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burg troops.--I received at the same ciency of boats being collected at Long time from the Minister of War, intelligence Point for the conveyance of three hundred of the junction of the two armies, together men, the embarkation took place on the with orders to attack them immediately in 8th instant, and in five days arrived in flank. I accordingly detached four squa- safety at Amherstburg. I found that the drons under the command of Major Be- judicious arrangement, which had been dragni, whom I directed to observe every adopted immediately upon the arrival of movement of Macdonald's army, and give Colonel Proctor, had compelled the enemy me notice thereof. I advanced against to retreat, and take shelter under the guns Oudinot's corps, which I met on the even- of his fort : that officer commenced opeing of the 29th, four wersts from Rochoao rations by seading strong detachments wa.Having immediately made the ne- across the river, with a view of cutting off cessary arrangements, I yesterday vigorous- the enemy's communication with his rely attacked him, with the help of God.- serve. This produced two smart skirAfter eight hours' constant fighting, the mishes on the 5th and 9th instant, in both enemy was routed and pursued, till night of which the enemy's loss was very concame on, by his Majesty's brave troops. siderable, whilst our's amounted to three
- We have taken three officers and 250 killed, and thirteen wounded ; amongst soldiers. The loss of the enemy, in killed the latter I have particularly to regret and wounded, has been considerable. Captain Muir and Lieutenant Sutherland, Their cuirassiers, particularly, have suffered of the 41st regiment; the former an officer much, in cousequence of their attempts to of great experience, and both ardent in take our guns. I caused them to be pur- His Majesty's service. Batteries had likesued by the Hussars of Grodno, who dis- wise been commenced opposite Fort Detinguished themselves on this occasion. troit, for one eighteen-pounder, two We have lost 400 men in killed and wound-iwelve, and two five-and-an-hall-inch ed, among whom we have particularly to mortars; all of which opened on the evenlament the death of the gallant Coloneling of the 15th (having previously sumDennissen, who commanded the 25th regi- moned Brigadier-General Hull to ment of chasseurs, and who was killed by a render); and although opposed by a wellcannon-ball. -I mean to pursue the directed fire from seven twenty-four-poundenemy to the Dwina.
ers, such was their construction, under the able directions of Captain Dixon of the Royal Engineers, that no injury was sus
tained from its effect. --The force at my SURRENDER OF THE AMERICAN ARMY.
disposal being collected in the course of the London Gazelle Extraordinary, Oct. 6.
the 15th, in the neighbourhood of Sand
wich, the embarkation took place a little (Continued from page 478.) after day-light on the following morning, intelligence received from that quarter ad- and by the able arrangements of Lieut. mitting of no delay, Colonel Proctor was Dewar of the Quarter-Master-General's Dedirected to assume the command, and his partment, the whole was, in a short time, force was soon after increased with 60 rank landed without the smallest confusion at and file of the 41st regiment.-- In the Spring Well, a good position, three miles mean time, the most strenuous measures west of Detroit. The Indians, who had were adopted to counteract the machina- in the mean time effected their landing two tions of the evil-disposed ; and I soon ex- miles below, moved forwards and occupied perienced the gratification of receiving vo- the woods, about a mile and an half on our luntary offers of service from that portion left. --The force, which I instantly di. of the embodied Militia the most easily rected to march against the enemy, consistcollected. In the attainment of this im- ed of 30 Royal Artillery, two hundred and portant point, Gentlemen of the first cha- fifty 41sť regiment, lifty Royal Neivfoundracter and influence shewed an example land regiment, four hundred Militia, and highly creditable 10 them; and I cannot about six hundred Indians, to which were on this occasion avoid mentioning the es- attached three 6-pounders and two 3sential assistance I derived from Johın pounders. The services of Lieut. TroughM'Donnell, Esq. His Majesty's Attorney-ton, commanding the Royal Artillery, an General, who, from the beginning of the active and intelligent officer, being required war, has honoured ine with his services as in the field, the direction of the batteries my Provincial Aid-de-Camp. A suffi- was intrusted to Captain Hall, and the ma
rine department; and I cannot withhold peated by your Excellency. From that my entire approbation of their conduct on moment they took a most active part, and this occasion. - I crossed the river, with appeared foremost on every occasion; they an intention of waiting in a strong position were led yesterday by Colonel Elliott and the effect of our force upon the enemy's Captain M'Kee, and notłuing could exceed camp, and in the hope of compelling him their order and steadiness. A few prisoners to meet us in the field; but receiving in- were taken by them during the advance, formation upon landing, that Col. M'Ar- whom they treated with every humanity; thur, an officer of high reputation, had and it affords me much pleasure in assuring teft the garrison three days before, with a your Excellency, that such was their fordetachment of 500 men, and hearing soon bearance and attention to what was required afterwards that his cavalry had been seen of them, that the enemy sustained no other that morning three miles in our rear, I de- loss in men than what was occasioned by cided on an immediate attack. According the fire of our batteries.
