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which exists in the magazines of Dantzic, in the Kremlin, the canaille, armed by the Kowno, Wilna, and Minsk, and recover Governor, made a resistance, and were from the fatigues of war; the latter ob- immediately dispersed. Ten thousand serve, that Moscow is distant from St. Pe- Russian soldiers were the next and followtersburgh 180 leagues of bad road, whilst ing days collected in the city, into which Witepsk is only 130 from Petersburgh; they were brought by their thirst for plunthat from Moscow to Kiow is 218 leagues, der; they were old and good soldiers ; they whilst from Smolensko to Kiow it is but 112 augmented the number of prisoners.leagues; from whence they conclude, that On the 15th, 16th, and 17th of September, Moscow is not a military position, or that the Russian General commanding the rearMoscow possesses no longer political im- guard said, that they should fire no longer, portance, since that town is burned and that they ought to fight no more, and talkruined for 100 years.-The enemy shew-ed much about peace.

He marched upon ed many Cossacks, who annoyed our ca the road of Kolomna, and our advanced valry --The advanced guard of cavalry guard placed itself five leagues from Moskplaced in advance of Veukovo, were sur wa, upon the bridge of the Moskwa. prized by a horde of Cossacks; they were During this time the Russian army left the in the camp before they could mount on

Kolomna road, and took that of Kalouga, horseback. They took off General Sebas- by cross roads. He thus made the half tiani's park of artillery, 100 baggage-wag- tour of the city at six leagues distance. gons, and made about 100 prisoners.

The wind carried thither clouds of flame The King of Naples, mounted on horseback and smoke, &c. This march, according to with the cuirassiers and carabineers, and the statements of the Russian Officers, was perceiving a column of light infantry, of sombre and religious-consternation filled four battalions, which the enemy sent to their souls; they assert, that Officers and support the Cossacks, he charged it, broke soldiers were so penetrated, that the most it, and cut it in pieces. General Dezi, profound silence reigned throughout all the Aid-de-Camp to the King, a brave officer, army, as during prayers. We quickly was killed in this charge, which honours perceived the enemy's march. The Duke the carabineers. The Vice-Roy has ar- of Istria marched to Disna, with a corps rived at Fomenskoe. All the army is in of observation. The King of Naples, at march. -Marshal the Duke of Treviso first, followed the enemy upon Podol, and has remained at Moscow with a garrison. afterwards marched upon their rear, threat

The weather is very fine, like that in ening to cut them off from the Kalouga France during October, perhaps a little road. Although the King only had with warmer ; but on the first days of November him the advanced guard, the enemy only we may expect colds. Every thing in- allowed themselves time to evacuate the endicates we must think of winter-quarters, trenchments they had constructed, and our cavalry particularly require it. The marched six leagues in the rear, after a infantry refreshed themselves at Moscow, glorious battle for the advanced guard. and are very well.

Prince Poniatowski took a position behind

the Nara, at the confluence of Isha.Twenty-sixth Bulletin of the Grand Army. Itober, gone to the Russian head-quarters,

General Lauriston having, on the 5th OcBorowsk, Oct. 22. the communications were re-established beAfter the battle of Moskwa, General Ku- tween our advanced posts and those of the tusow took a position a league in advance enemy, who, between themselves, agreed of Moscow; he established several redoubts not to attack each other without giving to defend the town; he remained there till three hours notice; but on the 18th, at the last moment. On the 14th September, seven o'clock in the morning, 4,000 Cosseeing the French army march towards sacks came out from a wood, situate him, he took his resolution, and evacuated within half-cannon shot of General Sebasthe position, passing through Moscow. He tiani, forming the extreme left of the adcrossed through the city with his head- vanced guard, who had neither been occuquarters at half past nine o'clock in the pied nor inspected that day. They made morning. Our advanced guard passed an attack upon this light cavalry at a time through it an hour after noon. - The when they were on foot at the distribution Commandant of the Russian rear guard re

of meal. This light cavalry could not quested to be allowed to defile in the city form but at a quarter of a league at farwithout firing; it was allowed him; but thest. Whilst the enemy penetrated by

