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Surely, then; my Lord, it is burning any man affirm that that is now the fact ? day-light to prove that the old Law did that that relation is preserved ?- My Lords, intend to entail upon the whole body of the it is not Preserved, it is Destroyed.”—See realm, and every particular member there- Debrett, v.v. p. 154-5. of, the great Right for which I contend. " A Borough, (on another occasion, exCould, however, the policy which dictated claimed this great patriot), which, perthe laws, or the laws which declare the haps, no man ever saw, this is what I call policy of our forefathers, stand in need of the Rotten Part of our Constitution. It additional support, the proudest and most cannot continue a century; if it does not venerable authorities which the English drop off, it must be amputated."-See Dename can boast, are at hand to give it. Let breit, v. iv. p. 291. us, then, my Lord, place Mr. John Locke “Nothing can endanger our Constitution, in our front rank -Mr. John Locke, the but destroying the equilibrium of power beavowed champion of that "ancient consti-tween one branch of the Legislature and tulion, (as your Lordship observed) esta- the rest. If ever it should happen that blished at the Revolution, and which may the independence of any one of the three be considered as the consolidation of our should be lost, or that it should become liberty."
subservient to the views of either of the "Thus, to regulate Candidates and Elec- other two, there would be an end of the tors,” (i.e. according to the mode which constitution."-Blackstone. prevailed before the Prince of Orange ar “ Nor, my Lord, is the doctrine New, rived, a mode too similar to our present (said Lord Camden), it is as old as the practical one) " what is it,” says this great Constitulion; it grew up with it; it is its Englishman, " but to cut up the Govern- support. Taxation and Representation are ment by the roots and poison the very foun- inseparably united. God hath joined them. tain of public security. For the people No British Parliament can put them asunhaving reserved to themselves the choice of der-to endeavour to do it is to stab our their Representatives, as the Fence to their vitals !"-Lord Camden's Speech on Ameproperties, could do it for no other end, rican Taxation. but that they might always be Freely " It is material to us (said Mr. Burke) Chosen, and so chosen, freely act."-Locke to be represented really and bona fide, and on Government, p. 2, and 222.
not in forms and types, and figures and Mr. Locke appears
have caught the fictions of law. The right of election was above metaphor from Sir E. Coke, 4 Insti- not established as a mere matter of form, tute, 93, where he says, “ Thomas Long it was not a principle which might substigave the Mayor of Westbury four pounds tute a Titius or a Marius, a John Doe or a to be elected Burgesse. This matter was Richard Roe, in the place of a man speadjudged in the House of Commons, secun- cially chosen, not a principle just as well dum consuetudinem Parliamente the satisfied with one man as another. It is a Mayor fined and imprisoned, and Long re- Right, the effect of which is to give to the moved. For this Corrupi Dealing was people that man and that man only, whom Poyson to the very Fountain itself." by their own voices Actually not Construc
Tempora mutantur, however, my Lord, lively given, they declare that they know, these things, we are now told, are as " no esteem, love, and trust."— Thoughts on lorious as the Sun at noon-day," and the the present Discontents, p. 304, 305. Mayor of Westbury, doubtless, at present " The Constitution of this country (exmakes his return without any apprehen- claimed our virtuous and patriotic counsions.
tryman, Sir Geo. Saville, ) reminds me “Whoever understands the theory of strongly of an ancient and stately oak near the English Constitution (said Lord Chat my house, though to all appearance green ham), and will compare it with the prac- and flourishing without-is all ROTTENtice, must see at once how widely they Ness and CORRUPTION within."! differ. We must reconcile thém to each " The defect of Representation said other, if we mean to preserve the LIBERTIES Mr. Piu, in 1782;) is the national disai of this Country; we must reduce our Poli. ease, aud unless you apply à remedy die tical Practice as near as possible to our Po- rectly to that disease, you must inevitably dilical Principle. The English Constitu- take the consequences with which it is tiga intended that there should be a Perma- pregnant.--Without a Parliamentary Renent Relation between the Constiluent and forai, the nation will be plunged into New Représerlative body of the People; will WARS; without a Parliamentary Reforat,
you cannot be safe against BAD MINISTERS, Your Lordship is reported to have said nor can even Good Ministers be of use to at Leeds—If by Reform is meant the you-No Honest Man cau, according to removal of any Corruplion or Abuse, that the present system, be Minister."
