the latter, the merit, or, at least, all the sign in disgust and leave the army to find higher part of the merit, of the victory of its way back to Portugal as it can, in conSalaunanca and of the capture of Madrid, sequence of this alleged neglect on the part belong to the Ministers; if the former, of the Government at home. But, the then, he, himself, was the master of his whole paragraph (in the Times news-paper own movements, and ought to have pro- of the 23d instant), is so curious and so portioned them, together with all his un- ominously important, that I shall quote it dertakings, to the extent of the means at length before I proceed farther with my which he had within his power. No. observations. -The writer says, “ It is thing, in my opinion, can be more foolish, “ the business of a General to gain victories, to say nothing of the injustice of it, than to "—it is the business of a Minister to turn impute the failure at Burgos to the Minis- " those victories to good account, and to ters. They are charged with neglect in not " make one the fruitful mother of a hun . supplying the commander with battering

66 dred more.' Our General has, over cannon for the carrying on of the siege. " and over again, discharged his duty. Why, before the Ministers did know, or “ How grating must it be to him to have could know, that he had undertaken the discharged it without benefil lo his counsiege, it was too late for them to send a " try or her cause, and to find his most dispatch to him on the subject; he was glorious victories followed by the necesobliged to give up the siege before there 6 sily of relreat! It would be matter of was time for them to send him a lelier in 6 curious speculation to see how Ministers answer to any application that he might " would act, if his great mind would alhave made for battering cannon. How, " low him to give way to this distressing then, was it possible for them to ship those " sentiment ; if he were to resign. in discannon, to convey them to a sea-port in " gust and leave the army to find ils way Spain or Portugal, and 10 cause them to " back to Portugal as it could. Are they reach him 400 miles by land ? To have " prepared for such an event ? Have they supplied him with cannon in time to have a plan of their own for closing the cambeen of any service to him, they must have " paig, with success ?-and have they a possessed the means of sending him the " General of their own, another Lord cannon in a letter; they must have been “ Chatham, ready for its execution ? Our conjurors, and, whatever they may be else, "army is, indeed, critically situated. Lord Wellington knew too much of them Reduced as it has been by sickness and to suppose them to be that. It seems to " service, we understand that the united me, though, certainly, I profess not to be a “ force of Lord Wellington and Sir RowGeneral, that, before I undertook a siege, “ land Hill, at present (we hope) united I should have made an estimate of my on the Douro, is barely 36,000 British means for carrying that siege through; in " and 20,000 Portuguese. Soult with that estimate, I might have erred, and " 60,000 is at Madrid. Should he form a might have undertaken the siege with in “combined plan of operations with Souadequate means, which appears to have " ham, he might bring a force of nearly been the case, in this instance ; for, it is " 100,000 men to bear upon the British impossible to believe, that any man of " army. In such an event Lord Welcommon sense could have undertaken a siege " lington must of necessity fall back. He in the heart of Spain, could have under- " could not even stop at Salamanca ; he taken the siege of a fortress there, in the must retire behind Ciudad Rodrigo. One expectation of being supplied with a batter

step preparatory to such a course of acing train from the banks of the Thames, " tion has been taken, as matter of laudand that, too, while he knew that the army "able precaution : the sick and wounded of the enemy was equal in force to his own. were moved on the 25th ult. from MaThe supposition is so absurd that it never 6 drid to Salamanca. This circumstance could have been engendered in the brain of gave the real patriots of Madrid much any man not stultified by party rancour. concern, as well it might. It was but

Fair, as I fatter myself, is this view loo indicative of a change about to overof the matter; obvious as, it appears to “ cloud all the bright prospects of loyal me, is the fact, that no blame whatever hope. We, however, trust that the can attach to the ministers for the recent

" deficiencies of the Cabinet will still be reverses in Spain, one of the assailants" (as they have been hitherto) countergoes, so far as to throw out a hint of the balanced by energy in the field. We Bossibility, that Lord Wellington may re rely on the talents of the Marquis of