this hole, a park of 12 pieces of cannon, 1 bouring woods, dying with hunger, come and 20 caissons of General Sebastiani, were to these ruins, to seek what remains, and taken in a ravine, with baggage waggons, vegetables, in the gardens, to support life. in number 30, in all, 65 waggons, instead It appeared useless to compromise any thing of 100, as stated in the last Bulletin. whatever for an object which was of no miAt the same time, the enemy's regular ca- litary importance, and which has now bevalry, and two columns of infantry pene- come of no political importance. All the trated into the hole. They hoped to gain magazines which were in the city having the wood, and the defile of Voronowo be- been carefully examined, the others emptied, fore us; but the King of Naples was there; the Emperor caused the Kremlin to be he was on horseback. He marched and mined. The Duke of Istria caused it to be penetrated the Russian line of cavalry in blown up at two o'clock A. M. on the 23d; ten or twelve different charges. He per- the arsenal, barracks, magazines, all were ceived the division of six enemy's batta- destroyed. This ancient citadel, which lions, commanded by Lieutenant-General takes its date from the foundation of the Muller, charged and penetrated it. This monarchy, this first palace of the Czars, division was massacred ; Lieutenant-Gene- has been destroyed.The Duke of Treral Muller was killed; whilst this was viso has marched for the Vereja. The passing, General Poniatowski successfully Emperor of Russia's Aid-de-camp, Baron repulsed a Russian division. The Polish Winzingerode, having, on the 22d, atGeneral, Fischer, was killed by a ball. tempted to penetrate at the head of 500 The enemy not only suffered a loss superior Cossacks, was repulsed and taken prisoner to ours, but have the shame of having vio- with a young Russian officer, named Narislated the trúce concluded between the ad- ken. On the 19th, the head-quarters vanced guard, a thing hardly ever done. were in the castle of Troitskoi ; they reOur loss amounts to 800 men in killed, mained there on the 20th. On the 21st wounded, and taken. That of the enemy they were at Ignatien ; the 22d at Pomenis doublé ; several Russian Officers were skoi; all the army liaving made two flank taken; two of their Generals were killed; marches, and the 23d at Borowsk. The on this day the King of Naples has proved Emperor reckons upon marching on the what presence of mind, valour, and a 24th, to gain the Dwina, and taking a peknowledge of war can effect. In general, sition which will bring him within 80 throughout all this campaign, this Prince leagues of Petersburgh and Wilna, a douhas shown himself worthy of the supreme ble advantage; that is to say, 20 marches rank in which he is placed. -However, nearer his means and his object. -- Of the Emperor wishing to oblige the enemy 4,000 stone houses which were in Moscow, to evacuate his entrenched camp, and drive not more than 200 remain. It has been them several marches back, in order to be said a fourth remained, because in that able tranquilly to proceed to the countries calculation 800 churches were comprehendchosen for his winter quarters, and actually ed, a part of which are undamaged. Of necessary to be occupied for the execution of 8,000 houses of wood, nearly 500-remain. his ulterior projects, on the 17th, ordered -It was proposed to the Emperor to General Lauriston, with his advanced guard, burn what remained of the city, to treat to place himself behind the defile of Win the Russians in their own way, and to exkowo, in order that his movements might tend this measure round Moscow. There not be perceived. After Moscow had are 2,000 villages, and as many country ceased to exist, the Emperor had deter. houses and chateaux. -It was proposed mined either to abandon this heap of ruins, to form four columns, of 2,000 men each, or only occupy the Kremlin with 3,000 and charge them with burning every thing men; but the Kremlin, after fifteen days for 20 leagues round Moscow. That will labour, was not judged sufficiently strong learn the Russians, said they, to take war to be abandoned for twenty or thirty days according to rule, and not like Tartars. If to its own forces. It would have weaken- they burn a village, a house, we must make ed and incommoded the army in its move them answer for it by burning 100.ments, without giving a great advantage. The Emperor refused to allow these meaIf we wished to protect Moscow from the sures, which would have aggravated the beggars and plunderers, 20,000 men would misfortunes of this population. Of 9,000 have been necessary. Moscow is at present proprietors, whose castles would have been a truly unhealthy and impure sink. A po- burned, one hundred, perhaps, wald have pulation of 200,000 wandering in the neigh- been sectaries of the Marat of Russia, but

