Sidebilder
PDF
ePub

Bathurst, addressed to his Lordship by the some platoons of the fourth hussars to Marquis of Wellington.

charge the advanced troops. - Four or

five discharges of cannon supported this Pitiegua, Nov. 7, 1812. movement, and two companies of the 7th The enemy repaired the bridge at Toro voltigeurs advanced to support them; but at a much earlier period than I expected. they had not a single trigger to pull. The I therefore desired Sir Rowland Hill to hussars charged the cavalry in the midst continue his inarch by Fontiveros upon of the infantry in the garders, ravines, and Alba de Tormes, and as soon as I found behind the houses, killed some 50 men, that he was sufficiently forward, I broke and brought back 30 prisoners, of which up yesterday morning from the position two were officers, an English Captain and which I had held in front of Tordesillas Lieutenant ; they likewise took from 15 ta since the 30th of last month, and I am in 20 horses. The General of Division march towards the heights of St. Chris Harispe, satisfied with having shewn the tovai, in front of Salamanca. - The fine disposition of his troops, took, in open enemy has not pressed at all upon the rear day, the road to his positions, slept at of the troops under Lieut.-General Sir R. Monforte, still ready to receive battle, but Hill, nor have those on the Douro follow he was not followed; he has returned to ed the march of the troops under my com- the camp of the 2d division. mand : I conclude that the two corps will

ALBUFERA. unite, which, in consequence of the situation of the Douro, I could not prevent.

MINISTER OF

WAR. Ciudad Rodrigo, Nov. 19. Extract of a Letter from Burgos, of 22d. The troops under the command of Lieut.- Oct. to the Minister of War, from Gen. General Sir R. Hill crossed the Tormes, at Souham, Commandant, ad Interim, of Alba, on the 8th inst., and those under the Army of Portugal. my command took their position on the

Paris, Nov. 4. heights of St. Christoval de la Cuesta on the same day; Brig.-General Pack's bri-form your Excellency, that the English

Monseigneur, - I have the honour to ingade occupying Aldea Lengua, and Brig:- have raised the siege of Burgos, and marchGeneral Bradford's Cabrerizos on

the right; and the British cavalry covering and Palencia, at nine in the evening ; they

ed in the direction of Aranda, Valladolid, our front. I had desired Lieut.-General Sir R. Hill to occupy the town and castle have left their sick in the hospitals of of Alba, with Major-General Howard's Burgos. -1 set out in pursuit of them brigade of the 2d division, leaving Lieut.- very early this morning; I hope to be able General Hamilton's Portuguese division on to overtake them, and oblige them to fight, the left of the Tormes, to support those or, at least, to do much injury to their troops; while the ad division was posted

rear guard. in the neighbourhood of the fords of En

(Signed) Count Souham. cinas and Huerta ; and the 3d and 4th P.S. I should inform your Excellency, divisions remained at Calvarassa de Ariba that since the 20th, I have been in a

position before the English army, I have On the 9th the enemy drove in the pie- every day had engagements with it, and quets of Major-General Long's brigade of never ceased to harass and cause it great cavalry, in front of Alba; and Major-Gen. loss since that period. Long was obliged to withdraw his troops through Alba on the morning of the 10th. In the course of the day, the enemy's month, His Catholic Majesty set out from

Paris, Nov. 4.-On the 16th of last (To be continued.)

Valencia to march to Madrid, at the head of the Army of the Centre, and that of the

South, commanded by the Duke of Dal. Extract of a Letler addressed to His Excel

, the soldiers of the French army, on their

matia, - -Letters from Vittoria say, that lency the Duke de Fellre, Minister of War, by the Marshal Duke d'Albufera.

entrance into Burgos, carried in triumph

General Dubreton, who had so vigorously (Continued from page 702.) defended the Castle of Burgos against Welanxiously desired to come to blows ; but lington, in admiration of his fine dethese means did not succeed. He ordered fence.

in reserve.

Gopy of a Letter wrillen lo His Excellency | no longer fired. The enemy have lost

the Duke de Feltre, Minister of War, by several officers of note, and in particular a General Count Souham.