Wellington, to frustrate all the skill of that his most glorious victories would be “ all the French Commanders united; but followed by the necessity of retreat, how

we cannot help reflecting, that our be- were the ministers in England to be able 6 loved Hero is mortal; a chance shot, - to foresee, much less to prevent, such ne

a fever, might blast all our hopes ; and cessity ? This writer, who, a few " the prospect of dragging on the war in weeks ago, ascribed to Lord Wellington “ Spain, like a Walcheren expedition, exclusively the merit of having nearly an" would be enough to reduce the most zca- nihilated the French army, has now the cool “ lous friend of his country to despair." impudence to tell his readers that the British

—This paragraph sets out with a posi- army is, in numerical strength, not much more tion, from which, though laid down in so than a third part of that of the French army; dogmatical a manner, I must beg leave ex- and that, if the latter should bear down plicitly to dissent. In one way, indecd, it is upon him, he must be compelled to retire the business of a minister to turn victory to into Portugal. Well, and what of that? account. It is his business, and I said at Could the ministers in England prevent the the time, that it was the business of our French army from being so strong, or did minister, to turn the victory of Salamanca they give imperative orders for undertaking to account, by offering Napoleon, who was those marches, those battles, and those alleged to be the defeated party, terms of sieges, by which the English army must peace; but, in a military point of view, it have been so materially reduced ? Let any is not only the business of a general, and candid man put this question to himself, especially of a commander in chief, to turn and I am persuaded the answer will be the his own victories to account; but, it is his contrary of that which is suggested by this business to avoid fighting, and, of course, writer.--We are here told, that our sick to avoid gaining victories, unless he be and wounded being removed from Madrid convinced that he can turn them to account; to Salamanca gave our friends at the former for, unless victory be attended with bene- place much concern; that it was indicaficial results, every life lost in the acquir- tive of a change about to over-cloud all their ing of it is a life thrown away. Strictly bright prospects. There is no question speaking, it is not a victory, with which of ihe truth of this; but, how could this word we always associate the idea of ad- change be ascribed to the deficiencies of our vantage as to the main object contended for. cabinet, who were not upon the spot, who If, for example, a commander be success- could know very little of what was going ful, as Melas was at the battle of Ma- on, who had exercised no control over the rengo, in the former part of the day, and movements of our commander, and in whose if he be defeated in the latter part of the power it was not to prevent any of the day, no man thinks of saying that he has causes which compelled him to retreat ? If gained a victory. And, if he be success our army be, as this writer asserts it is, ful in his attempt at advancing to-day, and reduced by sickness and service, to whom be compelled to abandon his ground to- is the cause of that effect to be ascribed ? If morrow, can he with reason be said to it be crilically situated, that situation may have been victorious ? It is in the results have been caused by the zeal, by the braof battles that we are to look for the proof very, by any other estimable quality in the of victory; and, if it belong to ministers commander; but, surely, common sense, to be the cause of the results, the merit of as well as common justice, forbid us to asall victories must remain with them.- cribe it to the ministers in England, who This writer says, that it must be graling have had no more to do in all probability, to Lord Wellington to find his most glo- in causing those movements which have rious victories followed by the necessity of placed the army in such a critical situation, retreat. Doubtless, it may have been ihan they had in gaining the victory of Sagrating to him; but then, who has he to lamanca.-It may suit the hireling who blame for it? The Spaniards, perhaps ; writes in the Times newspaper, and it may those who ought, or whom he expected to suit the proprietor of the Morning Chronisecond his efforts ; but, certainly, not cle, who condescends to make his columns those by whom those efforts were not com- subservient to the purposes of an insolent manded to be made. He was commander- and greedy faction of oligarchs ; these, it in-chief ; he was upon the spot ; he, il may suit to give to Lord Wellington all the any one could, must have known the ex merit of every advantage that he obtains tent of his own means and of those of the over the enemy with the immense means enemy; and if he was unable to perceive placed in his hands; and to give to the

