« ForrigeFortsett »
from the field of battle. It was then, the inhabitants, during the last twenty-four amidst the strains of the Russian Te Deums, hours, had saved many articles. They enthat the army arrived at Moscow. There deavoured to stop the progress of the flames, they thought themselves conquerors, at but the Governor had taken the horrid least the populace thought so, for well-in-precaution to carry off or destroy all the formed persons knew what was passing. engines. The army is recovering from
Moscow is the entrepot of Asia and of its fatigues ; it has abundance of bread, poEurope. Its warehouses were immense ; tatoes, cabbages, and other vegetables, every house was provided for eight months meat, salted provisions, wine, brandy, with necessaries of every description. sugar, coffee, and, in short, provisions of It was only the evening before, and the day all sorts. -The advanced guard is twenty of our entrance, that the danger became wersts on the road to Kassau, by which the known. We found in the house of the mi-enemy is retreating. Another French adserable Rostopchin some papers, and a let- vanced guard is on the road to St. Peterster half written; he fled without finishing burgh, where the enemy has not a single it.-Moscow, one of the finest and richest soldier.--The temperature is still that of cities in the world, is no more.
On the autumn; the soldiers have found, and con14th the Russians set fire to the Exchange, tinue to find, a number of pelisses and furs to the Bazar, and the Hospital. On the for the winter. Moscow was the depot of 16th a violent wind arose. Three or four those articles. hundred ruffians set fire to the city in 500 different places at the same moment, by order of the Governor Rostopchin. Five
RUSSIAN BULLETINS. sixths of the houses were built of wood; the fire spread with a prodigious rapidity: Official Intelligence from General Barclay it was an ocean of flame. Churches, of
de Tolli, dated Umolze, 9, (21) Aug. which there were 1,600—above 1,000 pa
1812. laces, immense magazines, nearly all have After
my last official report to your Imfallen a prey to the flames. The Kremlin perial Majesty, very important events have has been preserved. Their loss is in- taken place respecting the positions of the calculable for Russia, for her commerce, army.
-On the 3d (15th) August, a reand for her nobility, who had left all there. port was received from Major-General It is not over-rating its value to state it at Newerauskye, that the enemy, who admany milliards. -About 100 of these in- vanced in great force towards Krasmow, cendiaries have been apprehended and shot: had pushed on his advanced guards to Lady; all of them declared that they acted under in the mean time I also received informathe orders of Rostopchin, and the Director tion that Napoleon had left Witepsk, and of the Police. - Thirty thousand sick concentrated his whole force near Baloand wounded Russians have been burnt. moutzchy, Orocha, and Dubrowna. The richest commercial houses in Russia In consequence of this, it was immediately are ruined. The shock must be consider- determined that the 2d army should march able. The clothing, the magazines, and to Smolensk, and after uniting all its corps the equipments of the Russian army have on the left bank of the Duieper, halt. The been consumed. They have thus lost every | 1st army was to approach Smolensk, or thing; they would remove nothing, because act offensively, should the enemy divide they always thought it impossible for us to his forces. On the night of the same day reach Moscow, and because they were will- Lieutenant-General Rajewski reported that ing to deceive the people. When they Major-General Newerauskye, after having saw all in the hands of the French, they been attacked by a superior force, had conceived the horrible project of destroying found himself under the necessity of reby fire this first capital, this holy city, the treating, after having suffered considerable centre of the empire; and they have re- loss, and that he was only 7 wersts from duced to beggary 200,000 respectable in- Smolensk. All the other accounts agreed habitants. This is the crime of Rostopchin, in stating that the enemy with his whole executed by felons liberated from the pri- force were passing to the left bank of the
The resources which the army had Dnieper, in consequence of which, withfound are consequently much diminished; out loss of time, I immediately put the however, we have collected, and are still army in motion, and in the night of the collecting a number of necessaries. All4th (16th) arrived near Smolensk, just as the cellars are untouched by the fire, and the enemy were making a heavy attack on
Lieut.-General Rajewski's corps. This the loss of our valiant soldiers; for which affair has already been made known to reason, after having successfully repulsed your Majesty by the Commander-in-Chief a severe attack, I determined, in the night of the 2d army, and serves as a new proof between the 5th and 6th (17th and 18th) of the invincible courage of your Majesty's to leave it; but still keeping possession of troops. Having ascertained that the enemy the suburbs, called St. Petersburgh, and concentrated their whole force at one point, with the whole army take possession of the and had even drawn Prince Poniatowski's heights opposite Smolensk, and to appear corps to their assistance, it was to be sup- as if waiting their attack.
