« ForrigeFortsett »
Madrid at ten o'clock on the morning of Without at all going into the discussion the 1st instant. I have accounts from in which your Correspondents have been the North, stating that Longa has taken a recently engaged, I must observe, that neiconvoy escorted by three hundred men, ther they nor any of the numerous advonear Victoria.
cates for the measures Government has pursued in relation to our currency, have hi
therto attempted to explain the benefits to To the Editor of the Morning Chronicle.
be derived from the Legislature's interpos
ing to raise the current value of the bank. Sir,
note to twenty shillings, when its real value It is by no means my intention to enter is so much degraded. But, indeed, had into the controversy on the general state of the effort been made, it would have been our Currency, which has been feebly re- fruitless. No country can derive benefit newed by some of your correspondents, in from such a project; for, to use the lanconsequence of Mr. Monck's having pub- guage of the Parliament of Scotland centulished the letter I addressed to all the Gen- ries ago, the or pennyworths must always tlemen concerned in issuing Local Tokens, “ rise with the penny.'* whose directions I could procure.- After
The system which the Legislature has all that has passed, I really cannot now de- adopted most certainly deprives the stockscend to argue with those who have still the holder of a portion of what the Governfolly to conceive that the Paper Currency ment had contracted to pay to him ; it enof this country is not depreciated.Nei- riches the tenant at the expense of the landther do I think it necessary to assign further lord; and gives to the debtor an opportureasons for maintaining, that our lawful nity of defrauding his creditors. But this currency may be restored even in time of is not more repugnant to justice and policy war, and that this measure would be at than it is to the ancient practice of our Letended with almost immediate beneficial ef- gislature. For when in the time of James fects on the state of the exchange. These III. of Scotland the denominative value of are propositions on which I believe no man
the money was raised, it was immediately can seriously entertain a doubt, who knows by law provided, that debtors who owe any what took place during war in the year debts or contracts made before, should pay 1696. For it is impossible to suppose that to their creditors the same sums in substance even the Chancellor of the Exchequer must as it was intended betwixt them before the not renounce all reliance upon his nisquo- measure took place, and that all contracts tations from Davenant, and acknowledge in future should be paid according to the that at that time the exchange became fa- agreements betwixt the parties.t vourable long before the restoration of
The subject of our Paper Money is in it. peace, when he reads the following extract self complicated; and whilst many have from the Proclamation printed in the Ga- an interest in deceiving, a still greater numzette of the 28th of September, 1696 : ber have an interest in being deceived, it is
" The Lords Commissioners of the Trea- not, therefore, surprising, that the present
sury having likewise moved their Excel- departure from what seems to have been “ lencies (at the desire of several Merchants the ancient wise policy of our Legislature, 66 who have considerable quantities of Gold should meet with applause. 66 Bullion, which they cannot export, by But the question concerning the propriety " reason of the present course of exchange, of prohibiting the circulation of those Local " without great loss), that liberty might be Tokens, to which this paper system has “ given to coin the said gold, they offering given rise, is in itself more simple. And o io do it at their own charge. Their Ex: the object of my now addressing you is, to 66 cellencies are pleased to approve thereof, return my thanks to the numerous Issuers 66 and to order that the said Lords Com- of Tokens who have honoured me with re" missioners do direct the Officers of the plies to the queries I thought it my duty to - Mint to receive and coin any Gold Bul- 1 circulate, for they have put me in posses. 66 lion that is brought to the Mint after the sion of a case, which makes it so clear, 66 first day of October next, the Proprietors “ paying the charge of coinage. And or their Excellencies were also pleased to “ direct that this order should be publish- * See Preamble to Ch. 24th of the 4th James 66 ed in the Gazette.”
