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to attempt the capture of the fortress of partisans of the Ministers also cry him up, Burgos. In this latter attempt he appears because he is their cock. Hence he has all to have failed, after sustaining great loss in these parties for him; but the two former men, and, which was of full as much im- parties confine their praise to him excluportance, after giving the enemy time to sively; whereas the partisans of the Minisgather round hiin. Hence he has been ters give, of course, the Ministers a share compelled to retreat, and, from the tenour of the praise arising out of the victories in of bis dispatches, it appears probable, that Spain. - These different views of the parhe will be compelled to continue his retreat ties have given rise to some very curious till he once more reaches his lines in Por- observations as to the cause of the recent tugal, or, at least, until he gets back to the disasters. The opponents of the Ministers point whence he started at the beginning of contend broadly, that it is their fault, and ihe campaign. With regard to the de- their fault alone, that Madrid is re-occutail of his operations, it would be impossi- pied by the French, and that our army has ble to give so good an account of them as been compelled to retreat before an enemy the reader will find in the dispatches which which, but a week ago, he was understood are inserted below. There are, however, to have driven nearly out of Spain.-two or three facts stated, respecting the It behoves us, who, as real friends of conduct of the German Troops, which ap- our country, avoid attaching ourselves to pear to me worthy of particular notice.- either of these interested parties, to form a It appears, that Lord Wellington, having correct opinion of this matter; to deterbeen informed of the intention of the mine, to whom, if to any one or any body enemy to advance for the relief of the of men, the fault of this reverse in Spain Castle of Burgos, posted a picquet to watch belongs.—The Times news-paper, which, their approaches in a certain quarter; that for very sufficient reasons, i dare say, is this picquet was commanded by an Officer become the indefatigable partisan of Lord of the Brunswick Legion ; that this subal-Wellesley, ascribes the necessity of the tern disobeyed his orders, and was taken retreat from Madrid wholly to the Minis. with hiş picquet; and that in consequence ters. I call it retreat from Madrid. The of this,' the enemy obtained possession of a hired news-papers say that Buonaparte has point of great advantage to them. It is run away from Moscow; but, in speaking of here said positively that the Officer dis- what has recently taken place at Madrid, obeyed his orders; and, as he and his pic- they, like Master Mathew, call it, “ for quet were taken prisoners, the reader will more grace," not running away, but re. form his own opinion as to the motive for treating, withdrawing, retrograding, flinging such disobedience.-- -In another part of back the army, changing front, taking up a his dispatches, Lord Wellington says, that new position, or the like; in which respect he had sent orders to the regiment of I shall beg to be permitted to follow their Brunswick Oels to take post on the ruins of example, and shall, in no case, call it runa bridge, in such manner as to prevent the ning away. - The Editor of the TIMES enemy from repairing it; and that he had has, then, asserted, the necessity of flinging the mortification, however, of learning, the back our army is to be wholly ascribed to next night, that this regiment had been the Ministers; than which I do not rememobliged to abandon ils post. He says no ber a more bold assertion. The assertion more upon the conduct of this regiment is not, indeed, attempted to be proved, exupon
this occasion. He does not add the cept by some vague statements as to a wan! reason why they were obliged to abandon of means, founded upon that passage in the it. of far greater interest, however, are dispatches where the writer says, that other views of these military operations.“ his means were limited;" a phrase, by And, first, as connected with parly politics the bye, which does not appear to carry at home. The intelligent reader must any great signification in it; for, whose have perceived, that, of late, a junction has means are not limited ? Where is the been in view between the whigs and the commander; where is the human being; little knot of Lord Wellesley and Mr. Can where is the nation, whose means have not ning. Hence on the part of the former an some limits? This phrase, therefore, conincessant crying up of Lord Wellington, totains, and can contain, no complaint against which they were formerly not at all accus- the Ministers, until it be proved, that they tomed. The more immediate partisans of were enabled to put unlimited means into Lord Wellesley cry up Lord Wellington, his hands; and, as