, and Doroghoboni. profited by those instructions he received

- The capture of Smolensk, which was from Moscow, " that the truth is not to reduced to ashes by the enemy, cost them be told to the Russian people, but that

more than 20,000 men. The inhabitants they are to be deceived with lies." Smo had all left it previous to the battle. The lensk was set on fire by the Russians. They loss in killed and wounded on our side set fire to the suburbs on the day after the amounts to 4,000 men. The brave Gebattle, when they saw our bridge establish- nerals Skalen and Bulla are amongst the ed over the Boristhenes. They also set former. We have made a great number fire 10 Dorohoboni, to Viasma, and to of prisoners, and whole battalions of the Ghjat; but the French came up in time to enemy's army were obliged to lay down extinguish it. This may be easily con- their arms in order to escape death. Three ceived. The French have no interest in regiments of Cossacks and three of cavalry burning those towns that belong to them, overthrew sixty squadrons of the enemy's and in depriving themselves of the re- horse, commanded by the King of Naples. sources which they afford. The cellars have been every where filled with brandy, Leather, and every species of article that Reporl of Lieutenant-General Count Wittis useful to an army.- -If the country be

genslein to his Majesty the Emperor, wasted, if the inhabitants suffer more than

dated Oswec, July 31 ( Aug. 12), 1812. a state of war warrants, the fault is in the I have received information from my adRussians. --The army rested on the advanced posts, that the enemy was making and 3d in the vicinity of Ghjat.-It is every effort from Polotsk co carry them, positively asserted, that the enemy is em- and by prisoners and deserters, that the ployed in forming an intrenched camp in French Grand Army was constantly receivfront of Mojaisk, and has established lines ing reinforcements of Bavarian and Wirtem

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