« ForrigeFortsett »
6 measure which, combined with the libe-cently discussed, that I shall not here “ ral and enlightened principles, which trouble the reader with any inquiry re“happily prevail in the Councils of His specting them. But, as His Royal High“ Sicilian Majesty, is calculated, I trust, ness is graciously pleased to tell us, that “ to augment his power and resources, his best efforts are employed for the re" and at the same time to render them storation of peace with America, and to
essentially serviceable to the common add that he asks for support in the war 66 cause."
only upon the ground of his not being able Upon this subject I shall say nothing at to make Peace “ withont sacrificing the present. A better opportunity will offer “ maritime rights of Great Britain," I when the treaty here spoken of shall be cannot help observing, that I know of no made public. In the mean while, how- maritime right that Great Britain has ever ever, I beg the reader to bear in mind, before contended for, and that the Amethat this Island of Sicily is costing us an- ricans call upon us to sacrifice. We have nually an immense sum of money; and heard much talking about these maritime that, so far from its having contributed rights; but I have never yet heard one hitherto towards the resistance of France, man clearly state what he means by them. it has required a large part of our own army The American government say that we to defend it. -The American war fol- have no right to stop their vessels at sea, lows dext.
and to take people out of them; and I say, “ The Declaration of War by the Go- that this is a right that Great Britain never 66 vernment of the United States of Ame- before contended for, and I defy any man “ rica was made under circumstances to show that any neutral nation in the “ which might have afforded a reasonable world ever submitted to such a practice, “ expectation that the amicable relations or that such a practice was ever before at“ between the two nations would not long tempted. If there be any of the settled “ be interrupted. It is with sincere regret maritime rights of England which the " that I am obliged to acquaint you, that Americans wish us to sacrifice, why are " the conduct and pretensions of that Go- they not named? It may be necessary; I “ vernment have hitherto prevented the do not say, that circumstances may never " conclusion of any pacific arrangement. arise, to justify a government in doing that
Their measures of hostility have which no established practice or principle “ been principally directed against the warrants ; but then, let it be avowed ; let “ adjoining British provinces, and every us know what it is we are contending for. “ effort has been made to seduce the inha- I wish to see the rights for which we con“ bitants of them from their allegiance to tend explicitly stated, and, then we might “ His Majesty. The proofs, however, enter upon the discussion with some pros“ which I have received of loyalty and at-pect of arriving at the truth.
-His Roy. "stachment from His Majesty's subjects in al Highness complains of attempts at "se“ North America, are highly satisfactory. "duction," on the part of the Americans.
-The attempts of the enemy to in. This phrase, with due submission, is “ vade Upper Canada have not only proved badly chosen. It was not an attempt at se“ abortive, but, by the judicious ar duction, which implies something secret or
rangements of the Governor-General, underhanded ; whereas that which the " and by the skill and decision with Yankees did was open and in the face of “ which the military operations have day; it was an act of war ; it was by open “ been conducted, the forces of the enemy proclamation after a declaration of war; "s assembled for that purpose in one quar. it was an invilation, but no attempt at se" ter have been compelled to capitulate, duction. The term seduction is properly “ and in another have been completely applied, when a government is base enough, " defeated.---My best efforts are not while at peace and in apparent amity with
wanting for the restoration of the rela- another, to endeavour,' by the means of " tions of peace and amity between the two bribes or otherwise, to seduce the citizens “ countries; but until this object can be or subjects of that other; an act of which none o attained without sacrificing the maritime but the very vilest and most corrupt govern“ rights of Great Britain, I shall rely ments, in the days of their decline, when, like “ upon your cordial support in a vigorous old bawds, they resort to all sorts of quackery “ prosecution of the war.
in order to prop up a rotten constitution a As to the causes of this war they have little longer, are ever guilty; an act, been so frequently, so amply, and so re-in short, which is never resorted to but by men who ought to make their exit from the " the wisdom of Parliament, I have reason gallows tree. I do not commend the in- ' to place the fullest confidence. The vitation of the Americans ; but, it is very same firmness and perseverance which different from acts such as that which I have been manifested on so many and have just been speaking of. The Cana- " such trying occasions will not, I am dians will not be gained over, I am sure, persuaded, be wanting, at a time when by invitations. Invitations will weigh" the eyes of all Europe, and of the world, very little with them. They will, in all " are fixed upon you.