- The enemy, posed, his real intention was to anticipate after garrisoning the town, skirmished the us in Dorogubush, or any other point by whole day with our Yagers, who were which he might obtain possession of the posted in the suburbs of which during the Moscow road. Taking this into considera- whole evening ; they attempted to take tion, we determined, together with Prince possession, but were constantly driven back. Bagration, that the 7th army should oc- Nevertheless, during the night they succupy Smolensk, and remain on the right ceeded in throwing a bridge across above bank of the Dnieper, and by that means the suburbs and in repairing the old one in cover the march of the 2d army to Doro- the suburbs.--At 7 p. m. when no furgubush. In the night between the 4th ther attack from the enemy was expected, and 5th (16th and 17th) this plan was ex- a part of the army which formed the 2d ecuted. The 6th corps, to which was column of the 2d and 3d corps of the caattached the 3d division of infantry, took valry, and 5th and 6th of infantry, and possession of Smolensk and all the out- a part of Major-General Newerowkye, unposts.—The 2d army, which put itself der General Docktorow, put themselves in in motion on the same night, took its po- motion, and continued their march through sition 15 wersts from Smolensk, and sent Sakilena, Bisklow, &c. At 9 p. m. the the irregular troops towards Jilnce and first column, consisting of the 2d, 3d, and Rosbowl to observe the enemy. Mean- 4th divisions of infantry, and of the first while the enemy concentrated their whole four of reserve of cavalry, under the comforce, and brought 150,000 men against mand of Lieut.-General Kutusow, marched Smolensk. On the 5th (17th), at one by the way of Krachatschens, Gedonow, p. m. they attacked our troops, who were &c. to the high road of Dorogubush, but drawn up on the road from Krosno and the troops under the command of Majorother points round Smolensk, but after an General Baraskorf who garrisoned the Peengagement, which continued without in- tersburgh suburbs, marched on the 7th termission for three hours, they were re- (19th) two hours after midnight, and pulsed at every point. At 5 p. m. after formed the rear-guard of the front column. bringing a strong column of their forces, -General Platow detached part of his and an uncommonly numerous artillery light troops, and formed a chain of deforward, they attacked the city in every tachments from Smolensk to Porilschiji, in direction, but all their efforts and endea- such a manner, that we could approach vours were vain; although they drove back with both columns to the Dnieper, and our advanced troops even to the ruins of that these detachments should approach the walls of Smolensk, and appeared de- each other and form a mass, which could termined to storm the city, our valiant be freely used on all sides. On the retreat troops not only defeated them back to such of Major-General Korf, at three p. m. the a distance, that at night our advanced enemy began 10 pursue, and at the same guards were placed without the walls. time detached a great part of his troops in The attack of the enemy was very impe- the high road to Moscow, and scarcely had tuous, but they received their recompense the 2d corps passed the village of Gidenin their loss, which was so incredibly great nowo, where the road divides, one of which that ours bear no proportion to it, although leads to Moscow, and the other to Bridiwe had 4,000 killed or wounded. -Our chens, to which the first column marched intention in defending Smolensk was to ar, when the enemy drove back the rear-guard, rest the enemy, and prevent their arrival which was on the high Moscow road, and at Jilna and Dorogubush, and thereby give whilst they were furiously advancing to Prince Bagration time to arrive, without take possession of those points which the opposition, at the latter place; the further rear-guard of Major-General Korf's dividefence could have been no longer useful, sion had to pass. To prevent any danger but only on the contrary have occasioned to this General's detachment, which co