Major Murray, of the 42d regiment (HighPancorbo, Oct. 15. landers). I hope that the fort will soon Monseigneur,—Being desirous to make be relieved, and I shall then request of known to the garrison of the fort of Burgos, your Excellency, in laying before you a that the army was at hand both to succour journal of the siege, an honourable recomthem, and thereby encourage them to con

pense for General Du Breton, and for the tinue their fine defence, I, on the 13th of officers and soldiers who have behaved this month, ordered General Manoune to

themselves so valiantly. attack the English van-guard, by passing

I have the honour to be,

The General Count CAFFARELLI, by Castil de Pednes Quintanavides, and to push them as far as Monastino.- -I likewise gave orders to the General of Divi- Extract of a Leller from General Thiesion, M. Foy, to carry by main force

bault, Chief Commandant at Vittoria. Poza, which is occupied by the troops of Vittoria, Oct. 23, 9 o'Clock Evening. Castanos. - These attacks, which were Monseigneur, -The armies of Portugal combined, have both been equally success and of the North entered Burgos yesterday, ful. General Curto, Commander of the at six o'clock in the morning. Towards ligbt cavalry, has received orders to move two o'clock in the evening, and after exforward, before Vibena, on Roxa, to sup- changing several cannon shot, the enemy port this movement, and be ready to act passed the ravine of Buniel, and is now in wherever needful. The result of these at- full retreat, which tend to prove that the tacks have been advantageous for the army armies of the South and of the Cenire, are of Portugal. The enemy had 400 killed arriving. --- This movement naturally and wounded. We have taken from him changes the whole situation of the North 140 prisoners, of which five are officers ; of Spain, and the parts of the armies of we have likewise taken a pair of colours, the North and of Portugal. some baggage, and 20 horses.

On our

I have the honour, &c. side we had only four men killed and 26

The Baron THIEBAULT. wounded, and lost some horses.

I have the honour to be, &c.
(Signed) Count Souham. Twenty-fifth Bulletin of the French Grand

Army.
Exlract of a Leller to His Excellency the

Noilskoe, Oct. 20.-All the sick who Duc de Feltre, Minister at War, from were in the hospitals of Moscow, left them : General Count Caffarelli, Commander of

on the 15th, 16th, 17th, and 18th inst. for the Army of the North.

Mojaisk and Smolensko. The artillery Briviesca, Oct. 21. caissons, the ammunition taken, a great Monseigneur,-Since yesterday we are quantity of curious things, and two troin presence of each other—the army of Por- phies, were packed up and sent off on the tugal occupies the heights of Monasteiro, 15th. The army received orders to take and we can see the camps of the enemy. biscuit for twenty days, and hold itself in The two armies of Portugal and the North readiness to march ; in effect, the Emperor can be in line within twenty-four hours. left Moscow on the 19th. The head-quarOur cavalry is remarkably fine, the artil-ters were on the same day at Disna. On lery is very numerous and in excellent the one side, the Kremlin has been armed condition. Yesterday afternoon we and fortified, and at the same time it has drove back all the advanced posts of the been mined, in order to blow it up.enemy. Our soldiers have shown a great Some think the Emperor will march upon deal of ardour, and the cannon should Toula and Kalouga, to pass the winter in have been heard at the fort of Burgos, these provinces, and occupy Moscow, by a which still continues to make a most ob- garrison in the Kremlin. -Others sup stinate defence, and which, according to pose the Emperor will blow up the Kremall reports, caused the enemy a loss of lin, and burn the public establishments more than 4,000 men. It is asserted that which remain, and that he will approach the enemny having raised a battery of four within a hundred leagues of Poland, to 24-pounders, they were immediately dis establish his winter-quarters in a friendly mounted, one only excepted, but which is country, and near to receive every thing

which exists in the magazines of Dantzic, in the Kremlin, the canaille, armed by the Kowno, Wilna, and Minsk, and recover Governor, made a resistance, and were from the fatigues of war; the latter ob- immediately dispersed. Ten thousand serve, that Moscow is distant from St. Pe- Russian soldiers were the next and followtersburgh 180 leagues of bad road, whilst ing days collected in the city, into which Witepsk is only 130 from Petersburgh; they were brought by their thirst for plunthat from Moscow to Kiow is 218 leagues, der; they were old and good soldiers ; they whilst from Smolensko to Kiow it is but 112 augmented the number of prisoners. leagues; from whence they conclude, that On the 15th, 16th, and 17th of September, Moscow is not a military position, or that the Russian General commanding the rearMoscow possesses no longer political im- guard said, that they should fire no longer, portance, since that town is burned and that they ought to fight no more, and talkruined for 100 years.