- The high sense ly the troops advanced to within one mile I entertain of the abilities and judgment of of the fort, and having ascertained that the Lieutenant-Colonel Myers, induced me to enemy had taken little or no precaution to-appoint him to the most important comwards the land-side, I resolved on an as- mand at Niagara; it was with reluctance I sault, whilst the Indians penetrated his deprived myself of his assistance, but had camp. Brigadier-General Hull, however, no other expedient; his duties as head of prevented this movement, by proposing a the Quarter-Master-General's department cessation of hostilities, for the purpose of were performed to my satisfaction by Lieupreparing terms of capitulation. Lieute-tenant-Colonel Nicholls, Quarter-Masternant-Colonel John M.Donnell and Captain General of the Militia.- - Captain Clegg, Clegg were accordingly deputed by me on my Aid-de-Camp, will have the honour of 'this unission, and returned within an hour delivering this dispatch to your Excellency; with the conditions which I have the ho he is charged with the colours taken at the nour herewith to transmit. Certain con- capture of Fort Detroit, and those of the siderations afterwards induced me to agree 4th United States regiment. Captain to the two supplementary articles. The Clegg is capable of giving your Excellency *force thus surrendered to His Majesty's arms every information respecting the state of cannot be estimated at less than 2,500 men. this province; and I shall esteem myself In this estimate, Colonel M'Arthur's de- highly indebted to your Excellency to aftachment is included, as he surrendered, ford him that protection, to which his meagreeably to the terms of capitulation, in rit and length of service give him a powerthe course of the evening, with the excep- ful claim.--I have the honour to be, &c. tion of 200 men, whom he left escorting a
Isaac Brock, Major-Gen. valuable couvoy at some little distance in
P.S. I have the honour to enclose a copy his rear; but there can be no doubt the of- of a Proclamation, which I issued immedi·ficer commanding will consider himself ately on taking possession of this country: equally bound by the capitulation. The
I should have mentioned in the body of enemy's aggregate force was divided into my dispatch the capture of the Adams; two troops of cavalry; one company of ar- she is a fine vessel, and recently repaired, tillery regulars; the fourth United States but without arms. regiment; detachments of the 1st and 3d United States regiments, volunteers; three regiments of the Ohio Militia; one regi
Camp at Detroit, Aug. 16, 1812. ment of the Michigan territory.-Thirty- CAPITULATION for the Surrender of Fort three pieces of brass and iron ordnance have Detroit, entered into between Majoralready been secured.