vered the retreat of the army on the main day. The whole army will take a poroad, and was still at six wersts' distance sition in the road, half way to Dogorobush, from the second corps, I ordered Major- where the 2d army yesterday arrived. The General Prince Wirtemberg to defend this greater part of the irregular troops are on post with some troops of the 4th division, the right bank of the Dnieper, and keep and the necessary quantity of artillery, till up the communication with the detachment Major-General Korf should arrive with his of Adjutant-General Baron Winzengerode, detachment. Notwithstanding the im- who has been ordered to take post at mense superiority of the enemy, the Prince Duchawischteschine. In these different of Wirtemberg kept possession of this post engagements we have taken 500 officers till Major-General Korf, with his detach- and soldiers prisoners, and the irregular ment, joined him, and then protected our troops have during the same time made retreat. The enemy, who did not suc- 800 prisoners. ceed in this operation, now began to force Major-General Korpon's corps, which we From General Barclay de Tolli, dated the posted along the great road to Moscow,
26th August. and to pass troops from the left to the right After dispatching my most submissive of the Dnieper, above his position, to be- report to your Majesty on the 9th (21st) come masters of the points which lead to August, I received information that the the great road before the arrival of the 2d enemy had crossed to the right bank of the corps. The 3d and 4th corps were al- Dnieper with his whole force, belove Smoready drawn up in order of battle at this lensk, and sent forward part of the 4th place, but in order to detain the enemy, corps under the Viceroy of Italy, towards the advanced guard, under Major-General Duchowochtschina, and was, with the reTutschkow, was sent against them.- mainder, in pursuit of the Army under my It was already four wersts from the high command. The rear was on the 9th under road, on which the ad division of cavalry the necessity of retreating entirely to the and Major-General Korf's detachment must passage of the Dnieper by Soloujow. The pass. Not long after, Major-General first army, which on the evening, of the Tutschkow was much pressed by the enemy, 9th, marched out, the following morning and was supported by the 3d and 4th divi- took a position near the village of Uswat, sions of cavalry, in order to assist in re- on the right bank of the Usha, after havpelling the furious attacks of the enemy. ing strengthened the rear-guard under
At six, p. m. the enemy attacked General Platow, and commanded him to Major-General Tutschkow with their whole detain the enemy as much as possible. On force, consisting of Davoust's, Ney's, a the 23d a small alteration was made in our part of the Viceroy of Italy's, and with the positions. The 2d Army, which had cavalry of the King of Naples' corps, en- marched from Dorogobush, took a position deavouring, by every possible exertion, to on the left wing of the 1st Army, leaving drive him from his position. In the mean behind it a strong detachment of infantry time, Major-General Korl's detachment, and cavalry near Dorogobushi, on the right and the second corps arrived on the high bank of the Dnieper, under the command road, from whence I also sent a part of of Major-General Newerouske. In the the troops to support General Tutschkow. mean time both rear-guards had joined, This action, which lasted from one, p. m. and at every step detained the enemy, nor till ten at night, was hot and bloody. Your did they retreat towards Uswat till the Majesty's troops acted most gallantly, and evening of the 23d. The enemy ap. notwithstanding the immense superiority proached, reconnoitred our position, and of the enemy, kept possession of this, to endeavoured to turn our left Aank, whilst us, most important point. Our loss on they approached from the side of Ducho- . this day is very considerable, but that of wochtschina towards Dorogobush, and apthe enemy greatly exceeds it. We had peared so near that Prince Bagration feared cavalry attached to our left flank, which, being cut off from the road to Julna, by notwithstanding the superior number of the which, in case of misfortune, he must reenemy's cavalry, repulsed several despe- treat. At night, between the 11th and rate charges. At one o'clock of the morn- 12th (23d and 24th) both armies retreated ing of the 8th (20th) the army put itself in on the road to Dorogobush.The 2d motion, taking the direction of Solowjewo, corps took a position on the right bank of whence yesterday a part of the troops had the Dnieper, and Major-General Newepassed the Dnieper, and the remainder to
(To be continued.)