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ministers all the demerit of every reverse military point of view; for of that any one that he sustains. But, men in general do in my situation can be but a poor judge; ' not, and will not, decide in this way. but, I should, in case of final failure, blame They will say, that, if to him belongs ex- him, who must have such excellent means clusively the glory of victory, to him also of obtaining information, for not discoverbelongs exclusively, whatever attribute ating in time, that the cause was a cause not taches to retreat; and I am sure, that, if | to be maintained. I do not pretend to the the whole nation were put to the vote upon gift of prophecy; and I do not know how the subject, nine hundred and ninety-nine the contest may end; but, if we should be out of every thousand would say with me, finally compelled to yield up the Peninsula that this writer, in supposing it possible, to the French, I am not one of those who that Lord Wellington, now that he sees his shall be disposed to lay all the blame upon army critically situated, should resign in the ministers, who cannot be so well indisgust, and leave it to find its way back to formed as to many important points as those Portugal as it could, has imputed to him who have been upon the spot, and who the possible possession of a mind, the seat have had such ample means of observation of baseness itself. What! A commander as well as of information. of this way of in chief, who has advanced into a country thinking, however, is not our good bireof his own accord; who has been absolute ling of the Times newspaper. He, on the master of his operations; who has had as contrary, would lay the sins even of the Spacribed to him exclusively all the advantages nish government, as it is called, upon our he has gained ; who has been covered with ministers, that is to say, upon the present hor.ours and rewards, in which even his set, without Lord Wellesley amongst them, posterity is to partake; shall such a man, whom he denominates the “first Slateswhen, before the close of the campaign, he man in Europe." He says, the “ Governfinds himself beset with difficulties, resign ment of Spain is new. It needs the guiin disgust! Shall he abandon his post," dance of experience. It requires to be and, with it that army by the valour of “ protected and to be directed. Protection whom he has gained a profusion of titles “ has been afforded to it by the blood and and of pecuniary compensation! The very treasure of the British nation; to give idea must fill every man of honour, every

" it direction and advice is the proper task man who has the ordinary sentiments of “ of the British Ministry. Three years morality, with indignation and abhorrence. “ ago it was stated, that there was no abIf ever there was a commander who had no • solute want of resources in the country, reason to complain of being thwarted in his no inherent or incorrigible defects in the plans and operations, Lord Wellington ap- " materials of which the body of the Army pears to me to be in that state. He has was composed, and no perverse or un. had, and has, every thing within his reach, " tractable disposition in the mass of the under his absolute control. He is com “ people of Spain, yet at that time no mander in chief of the English forces; he system had been established by which has long been generalissimo of the Portu " the deficiencies of one district could be guese army, and he is now generalissimo " supplied from the abundance of another, of the Spauish army. His brother is our or by which the resources of any one ambassador to the Spanish government ; " province could be made properly availthe political parties at home have vied with « able for its own or the general defence; each other in their praises of him and his " there were corruption and treachery deeds. No fault has ever been found of any among many of the Civil Authorities, thing that he has done: advancing or re " the numbers, composition, and discipline treating behind his lines and in the open “ of the army were defective,—and many field, capturing fortresses or raising sieges ; " of its chief officers were notoriously instill has he been praised ; with him the “ capable, or disaffected. If these defects tide of titles and rewards has never ceased were now wholly removed, it is utterly to flow. It is, therefore, most abomina “ incredible, that Spain should not have bly unjust towards the government to pre

- shaken off her invaders " like dew-drops tend, that they are answerable for every 66 from the lion's mane;" but if the defects reverse that may happen to him. I, for " exist, we say they argue not merely an my part, should rather be inclined to say, " imbecility in Spain, but here in England, that if the war should finally prove disas " --here, at the head-quarters of the cause. trous, the fault was his, or at least, as " Our Ministers are to blame, if they do much his as theirs. I do not mean in a not exercise the weight they possess in