-The enemy shew-ed much about peace. He marched upon ed many Cossacks, who annoyed our ca- the road of Kolomna, and our advanced valry --The advanced guard of cavalry guard placed itself five leagues from Moskplaced in advance of Veukovo, were sur- wa, upon the bridge of the Moskwa. prized by a horde of Cossacks; they were During this time the Russian army left the in the camp before they could mount on

Kolomna road, and took that of Kalouga, horseback. They took off General Sebas- by cross roads. He thus made the half tiani's park of artillery, 100 baggage-wag- tour of the city at six leagues distance.--gons, and made about 100 prisoners.

The wind carried thither clouds of flame The King of Naples, mounted on horseback and smoke, &c. This march, according to with the cuirassiers and carabineers, and the statements of the Russian Officers, was perceiving a column of light infantry, of sombre and religious-consternation filled four battalions, which the enemy sent to their souls; they assert, that Officers and support the Cossacks, he charged it, broke soldiers were so penetrated, that the most it, and cut it in pieces. General Dezi, profound silence reigned throughout all the Aid-de-Camp to the King, a brave officer, army, as during prayers. We quickly was killed in this charge, which honours perceived the enemy's march. The Duke the carabineers. - The Vice-Roy has ar

of Istria marched to Disna, with a corps rived at Fomenskoe. All the army is in of observation.-The King of Naples, at march.- -Marshal the Duke of Treviso first, followed the enemy upon Podol, and has remained at Moscow with a garrison. afterwards marched upon their

rear, threats -The weather is very fine, like that in ening to cut them off from the Kalouga France during October, perhaps a little road. Although the King only had with warmer; but on the first days of November him the advanced guard, the enemy only we may expect colds. -Every thing in- allowed themselves time to evacuate the endicates we must think of winter-quarters, trenchments they had constructed, and our cavalry particularly require it. The marched six leagues in the rear, after a infantry refreshed themselves at Moscow, glorious battle for the advanced guard.and are very well.

Prince Poniatowski took a position behind

the Nara, at the confluence of Isha. Twenty-sixth Bulletin of the Grand Army.tober, gone to the Russian head-quarters,

General Lauriston having, on the 5th OcBorowsk, Oct. 22. the communications were re-established beAfter the battle of Moskwa, General Ku-tween our advanced posts and those of the tusow took a position a league in advance enemy, who, between themselves, agreed of Moscow; he established several redoubts not to attack each other without giving to defend the town; he remained there till three hours notice; but on the 18th, at the last moment. On the 14th September, seven o'clock in the morning, 4,000 Cosseeing the French army march towards sacks came out from a wood, situate him, he took his resolution, and evacuated within half-cannon shot of General Sebasthe position, passing through Moscow. He tiani, forming the extreme left of the adcrossed through the city with his head- vanced guard, who had neither been occuquarters at half past nine o'clock in the pied nor inspected that day. They made morning. Our advanced guard passed an attack upon this light cavalry at a time through it an hour afternoon.- - The when they were on foot at the distribution Commandant of the Russian rear guard re