may have crept into the mode of electing "That corruption and patronage had Members of Parliament; or any thing overspread the land—that the King's name which affects its INDEPENDENCE, no man was frequently prostituted by his Ministers is more friendly to it than I am.' --that Majorities were found to support Now, my Lord, is not Borough Patronthe worst measures, as well as the best-age an abuse ?—What says the great chamthat through Parliamentary Reform ALONE, pion of your Lordship’s favourite measure, we could have a chance of rescuing our the Revolution, Mr. Locke ?-What says selves from a state of extreme peril and the Declaration of that Prince whose avowdistress, -was the solemn declaration of ed intention it was to RESTORE the ConstiMr. Fox.
tution of England ?—What says the Bill To the eloquent and recent appeals of of Rights itself!—To what purpose, if the Mr. (now Lord) Grey, and to the Petition present practice is constitutional, the first of the Society called the Friends of the and solemn resolution passed when ParPeople, praying for Parliamentary Reform, liament assembles, a resolution which as and which may now be found upon the yet has never been impugned—". That for table of the House of Commons, I need a Peer to Interfere in the election of a not call your Lordship's attention. Member of Parliament, is a gross infringe
Nothing can be farther from my intention ment of the Rights and Privileges of the than to say any thing bearing the least sein. Commons of Great Britain.”—Is it not, blanee of unkindness to a man, whose in my Lord, in direct opposition to these tenlions 'I believe to be perfectly upright, statutes and authorities that the supposed and whose sincerity is unquestionable; or right is founded which gives to 182 indiI might here perhaps be allowed to ask viduals, in a population of fourteen milyour Lordship on what foundation these lions of people, calling themselves free, late changes have been made against the the dangerous privilege of selecting a maFriends of Reform ? · Whence these de- jority of those, whom they think best fitnunciations, which to many a mind may ted to fulfil the great and sacred duties of have given considerable pain, of persons legislation ? seeking for visionary improvements, aud Perhaps it may be argued that the Bo“ raising the passions of the people by at- rough Proprietors have an interest in serytempting to fill them with fancies which ing their country, and that though they do had no solid foundation.”—To shew my nominate for Boroughs, they do not negCountrymen that the Reformers of Eng- lect the common good." How the Paland conceive they have “ some foundation, tron sometimes finds his interest consulted and that a very solid one loo," for the by the disposal of seats, is very satisfactocause they have hitherto pursued, and in rily explained by Bubb Doddington in his which I trust they will persevere to the Diary. And Doddington was possessed of end, is the only object of this letter; and I all the qualities which are now considered trust, after the statement I have made, that necessary for a Legislature" a great the friends of this measure will hear no Landholder-a great Officer in the State more complaints on the score of “ MODERN eminent for his knowledge, eloquence, and INNOVATION."
activity."-(Sce Paley's Moral and PoIn endeavouring to effect this, I have not litical Philosophy.) trusted to my own speculations and in "I believe (said this Right Hon. Paquiries—I have rather chosen to submit 10 tron) there were few who could afford to your Lordship's view the learning and the give His Majesty Six Members for nothing." researches of others. If I should have suc .66 Mr. Pelham declared that I had a ceeded in condensing, without injuring its good deal of MARKETABLE WARE (Parliaforse-in giving it "a tangible shape -- mentary interest) and that if I would emin placing within every man's reach those power him to offer it to the King without valuable documents, in which he will find conditions, he would be answerable to bring his great prerogative—his Right OF SUF- the affair to a good account."-Pages 282, FRACE in a Free Parliament, recognised 308, Diary. What was this account ?in the laws of his country-I shall feel sa
“ The Treasureship of the Navy, he says, tisfied in having done some trifling service to the cause I have espoused!