-When this con
Gen. Brock, commanding His Britannic test commenced, many of the Indian na. Majesty's Forces, on the one part, and tions were engaged in active warfare with Brigadier-General Hull, commanding the the United States, notwithstanding the con
North-western Army of the United States, stant endeavours of this Government to
on the other part. dissuade them from it. Some of the prin-| Art. I. Fort Detroit, with all the troops, cipal Chiefs happened to be at Amherst- regulars as well as militia, will be immediburg, trying to procure a supply of arms ately surrendered to the British forces under and ammunition, which for years had been the command of Major-General Brock, and withheld, agreeably to the instructions re- will be considered prisoners of war, with ceived from Sir James Craig, and since re- the exception of such of the militia of the Michigan territory who have not joined the Return of Ordnance taken in the Fort and army.-II. All public stores, arms, and all Batteries at Detroit, Aug. 16, 1812. public documents, including every thing Iron ordnance--9 twenty-four pounders, else of a public nature, will be immediate- 8 twelve-pounders, 5 nine-pounders, 3 sixly given up.-II. Private persons and pounders. Brass ordnance --- 3 six-poundproperty of every description will be re-ers, 2 four-pounders, 1 three-pounder, 1 spected.-IV. His Excellency Brigadier- eight-inch howitzer, 1 five and half inch General Hull, having expressed a desire diito.---Total of ordnance, 33. that detachment from the state of Ohio,
Felix TROUGHTON, on its way to join his army, as well as one
Lt. Com. Royal Artillery. sent from Fort Detroit, under the command of Colonel M'Arthur, should be included
N. B. No time to take an inventory of in the capitulation, it is accordingly agreed ordnance stores, &c. and no return could be to. It is, however, to be understood, that procured from the American officer. such part
of the Ohio milicia as have not joined the army will be permitted to return Proclamation by Isaac Brock, Esq. Majorto their homes, on condition that they will not serve during the war; their arms will
General, commanding His Majesty's be delivered up, if belonging to the public.
Forces in the Province of Upper Canada,
bc. -V. The garrison will march out at the hour of twelve this day, and the British
Whereas the territory of Michigan was forces will take immediate possession of the this day, by capitulation, ceded to the arms fort.
of His Britannic Majesty, without any other J. MACDONELL, Lieut.-Col. Militia, condition than the protection of private proP. A. D. C.
perty; and wishing to give an early proof J. B. Glegg, Major, A. D. C. of the moderation and justice of His Ma-' JAMES MILLER, Lieut.-Col. 5th U. S. jesty's Government, I do hereby announce Infantry.
to all the inhabitants of the said territory, E. BRUSH, Colonel commanding ist that the laws heretofore in existence shall Regiment of Michigan Militia. continue in force until His Majesty's plea
sure be known, or so long as the Approved,
and W. Hull, Brig.-Gen. commanding of; and I do hereby also declare, and make
safety of the said territory will admit therethe N. W. Army. Approved, Isaac BROCK, Major-Gen.
known to the said inhabitants, that they
shall be protected in the full exercise and An Article Supplementary to the Articles enjoyment of their religion, of which all
of Capitulation, concluded at Detroit, the persons, both civil and military, will take 16th Aug. 1812.
notice, and govern themselves accordingly. It is agreed, that the officers and soldiers -All persons having in their possession, of the Ohio Militia and Volunteers shall be or having any knowledge of any public pormitted to proceed to their respective property, shall forthwith deliver in the homes, on this condition, that they do not same, or give notice thereof to the officer serve during the present war, unless they commanding, or Lieut.-Col. Nicholl, who are exchanged.
are duly authorized to receive and give proW. HULL, Brig. Gen.
per receipts for the same.-Officers of Mi. commanding V. S. N. W. Army. in possession of the militia-men be immedi
litia will be held responsible, that all arms ISAAC BROCK, Major-Gen,
ately delivered up, and all individuals An Article in addition to the Supplementary whatever who have in their possession arms
Article of Capitulation, concluded at De- of any kind will deliver them up without troit, Aug. 16, 1812.
delay.---Given under my hand, at DeIt is farther agreed, that the officers and froit, this 16th day of August, 1812, and in
the 52d year of His Majesty's reign. soldiers of the Michigan Militia and Volun
Isaac Brock, Major-Gen. teers, under the command of Major Wetherall, shall be placed on the same principles as the Ohio Militia and Volunteers are
SUBLIME HUMBUG. placed by the supplementary article of the 16th inst.