+ See Ch. 19th, 3d of James III.- See also Ch. (Signed) Rich, COLINGE,
69th, 8th of Jainés III.
that every description of the community are stion of Local Tokens, there can, after the deeply interested in the repeal of the Act of month of March next, be no adequate last Session of Parliament, that it is impos: means of making small payments, which sible to suppose any delusion can prevail on must involve the country in difficulties hithis branch of the subject.
therto unexperienced. From the information I have thus ob- With the knowledge of these facts, it tained, I can now with confidence assert,-- would be natural to conclude, that the law
Ist. That if this Act is not repealed, must be altered, and that the Act of last more than six times the value in Tokens Session must be repealed. For it cannot that His Majesty has coined of silver money be supposed that there exists a man, who, during his reign, must in March next bé after having foolishly carried away the withdrawn from circulation.
masts of his vessel, would persevere in 2dly. That the real value of those Tokens prohibiting the crew from erecting juryis greater in proportion to their nominal masts, and allow the ship to remain an unvalue than that of the shillings and six manageable hulk on the water. Yet his pences which are now current ; and that of folly would be trifling in comparison of that course the coin that is to be withdrawn af- of a Government, who having rendered the fords a better security to the holder than circulation of lawful coin impossible, should the coin that it is intended should circulate. prohibit the subject from resorting to any
3dly. That the Bank's Tokens can afford other means of conducting the necessary excomparatively no resource few of them re- changes of commodities. main in any part of the country where they Indeed, under any other circumstances have been issued; and what is called the than those in which we are placed, I should rise in the value of silver, must soon banish think the inference that the law must be althe whole from circulation. Besides, it tered, certain. But when I recollect that was from the first impossible to obtain from the American War, under which our comthe Bank the necessary quantity, and recent-merce is now suffering, is to be ascribed to ly so many counterfeits have appeared, that the obstinate perseverance of Ministers in people at a distance have been unwilling to the Orders of Council --and that their too accept them.
tardy conviction of the mischiefs attending * 4thly. That notwithstanding the quantity that unfortunate measure, was at last only of Local Tokens in circulation, there is such extorted by the overwhelming multiplicity a deficiency of silver money, that 5, and of the witnesses who appeared before Pareven 10 per cent, is given to get silver for liament, I feel it a further duty thus openly a wote; and that in many places change to solicit additional information from those cannot be obtained without five or ten shil- who are anxious to avert the evil with lings of copper money is accepted. Nay, which the law threatens us, and who have such is the difficulty of getting small mo- as yet delayed honouring me with a reply. ney, even with the aid of Local Tokens,
LAUDERDALE. that there are instances of Tax-gatherers, Dunbar-bouse, who have illegally circulated silver notes to Dunbar, Nov. 3, 1812. facilitate the collection of the revenue.
5thly. That before the Local Tokens began to be circulated, paper notes, though
OFFICIAL PAPERS. in violation of the law, were becoming common, and that master manufacturers in many instances commenced the practice of Report of the Military Commission silting paying their workmen with paper tickets,
at Paris.- (Continued from page 670.) and establishing a shop in the neighbour above-named, in conformity with the Arhood, to give commodities in exchange for ticles 87 and 88 of the Penal Code of 1810. them. A practice still unfortunately pre- -The Military Commission discharged 'valent, which has the mischievous conse and acquitted, 1st, unanimously, the quences of subjecting the poor workmen to Sieurs Gomont, called St. Charles, Subpay a monopoly price for every article they lieutenant ; Joachim Alexandre Lebis and consume.
Amable Aime, Provost Lieutenants ; Jean 6thly. That if measures are not adopted Charles Francois Godard, Captain ; Joto enable us to revert to the use of the an- seph Antoine Viallevielhe, Jean Henri Cacient lawful currency of these realms, and ron, Pierre Charles Limozin, Adjutants, if the law continues to prohibit silver notes, sub-officers ; Jean Joseph Julien and Jean as well as to inflict penalties on the circula- Baptista Caumitte, Sergeants-major, of the crime of being accomplices, of which they wishes to exert his indastry with security, were accused : 2d, by a majority of four to profess the religion of his fathers with to three, the Sieur George Rouff, Captain, freedom, and to enjoy in peace his inheof the crime of being an accomplice, of ritance, or the property which he owes to which he was accused, conformably to the his labour ; if he no longer fears lest Brilaw of the 13th Brumaire, year 5.--The gands should deprive him of the means of Military Commission ordered that the ac- maintaining his family, and reduce him to quitted above-named should be placed at wretchedness, to whom does he owe so the disposal of His Excellency the Minister many precious advantages, but to the proof War.- Enjoined the Judge Reporter tecting Government, which every where to read the present judgment to the con- maintains law and order ? This truth is demned and the acquitted, and to cause it now felt by every Frenchman. These reto be executed in all its extent within 24 flections burst from every heart, when, hours. Done at the public and perma- loaded with the public execration, the nent Sitting at Paris, the 29th of the said traitors and their adherents underwent the month of October, as above.
