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" and abhorrence to every passer-by, for haps, have scarcely been believed that so

their unmanly, and (except in their own "wanton and barbarous a violation of “ bloody revolution) unprecedented cruel." every principle of justice had really been

ty. Look at the French proclamations " committed; yet such is the fact avowed " of 1807, 1808, 1809, 1810, in Poland," in the French official document. A Mi" in Germany, in the Tyrol, in Portugal," litary Commission, consisting of French “ in Spain, subscribed with the names of " officers, is appointed to try. 26 natives of “ Kosinski, Parigot, Lefebvre, Junot, Soult" Russia, upon no other charge than that " (we take these at hazard, from a heap of " of the fair exercise of the rights of war “ similar compositions). Are they net" against an invader; and by that Military " enough to make the blood run cold with " Commission ten of these individuals are " horror, and the hair stand on end with condemned to death, and the rest sen

awful fear of the DIVINE vengeance on tenced to linger in a prison !"-I shall such iniquities? Do they not contain now enter upon those reasons, upon which " threats of razing houses, burning down I found my denial of the assertions above “ whole towns, shooting individuals, and stated; but, first of all, there are some “ banishing families, for mere adherence to other assertions, introduced here incident“ the duties of loyalty and patriotism? ally, and which, it seems to be supposed “ Were not these infernal denunciations by the writers, will be taken for granted; “ executed in Portugal, until the Deliverer and which I am not for so taking. We

came; and were they not fearfully re- are told, that " the MONSTER invaded " tracted in Spain, when retaliation was " the Russian Empire without the shadow 166 threatened ?- This last consideration of reasonable pretence." —By the mone “ points out the just, and only answer, that ster is meant the Emperor of France, he “ the Emperor Alexander ought to make to whom we recognized in a solemn treaty as “ the audacious Manifesto in question. lawfully the Chief Magistrate of that coun" For the first native Russian in the list of try; he whom we sent an Envoy to treat " those confessedly murdered by order of with in 1806 ; he for holding whom forth " Buonaparté, let him instantly hang ten to the execration of the people of France " Barons of the French Empire, or Knights Mr. Peltier was, in our Court of King's “ of the Legion of Honour, and so on for Bench, found guilty of a criminal libel; he,

every other individual that has been exe- in short, with whom, in all human proba6 cuted." -Thus far the Times news-bility, we must treat again, if we are ever paper. We will now hear the Morning to have peace. However, monster or Chronicle. It will be recollected, monster not, it is a falsehood, it is a direct, “ that one of the late French Bulletins re- clear, known falsehood, to say, that Napo6 corded the fact of several Russians hav- leon invaded Russia “ without a shadow of 61 ing been put to death, for no other crime“ reasonable pretence ;" for, as this hire“than that of being faithful to the cause ling of the Times news-paper well knows, " of their country, in endeavouring to ren- the Emperor of France complained of the

der the possession of Moscow of as little Czar's not having adhered to the Treaty of "avail as possible to the invaders, by de. Tilsit ; he complained that the Czar, hav“stroying it. It now appears that this ing, at Tilsit, obtained an equivalent for

atrocious act was attempted to be cover- shutting out the commerce of England, "ed by the mock solemnity of a Military had, with that equivalent in his possession, " Commission, at which the charge of set refused to shut out the said commerce. He ting fre to the City was formally made said, “ when I had you within my grasp

against 26 Russians, several of whom“ at Tilsit, I let go my hold upon coudi“ were natives of Moscow, and for which " tion that you would faithfully adhere to

ten of them were sentenced to death; “ the Continental system against England; " and the remaining 16, although it was " and now, being free from my grasp, you " acknowledged that there was not evi- *** do not adhere to that system.' -Whe"dence sufficient to convict them, were ther the facts here alleged be true or false is " ordered to be detained in the prisons of not the question. The question is, whe& Moscow, to prevent the mischief they ther there be here a reasonable prelence ; "might commit! The detail of the pro- and, as it is obvious that the pretence is . "ceedings of this Military Commission we not only reasonable, but very pluusible, it " have extracted from the French papers, follows, of course, that the assertion of the “ Had it not been for their own record thus | Times is, as to this matter, wholly lạise. "published to the world, it would, per- -The next assertion that I nulice is,