I can assure you, Jikelihood, be influenced by their feelings. " that in the exercise of the great trust reIf they have a good government, they will posed in me, I have no sentiment so wish to keep it; and will, no doubt, fight " near my heart as the desire to promote, in its defence.---The Speech concludes" by every means in my power, the real thus :
prosperity, and lasting happiness of His
“ Majesty's subjects." « Gentlemen of the House of Commons, As to the East India Company, it is of
" I have ordered the estimates of the no consequence to the people of England " ensuing year to be laid before you, and what is done respecting it. That, at any “I entertain no doubt of
rate, is my opinion. The Company and " to furnish such supplies as may enable the Treasury and the Bank will all go on « me to provide for the great interests together; and, I believe, I may add, the 66 committed to my charge, and to afford War. There are two points in the " the best prospect of bringing the con- Speech of which I must express my de"test in which His Majesty is engaged to cided approbation; or, if I may be allowa successful termination..
ed the expression, there are two points
which are not in it, which I very much 66 My Lords and Gentlemen,
admire. I mean the omission of two to" The approaching expiration of the pics: to wit: the boasting about our flou- Charter of the East India Company, Irishing finances; and the appeal to Divine “ renders it necessary that I should call Providence. These omissions are a won
your early attention to the propriety of derful improvement, and I heartily con“ providing effectually for the future Go-gratulate His Royal Highness and the vernment of the provinces of India.
country thereon. “ In considering the variety of interests " which are connected with this important
WM. COBBETT, subject, I rely on your wisdom for mak
Botley, 2d Dec. 1812. ing such arrangements as may best pro
mote the prosperity of the British poses sessions in that quarter, and at the same «« time secure the greatest advantages to
OFFICIAL PAPERS. " the commerce and revenue of His Ma“ jesty's dominions.---I have derived LONDON GAZETTE EXTRAORDINARY..
great satisfaction from the success of the measures which have been adopted for
Downing Street, Nov. 27, 1812. "suppressing the spirit of outrage and in< subordination which had appeared in
Captain Fulton, Aid-de-camp to Lieusome parts of the country, and from the tenant-general Sir G. Prevost, arrived late
last night, with a dispatch from that offi" disposition which has been manifested to "take advantage of the indemnity held cer, addressed to Earl Bathurst, one of his put to the deluded by the wisdom and Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, of
which the following is a copy: 66 benevolence of Parliament.I trust “ I shall never have occasion to lament Head-quarters, Montreal, Oct. 21, 1812. " the recurrence of atrocities so repugnant My LORD,-b have the satisfaction of " to the British character, and that all reporting to your Lordship, that His Ma“ His Majesty's subjects will be impressed jesty's forces, aided by the militia and In" with the conviction, that the happiness dians stationed on the Niagara frontier, have “ of individuals, and the welfare of the completely repelled a second attempt of the " State equally depend upon strict obe enemy to invade Upper Canada, and that "dience to-the laws, and an attachment a victory has been gained which has left
to our excellent Constitution. In the in our possession nine hundred of the Ameloyalty of His Majesty's people, and in rican army, and their commander Brigadier
Gen. Wadsworth, who surrendered him- of regular troops, militia, and Indians, a self on the field of battle 10 Major-General movement was made to turn his left, while Sheaffe. His Majesty and the country have some artillery, under the able direction of to deplore the loss of an able and most gal-Captaiu Holcroft, supported by a body of lant officer in Major General Brock, who infantry, engaged his attention in front. feil early in the battle, at the head of the This operation was aided, too, by the judiflank companies of the 49th regiment, whilecious position which Norton, and the Innobly encouraging them to sustain their dians with him, had taken on the woody position, in opposition to an infinitely su- brow of the high ground above Queensperior force, until the reinforcements he town. A communication being thus opened had ordered to advance to their support with Chipawa, a junction was formed with should arrive, For further particulars of succours ihat had been ordered from that this splendid affair, I beg leave to refer post. The enemy was then attacked, and, your Lordship to Major-General Sheaffe's after a short but spirited conflict, was comreport, herewith transmitted. I also trans- pletely deleated. I had the satisfaction of mit a general order I have just issued to the receiving the sword of their commander, forces in the British American provinces Brigadier-General Wadsworth, on the field on the occasion of this important success, of battle; and many officers, with upwards as it contains a statement of the services of nine hundred ınen, were made prisoners, rendered by all who had the good fortune and more may yet be expected. A stand to maintain on that day the fame of His of colours and one six-pounder were also Majesty's arms, and to convince our de taken. The action did not terminate till Juded neighbours that their superiority in nearly three o'clock in the afternoon, and numbers cannot intimidate His Majesty's their loss in killed and wounded must have army, nor shake the fidelity of his Canadian | been considerable. Our's I believe to have subjects.