Of all the instances, in which the people W. HULL, Brig. Gen. of England have been deceived as to the commanding N. W. Army U.S. events of the war, the most complete is re
Isaac BROCK, Major-Gen. corded in the following documents; to wit, Ist, An article published in the London the 4th September the enemy made a reCourier of the 7th of Oct. 1812; 2d, An connoissance in force, and was driven back Extraordinary Gazette, published by the with loss. On the 5th September, the Government on the same day, with Lord French attacked the lest, and were repulsed Cathcart's Letter ; 3d, three Articles froin with considerable slaughter, both in the St. Petersburgh, published in the Courier action and in the retreat, and with the loss of the same day; 4th, Two Russian Bul- of seven or eight pieces of ordnance. letins relating to the battle of Mojaisk (or On the 6th September nothing of conseBrodino); 5th, Two French Bulletins, giv- quence took place; but Prince Koutousoff ing an account of the same battle, and of brought up his reserves, completed his disthe arrival of Napoleon in Moscow. positions, and added several intrenchments
and batteries on his left.. -On the 7th No.I.
Septeinber, under cover of a thick mist, A great Victory gained by the Russians!! the French again attacked the left with -A very different account, thank Hea- great impetuosity, and with all the means
and successions of fresh troops that they ven! is given of this battle from that com
have hitherto employed in their most des
The municated in the French Bulletin. Russians claim a signal victory, and have perate exertions. --- They were received celebrated it at Petersburgh by the dis- by the divisions of grenadiers belonging to charge of 101 guns, and by TE DEUM,
the left wing, commanded by Prince Baat which all the Royal Family assisted gration ; and the centre of the Russian line They report that Davoust was killed, and having in its turn attacked the mass directMurat and Ney taken. The 18th Bulletin ed against the left, the affair becawe gene
ral. informed us that “ Davoust had received
- Prince Koutousoff dates his disno injury,” but said nothing of Murat and patch from the field of battle. The eneNey having been taken; nor did it make my are stated to have covered their retreat the slightest mention of any French Gene- by the Wirtemberg infantry, and by large rals made prisoners, though we have no corps of cavalry. - General Platow, how doubt there were. Buonaparté confessed
ever, with the Cossacks, followed them, having had six Generals killed, and seven
and killed or took great numbers. The or eight wounded. Montbrun or Caulin- enemy retreated upwards of thirteen versts court, who were killed, may have been
I have detained this dispatch two days, in mistaken for Davoust.
expectation of further events, and of a more detailed report; but as letters have been re
ceived as late as the 9th September, I have No. II.
thought it expedient to transmit, in its preThe London Gazette Extraordinary. sent form, the account of an affair which Forcign Ofice, Oct. 7, 1812.-A dispatch,
must for ever add lustre to the military of which the following is a copy, was this achievements of this empire, and which, day received by Viscount Castlereagh, His, though it may not be decisive, must at lease Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for prove a mosi important feature in the his
--I have seen letters Foreign Affairs, from his Excellency Vistory of this war.“
count Cathcart, His Majesty's Ambassador from distinguished officers of great expeExtraordinary and Plenipotentiary to the rience; they consider this as by far the Court of the Emperor of ALL THE Russias.