just punishment of their criminal attempts. (Signed) The Members of the Every man, withdrawing within himself, Commission. saw in each conspirator not only an enemy
of the laws, but also a private enemy. This judgment was yesterday affixed in The honourable sign with which several of Paris. 'At three in the afternoon twelve them were invested still added to the indig. of the condemned suffered their sentence at
nation. Ingratitude added to treachery the Plaine de Grenelle. Rabbe and Ra- rendered it still more odious. We have teau have received a respite,
never seen, under any circumstances, more
harmony in the public opinion, and a Paris, Oct. 31.—The mad attempt made greater unanimity of sentiment. We inby a few brigands to disturb the public sist on this point, because it does honour tranquillity, and to substitute the horrors to the character of the inhabitauts of Paris, of anarchy to legitimate authority, has and proves that they know their true injustly excited the indignation of all good terests, which cannot be separated from citizens. The unshaken fidelity to their respect for the laws, and love for the Sovereign, of which every class of people Sovereign.-- While His Majesty the has given an honourable proof on this oc- Emperor shares the fatigues of his brave casion, may suffice to convince the traitors, legions, while every one of his movements if it were possible that any yet existed, is a triumph, and he is consolidating in the that a Government founded on wise laws, North the glory and happiness of France, on the love and on the interests of the citi- and the repose of the Continent; while his zens, rests on an unshaken basis.-Awarlike labours in the most healthy climate long and fatal experience has opened our of Europe only contribute to fortify his eyes too well to allow us to become the health, this opportunity is taken to disdupes of a few wretches, who, shaken off seminate the report of his death, as if every by society on account of their criminal con- Frenchman had not sworn fidelity to the duct, and having nothing to lose, are bent Imperial dynasty; as if the Constitutions only on disorder, and regret those disas- of the State had not secured the order of tous times when virtue, talents, and opu- succession to the Throne. — Does not lence, were titles of proscription; when every one of us tell our children " we have the most sacred laws of huinanity were been plunged in the misfortunes of a revo violated with impunity, and when violence lution, which dissolved all the ties which and corruption degraded even the depo- attach man to his country and his fellows. sitories of authority. Where is the pro- We durst not calculate the termination of prietor, where is the father of a family who the public calamity and of private misfordoes not return thanks to heaven for having tunes, when a hero, elevated by victory placed on the Imperial Throne the August and his genius above other men,' repaired Monarch whose tutelary power secures to all our evils, re-assembled the scattered every Frenchman his rights and his pro- wrecks of our social institutions, and united perty, who animates with his genius every us under a paternal Government, immupart of the Government, recompenses zeal, tably established and fixed by the national represses injustice, and punishes public will. You will be more happy than we and individual crimes ?- -If every indi- have been. He will leave you heirs of his vidual, of whatever class or profession, grandeur and his genius. It is on this infant King, born for the happiness of French- gunners and other troops, to the amount men, that our hopes and your future feli- of from 1,000 to 1,200 men, and two city are founded. He is the pledge of the pieces of cannon; two 74-gun ships, a national prosperity and your repose. The brig of war, and several gun boats and oaths which we have taken to his august small vessels protected the disembarkation father are also the heritage of his son.