---Not having received the re- been comparatively sınall in numbers; no turn of the killed and wounded on the 13th, officer was killed besides Major-General nor that of the ordnance and stores captured Brock, one of the most gallant and zealous from the enemy, I am under the necessity officers in His Majesty's service, whose loss of deferring sending them to your Lord- cannot be too much deplored, and Lieuteship until the next opportunity, when I nant-Colonel M'Donnell, Provincial Aidalso expect to forward the colours taken de-camp, whose gallantry and merit renfrom the Americans, to be laid at the feet dered him worthy of his chief. -Capof his Royal Highness the Prince Regent. tains Dennis and Williams, commanding
Captain Fulton, my Aid-de camp, the flank companies of the 49th regiment, will have the honour of delivering this which were stationed at Queenstown, were dispatch to your Lordship. He is very wounded, bravely contending, at the head capable of affording such information as of their men, against superior numbers; your Lordship may require respecting the but I am glad to have it in my power to state of His Majesty's Canadian provinces. add, that Capt. Dennis fortunately was
Eight companies of the Glengary levy able to keep the field, though with pain are in motion to reinforce Upper Canada. and difficulty: and Captain Williams's I have the honour to be, &c.
wound is not likely to deprive me long of (Signed) GEO. PREVOST, his services. I am particularly indebied Commander of the Forces. to Captain Holcroft, of the Royal Artille
ry, for his judicious and skilful co-operaFort George, Oct. 13, 1812. tion with the guns and howitzers under his S1R;-I have the honour of informing immediate superintendence, the well-diyour Excellency, that the enemy made an rected fire froin which contributed materia attack with a considerable force this morn- ally to the fortunate result of the day.ing before daylight, on the position of Captain Derenzy, of the 41st regiment, Queenstown. On receiving intelligence of brought up the reinforcements of that corps it, Major-General Brock immediately pro- from Fort George ; and Captain Bullock
ceeded to that post, and I am excessively led that of the same regiment from Chipagrieved in having to add, that he fell whilst wa; and under their command those degallantly cheering his troops to an exertion tachments acquitted themselves in such a for maintaining it. With him, the posi- manner as to sustain the reputation which tion was lost; but the enemy was not allow the 41st regiment had already acquired in 19 retain it long. Reinforcements hav- the vicinity of Detroit.—Major General
ch sent up from this post, composed Brock, soon after his arrival at Queens
town, had sent down orders for battering and the Indians particularly distinguished the American Fort Niagara ; Brigade-Ma- themselves; and I have very great satisfacjor Evans, who was left in charge of Fort tion in assuring your Excellency, that the George, directed the operations against it spirit and good conduct of His Majesty's with so much effect as to silence its fire, troops, of the militia, and of the other proand to force the troops to abandon it; and vincial corps, were eminently conspicuous by his prudent precautions he prevented on this occasion.— I have not been able to mischief of a most serious nature, which ascertain yet the number of our troops, or otherwise might have been effected, the of those of the enemy engaged: our's, I enemy having used heated shot in firing at believe, did not exceed the number of the Fort George. In these services he was prisoners we have taken; and their advance, most effectually aided by Col. Claus (who which effected a landing, probably amounted remained in the Fort at my desire), and to thirteen or fourteen hundred. I shall by Captain Vigoreux, of the Royal Engi- do myself the honour of transmitting to neers. Brigade-Major Evans also mentions your Excellency further details when I shall the conduct of Capt. Powell and Cameron, have received the several reports of the ocof the militia artillery, in terms of commenda- currences which did not pass under my tion. Lieut. Crowther of the 41st regiment, own observation, with the return of the had charge of two three-pounders that had casualties, and these of the killed and accompanied the movement of our little wounded, and of the ordnance taken. I corps, and they were employed with very have the honour to be, &c. good effect. Captain Glegg, of the 49th (Signed) R. H. SHEAFFE, Major.Gen, regiment, Aid-de-camp to our lamented To His Excellency Sir Geo. Prevost, Bart.