As illustrated in the Prosecution and Punishment of
WILLIAM COBBETT. 511)
-[518 In order that my countrymen and that the two sureties in the sum of 1,000 pounds each; world may not be deceived, dnped, and cheated that the whole of this sentence has been executed upon this subject, I, WILLIAM COBBETT, upoti me, that I have been imprisoned the two of Botley, in Hampshire, put upon record years, have paid the thonsand ponnds TO THE the following facts; to wit: That, ou the 24th KING, and have given the bail, Timothy Brown Jime, 1809, the following article was pub and Peter Walker, Esqrs. being my sureties; lished in a London news-paper, called the that the Attorney General was Sir Vicary Gibbs, COURIER: “ The Mutiny amongst the LO. the Judge who sat at the trial Lord Ellen borongh, « CAL MILITIA, which broke out at Ely, was the four Judges who sat at passing sentence Elen" fortunately suppressed on Wednesday by the borough, Grose, Le Blanc, and Bailey; and that “ arrival of four squadrons of the GÉRMAN the jurors were, Thomas Rhodes of Hampstead « LEGION CAVALRY from Bury, under the Road, John Davis of Southampton Place, Jama « command of General Auckland. Five of the Ellis of Tottenham Court Road, John Richards “ ringleaders were tried by a Court-Martial, and of Bayswater, Thomas Marsham of Baker Street, " sentenced to receive 500 lashes each, part of which Robert Heathcote of High Street Marylebone, Spanishment they received on Wednesday, and John Maud of York Place Marylebone, George
a part was remitted. A stoppage for their denup Bagster of Church Terrace Pancras, Thomas u sacks was the ground of the complaint that ex Taylor of Red Lion Square, David Deape of St.
cited this mutinous spirit, which occasioned John Street, William Palmer of Upper Street " the men toʻsirrronnd their officers, and demand Islington, Henry Favre of Pall Mall; that the “ what they deemed their arrears. The first Prime Ministers during the time were Spencer « division of the German Legion halted yesterday Perceval, until he was shot by John Bellingham,
at Newniarket on their return to Bury.". and after that Robert B. Jenkinson, Earl of Li. That, on the 1st July, 1809, I published, in the verpool; that the prosecution and sentence took Political Register, an article censuring, in the place in the reign of King George the Third, arrd strongest tenns, these proceedings; that, for so that, he having become insare during my impridoing, the Attorney General
prosecuted, as sedi-sonment, the 1,000 pounds was paid to his soul, tious" libellers, and by Ex-Officio Information, the Prince Regent, in his behalf; that, during my me, and also my printer, my publisher, and one imprisonment, I wrote and published 364 Essays of the principal retailers of the Political Register; and Letters upon political subjects; that, during that I was brought to trial on the 15th June, the same time, I was visited by persons from 197 1810, and was, by a Special Jury, that is to say, cities and towns, many of them as a sort of depuby 12 men ont of 48 appointed by the Master of ties from Societies or Clubs; that, at the expirathe Crown Office, found guilty; that, on the tion of my imprisonment, on the 9th of July, 1819, 20th of the same month, I was compelled to give a great dinner was given in London for the pur bail for my apperrance to receive judgment; pose of receiving me, at which dinner upwards of and that, as I came up from Botley (to which | 600 persons were present, and at which Sir place I had returned to my family and my farm Francis Burdett presided ; that dinners and other on the evening of the 15th), a Tipstaff went parties were held on the same occasion in many down from London in order to seize me, per other places in England; that, on my way home, sonally; that, on the 9th of July, 1810, I, toge. I was received at Alton, the first town in Hampther with my printer, publisher, and the news shire, with the ringing of the Chureh bells; that man, were brought into the Court of King's a respectable company met me and gave me a Bench to receive judgment; that the three dinner at Winchester; that I was drawn from former were sentenced to be imprisoned for more than the distance of a mile into Botley by some months in the King's Bench prison ; that I the people ; 'that, upon my arrival in the village, was sentenced to be imprisoned for two years in I found all the people assembled to receive Be; Newgate, the great receptacle for malefactors, that I concluded the day by explaining to them and the front of which is the scene of numerous the cause of my imprisonment, and by giving hangings in the course of every year; that the them clear notions respecting the flogging of the part of the prison in which I was sentenced to be Local Militia-men at Ely, and respecting the emconfined is sometimes inhabited by felons, that ployment of German Troops ; and, finally,
which felons were actually in it at the time I entered is more than a compensation for my losses and all it; that one man was taken out of it to be trans- my sufferings, I am in perfect health and strength, ported in about 48 hours after I was put into the and, though I must, for the sake of six children, same yard with him; and that it is the place of feel the diminution that has been made in my confinement for men guilty of unnatural crimes, property (thinking it right in me to decline the of whom there are four in it at this time ; that, offer of a subscription), I have the consolation to besides
this imprisonment, I was sentenced to see growing up three sons, upon whose hearts, I pay a thousand pounds TO THE KING, and to trust, all these facts will be engraven. give security for my good behaviour for seven
WM. COBBETT. years, myself in the sum of 3,000 pounds, and Botley, July 23, 1812.
Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent Garden.
LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black Horse-Court, Fleet-street.
Vol. XXII. No. 17.) LONDON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 24, 1812. [Price 1s.
[514 Sheriff accordingly. He, however, had
determined otherwise; aud, I am far from FREEHOLDERS OF HAMPSHIRE. supposing, that he did not decide according
to the best of his judgment. I confess that Letter I.
the point was a nice one; but, I remain Gentlemen,
firmly convinced, that the majority, by the To those of you who were present at the view, was for me. And, here, gentlemen, Castle of Winchester, on the 13th instant, I beg you to bear in mind, that, so far from I ought to offer an apology for addressing any exertions having been made to draw upon many of the topics, on which I am people together in support of me, I had not now about to address you; but, as many of asked one single soul to vote for me, not the Freeholders were not present upon that even the tradesmen in this village, who occasion, it appears to me necessary to re- work for me constantly, though I was appeat, in substance, much of what I then prized of their having been canvassed, on had ihe honour to address to the county as- behalf of the other candidates, by a Mr. sembled; and, with regard to those of you EYRE, of Landford, in Wiltshire, of whose who were present, I owe the re-assertion conduct and motives I shall speak more at and the proof of certain facts, which were large upon a future occasion, and whose slated by me, and which were denied by success, in this instance, was certainly not Mr. George Rose. I propose also to take such as to encourage him in the pursuit of this opportunity of clearly explaining to such practices. you the meaning of what has recently been It has, Gentlemen, always appeared to published, in a letter of Sir Francis Burdet i me, that, to canvass individually, especi. and in a letter of the Marshal of the King's ally where the person canvassed is employed Bench, relative to certain emoluments, said by, or is a tenant of, the person can
canvassing, to be received, by the Chief Judge of the or is, in any shape, within the reach of his Court of King's Bench, Lord Ellenborough, power, is not only a very mean, but a very and which, for obvious reasons, inust be base act. I do, in short, look upon it as an considered as not only a very interesting, act of corruplion of the worst kind; and, but also as a very important subject. therefore, I have heard, with no common
Gentlemen, as to the meeting at Win. degree of indignation, of a Land-owner at chester, and the proceedings thereat, it will Southampton, who, in consequence of some be borne in mind, and especially by the of his tenants having, in opposition to his sons and daughters of corruption, first, requisition, voted for Mr. Chamberlayne, that there was a larger meeting than any has given those tenants notice to quit. This inan had ever before beheld at Winchester, is an act of baseness for which a man ought not only upon such an occasion, but upon to be held in universal abhorrence; he enany occasion ; SECOND, that every possible deavours first to induce men to vote contraexertion had been made by the other can ry to their consciences; he does all that lies didates to assemble together persons to pre- in his power to induce them to take a false vent, by all possible means, my voice from oath; and, being unable to accomplish this keing heard ; tụIED, that, in spite of these detestable purpose, being unable thus 10, pre-concerted measures, I did obtain a corrupt the objects of his temptation, be, hearing during more than an hour and a in the most foul way, punishes them for half with very little interruption; and that, their virtue. FOURTH, I had, upon a show of hands, so But, Gentlemen, I beg to impress it upon great a number, that it was thought and your minds, that no apology can be offered asserted by many respectable gentlemen, for a tenant, who is, out of fear of his that the show was decidedly in my favour. landlord, induced to give his vote contrary For my own part, I sincerely thought so, to the dictates of his own conscience, The and I made a representation to ihe High voling at an election is a duly, which the