of meal. This light cavalry could not quested to be allowed to defile in the city form but at a quarter of a league at farwithout firing; it was allowed him; but thest. Whilst the enemy penetrated by this hole, a park of 12 pieces of cannon, bouring woods, dying with hunger, come and 20 caissons of General Sebastiani, were to these ruins, to seek what remains, and taken in a ravine, with baggage waggons, vegetables, in the gardens, to support life. in number 30, in all, 65 waggons, instead It appeared useless to compromise any thing of 100, as stated in the last Bulletin. whatever for an object which was of no miAt the same time, the enemy's regular ca- litary importance, and which has now bevalry, and two columns of infantry pene- come of no political importance. All the trated into the hole. They hoped to gain magazines which were in the city having the wood, and the defile of Voronowo be- been carefully examined, the others emptied, fore us; but the King of Naples was there; the Emperor caused the Kremlin to be he was ou horseback. He marched and mined. The Duke of Istria caused it to be penetrated the Russian line of cavalry in blown up at two o'clock A. M. on the 23d; ten or twelve different charges. He per- the arsenal, barracks, magazines, all were ceived the division of six enemy's batta- destroyed. This ancient citadel, which lions, commanded by Lieutenant-General takes its date from the foundation of the Muller, charged and penetrated it. This monarchy, this first palace of the Czars, division was massacred; Lieutenant-Gene- has been desiroyed.---The Duke of Treral Muller was killed; whilst this was viso has marched for the Vereja. The passing, General Poniatowski successfully Emperor of Russia's Aid-de-camp, Baron repulsed a Russian division. The Polish Winzingerode, having, on the 22d, atGeneral, Fischer, was killed by a ball.- tempted to penetrate at the head of 500 The enemy not only suffered a loss superior Cossacks, was repulsed and taken prisoner to ours, but have the shame of having vio- with a young Russian officer, named Narislated the trúce concluded between the ad- ken.--On the 19th, the head-quarters vanced guard, a thing hardly ever done. were in the castle of Troitskoi ; they reOur loss amounts to 800 men in killed, mained there on the 20th. On the 21st wounded, and taken. That of the enemy they were at Ignatien; the 22d at Pomenis double ; several Russian Officers were skoi; all the army liaving made two flank taken ; two of their Generals were killed; marches, and the 23d at Borowsk. The on this day the King of Naples has proved Emperor reckons upon marching on the what presence of mind, valour, and a 24th, to gain the Dwina, and taking a peknowledge of war can effect. In general, sition which will bring him within 80 throughout all this campaign, this Prince leagues of Petersburgh and Wilna, a douhas shown himself worthy of the supreme ble advantage; that is to say, 20 marches rank in which he is placed.- -However, nearer his means and his object. — of the Emperor wishing to oblige the enemy | 4,000 stone houses which were in Moscow, to evacuate his entrenched camp, and drive not more than 200 remain. It has been them several marches back, in order to be said a fourth remained, because in that able tranquilly to proceed to the countries calculation 800 churches were comprehendchosen for his winter quarters, and actually ed, a part of which are undamaged. Of necessary to be occupied for the execution of 8,000 houses of wood, nearly 500 remain. his ulterior projects, on the 17th, ordered -It was proposed to the Emperor to General Lauriston, with his advanced guard, burn what remained of the city, to treat to place himself behind the defile of Win the Russians in their own way, and to exkowo, in order that his movements might tend this measure round Moscow. There not be perceived. After Moscow had are 2,000 villages, and as many country ceased to exist, the Emperor had deter. houses and chateaux.-It was proposed mined either to abandon this heap of ruins, to form four columns, of 2,000 men each, or only occupy the Kremlin with 3,000 and charge them with burning every thing men; but the Kremlin, after fifteen days for 20 leagues round Moscow. That will labour, was not judged sufficiently strong learn the Russians, said they, to make war to be abandoned for twenty or thirty days according to rule, and not like Tartars. If to its own forces. It would have weaken- they burn a village, a house, we must make ed and incommoded the army in its move them answer for it by burning 100.ments, without giving a great advantage. The Emperor refused to allow these meaIf we wished to protect Moscow from the sures, which would have aggravated the beggars and plunderers, 20,000 men would misfortunes of this population. Of 9,000 have been necessary. Moscow is at present proprietors, whose castles would have been a truly unhealthy and impure sink. A po- burned, one hundred, perhaps, would have pulation of 200,000 wandering in the neigh- been sectaries of the Marat of Russia, but