, friend and General, afforded me most essential assistance; and I found the services of Lieutenant Fowler, of the 41st regi- Adjulant-General's Office, Head-quarlers, ment, Assistant Deputy Quarter Master
Montreal, 21st Oct, 1812, General, very useful. I derived much aid, too, from the activity and intelligence of His Excellency the Commander of the Lieutenant Kerr, of the Glengary fencibles, Forces has received an official report from whom I employed in communications with Major-General Sheaffe, of the brilliant the Indians, and other Hanking parties. Ivictory achieved on the 13th instant, by a was unfortunately deprived of the aid of portion of the troops under his command, the experience and ability of Lieutenant over a division of the enemy's army, which Colonel Myers, Deputy Quarter Master effected a landing at Queenstown under General, who had been sent up to Fort cover of the night. That post was neverErie, a few days before, on duty which de- theless defended withi undaunted gallantry tained him there. Lieutenant Colonels But by the two Aank companies of the 49th Jer and Clark, of the militia, and Captains regiment, animated by the presence of their Hatt, Durand, Rowe, Applegarth, James gallant and ever-to-be-lamented chief, Crooks, Cooper, Robt. Hamilton, M'Ewen, Major-General Brock, whose valuable life and Duncan Cameron, and Lieutenants Ri- was pn this occasion devoted to his counchardson and Thomas Butler, commanding try's service. Those companies displayed Hank companies of the Lincoln and York exemplary discipline and spirit, although militia, led their men into action with great the Captains of both were wounded ; and spirit. Major Merritt, commanding the succeeded in keeping the enemy in check, Niagara dragoons, accompanied me, and until the arrival of Major-General Sheaffe gave me much assistance with part of his with reinforcements. -The disposition corps. Captain A. Hamilton, belonging to of the forces and plan of attack adopted by it, was disabled from riding, and attached Major-General Sheaffe, cannot receive a himself to the guns under Captain Holcroft, higher or more just praise than by stating who speaks highly of his activity and use that nine hundred prisoners of war, under fulness. I beg leave to add, that Volun- the command of Brigadier-General Wadsteers Shaw, Thomson, and Jarvis, attached worth, surrendered their arms to a force to the flank companies of the 49th regiment, inserior in numbers, and without sustaining conducted themselves with great spirit ; any considerable loss on our part. -A the first was wounded, and the last taken six-pounder and a stand of colours have prisoner: I beg leave to recommend these been taken from the enemy. --Majoryoung men to your Excellency's notice. General Sheaffe's report of the zeal and unNorton is wounded, but not badly: he daunted gallantry that animated every officer and soldier of his army, affords the received essential service from Captain Commanders of the Forces the most heart-Glegg, the Aid-de-Camp to Major-Genefelt satisfaction, and will be a most grati-ral Brock; Lieutenant Fowler, 41st regifying duty to his Excellency to bring before went, Deputy Assistant-Quarter-Masterthe notice of his Royal Highness the Prince General ; and Lieutenant Ker, of the GlenRegent. - Lieutenant - Colonel Myers, gary light-infantry fencibles, employed Deputy Quarter-Master-General, was sta- with the Aanking party of Indians. The tioned in charge of Fort Erie, and suc- eminent services and talents of Lieutenantceeded in completely silencing the fire of Colonel Macdonnel, Provincial Aid-dethe enemy, drove a detachment from the camp and Attorney-General of the Proencampment near the Black Rock, and vince, are recorded by the most honour, destroyed a barrack in which was a consi- able testimony of the gallant General, whose derable depôt of ammunition. Its explo- steps he followed during his short but glosion must have killed many. The Caledo- rious career, nor quitted him in death.nia, lately captured by the enemy, was Volunteers Shaw, Thompson, and Jarvis, destroyed at her moorings.