8,900 are brave men, already too much ing, 6,000 Cossacks, who had stepped into the victims of some wretched men. To the wood, made a general huzza in the rear punish one hundred guilty persons, 8,900 of his position, and took six pieces of canwould have been ruined. We must add, non which were parked. - The Duke of that it would absolutely have left without Istria set off at a gallop with all the horse resources 200,000 poor boors, innocent of guards : this horde was sabred, brought every thing. The Emperor, therefore, back, and thrown into the river; the artilcontented himself with ordering the de- lery it had taken was recovered, and several struction of the citadel and military esta- of his waggons were captured. -- Six blishments, according to the usages of war, hundred of these Cossacks were killed, without doing any thing to ruin individuals, wounded, or taken ; 30 men of the guards already too unhappy by the consequences of were wounded, and three killed. -The this war. --The inhabitants of Russia do General of Division, Count Rappe, had a not recollect such a season as we have had horse killed under him; the intrepidity of for the last twenty days. It is the sun and which this General has given so many fine days of a journey from Fontainbleau. proofs, is shewn on every occasion. -At The

army is in an extremely ricle country the commencement of the charge, the Cos-it may be compared to the best in France sack Officers called the guard, which they or Germany,

remembered (Muscadins de Paris), Paris

Dainties. The Major General of Dragoons, Twenty-seventh Bulletin of the Crand Army. Letort, distinguished himself. At eight

o'clock, order was re-established. The

Vereja, Oct. 27. Emperor marched to Malioardslavitz, reOn the 27th Prince Poniatowski march- connoitred the position of the enemy, and ed upon Vereja.The 23d, the army ordered an attack for the next morning; was about to follow this movement, but in but in the night, the enemy retreated. the afternoon we learnt, that the enemy had Prince Eckmuhi followed him for six hours. quitted his entrenched camp, and was on - The Emperor then let him

go,

and dimarch to the little town of Malioardslavitz. rected the movement upon Vereja.-

-On It was found necessary to march after him, the 26th, head-quarters were at Borowsk, and obstruct his intentions. The Viceroy and on the 27th, at Vereja.—Prince received orders to march. -Delzon's di- Eckmuhlis, to-night, at Borowsk; the vision arrived on the 23d, at six in the Duke of Elchingen at Mojaisk. It is evening, on the left bank, took possession beautiful weather, the roads are excellent ; of the bridge, and caused it to be repaired. it is the end of autumn; this weather will In the night between the 23d and 24th, the last eight days longer, and at that period Russian division arrived in the town, and we sliall have arrived in our new position. took possession of the heights on the right In the battle of Malioardslavitz, the Italian bank, which are extremely advantageous. guard distinguished itself. It took the po

On the 24th, at day-break, the battle sition, and maintained it. The General commenced. During this time the enemy's Baron Delzons, a distinguished officer, was army appeared quite entire, and took a po- killed with three balls.

Our loss was sition behind the town, The divisions 1,500 men killed or wounded; that of the Delzon, Broussier, and Pino, aud the Ita- enemy is 6 or 7,000. We found on the lian guard, were successively engaged. field of battle 1,700 Russians, amongst This engagement does the greatest honour whom were 1,100 recruits, dressed in grey to the Viceroy, and the 4th corps of the jackets, having hardly served two months. army.

Two-thirds of the enemy's army The old Russian infantry is destroyed; were engaged to maintain his position; but the Russian army would have no consistthis was in vain, for the town was taken as ence but for the numerous reinforcements of well as the heights. - The enemy retreat- Cossacks recently arrived from the Don. ed so precipitately, that he was obliged to Well-informed persons assure us, that in throw 20 pieces of cannon into the river. the Russian infantry the first rank only is Towards night, Marshal Prince Eckmuhl composed of soldiers, and that the second debouched with his corps, and all the army and third rauks are filled with recruits and was in battle with its artillery on the 25th, militia, and who, notwithstanding the proin the position which the enemy occupied mises made them, are incorporated.the night before. - The Emperor moved | The Russians had three Generals killed. his head-quarters on the 24th, to the vil. General Count Pino was slightly wounded. kage of Ghorodnia. At seven in the morn

As illustrated in the Prosecution and Punishment of

WILLIAM COBBETT. 735]