8,900 are brave men, already too much ing, 6,000 Cossacks, who had stepped into the victims of some wretched men. To the wood, made a general huzza in the rear punish one hundred guilty persons, 8,900 of his position, and took six pieces of canwould have been ruined. We must add, non which were parked.—The Duke of that it would absolutely have left without Istria set off at a gallop with all the horse resources 200,000 poor boors, innocent of guards: this horde was sabred, brought every thing. - The Emperor, therefore, back, and thrown into the river; the artilcontented himself with ordering the de- lery it had taken was recovered, and several struction of the citadel and military esta- of his waggons were captured. - -Six blishments, according to the usages of war, hundred of these Cossacks were killed, without doing any thing to ruin individuals, wounded, or taken ; 30 men of the guards already too unhappy by the consequences of were wounded, and three killed. The this war.

-The inhabitants of Russia do General of Division, Count Rappe, had a not recollect such a season as we have had horse killed under him; the intrepidity of for the last twenty days. It is the sun and which this General has given so many fine days of a journey from Fontainbleau. proofs, is shewn on every occasion.

-At The army is in an extremely richa country the commencement of the charge, the Cos-it may be compared to the best in France sack Officers called the guard, which they or Germany.

remembered (Muscadins de Paris), Paris Dainties. The Major General of Dragoons,

At eight Twenty-seventh Bulletin of the Crand Army. Letort, distinguished himself.

o'clock, order

was re-established. The Vereja, Oct. 27.

Emperor marched to Malioardslavitz, reOn the 27th Prince Poniatowski march-connoitred the position of the enemy, and ed upon Vereja.---The 23d, the army ordered an attack for the next morning; was about to follow this movement, but in but in the night, the enemy retreated. the afternoon we learnt, that the enemy had Prince Eckmuhl followed him for six hours. quitted his entrenched camp, and was on -The Emperor then let him go, and dimarch to the little town of Malioardslavitz. rected the movement upon Vereja. ---On It was found necessary to march after him, the 26th, head-quarters were at Borowsk, and obstruct his intentions. The Viceroy and on the 27th, at Vereja. -Prince received orders to march. -Delzon's di- Eckmuhl is, to-night, at Borowsk; the vision arrived on the 23d, at six in the Duke of Elchingen at Mojaisk. It is evening, on the left bank, took possession beautiful weather, the roads are excellent ; of the bridge, and caused it to be repaired. it is the end of autumn; this weather will In the night between the 23d and 24th, the last eight days longer, and at that period Russian division arrived in the town, and we sliall have arrived in our new position. took possession of the heights on the right in the battle of Malioardslavitz, the Italian bank, which are extremely advantageous. guard distinguished itself. It took the po

-On the 24th, at day-break, the battle sition, and maintained it. -The General commenced. During this time the enemy's Baron Delzons, a distinguished officer, was army appeared quite entire, and took a po- killed with three balls.

Our loss was sition behind the town. The divisions 1,500 men killed or wounded; that of the Delzon, Broussier, and Pino, aud the Ita-enemy is 6 or 7,000. We found on the lian guard, were successively engaged. field of battle 1,700 Russians, amongst This engagement does the greatest honour whom were 1,100 recruits, dressed in grey to the Viceroy, and the 4th corps of the jackets, having hardly served two months. army. Two-thirds of the enemy's army The old Russian infantry is destroyed; were engaged to maintain his position; but the Russian army would have no consistthis was in vain, for the town was taken as ence but for the numerous reinforcements of well as the heights. -The enemy retreat- Cossacks recently arrived from the Don. ed so precipitately, that he was obliged to Well-ivformed persons assure us, that in throw 20 pieces of cannon into the river. the Russian infantry the first rank only is Towards night, Marshal Prince Eckmuhl composed of soldiers, and that the second debouched with his corps, and all the army and third rauks are filled with recruits and was in battle with its artillery on the 25th, militia, and who, notwithstanding the proin the position which the enemy occupied mises made them, are incorporated. — the night before. - The Emperor moved | The Russians had three Generals killed. his head-quarters on the 24th, to the vil. General Count Pino was slightly wounded. kage of Ghorodnia. At seven in the morn.

« ForrigeFortsett »