such a position cannot of course, as they always have done. The be maintained, the charge against the Ministers, founded upon this phrase, must fall three hundred men together, not one of to the ground. ----The same writer talks whom would have been received into any, of “a miserable economy." What does regiment in the service, previous to the he mean? Does he know of any men, any commencement of the anti-jacobin war.. money, any warlike means that we have to It is easy to talk about dispatching ten spare? Does he want the war in the Pe- thousard men to Spain at a moment's warnninsula to cost us more than twenty millions ing; but, in the present state of our reof pounds in a year? This writer says, sources, the execution of such a measure is. that if 10,000 men had been sent out in a matter of some difficulty. If Lord Welstantly upon our Ministers hearing of the lington stood in need of an immediate reinvictory of Salamanca, great things might forcement of ten thousand men to enable have been done. He says, that "the him to keep his ground at Madrid, it was 66 whole mechanism of the French force in his fault, and not the fault of the Ministers,
Spain would have been broken to pieces, that he was compelled to retreat ; because,
never more to be re-constructed;" and, he must have known, that it would be a at this very moment we are told, that the matter of great difficulty for the Ministers French have a force nearly double in point to send him ten thousand men in the course of numbers to our's. How, then, were of several months, and that it was physi10,000 men to have produced such won-cally impossible for them to do it on a sude ders? Besides, whence were they to come,
It appears, that, even if he had ap, and whence the means of transporting plied for the inen the moment he got posthem ? The Courier of the 24th instant session of Madrid, there was not time to gives us a specimen of the sort of troops assemble them at the sea-ports in England, now shipping off to fill up the gaps, made to ship them in transports, to land them, in our army by the late battles. It is im- and to march them to join him before the possible to believe, that the Ministers are time when he was obliged to retreat. -It not driven to take recruits of this sort by appears to me, therefore, that, his being the absolute want of native soldiers. In obliged to abandon the capital of Spain, short, it is notorious that the country has and to retreat before the French army, been drained, till the Government have cannot fairly be ascribed to the Ministers, been compelled to resort to the inlisting of in any degree whatever, unless it should poor, feeble creatures, such as would, on appear, that his advance to Madrid was in no account, have been received into the consequence of peremptory commands from army only a few years ago; and, that, for home. If that was the case, then, indeed, want of men of any size or description, boys, it was for the Ministers to know the extent at even 13 years of age, are anxiously of his means, compared with those of the sought after, and with great difficulty ob- enemy, and it was for them to provide him tained, at ten times the bounty, and more amply with every thing necessary for mainthan ten times the bounty, that was given taining the ground which they had ordered to a grenadier of twenty years of age, at the him to take. That this, however, should time when I entered into the army. I my- have been the case, is altogether improbaself have seen, not long ago, upwards of ble; and, indeed, the friends of Lord Wel
lington ought to be the last to encourage the
supposition ; for, the affirmative of it would * Last week about a thousand men from completely strip him of the far greater part the King's German Legion marched into of the merit which has been given to his this town, in three divisions, from Bexhill, victories; it would strip him of the merit on their route to Portsmouth, there to em- of conception, arrangement, and combinabark to join Lord Wellington's army in tion, and leave him merely that of execuSpain. Most of them had been taken pri- tion. These opponents of the Ministers, soners in the French service, and volunteer- who profess a species of admiration of Lord ed from the different prisons in which they Wellington approaching to Eastern adorawere confined. They are for the most part lion, in their eagerness to cast blame upon fine looking young men; and their uniform the Ministers, seem to overlook the dilemgives them an appearance very different ma, in which they place the object of their from that which they exhibited when they worship; for, either he was left to pursue passed through this town, a short time his own plans, or he was not; either his since, in their yellow jackets, from the de- advance forward into Spain was the effect pot at the Isle of Wight, to join their Le- of his own choice, or, it was the eifect of gion at Bexhill.-Sussex Paper.