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that the conduct of certain French Generals hirelings of the Times and the Courier acwas “ enough to make the hair stand on cused the French of having burnt the City, " end with awful fear of DIVINE ven- and represented them as horrible monsters geance on such iniquities." - I beg the for the act. On the consistency of this. I reader to compare this with the cant of Mr. shall speak by and by; I only mention it Ganning, who represents Buonaparte as now to shew that there has been two " let loose upon us by Divine Providence." stories as to the fact. I do not, thereWly, then, are we to suppose that that fore, say, that the Emperor Alexander same Providence is displeased with what he did actually give orders for the destruc and his Generals do ?' What a capricious, tion of the Capital of Russia, and of and, indeed, what an unjust Being, do these no small part of its inhabitants, but I men of cant make of Providence! They say, that he had no right to give such ortirsi tell us, that Providence employs Napo- ders. It is a maxim not to be controleon as a scourge on mankind. This is not verted, except by those who hold the placing Providence in a very amiable light; people to be the mere property of the Sobut, what are we to think of them when vereign, that protection and allegiance go they add, that Providence, having first let together; that they are inseparable; that loose the French to scourge mankind, then the latter cannot justly be demanded where is ready to inflict vengeance upon them for the former does not exist; and that, when having been a scourge ?- Reader, pray a Sovereign has no longer the power to afconsider these things! Pray, do exercise ford any portion of his subjects protection your senses! Pray, be not cheated any against an invader, he has no right to delonger for want of a little reflection! Pray mand obedience at their hands, and has no withdraw yourself from the disgraceful si- right to do any thing to them to cause tuation of being the gull of these hypocrites. them to suffer, except in the way of open

I now come to the five above-stated war for the recovery of that part of his assertions, the First of which is, That the territories that they inhabit. Upon what Emperor Alexander had a plain, full, and other condition is it, upon what other perfect right, to give orders for the burning principle, that men are called upon to of Moscow, at the time, and in the manner yield up their natural rights, to pay taxes, described by the French.--Now, the to perform personal services, and to obey

French report says, that the government of any Code of Laws? They do all this · Russia had prepared before-hand the means upon the condition of their being protected of destroying Moscow by fire, if it should in the quiet enjoyment of their lives and fall into the hands of the French; that the property; and, of course, when the Soveplan was to set fire to the city twenty-four reign ceases to have the power to protect hours after the arrival of the French, the them; when his armies flee before those of engines for putting out fire being previously the invader, leaving his people to the carried away; that divers persons were mercy of the latter, those people, during ordered to remain disguised at Moscow, in the cime that the enemy is master of the order to put the plan in execution; that ac- country, owe their Sovereign no allegiance. cordingly, the city was set fire to by these The conqueror becomes, for the time bepersons, in the night of the 14th of Sep- ing, and perhaps, for ever, their Sovetember; that many of the incendiaries were reign; the people cannot owe allegiance to killed upon the spot by the French sol- both at once. The people of Moscow diers ; and that the persons condemned and had a right to demand protection at the executed as above mentioned, were in the hands of their Sovereign; this right they number. ----- This is the account of the facts possessed in consequence of their having as given by the French, and it is upon an paid him taxes and yielded obedience to admission of these facts being true, that the his laws. He was, it appears, unable to Tines news-paper makes the assertion afford them protection; he could not, which I deny.--He says, that the Em- therefore, be blamed, perhaps, for not peror Alexander had a plain, full, and per protecting them; but surely, this circumtect right to give orders for the burning of stance gave him no right to destroy them Moscow at the time and in the manner or their property? It was enough, one above described. I say that the Emperor would suppose, for him to leave his people Alexander had no such right. Mind, I do unprotected; it was enough for the inhapot pretend to say, that he did order the bitants of a great City to find themselves ancienst Capital of bis Einpire to be burnt; exposed to the ravages of an enemy: what, and but a few weeks have elapsed since the then, must they have thought, and what

