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crown and his life !_Verily, we are a not blame the taste of Lord Wellington;
most thinking people !”—Mr. WHIT- for, I would really sooner have the property BREAD, said, in concurrence with Lord of the Manor of that name, than the chance Castlereagh, that Lord Wellington had of all the land of Spain wnich the French beaten Massena, Souli, Ney, Victor, and will leave to any sovereignty but their own. Marmont. I do not recollect the instances I may be deceived; but it still continues to in which he beat any one but the latter. be ny firm conviction, that, unless we' That, however, would be sufficient to satisfy adopt, and that very speedily, an entirely me, if he had held his ground ; but I can new principle whereon to carry on the war not, and I never will, consider that as a in the Peninsula, we shall never rescue it victory, which is almost immediately follow- from the grasp of France.-Mr. GANNING ed by a retreat.-With regard to the siege made, in this debate, an observation, with of Burgos, it was, according to Mr. Whit the noticing of which, I shall conclude bread, unsuccessful, not because the attack an article, which, perhaps, has too long was injudicious, but because the defence was detained the reader. He said, “Withso good! Why, this is a most coinprehen- ** out going over the details of Lord Welsive justification for a failure, for it will 6 lington's services, he would call upon apply to battles in the field full as well as " the House to recollect how different to sieges of fortresses. When a general is were the feelings of the country, both as beaten at any future time, we have only to to its safety and military prowess, besay, that it was not owing to his not plan." fore the Noble Lord had commenced his : ning and fighting well, but to the good career on the Peninsula. He was still planning and fighting of the enemy; and young, and we might fairly hope for thus are we at all times, and under all cir many future glories and advantages in cunstance!, secure from even the chance of " the course of it. Before Lord Wellingdisgrace. - It was said, upon this occasion, “ ton's career begun, the country never enby Lord Castlereagh, that Lord Welling- “ tertained the hope of driving the French ton's career had been " one continued “ beyond the Tagus, or the Douro.
It was " series of victories, unchequered with any not the Tagus, but the Thames that we
reverses, except retreats, which were as " then thought of defending. To fortify our " honourable to him as the proudest vic coasts, and flooding the country, we then " tories.”—This sweeping assertion invites " looked as military measures to ensure us to a general view of our affairs in the our safety. How different is the prosPeninsula, where Lord Wellington has had pect now!” Why, Mr. Canning, the the Chief command for four years, and yet, prospect, to short-sighted penple, is, inwhere there is even now scarcely a single deed, widely different ; but, to those who British Soldier beyond the coufines of Por- see a little beyond the present moment, tugal. If we have spent four years in gain- it is not so materially changed even ing victories, and in retreats as glorious as in a military point of view, though you victories, and if we have, with allihis, made will please to observe, that this deso little progress, how long is it to be before scription of persons never thought of dewe shall see an end to this Peninsular war? fending England by flooding or by forlifiIf four years of victories, which have cost cations, or by barracks. Those who reus about 70 or 80 millions of money, set our flect a little, see that we have exhausted army only on the confines of Spain, what is ourselves by keeping only a part of the arto be the line and what the money required inies of France at bay; they see, that, in a for the obtaining of ultimate success ? — vain attempt to force commerce, we have And, what a prospect does this assertion of got into a war with America, which has the minister hold out to this " most think- ruined no small part of our manufacturers, ing people?" Lord CASTLERE AGA said, that planters, and ship-owners; they see, that, Lord Wellington had had money voted him for the present, the maritime efforts of Naby the Spanish Government, and that he had poleon are suspended, but that they may, refusedlo accept of it, a refusal which he very and, in all probability, will be resumed, much applauded. I do not see any reason unless he himself be overthrown; they see, for this applause, especially as he has not that, in four years, we have gained very refused the title of Duke conferred on him little ground in the Peninsula; they see, by the Spaniards. If we are fighting the that, if he should, aye, if he should, finally battles of Spain and Portugal, why should succeed in the North, our prospect will be they be excused from contributing towards infinitely more gloomy than ever; and, in these grants and rewards ? Ho ver, I do short, they see, that we are in a state which