If they


" Spain, to improve her internal system, of Spain is perfectly ridiculous, and especi" --they are infinitely more to blame, if ally as the writer, whose words we have they possess no weight in that country. quoted, obviously aims at the introduction " We have heretofore censured them for into power of Lord Wellesley and Mr. Can6 not sending a larger British army into ning, one or the other of whom has always " the field; we now charge it on them as been in place until February, ever since

a fault, that they have not sent, or the war in the Peninsula began. 6s caused to be sent into the field, a larger, could do nothing to rouse the people of better equipped, and better disciplined Spain, when they were in power before, Spanish army. If they should say, they why should they be able to effect that ube

unable to effect this, we must own ject if they were in power again! It would " that we should partly believe them; but be difficult, I believe, for the hireling of

we are convinced, that there are others the Times to answer this question ; yet, un

who would be able to effect it; we are til he can answer it, he may be assured that 66 convinced, that until it is effected, the it is full as well for him to hold his tongue. “ heavy burden of taxation in this coun

WM. COBBETT. try will be borne the more impatiently, " because it will appear to the multitude to Bolley, Thursday, 26th Nov. 1812. " be borne in vain." -At the close of this paragraph one cannot help smiling. There are others who would be able to effect the

WAR IN SPAIN. desirable object of drawing forth the peo- Downing-Street, Nov. 17.—Dispatches, ple of Spain to assist us in driving out the

of which the following are extracts, have French. That is to say, if the ministers

been this day received at Earl Bathurst's would but make room for the patrons of

Office, addressed to his Lordship by Gethis writer, we should see all the people in

neral the Marquis of Wellington, dated Spain armed against the French, and fight

Cabeçon, 26th and 28th October, Rueda, ing like Christian heroes, under the ban

31st October, and 3d November, 1812.. ners of St. Dominick, to drive the French across the Pyrennees. Alas! The people of

Cabeçon, 26th October, 1812. Spain neither know nor care who are minis I have been so much occupied by the ters in England, any more than they know movements and operations of the army or care about what is passing in the moon. since the 18th inst. that I have not been They have no interest in the question of able to write to your Lordship. The who is to enjoy the sinecure places, and who operations of the Castle of Burgos contiis to have the giving away of commissions, nued nearly in the state in which they were leases, grants, and the like, in England. when I addressed your Lordship on the

They have their eye stedfastly fixed upon 11th instant, till the 18th. Having at one thing, and that is, who is doing in their that time received a supply of musket amcountry that which is best for them, and munition from Santander, and having, they are very likely to regard him as their while waiting for that necessary article, friend. who shall seem disposed to suffer completed a mine under the church of St. them to have the greatest share of victuals Roman, which stood in an our work of the and drink. Spain is in a state of revolu- second line, I determined that the breach tion. There are two armies, two foreign which we had effected in the second line armies, fighting in the country, and, like should be stormed on that evening, at the all other people in a similar situation, the moment this mine should explode; and Spaniards are rather spectators than actors that at the same time the line should be in the scene. The deception so fatal to us, attacked by escalade.- The mine suchas been, that we have continually been ceeded, and Lieutenant Colonel Browne told that the Spaniards were unanimously lodged a party of the 9th Cacadores, and on our side. If this had been true, the a detachment of Spanish troops of the regiFrench must long ago have been driven ment of Asturias in the out-work. A defrom the country. When we shall be con- tachment of the King's German Legion, vinced of our error I know not. Very under Major Wurmb, carried the breach, likely the delusion may last for a year or and a detachment of the Guards succeeded two longer, though I do not think that that in escalading the line; but the enemy is very probable. At any rate this notion, brought such a fire upon these two last de that a change of ministry in England would tachments, from the third line, and the effect a change of disposition in the people body of the castle itself, and they were at