* Leeds Mercury, October 10, 1812.
the price of his seats."-Volgato imperii for that " The Bill of Rocuts, with every arcano:—What has happened, my Lord, preventive regulation which our ancestors once, may happen again—What has oc- with parental anxiety suggested in the days curred in one instance, may take place in of simplicity and truth, to guard the Free one thousand.
dom of Eleclion, ought to be cast into the It is not, however, always the Patron's fire as waste paper and rubbish. practice to dispose of his seats to his rela Your Lordship has often demanded of tives or friends, or persons on whose inte- the friends of Reform, to what period they grity he can reckon.—They are a commo- would revert to seek for the Constitution dity in the market--they are avowedly and of England. The Reformers, my Lord, repeatedly on sale to the best bidder-lhe will make answer, and tell you that the way, therefore, is as open to the monied real Constitution, only with a much greater adventurer as to the English Gentleman. latitude of suffrage than is now sought for, Mr. Pitt roundly affirmed in his day, existed from the earliest times to the fa" That the emissary of a Tartar Prince had mous disfranchising act of the 8th of Hen: eight seats among the Commons of Great ry 6th. Since it appears by the latest inBritain,”-having thus an equal weight quiry into the early history of our country, there with the County of Middlesex, and that the Norman Conqueror made little or the Cities of London and Westminster. no alteration in the civil government of Now, my Lord, are these colours of suffi- the country, -(See Sir W. Jones's admicient force to paint this dreadful enormity? rable speech on Parliamentary Reform, -What but a Parliamentary Reform can Vol. 5 of his works,) a speech which ought shield us from a repetition of these attacks? to be deeply studied by every friend to the -For the same inlet through which the measure; the speech of a man who was rupees of Mahomet Ali Khan, insinuated made up of religion, learning, and intehis Agents into St. Stephen's Chapel, are grity; the speech of a man, of whom it still open, and if your Lordship's argu- was emphatically said, " that it was well ments are valid, ought not to be shiul for the world that he had been born." against any intruder.
The Reformers will tell you, my Lord, These two cases however cannot attach that it was lost both in theory and practice, to your Lordship, for no man can harbour during the distracted times of the latter the remotest suspicion, that either your period of the 15th century—that it was Lordship or your Lordship's family will kept down by the tyranny of the Tudors ever act from interested motives. Let us that it spoke again, through its organ, the then consider the last and only remaining people, to two of the Princes of the house case, let us suppose the Borough Patrons of Stewart-(see the Petition of Right,) to be actuated solely by the purest and most that its balance was " by the caprice and undivided love of their country, still there partiality of our Kings, from Henry 6th to are very forcible reasons why the power Charles 2d gradually vested in the inferior should not be lodged where it is at present. boroughs” – see the Yorkshire Memorial, Great Property, my Lord, is not always 1782,) and that it would have effectually coupled with sound judgment. The best and proudly raised its head at the “Gloof us, (and the Borough Proprietors are rious Revolution,” had not the Prince of not exempt from the common lot) have Orange bullied those of whose lives, liour Purtialities! For a variety of rea- berty, and property, he professed himself sons, therefore, it is obvious,' that the the friend and defender. " Common Good" should not be at their For the real history of the Bill of Rights, disposal.
I must request your_Lordship to turn to I shall pursue this subject no further. Ralph's History of England, Vol. 2, p. Upon the authority of our illustrious an- 52. Your Lordship will there find that cestors, who were the proud actors in that the Bill of Rights was only the Bill decla
greal but necessary violation of the law,” ratory of our rights, and that it was to by the operation of which “ a Tyrant was have been followed up by another, making cashiered for misconducl," and upon the specific provision to carry these rights into Bill they passed declaratory of an English-effect, which was defeated by the Prince man's rights, I fearlessly take my stand of Orange himself, who roundly declared, upon a rock, from which I trust " the that if Parliament insisted so much on lipuny breath of modern dialectics" will mitations, he would return to Holland, never be able to shake me. I contend and leave them to the mercy of King James. either that the present practice is WRONC, Thus, my Lord, to use a homely expres
sion, The Bill of Rights was the Bill of
OFFICIAL PAPERS. Fare, but the dinner has not yet been served up!