In without gun-shot to the fort. These troops passing from the one to the other they do formed behind a ravine, established a batnot change their nature, and bind us tery, and towards morning marched in coequally to both of them. Let this truth lumns upon Denia, driving in the advanced be always present to the eyes of every posts, who slowly retired, disputing the Frenchman, and we need no longer fear ground. -The Chief of the artillery batthe plots of the wicked, nor the convul- talion, Bonafoux, Superior Commandant sions which afflict the nations abandoned of Denia, had from break of day discovered by the wrath of Heaven to anarchy.”. the enemy, and made with his garrison What gives a distinct character to the last dispositions of defence, composed of the attempt against public order, is, that from 117th Regiment.--The English General the first moment of its execution, the im- summoned it. The Commandant Bonafoux possibility of success, and the atrocity of coolly replied, that he waited the effect of the crime, struck every mind, and even his threats. At the same time with his the accomplices themselves. Such also was handful of brave men he resolved to march the rapid march of authority, that in less upon the enemy, profiting by the arrival than two hours every one of the criminals of the Captain of the 117th voltigeurs, were seized and chained. Nothing can be Faubert, who on the report of the fire ran a stronger proof of the wisdom of the in- with his company; he marched it on the stitution destined to protect the citizens ; left of enemy to turn it, and with the renothing can contribute more to quiet them mainder attacked them in front.—This than this developement of force, which put double movement made the enemy recede, a stop, even in the moment of execution, who precipitately embarked their cannon, to crimes the most difficult to foresee. and approached the shore, ordering their --May the act of justice exercised against boats to approach the land. We pursued these traitors teach every man that the them with so much vigour, that they left limes of disorder are for ever past, and 4 killed and 18 wounded upon the heights that no one can withdraw with impunity of St. Nicolas, and ran in crowds into the from the fidelity which he has sworn to water, in order to escape more quickly his Sovereign and his august dynasty- under the protection of the fire of their We learn from Vienna, that His Highness vessels, and of the grenadiers of the 81st, Field-Marshal the Prince of Schwartzen- who formed upon the beach in order to arberg has again beaten General Tormazow, rest us ; but the French precipitated themtaken a great number of prisoners, and ten selves upon them with so much vigour that
-The Empress visited yesterday they overthrew them, and caused them a the Napoleon Museum. Her Majesty re
considerable loss before they could re-emturned at three o'clock to the Palace of bark. The enemy had in all 30 killed and Saint Cloud. It was by orders of His nearly 80 wounded. On our side we had Excellency the Grand Judge that the ex- one killed and 15 wounded. Informed of ecution of the Military Commission, sitting this attack of the English, I ordered the at Paris, was suspended, with respect to General of Division, Hubert, to march the Rabbe and Ratian, under condemnation. necessary troops thither, who found nothing
to combat, and in the mean while charged Paris, Nov. 1,
General Harispe, to annoy and reconnoitre Minister of War.-Army of Arragon.
the enemy to the walls of Alicant. This
movement was executed on the 8th of OcExtract of a Lelter addressed to His Excel-tober, by the light cavalry brigade, the
lency the Duke de Feltre, Minister of artillery, Mesclop's brigade, Robert's diWar, by the Marshal Duke d' Albufera. vision, and the Cuirassiers from Rovaldi
Valencia, Oct. 17.-In the night between and Monforte, near St. Vicente. In sight the 4th and 5th instant the English General of the place and Anglo-Espanola Army, Donkin, Quarter Master General of the General Harispe executed several moveAnglo-Spanish Army, disembarked near ments to draw the enemy from their posithe heights of St. Nicholas, before Denia, tion, in order to fight them. The soldiers with the 81st Regiment of the line, some
(To be continued.)