tacked by numbers so superior, before army likewise assembled in the neighbourthey could receive the support, allotted to hood of Monasterio. They moved forward them, that they were obliged to retire, on the evening of the 20th with about ten suffering considerable loss. Major Wurmb thousand men to drive in our outpost at was unfortunately killed.- It is impos. Quintana Palla, and Olmos. The former sible to represent in adequate terms my withdrew by order, but the latter was sense of the conduct of the Guards and maintained with great spirit by the ChasGerman Legion upon this occasion ; and I seurs Britanniques. Seeing a fair opporam quite satisfied, that if it had been pos- tunity of striking a blow upon the enemy, sible to maintain the posts which they had I requested Lieutenant General Sir Edward gained with so much gallantry, these Paget to move with the 1st and 5th divitroops would have maintained them. Some sions upon the enemy's right fank, which of the men stormed even the third line, movement having been well executed, and one was killed in one of the embrasures drove them back upon Monasterio, and our of that line; and I had the satisfaction of posts were replaced in Quintana Palla. — seeing that if I could breach the wall of the On the morning of the 21st, I received a Castle we should carry.the place. An- letter from Sir Rowland Hill, of the 17th, other mine wascommenced under the second in which he acquainted me of the enemy's line from the church of St. Roman, of intention to move towards the Tagus, which we remained in possession. The which was already fordable by individuals enemy had on the 13th moved forward a in many places, and was likely to become considerable body of infantry, and six so by an army.--The Castle of Chinsquadrons of cavalry from Briviesca to re- chilla had surrendered on the 9th iristant. connoitre our out-posts at Monasterio. They -The enemy's force in Valencia was attacked the picquet at the bridge in front supposed to amount to not less than seventy of that town, but were repulsed by the thousand men, a very large proportion of fire of a detachment of the Infantry of the which, it was expected, would be disBrunswick Legion. In this affair, Lieu- posable for service out of that kingdom. tenant Colouel the Honourable Frederick - I had desired Lieutenant General Sir Ponsonby, who commanded at Monasterio, Rowland retire from his position was wounded, but not severely, and I on the Tagus, if he should find that he hope I shall soon again have the benefit of could not maintain himself in it with adhis assistance. -I had long had reports vantage; and it was necessary that I should of the enemy's intention to advance for the be near him, in order that the corps under relief of the Castle of Burgos with the army my command might not be insulated, in of Portugal, reinforced by troops recently consequence of the movements which he arrived from France, and with that part should find himself under the necessity of of the army of the North which was dis- making; I therefore raised the siege of posable; and they did advance in consi- Burgos on the night of the 20th, and moved derable force against the post at Monasterio the whole army back towards the Douro. on the evening of the 18th. The subal I felt severely the sacrifice I was theretern of the Brunswick Legion, who com by obliged to make. Your Lordship is manded a picquet in St. Olalla, disobeyed aware that I was never very sanguine in his orders in remaining in that village upon my expectations of success in the siege of the approach of the enemy, and he was Burgos, notwithstanding that I considered taken with his picquet. The enemy con

was attainable, even with the sequently obtained possession of the heights means in my power, within a reasonably which cominanded the town of Monasterio, limited period. If the attack made on the and our outpost was obliged to retire on Grst line on the 22d or the 29th had sucthe morning of the 19th to the Burgos side ceeded, I believe we should have taken the of the town.--I assembled the troops, place, notwithstanding the ability with excepting those necessary for carrying on which the Governor conducted the defence, the operations of the siege, as soon as it and the gallantry with which it was exappeared by the enemy's movement of the ecuted by the garrison. Our means weit 18th, that they entertained serious inten- limited; but it appeared to me, that if we tions of endeavouring to raise it, and placed should succeed, the advantage to the cause the allied army on the heights, having would be great, and the final success of their right at Ibeas, on the Arlanzon, the the campaign would have been certain. centre at Rio Vena and Magaradas, and -I had every reason to be satisfied with the left at Soto Pallacio. The eneiny's the conduct of the officers and troops dur


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