English Bullelin. (Continued from p.574. That I should impute any improper molives to your Lordship, God forbid, but
Having learned that the enemy had octhere may be an error of the judgment, as cupied the town of Wolokolamsk, threatenwell as of the heart ; and I could not hearing by this movement my right flank, ! the cause of Reform arraigned without immediately detached Colonel Benkendorff making the best efforts in my power to with the Cossacks of the guard, and the interpose in its behalf. To your Lord regiment of Tchermosonboff. I ordered ship’s arguments I have opposed those him to reconnoitre the enemy, and to drive which have confirmed me in my opinions ;
away, if it be possible, from Wolokoboth are now before the public, and in lamsk. I ordered Colonel Jelowaiskoy not their present, as well as future views of to retire one step, that the enemy might this subject, that public must judge be- not perceive my movement. In the tween us.
mean while, I have advanced with the whole In addressing this letter to your Lord of my detachment towards the town of ship, I have only taken the liberty, I Klin, and posted myself seven wersts off in have only exercised the right which the the village of Davidofka, in order the betmeanest of your Lordship's constituents ter to support Colonel Benkendorff, and possesses ; when a man's country is, at anticipate the enemy in his movements from stake, he is no friend to it who suffers ce
Wolokolamsk towards Twer. Yesterday çemony to sway him. I have endeavoured, I received accounts from M. Benkendorff, however, to discuss the point with all the that Wolokolamsk was only occupied by a ieniper such serious subjects require. 1part of the enemy, who have retired tobave not, I trust, for a moment, lost sight wards Roussa. I have ordered M. Beni of that respect which I owe and feel to your
kendorff to post himself near Roussa, and Lordship's situation, public services, and to occupy the environs of Mojaisk: and privale worth, and though I may be in an then, after having joined the detachment of error, (which I must share, should that Major Prendell, to act upon all the roads be the case, with some of the most famous which lead from Mojaisk towards the North, Parliament Statesmen, Lawyers, Jurists,
- This very moment, I have received and Moralists that England ever knew ;) from M. Prendell the intelligence of his yet I shall think myself well repaid for the having already had some affairs with the attempt I have made, if in explaining the enemy. I am convinced that the move, causes of " the Political Faith which is in ments of Major Prendell were the cause of me," I shall have succeeded in persuading the abandonment of Wolokolamsk by the your Lordship, whose good opinion I very enemy, who, according to Major Prendell's much value, that my mistake has not report, suffered great loss. He has sent originated in thoughtlessness or vice. me thirty-six prisoners.- -To-morrow I
I shall now, my Lord, bring this letter shall myself advance towards the town of to a clase, I have disburdened my mind, Woskreseuck, whence it will be easy for having, I trust, said enough to shew that me to reinforce my advanced guard, which Parliamentary Reform is not the “ baseless is at Tschernoy Grjas, as well as Benken, fabric," your Lordship has represented it dorff's detachment; at the same time I to be, and that a man, so long as any.
shall attain by this means my principal obweight is attached to grave and virtuous ject, which is to cover Klein and Twer, as authorities may entertain a conviction of well as the road from Petersburgh. its necessity, without labouring under the imputation of os vanity or presumption." I have the honour to be,
Twenty-third Bulletin of the French Grand
Army.-Moscow, Oct. 9.
The advanced guard, commanded by the
is upon the Kalouga. Some skirmishes Farnley Mall,
have taken place for the last three days. Nov, 0, 1812.