must the world think of their being almost all these, in a population of 300,000, must exterminated by the orders of him, to have amounted to many thousands; and to whom they had so long paid taxes, whose all these such a conflagration must have laws they had so long obeyed, whose " be been certain death. For, where were they « loved subjects" they were called, and to find shelter supposing them to escape the whose duty it was to have afforded them fames ? Where were they to get food, protection - The sophistry resorted to raiment, bedding! Reader, I beseech upon this occasion, in order to justify this you to fix your eyes on the scene ; and terrible act, an act, you will observe, then, recollect, that our hireling press has which, while it was supposed here to have asserted, that the Emperor Alexander had been committed by the French, was held a plain, full, and perfect right to give forth as worthy of the monster" to whom orders for the producing of such a scene ! it was then imputed the sophistry re- | There is something so monstrous in this serted to in order to justify this act, pre- assertion ; there is something so daringly tends that the Czar had a right to cause cruel in it, that I should here leave it to to be destroyed property which would the abhorrence which it is calculated to exotherwise have fallen into the hands of the cite, did I not think it necessary to strip public foe.' Certainly he would have bad it of all the sophistry by which it is ata right to cause to be destroyed ships of tempted to be maintained.---The Czar war, magazines, fortifications, and even had, we are told, a right to cause to be deprivate property, where the lives of the stroyed property which would otherwise fall owners or occupiers were not put in jeo to the invader. - We have seen how pardy, and where the object to be attained far this right may, in certain cases, by such destruction was of sufficient im. be carried ; but, it was persons, it was portance. But, what was the case here? life, that was destroyed here, and that Here are three hundred thousand persons, must, from the nature of the case, necessaof all ages and sexes, whose dwellings, rily have been destroyed; and I deny, that, whose food, whose raiment, whose beds, in any case whatever, the sovereign has, are all at one and the same time, consumed for the sake of preserving territory, or by fire! It is very easy for the hirelings even his crown, the right to take away

the of the Times and the Courier to talk lightly lives of any part of his subjects. The upon this subject ; to talk about the right hireling of the Times says: " If I may of causing this terrible destruction ; but," not fire my house to prevent its affording reader, if the fear of Buonaparté, if anxi-" shelter to my enemy, I may not destroy ety for your own safety, if this merciless my corn or drive my cattle beyond his feeling has not bereft your heart of those " reach, or even refuse my wife or daughqualities which it ought to possess, trans- ter to his brutal lust.”. If, indeed, port yourself in idea to the City of Mos- it appeared, that people of Moscow had Cow; see the flames devouring the dwell-fired their own houses, this argument might ings of three hundred thousand people ; see be worth attending to; but, as the act is the confusion, the uproar; see the frantic justified upon the ground of its having been parents snatching their children from the committed by the order of the Czar, this flames; hear the groans, the screams of argument does not apply; and is but a the aged, the lame, the blind, the sick, poor pitiful attempt at deception. I am the bed-ridden, the women in child-birth not contending that the people of any porAnd, then, if you can coolly say, with the tion of territory have not a right to set fire hirelings of our press, that any one had a to their own dwellings, supposing it posright to cause this thing to be done ; why, sible for them to be unanimous in a wish then, go and join Mr. Canning, and talk so to do, and which would imply previous about * Divine Providence, letting loose preparations of all sorts. I am contend

upon us the scourge of mankind. ing that no sovereign has a right (let his In such a city how many thousands must object be what it may) to burn his subhave been in a state perfectly helpless'; itjects, or any portion of his subjects, to is' said, in the official report, that 30,000 death; or, otherwise to destroy them. sick Russian Soldiers were burnt. 'And -It is said, that suburbs of Towns, this is what the Morning Chronicle calls and that private property of various de" the fair exercise of the rights of war!" scriptions, have frequently been destroyed, The babies must have been very numerous; in order to prevent them from falling into the women in child-bed; the bed-ridden' the hands of an invader. But, in such the sick of palsies, fevers, gout, dropsy; cases, compensation is always contem