[736 In order that my countrymen and that the two sureties in the sum of 1,000 pounds each; world may not be deceived, duped, and cheated that the whole of this sentence has been executed upon this subjeet, I, WILLIAM COBBETT, upon me, that I have been imprisoned the two of Botley, in Hampshire, put upon record years, have paid the thousand pounds TO THE the following facts; to wit: That, ou the 24th KING, and have given the bail, Timothy Brown June, 1809, the following article was pub- and Peter Walker, Esqrs. being my sureties; lished in a London news-paper, called the that the Attorney General was Sir Vicary Gibbs, COURIER: “ The Mutiny amongst the LO- the Judge who sat at the trial Lord Ellenborongh, “CAL MILITIA, which broke out at Ely, was the four Judges who sat at passing sentenee Ellen « fortunately suppressed on Wednesday by the borough, Grose, Le Blanc, and Bailey; and that « arrival of four squadrons of the GERMAN tbe jurors were, Thomas Rhodes of Hampstead 6 LEGION CAVALRY from Bary, under the Road, John Davis of Southampton Place, James u command of General Auckland. Five of the Ellis of Tottenham Court Road, Jolin Richards “ ringleaders were tried by a Court-Martial, and of Bayswater, Thomas Marshani of Baker Street, “ sentenced to receive 500 lashes each, part of which Robert Heathcote of High Street Marylebone, “punishment they received on Wednesday, and John Maud of York Place Marylebone, George.

a part was remitted. A stoppage for their knup- Bagster of Church Terrace Pancras, Thomas “ sacks was the ground of the complaint that ex Taylor of Red Lion Square, David Deane of St. “ cited this mutinous spirit, which occasioned John Street, William Palmer of L'pper Street « the men to surround their officers, and demand Islington, Henry. Favre of Pall Mall; that the “ what they deemed their arrears. The first | Prime Ministers during the time were Spencer « division of the German Legion halted yesterday Perceval, uptil he was shot by John Bellingham, “ at Newmarket on their return to Bury." and after that Robert B. Jenkinson, Earl of LiThat, on the 1st July, 1809, I published, in the verpool; that the prosecution and sentence took Political Register, an article censuring, in the place in the reign of King George the Third, and strongest terms, these proceedings; that, for soiliat, he baving become insane during my impridoing, the Attorney General prosecuted, as sedi. sonment, the 1,000 pounds was paid to his son, tious'libellers, and by Ex-Officio Information, the Prince Regent, in his behalf; that, during my me, and also my printer, my publisher, and one imprisonment, I wrote and poblished 364 Essaya of the principal retailers of the Political Register; and Letters upon political sabjects; that, during that I was brought to trial on the 15th June, the same time, I was visited by persons from 197 1810, and was, by a Special Jury, that is to say, cities and towns, many of them as a sort of depuby 12 men ont of 48 appointed by the Master of ties from Societies or Clubs ; that, at the expirathe Crown Office, found guilty ; that, on the tion of my imprisonment, on the 9th of July, 1812, 20th of the same mooth, I was compelled to give a great dinner was given in London for ihe purbail for my appearance to receive judgment; pose of receiving me, at which dinner npwards of and that, as I came up from Botley (to which 600 persons were present, and at which Sir place I had returned to my family and my farm Francis Burdett presided; that dinners and other on the evening of the 15th), a Tipstaff

' went parties were held on the same occasion in many down from London in order to seize me, per other places in England; that, on my way home, sonally; that, on the 9th of July, 1810, I, toge. I was received at Alton, the first town in Hampther with my printer, publisher, and the news shire, with the ringing of the Church bells; that man, were brought into the Court of King's a respectable company met nie and gave me a Bench to receive judgment; that the three dinner at Winchester; that I was drawn from former were sentenced to be imprisoned for more than the distance of a mile into Botley by some months in the King's Bench prison; that I the people; that, upon my arrival in the village, was sentenced to be imprisoned for two years in I found all the people assembled to receive me; Newgate, the great receptacle for malefactors, that I concinded the day by explaining to them and the front of which is the scene of numerous the cause of my imprisonment, and by giving hangings in the course of every year; that the them clear notions respecting the flogging of the part of the prison in which I was sentenced to be Local Militia-men at Ely, and respecting the emconfined is sometimes inhabited by felons, that ployment of German Troops; and, finally, which felons were actually in it at the time I entered is more than a con-pensation for my losses and all it; that one man was taken out of it to be traus- my sufferings, I am in perfect health and strength, ported in about 48 hours after I was put into the and, though I must, for the sake of six children, same yard with him; and that it is the place of feel the diminution that has been made in my confinement for men guilty of unnatural crinies, property (thinking it right in me to decline the of whom there are four in it at this time ; that, I offer of a subscription), I have the consolation to besides this imprisonment, I was sentenced to see growing up three sons, upon whose bearts, I pay a thousand pounds TO THE KING, and to trust, all these facts will be engraven. give security for my good behaviour for seven

WM. COBBETT, years, myself in the sum of 3,000 pounds, and Botley, July 23, 1812.