The King of Naples has had all the advan
tage, and always driven the enemy from been able to console himself in the society, their positions. The Cossacks hover upon of the English Commissary, Wilson. our flanks. A patrol of 150 dragoons, of The Staff-Major will cause i he details of the the guard commanded by Major Marthod, battles of Smolensko and Moskwa to be has fallen into an ambuscade of the Cos- printed, and point out those who distinsacks, between the road of Moscow and guished themselves. We have just Kalougo.
The dragoons sabred 300 of armed the Kremlin with 30 pieces of canthem, and opened themselves a passage ; non, and constructed cheveaux de frize at but they left 20 men upon the field of all the entrances of it. It forms a fortress. battle, who were taken, amongst them is Bake-houses and magazines are established the Major, dangerously wounded. The in it. Duke of Elchingen is at Boghorodoek. The advanced guard of the Viceroy is at Troitsa, upon the road to Dmitrow. Twenty-fourth Bulletin of the Grand Army, The colours taken by the Russians from the
Moscow, Oct. 14, 1812. Turks, in different wars, and several curious
General Baron Delzons has marched upon things found in the Kremlin, have been Dmitrow. The advanced guard of the sent off for Paris. We found a Madonna, King of Naples is upon the Nara, in the cariched with diamonds : It has also been
presence of the enemy, who is occupied sent to Paris. We add here a statistical with refreshing his army, and completing account of Moscow, which was found among it by means of the militia, - The weather the papers of the Palace.It appears is still fine. The first snow fell yesterday. that Rostopchin has emigrated. At Voro. In twenty days we shall be in winter quar-, novo he set fire to his castle, and left the
The Russian troops in Moldavia following writing attached to a post:
have joined General Tormazow, those of " I have, for eight years, embellished this Finland have disembarked at Riga. They country house, and I have lived happy in came out and attacked the 10th corps. it in the bosom of my family. The inha- They were beaten; 3,000 men were made. bitants of this estate, to the number of prisoners. The official account of this 1,720, quit it at your approach (1); and I brilliant combat, which does so much host set fire to my house that it may not be pol-. nour to General de Yorck, is not yet reluted by your presence. Frenchmen! I ceived. -All our wounded have left have abandoned to you my two Moscow Smolensk, Minsk, and Mobilow; a great houses, with furniture, worth half a mil. number are restored, and have rejoined lion of rubles; here you will only find their corps.--Much private correspondashes (2).
ence between Petersburgh and Moscow has, " Count FEDOR RoSTOPCHIN, made known the situation of the empire. Voronovo, Sept. 29."
The project of burning Moscow was kept The palace of Prince Kurakin is one of individuals knew nothing of it.The
secret. The greater part of the Nobles and those which has been saved from the fire. Engineers have drawn out a plan of the General Count Nansouty is lodged in it city, marking the houses which have been
We succeeded, with great difficulty, saved from the Aames. It appears that in withdrawing from the hospitals and there has only been saved from the conflahouses on fire, a part of the Russian sick, There remains about 4,000 of these wretch-lienths of it no longer exist.
gration the tenth part of the city. Ning ed men. The number of those who perished is extremely great.
-We have had for the last eight days a warmer sun
Letter from M. Marcoff, Commandant of than is experienced at Paris at this season.
the Militia of the province of Moscow, We do not perceive that we are in the
to Count Rastapchin. North, The Duke of Reggio, who is at Mojaisk, 24th Aug. (Sept.5), 1812. Wilna, has entirely recovered. The On my arrival at Mojaisk the 21st Aug. enemy's General in Chief, Bagration, is (2d Sept.) the head-quarters were at eight dead of the wound which he received in wersts from this town. The line of the the battle of Moskwa. The Russian two united armies, was at six wersts. The army disavows the fire of Moscow. The first army occupied the right, the second authors of this attempt are held in detesta- the left; the corps of reserve consists of 15 tion among the Russians. - They consi- battalions. -The Prince is determined to der Rostopchin as a sort of Marat. He has
(To be continued.)