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plated. If, for instance, the French were against the said enemy? This is the plain to invade Hampshire, and I were to be or- meaning of the thing; and, what, then, dered, by the Commander of the District, are we to think of those, who are ready to burn my house, my barns, and my not only to apologize for the government ricks, to give him up my horses for his not yielding the people protection against use, and to cut the throats of my other an invader, but who are ready to justify it catile; such an order would be very fool- in destroying any portion of the people, ish indeed, and would not at all tend to lest, for want of that protection which is the defence of the country: but suppose it their due, they should fall into the hands to be given and to suppose me to obey it, of the enemy? It is easy for some persons, is it reasonable to think, that I should not sitting safe by their fire-sides in England, receive compensation from the country at to talk about the right of the Czar to burn large? If by the destruction of my pro- out his subjects at Moscow; but, people perty, the King is preserved on his throne, of the City of London, Aldermen, Com-and the country at large is finally preserved mon Council-men, and all you, Bankers, from subjugation, or, if it is with this Merchants, Shop-keepers, and men in view that my property is destroyed by or- Trade of all sorts; how, if Buonaparte der of the Government, will any, one deny and his army were in Essex, would this my right to a compensation for the loss of doctrine suit you? If the Prince Regent, that property ? Upon this principle, then, and the Royal Family, seeing that they how can the Czar be justified in ordering, were unable to keep the French out of as the Times news-paper says he did, the London, were to retire to Dublin, and sudden destruction of a City, like that of leave orders for the setting fire to London Moscow ? For, who shall give compen- in a hundred different places at once, and sation for lives taken away; for the death for the reducing of it to ashes amidst the of the aged, the lame, the blind, the sick, expiring screams and groans of the people ; the women in child-birth, the wounded what, in such a case, would you say?. soldiers, who perished, and who necessa- Would you say, that the Prince Regent, rily must have perished, upon this occa- being safe at Dublin himself, bad a plain, sion ? For the taking away of life nothing full, and perfect right to give such an can compensate ; and, if it should be said, order?-If you would, then, you may that, by the means of this terrible act at applaud the doctrine of the Times newsMoscow the Empire of Russia will be fic paper, if you would not, pray recollect, nally preserved from the dominion of Buo- that the people of Moscow were human naparte; nay, if we grant, that it is cer- beings as well as yourselves. The sEtain that that act will produce this effect, COND assertion hangs upon the first. If I I not only deny that the act was justifiable, have succeeded in showing, that the Czar but I deny the right on the part of the had no right to order the burning of MosCzar to cause the life of any one man to cow at the time and in the manner debe taken with a view of securing that object. scribed by the French, it follows, of

-Government makes laws for the ruling course, that, the act, being in itself a of the people ; it takes from the people a criminal act, no one could be justified in considerable portion of their property; it obeying those orders, any more than I compels them to yield personal services, could be justified in obeying the orders of and for what? What is the answer when the Prince Regent (if it could be supposed we complain of heavy burdens? When possible that he would give me such orders) we complain that so large a share of our io fire the house of any one of the King's property is taken from us in taxes? When subjects. But our hirelings contend that we complain of the quantity of our neces- the people, who have been tried and consaries of life being so much reduced ? The demned by the French, had a right to set answer always is, that these privations are fire to the City of Moscow, “ without any necessary to the defence of our country 6 other authority than their own brave and against the enemy; that they are necessary " laudable resolution,"_Brave and laudto secure us in the quiet enjoyment of what able resolution ! Impudent hirelings! the government does not take from us. The“ brave' and laudable resolution of And, what sense is there in this, unless it setting fire by night to the dwellings of be meant to tell us, that, if we give the 300,000 poor defenceless creatures! The government all that is demanded from us brave and laudable resolution of burning to in taxes, the government, on its part, will death 30,000 men who had been wounded be able and willing to afford us protection in battle against the enemy! Reader, in neg,