orders which he received from home. If the latter, the merit, or, at least, all the sign in disgust and leave the army to find higher part of the merit, of the victory of its way back to Portugal as it can, in conSalananca and of the capture of Madrid, sequence of this alleged neglect on the part belong to the Ministers; if the former, of the Government at home. But, the then, he, himself, was the master of his whole paragraph (in the Times news-paper cwn movements, and ought to have pro- of the 23d instant), is so curious and so portioned them, together with all his un. ominously important, that I shall quote it dertakings, to the extent of the means at length before I proceed farther with my which he had within his power.—No observations. The writer says, “ It is thing, in my opinion, can be more foolish, “ the business of a General to gain victories, to say nothing of the injustice of it, than to 6-it is the business of a Minister to turn impute the failure at Burgos to the Minis- " those victories to good account, and to ters. They are charged with neglect in not " make one ' the fruitful mother of a hunsupplying the commander with battering
66 dred more.' Our General has, over cannon for the carrying on of the siege. " and over again, discharged his duty. Why, before the Ministers did know, or “ How grating must it be to him to have could know, that he had undertaken the " discharged it without benefit to his counsiege, it was too late for them to send a " lry or her cause, and to find his most dispatch to hiin on the subject; he was "glorious victories followed by the necesobliged to give up the siege before there o sily of retreat! It would be matter of was time for them to send him a letter in “ curious speculation to see how Ministers answer to any application that he might " would act, if his great mind would alhave made for battering cannon. How, “ low him to give way to this distressing then, was it possible for them to ship those " sentiment ; if he were to resign. in disCannon, to convey them to a sea-port in gust and leave the army to find ils way Spain or Portugal, and 10 cause them to “ back to Portugal as it could. Are they reach him 400 miles by land ? To have “ prepared for such an event ? Have they supplied him with cannon in time to have “ a plan of their own for closing the cambeen of any service to him, they must have “paign with success ?-and have they a possessed the means of sending him the “ General of their own, another Lord cannon in a letter; they must have been “ Chatham, ready for its execution ? Our conjurors, and, whatever they may be else, "army is, indeed, critically situated. Lord Wellington knew too much of them “ Reduced as it has been by sickness and to suppose them to be that. It seems to service, we understand that the united me, though, certainly, I profess not to be a " force of Lord Wellington and Sir RowGeneral, that, before I undertook a siege, “ land Hill, at present (we hope) united I should have made an estimate of my the Douro, is barely 36,000 British means for carrying that siege through; in " and 20,000 Portuguese. Soult with that estimate, I might have erred, and / " 60,000 is at Madrid. Should he form a might have undertaken the siege with in- “ combined plan of operations with Souadequate means, which appears to have "ham, he might bring a force of nearly been the case, in this instance ; for, it is " 100,000 men to bear upon the British impossible to believe, that any man of "
In such an event Lord Welcommon sense could have undertaken a siege " lington must of necessity fall back. He in the heart of Spain, could have under- “could not even stop at Salamanca ; he taken the siege of a fortress there, in the inust retire behind Ciudad Rodrigo. One expectation of being supplied with a batter
step preparatory to such a course of acing train from the banks of the Thames, " tion has been taken, as matter of landand that, too, while he knew that the army " able precaution : the sick and wounded of the enemy was equal in force to his own. were moved on the 25th ult. from MaThe supposition is so absurd that it never s drid to Salamanca. This circumstance could have been engendered in the brain of "gave the real patriots of Madrid much any man not stultified by party rancour.