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Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent-Garden.

LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black Horse-Court, Fleet-street.

VOL. XXII, No. 24.]

LONDON, SATURDAY, DEC. 12, 1812.

[Price Is.

737]

[738 judging SUMMARY OF POLITICS,

In the Russian accounts we can

rationally place no confidence, seeing that, NORTHERN WAR.--The events record - heretofore, they have uniformly proved to ed in the Gazettes, published by the Rus- be, at best, a tissue of exaggerations and sian Government, and republished by ours, misrepresentations; seeing that, upon one as will be seen in another part of this sheet, particular occasion, we were informed, exhibit Napoleon in an entirely new light; and that, too, through the channel of our We there see him retreating ; him who own ambassador, that the French had been scarcely ever before recoiled ; him whose totally, or, at least, signally defeated, and very name has long been synonymous with that, it afterwards appeared, that, upon that success. If we are to place implicit reli- very occasion, they won the battle which ance on the Petersburgh Gazettes, we must gave them possession of Moscow. We conclude, that this great Captain, this should, then, be setting at defiance the greatest of soldiers, has, at last, not only light of experience to believe the accounts met with complete defeat, total overthrow, published by the ministers of the Czar; but that he himself is, by this time, in the but, as far as these accounts are corroboenemy's possession; and, indeed, in the rated by the Emperor's own bulletin, we City of London, at Lloyd's Coffee House, must believe them; and that bulletin conand upon the Royal Exchange, the firm fesses that the French army has greatly suf. persuasion seems to be, that Napoleon fered from the climate, and has experience will, in a few months, be actually to be ed great losses. -of these facts, thereseen in an iron cage, as a show in England; fore, we cannot doubt; and, if we should that the threat of Macduff towards Macbeth take it for granted, that the whole of the will be fully verified, and that we shall see French force and the Emperor himself, is written over the cage : 6 Here may you see in great and imminent peril, we should not, " the monster." In short, never were in all probability, be far from the truth. forebodings so sanguine; never were pre -But, then, we are to consider, on the dictions so confident : 'never were there ex- other side, the character of the man, who pectations mixed with so small a portion of has to contend with all the difficulties doubt. The general opinion is, that “poor which have been described and which can * Bony," as he is now called, will have be imagined. We have to place against made all sorts-of-efforts to escape in disguise those difficulties, courage, fortitude, prefrom his army, and that, failing therein, sence of mind, foresight, such as few men he will be taken, dead or alive, to Peters- have ever possessed. From Napoleon we burgh, and will thence be sent to England. have a right to expect, in this crisis of his The joy amongst the Londoners is exces- fate, exertions far beyond what we should sive. They have, in a single moment, got naturally expect from mortals in general. rid of all their fears. In the delirium of We may be sure, that, if the Russians detheir joy, they seem to have forgotten the stroy him, they will purchase his destrucapproaching loan and the price of the gui- tion (barring mere accidents) at a dear nea.

All the ports of Europe are, accord- rate. -And, after all, if he should extria ing to them, now to be instantly opened; cate himself from his difficulties! If he trade is to resume its former channels; and should outlive all the perils that surround ati is to go on as if no Freuch Revolution him! If he should bring off the main part and no Buonaparte had ever existed. A of his army, and should set about prepa• time will hereafter offer for putting upon rations for a march to Petersburgh in the record more fully the evidences of the pub- spring! If he should do this! -Grantlic persuasion at this time. The general ed, that it is not probable; granted, that description, which I have given, may, in so numerous and so great are his difficulties, the meanwhile, suffice. Now, as to the that such a supposition is not to be enterreality, we have, in truth, no means of tained ; granted, that, with three Russian

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