us, that

all Europe there is not to be found wretches be made personally responsible ; and that so base as to hold such language, except in all the members of the national assembly England. Here, and here only, the pro and other persons in authority, not exceptmulgators of such horrid sentiments could ing the national guards of Paris, should be find encouragement. But, observe what made personally responsible for all events, a field of destruction is here opened; what on pain of losing their heads, pursuant to a scourgę is here let loose Admit this military trials, without hope of pardon ; doctrine, and then, the moment a country that the City of Paris should be given up to is invaded it is exposed to fre and sword military execution, and should be exposed at the hands of any part of the people. lo local destruction ; and finally, that, every Any band of ruffians who may wish to place and town whatsoever which should profit from confusion, will here find a concur with the City of Paris, should also complete justification for any crimes, any be given up to military execution and exacts of cruelty, any arsons, any murders, posed to Colal destruction. -Mr. Editor that their views may lead them to commit of the Times news-paper, you tell

In order to illustrate a little further you have proclamations of the ruffian Gethe nature of the act committed at Moscow, nerals of France as you call them. Find it may not be amiss to observe on what has us one equal to this, and then we may albeen sometimes said of the conduct of Na- low, perhaps, that the French Generals poleon and the French Generals. They have come up to the example, set them by have been accused, and they are accused the kings of Europe. - I was in France by the Times news-paper upon this occa. when this, memorable proclamation was sion, with having issued proclamations con- issued ; and when it was, soon afterwards, taining threats of razing houses, burning followed by the actual invasion of France, down whole towns, shooling individuals, with a view to put these horrid threats into ss and banishing frumilies, for mere ad- execution. However, if it was cruel “ herence to the duties of loyalty and pa. and atrocious in the French Generals to s triotism." Now, this latier part of the issue threals of razing houses and of burnassertion is false ; - because they never told ing down whole towns; if this was cruel any body, that they would punish them and atrocious ; if the bare threal was cruel for being either loyal or patriotic ; or for and atrocious in an enemy, what must the the adherence to any duty whatever. This execution be, in a friend, nay, in a soveis an addition by the Editor of the Times reign himself? And, what a character news-paper, The French Generals only are these men providing for the Emperor told the people that they would punish of Russia ? - The Third assertion is, them in this manner, if they were guilty that Napoleon had no right to create any of resistance to their wilt.- Aud now, tribunal to try the incendiaries, and that it without stopping to inquire how far they was a tribunal equally unknown to the laws were justified in these their threats by in- of God and man, of nalure anch of nations, vaders in former wars, let us see how far and only competent to pronounce a sentence they stand justified by the combination of of judicial murder. This assertion is crowned heads, under whose orders France equally false with the two former ; for, at itself was invaded in the year 1792, when the time that this tribunal was created, and this long and bloody series of warfare was at the time when the crime was committed, begun under the late Duke of Brunswick the city of Moscow was under the dominion Lunenburg. This Duke, in his proclama- of Buonaparte, and the people of that city tion, dated at his head quarters at Cob- owed him allegiance as their sovereign by lentz, ou the 25th of July, 1792, and ad- conquest. Those who have written upon dressed to the inhabitants of France, told the law of nations, lay it down, that a them, that, unless they obeyed his com conqueror has a right to make prisoners of mands, he would treat them as rebels; war if he chooses, of all the subjects of the that he would cause them to lose their hostile power who may fall into his hands, heads and estates ; that the inhabitants of though they have committed no violence towns, burghs, and villages, who should against him; but, that, now-a-days, the dare to defend themselves against his troops, conqueror generally carries his rights, in in any way whatever, should be punished this respect, no further than to exercise instantly, according to the rigorous rules certain rights of sovereignty over them, of war, or their houses should be demolished such as raising and quartering troops among or burned ; that the City of Paris and all them, making them pay taxes, obey his Lits inhabitants, without distinction, should laws, and punishing as rebels those who

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