As illustrated in the Prosecution and Punishment of
WILLIAM COBBETT. 703]
[704 In order that my countrymen and that the two sureties in the sum of 1,000 pounds each; world may not be deceived, duped, and cheated that the whole of this sentence has been executed opon this subject, I, WILLIAM COBBETT, upon me, that I have been imprisoned the two of Botley, in Hampshire, put upon record years, have paid the thousand pounds TO THE the following facts; to wit: That, on the 24th KING, and have given the bail, Timothy Brown June, 1809, the following article was pub. and Peter Walker, Esqrs. being my sureties; lished in a London news-paper, called the that the Attorney General was Sir Vicary Gibbs, COURIER: “ The Mutiny amongst the LO- the Judge who sat at the trial Lord Ellenborongh, « CAL MILITIA, which broke out at Ely, was the four Judges who sat at passing sentence Ellen“ fortunately suppressed on Wednesday by the borough, Grose, Le Blanc, and Bailey; and that « arrival of four squadrous of the GERMAN the jurors were, Thomas Rhodes of Hanipstead “ LEGION CAVALRY from Bury, under the Road, John Davis of Southampton Place, James « command of General Auckland. Five of the Ellis of Tottenham Court Road, John Richards « ringleaders were tried by a Court-Martial, and of Bayswater, Thomas Marshani of Baker Street, “ sentenced to receive 500 lashes each, part of which Robert Heathcote of High Street Marylebone, “punishinent they received on Wednesday, and John Maud of York Place Marylebone, George “ a part was remitted. A stoppage for their knup Bagster of Church Terrace_Pancras, Thomas « sacks was the ground of the complaint that ex: Taylor of Red Lion Square, David Deane of St. « cited this mutinous spirit, which occasioned John Street, William Palmer of Upper Street « the men to surround their officers, and demand Islington, Henry Favre of Pall Mall, that the “ what they deemed their arrears. The first Prime Ministers during the time were Spencer « division of the German Legion halted yesterday Perceval, until he was shot by John Bellingham, « at Newmarket on their return to Bury."- and after that Robert B. Jenkinson, Earl of LiThat, on the 1st July, 1809, I published, in the verpool; that the prosecution and sentence took Political Register, an article censuring, in the place in the reign of King George the Third, and strongest terms, these proceedings; that, for so that, he having become insane during my impridoing, the Attorney General prosecuted, as sedi sonment, the 1,000 pounds was paid to buis son, tious 'libellers, and by Ex-Officio Information, the Prince Regent, in his behalf; that, during my me, and also my printer, my publisher, and one imprisonment, I wrote and published 364 Essays of the principal retailers of the Political Register; and Letters upon political subjects; that, daring that I was brought to trial on the 15th June, the same time, I was visited by persons from 197 1810, and was, by a Special Jury, that
is to say, cities aud towns, many of them as a sort of depe. by 12 men out of 18 appointed by the Master
of ties from Societies or Clubs; that, at the expira. the Crown Office, found guilty'; that, on the tion of my imprisonment, on the 9th of July, 181, poth of the same month, I was compelled to give a great dinner was given in Londou for the pur. bail for my appearance to receive judgment; pose of receiving me, at which dinner upwards of and that, as I came up from Botley (to which 600 persons were present, and at wbich Sir place I had returned 10 my family and my farm Francis Burdett presided; that dinners and other on the evening of the 15th), a Tipstaff went parties were held on the same occasion in many down from London in order to seize me, per other places in England; that, on my way home, sonally; that, on the 9th of July, 1810, I, toge. I was received at Alton, the first town in Hamp ther with my printer, publisher, and the news. shire, with the ringing of the Church bells; that man, were brought into the Court of King's a respectable company met me and gave me a Bench to receive judgment; that the three dinner at Winchester; that I was drawn from former were sentenced to be imprisoned for more than the distance of a mile into Botley by some months in the King's Bench prison; that I the people; that, upon my arrival in the village, was sentenced to be imprisoned for two years in I found all the people assembled to receive me Newgate, the great receptacle for malefactors, that I concluded the day by explaining to them and the front of which is the scene of numerous the cause of my imprisonment, and by giving hangings in the course of every year; that the them clear potions respecting the flogging of the part of the
prison in which I was sentenced to be Local Militia-men at Ely, and respecting the emconfined is sometimes inhabited by felons, that ployment of German Troops; and, finally, which felons were actually in it at the time I entered is more than a compensation for my losses and all it ; that one man was taken out of it to be trans- my sufferings, I am in perfect bealth and strength, ported in about 48 hours after I was put into the d, though I must, for the sake of six children, same yard with him; and that it is the place of feel the diminution that has been made in my confinement for men guilty of unnatural crimes, property (thinking it right in me to decline the of whom there are four in it at this time ; that, offer of a subscription), I have the consolation to besides this imprisonment, I was sentenced to see growing up three sons, upon whose bearts, I pay a thousand pounds TO THE KING, and to trust, all these facts will be engraven. give security for my good behaviour for seven
WM, COBBETT. years, myself in the sum of 3,000 pounds, and Botley, July 23, 1812.
Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent-Garden.
LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black-Horse-Court, Fleet-street.