concern, as well it might. It was but - Fair, as I Hatter myself, is this view " too indicative of a change about to overof the matter; obvious as, it appears to “ cloud all the bright prospects of loyal me, is the fact, that no blame whatever " hope. We, however, trust that the can attach to the ministers for the recent " deficiencies of the Cabinet will still be Teverses in Spain, one of the assailants" (as they have been hitherto) counter
goes, so far as to throw out a hint of the balanced by energy in the field. We Alo Jossibility, that Lord Wellington may re- rely on the talents of the Marquis
“ Wellington, to frustrate all the skill of that his most glorious victories would be “ all the French Commanders united; but followed by the necessity of retreat, how “ we cannot help reflecting, that our be- were the ministers in England to be able “ loved Hero is mortal; a chance shot, to foresee, much less to prevent, such ne" a fever, might blast all our hopes ; and cessity ? - This writer, who, a few " the prospect of dragging on the war in weeks ago, ascribed to Lord Wellington “ Spain, like a Walcheren expedilion, exclusively the merit of having nearly an“ would be enough to reduce the most zca- nihílated the French army, has now the cool “ lous friend of his country to despair." impudence to tell his readers that the British
- This paragraph sets out with a posi- army is, in numericalstrength, not much more tion, from which, though laid down in so than a third part of that of the French army; dogmatical a manner, I must beg leave ex- and that, if the latter should bear down plicitly to dissent. In one way, indeed, it is upon him, he must be compelled to retire the business of a minister to turn victory to into Portugal. Well, and what of that? account. It is his business, and I said at Could the ministers in England prevent the the time, that it was the business of our French army from being so strong, or did minister, to turn the victory of Salamanca they give imperative orders for undertaking to account, by offering Napoleon, who was those marches, those battles, and those alleged to be the defeated party, terms of sieges, by which the English army must peace ; but, in a military point of view, it have been so materially reduced ? Let any is not only the business of a general, aird candid man put this question to himself, especially of a commander in chief, to turn and I am persuaded the answer will be the his own victories to account; but, it is his contrary of that which is suggested by this business to avoid fighting, and, of course, writer.--We are here told, that our sick to avoid gaining victories, unless he be and wounded being removed from Madrid convinced that he can turn then to account; to Salamanca gave our friends at the former for, unless victory be attended with bene- place much concern; that it was indicaficial results, every life lost in the acquir- tive of a change about to over-cloud all their ing of it is a life thrown away. Strictly bright prospects. There is no question speaking, it is not a victory, with which of the truth of this; but, how could this word we always associate the idea of ad- chauge be ascribed to the deficiencies of our vantage as to the main object contended for. cabinet, who were not upon the spot, who If, for example, a commander be successo could know very little of what was going ful, as Melas was at the battle of Ma- on, who had exercised no control over the rengo, in the former part of the day, and movements of our commander, and in whose if he be defeated in the latter part of the power it was not to prevent any of the day, no man thinks of saying that he has causes which compelled him to retreat ? If gained a victory. And, if he be success- our army be, as this writer asserts it is, ful in his attempt at advancing to-day, and reduced by sickness and service, to whom be compelled to abandon his ground to is the cause of that effect to be ascribed ? If morrow, can he with reason be said to it be crilically situated, that situation may have been victorious ? It is in the results have been caused by the zeal, by the braof battles that we are to look for the proof very, by any other estimable quality in the of victory; and, if it belong to ministers commander; but, surely, common sense, to be the cause of the results, the merit of | as well as common justice, forbid us to asall victories must remain with them.-- cribe it to the ministers in England, who This writer says, that it must be grating have had no more to do in all probability, to Lord Wellington to find his most glo- in causing those movements which have rious victories followed by the necessity of placed the army in such a critical situation, retreat. Doubtless, may have been than they had in gaining the victory of Sagrating to him ; but then, who has he to lamanca.-It may suit the hireling who blame for it? The Spaniards, perhaps ; writes in the Times newspaper, and it may those who ought, or whom he expected to suit the proprietor of the Morning Chronisecond his efforts ; but, certainly, not cle, who condescends to make his columns those by whom those efforts were not com- subservient to the purposes of an insolent manded to be made. He was commander- and greedy faction of oligarchs ; these, it in-chief; he was upon the spot; he, il may suit to give to Lord Wellington all the any one could, must have known the ex- merit of every advantage that he obtains tent of his own means and of those of the over the enemy with the immense means enemy; and if he was unable to perceive placed in his hands ; and to give to the