---Lieutenant- attached to the flank companies of the 49th Colonel Myers speaks highly of the disci- regiment, conducted themselves with great pline of the detachment of the 49th regi- spirit: the first was wounded, and the ment under Major Ormsby, and of the last taken prisoner.-The Major-General skill and spirit with which the guns were particularly mentions the services of Lieu, served under Captain Kirby and Lieutenant tenant-Colonels Butler and Clark, of the Bryson, of the militias. Essential ser- Militia ; and Captains Hatt, Durand, vice was rendered by Brigade-Major Evans, Rowe, Applegarth, James Crooks, Cooper, left in charge of Fort George: a well-di- Robert Hamilton, M'Ewen, and Duncan rected fire from that work succeeded in si. Cameron, and Lieutenants Richardson and lencing the enemy's batteries on the oppo- Thomas Butler, commanding flank compasite side, Captain Vigoureux, Royal En- nies of the Lincoln and York militia, who gineers, Colonel Claus, and Captains led their men into action with great spirit. Powell and Cameron of the militia, were -The Major-General reports the conzealous and indefatigable in their exertionis, duct of the Indians employed on this ocparticularly in extinguishing fires which casion as meriting the highest praise for broke out in the Court-house and other their good order and spirit, and particu. places from red-shot fired by the enemy. larly names the Chief, Norton, who was
-Captains Dennis and Williams, of the wounded. Several gentlemen volunteers flank companies of the 19th regiment, have ed their services in the field, and shared in particularly distinguished themselves; the the honour of the day. Mr. Clinch and former officer retained the command of his Mr. Wilcox were of the number, and the company of grenadiers to the end of the Major-General witnessed the zealous conconflict, though suffering severely from his duct of many others not named in this rewound.To Captain Holcroft, of the port.-Major-General Sheaffe had huroyal artillery, the highest praise is due manely consented to a cessation of offensive for his successful and judicious co-opera- hostility, on the solicitation of Major-Ge. tion. The well-directed fre of the artillery, neral Van Ranseller, for the purpose of militia as well as regulars, is the best proof allowing the Americans to remove the baof the indefatigable zeal and talents of that dies of the slain and wounded. officer.—Major Merritt, commanding the
G. O. Niagara dragoons, accompanied and rendered essential assistance with part of his
Major-General Roger Hale Sheaffe is corps. Captain A. Hamilton, belonging appointed to the command of the troops in to it, was disabled from riding, and at the Upper Province, and to administer the tached himself to the guns under Captain
civil government of the same. Holcroft, who speaks highly of his activity EDWARD BAYNES, Adjutant-Ceneral. and usefulness. - Lieutenant Crowther, 41st regiment, had charge of two fieldpieces, which were employed with good ef- LONDON GAZETTE EXTRAORDINASY. fect. -Captains Derinzy and Bullock are represented to have maintained the high re
War Department. putation of the 41st regiment, in the de
Downing-Street, Dec. 3. tachment under their respective commands. Dispatches, of which the following are
-Major-General Sheaffe reports having Extracts, were received last night by Earl