most dreadful and destructive engagement
they ever witnessed, infinitely beyond that St. Pelersburgh, Sept. 13, 1812. of Prussian Eylaw. Several General My Lord,-I am most happy in having Officers have been wounded, besides those to begin my correspondence from St. Pe- named; and the loss of officers of other tersburgh, by announcing that the arms of ranks is stated to have been in proportion his Imperial Majesty have been victorious to that of the men. I have riot heard the in a most obstinate and general action, Russian loss estimated at less than 25,000 fought on the 7th September, at the village men. The loss of the French should be of Brodino, between Mojaisk and Tjale, infinitely greater, because of the pursuit, on the great road from Smolensk to Mos- and because the fire of their artillery ceased cow. It appears that Buonaparté had at an early hour, while that of the Russiaus concentrated his forces after the affair of continued as long as the guns could be Smolensk.- -Prince Koutousoff, on his bronght to bear. The new raised troops part, had selected a position, and had esta- | from Moscow were brought up, and appear blished his forces in its vicinity, On to be perfectly efficient. Those who were
engaged behaved well. The right wing| 0.S. (7th Sept.) not very far from Moswas not much called upon; and of the cow, in which the whole of the two grand Guards one battalion only is stated to have armies were engaged, and the enemy's sustained any loss.--Reports have been completely defeated. It is said the image received of the junction of the head of the of the VIRGIN MARY was brought from arıny from Moldavia with General Torma- the Cathedral of Moscow, and placed in zofi's corps, which, with another corps, front of the Russian army before the battle. consisting of several divisions, which has General Koutouzoff and all his officers there joined that officer, will amount to an army pledged themselves, by a solemn oath, to of eighty thousand men, of the best de conquer or die. This ceremony operated scription. The corps of eighteen thou- on the Russian army like electricity, and sand men which embarked at Helsingfors, the attack instantly commenced, with an has landed at Revel, and is by this time impetuosity beyond all example. The near Riga, which will lead to an immediate slaughter of the enemy is said to be imreinforcement of General Wittgenstein's mense, and he was already driven fifteen corps. Too much praise cannot be given wersts from the field of. battle, when the to the national spirit which animates all dispatch was sent off, which was done beranks of the Russians, especially those pro- fore any account of the number of killed, perly so called, and the most sanguine ex. wounded, and prisoners could be made up, pectations which were formed of their con- that the account might reach the Emperor duct have been exceeded.---It appears yesterday, being St. Alexander's day.-that much reliance was placed by Buona- This intelligence arrived just as the Impeparté on the effects of his attempts to intro- rial Family were going to church, and it duce French principles, and a popular cry may easily be imagined with what grateful of emancipation and liberty; but that they feelings the TE DEUM (always sung on have been received as an artifice lo destroy that day) was celebrated- -The victory their liberty and their religion ; and it is was announced to the public by the disvery confidently asserted, that he has given charge of 101 great guns from the citadel, very strong marks of indignation against and the town illuminated in the evening. those upon whose reports of the disposition -It is said that Davoust is among the of the people he relied. I have enclosed killed, Murat and Ney among the prisoners. herewith translations of the Bulletins of the affairs of the 5th and 7th September, new St. Petersburgh, 12th Sepl. N.S. style. The accounts of the battle of the At ten o'clock a Courier had arrived from 7th reached the Emperor early on the Prince Koutouzoff, dated 111 wersts in the morning of his name-day, which is always neighbourhood of Mojaisk, that he had celebrated with religious and other ceremo- been attacked by the French at Borodina, nies, and illuminations. His Imperial Ma- and, in a general engagement, the French jesly immediately sent an Aid-de-Camp lo were repulsed at all points, leaving 25,000 notify it lo me; and after divine worship killed and wounded, and 16,000 prisoners. in the Cathedral, in presence of their Im- The official Bulletin was expected to be perial Majesties and the whole Court, an printed every moment, and it was with officer was ordered to read the Bulletin difficulty they could make the Russians take aloud, which gave the populace an oppor- any prisoners. When the Courier had left tunity of expressing their exultation.- -A the field of battle, the Russians had broken corps of militia, of ten thousand men, re- through the centre of the French army, ceived their colours this morning, and are which retired precipitately three wersts, to march in two days from hence.
and Platoff was in pursuit with the Uhlans I have the honour to be, &c. and Cossacks. -This is the report of the
CATHCART. Minister 10 the people. The important
victory was announced by the firing of guns No. III.
from the citadel. St. Pelersburgh, Aug. 30, 0, S./ Sepl. 11).
St. Petersburgh, Sept. 13. We have, thank God! glorious news This moment has been published the of. from the interior. No news of the battle ficial account, that General Koutouzoff has is published yet, and consequently we can- totally defeated the French, and takeni not discriminate what is official from what 20,000 prisoners, among whom are the is only report. Certain it is, that a general Viceroy of Italy and Marshal Ney. Daand bloody battle was fought on the 26th, voust is dead.- -Another account says,