ministers all the demerit of every reverse military point of view; for of that any one that he sustains. But, men in general do in my situation can be but a poor judge; 'not, and will not, decide in this way. but, I should, in case of final failure, blame They will say, that, if to him belongs ex- him, who must have such excellent means clusively the glory of victory, to him also of obtaining information, for not discoverbelongs exclusively, whatever attribute at- ing in time, that the cause was a cause not taches to retreat; and I am sure, that, if to be maintained. I do not pretend to the the whole nation were put to the vote upon gift of prophecy; and I do not know how the subject, nine hundred and ninety-nine the contest may end; but, if we should be out of every thousand would say with me, finally compelled to yield up the Peninsula that this writer, in supposing it possible, to the French, I am not one of those who that Lord Wellington, now that he sees his shall be disposed to lay all the blame upon army critically situated, should resign in the ministers, who cannot be so well indisgust, and leave it to find its way back to formed as to many important points as those Portugal as it could, has imputed to him who have been upon the spot, and who the possible possession of a mind, the seat have had such ample means of observation of baseness itself. What! A commander as well as of information. Of this way of in chief, who has advanced into a country thinking, however, is not our good hireof his own accord; who has been absolute ling of the Times newspaper. He, on the master of his operations; who has had as contrary, would lay the sins even of the Spacribed to him exclusively all the advantages nish government, as it is called, upon our he has gained ; who has been covered with ministers, that is to say, upon the present honours and rewards, in which even his set, without Lord Wellesley amongst them, posterity is to partake; shall such a man, whom he denominates the “first Slaleswhen, before the close of the campaign, he man in Europe.” He says, the " Governfinds himself beset with difficulties, resign" ment of Spain is new. It needs the guiin disgust! Shall he abandon his post, “ dance of experience. It requires to be and, with it that army by the valour of " protected and to be directed. Protection whom flie has gained a profusion of titles 66 has been afforded to it by the blood and and of pecuniary compensation! The very treasure of the British nation; to give idea must fill every man of honour, every
" it direction and advice is the proper task man who has the ordinary sentiments of " of the British Ministry. Three years morality, with indignation and abhorrence. ago it was stated, that there was no abIf ever there was a commander who had no " solute want of resources in the country, reason to complain of being thwarted in his “ no inherent or incorrigible defects in the plans and operations, Lord Wellington ap- " materials of which the body of the Army pears to me to be in that state. He has was composed, and no perverse or un. had, and has, every thing within his reach, " tractable disposition in the mass of the under his absolute control. He is com- people of Spain, yet at that time no mander in chief of the English forces; he system had been established by which has long been generalissimo of the Portu- 66 the deficiencies of one district could be guese army, and he is now generalissimo " supplied from the abundance of another, of the Spanish army. His brother is our or by which the resources of any oue ambassador to the Spanish government ; “ province could be made properly availthe political parties at home have vied with « able for its own or the general defence; each other in their praises of him and his " there were corruption and treachery deeds. No fault has ever been found of any among many of the Civil Authorities, thing that he has done: advancing or re- " the numbers, composition, and discipline treating behind his lines and in the open “ of the army were defective,—and many field, capturing fortresses or raising sieges ; " of its chief officers were notoriously instill has he been praised; with him the " capable, or disaffected. If these defects tide of titles and rewards has never ceased were now wholly removed, it is utterly to flow. It is, therefore, most abomina- " incredible, that Spain should not have bly unjust towards the government to pre
66 shaken off her invaders " like dew-drops tend, that they are answerable for every 66 from the lion's mane;" but if the defects reverse that may happen to him. I, for " exist, we say they argue not merely an my part, should rather be inclined to say, " imbecility in Spain, but here in England, that if the war should finally prove disas- " --here, at the head-quarters of the cause. trous, the fault was his, or at least, as “ Our Ministers are to blame, if they do much his as theirs. I do not mean in a not exercise the weight they possess in