presents very little of hope, and a great ( extension? They never seem to think of deal to fear. In my view of the matter, no- this; they appear to look upon failure as thing can be more unwise than to hold forth impossible. They, in fact, do not appear the notion, that the safety of England de- to reflect at all, but to be hurried on by a pends, in any degree, upon the result of sort of senseless dread of Napoleon, withthe war in Spain and Portugal; for, if that out any regard to what may probably hapwere the case, what would be the feeling pen even before the end of a year. To me of the people here, in case of a total failure it has long appeared plain, that the war in in that war? That that war would have the Peninsula was, upon our principle, an been ended long ago, if Napoleon had unwise measure, and every day serves to not been bent upon his objects in the North, strengthen this opinion, which I distinctly no one can, for a moment, doubt. One state; because, if I am wrong in my opihalf of the French army which has march- nions, I by no means wish to disguise the ed against Russia, would have put an end fact from the public. As to the military 10 the Peninsular war a year ago; and, if merits of Lord Wellington, those who have that army, by any means, should return to served with him say they are great. I do. the South of Europe, why is not the same not dispute the fact. I take it for granted. : effect still to follow ? In answer to this, I | All I say is, that he appears to me not to shall, perhaps, be told, that the French have been successful in this campaigo, and, army in the North is totally destroyed; therefore, I would have voted against the that it is annihilated : and just so were we grant.
WM. COBBETT. told, only three months, three short months London, 11th Dec. 1812. ago, with regard to the French armies in Spain. We were told, that they were had appointed to be lield on the first Saturday in
N. B. The Meeting at Winchester, which I totally broken up; that their scattered re- December, was, by myself and the Gentlemen mains were collecting in order to escape, if who communicated with me on the subject, agreed to possible, to France. The public will hardly be postponed till the Meeting to petition for Peace have forgotten this; and yet, we now find, Gentlemen, who did not communicate with me, that, so far from those armies having been were, for want of notification, disappointed at annihilated, they have rallied in sufficient not finding me at Winchester on Saturday last. force to make those who were said to have annihilated them resign all their conquests,
OFFICIAL PAPERS. and retreat over the ground on which they had advanced. With these facts before
LONDON GAZETTE EXTRAORDINARY. our eyes, can we so readily believe in every story we hear of the annihilation of French (Continued from page 725.) armies? Can we be persuaded to believe, whole army approached our positions on the that it is quite certain that final success Tormes, and they attacked the troops in must attend us in the Peninsula ? I say final Alba with 20 pieces of cannon and a consisuccess; because, it is by the end, that I, derable body of infantry. They made no for my part, am resolved to judge. It is impression on them, however, and withuseless for Lord Castlereagh to tell us about drew the cannon and the greater part of the his four years of victories, if we, in the troops on that night; and this attack was end, are compelled to suffer the French to never renewed. I enclose Lieut. Gen. remain master of Spain and Portugal, or Hamilton's report to Sir R. Hill of the even of Spain. If we fail in the end, the transactions at Alba, which were highly failure will be greater and more mischiev- creditable to the troops employed. From ous than if we had failed at the beginning; the 10th till the 14th the time was passed and the reason of this is as plain as it would in various reconnoissances, as well of the be in the case of a gamester, who should fords of the Tormes as of the position persevere till he had lost a hundred bets which the troops under my command occainstead of leaving off with his first loss. If pied on the right of that river, in front of we should fail in the end, there will be Salamanca ; and on the 14th the enemy all the dangers to us from without which crossed that river in force, at three fords the possession of the Peninsula by the near Lucinas, about two leagues above Alba. French presents, and, in addition to them, -1 immediately broke up from St. all the dangers and miseries which the ex- Christoval, and ordered the troops to move penses of that war will have created within. towards Arapiles; and, as soon as I had If we should finally fail in that war, what ascertained the direction of the enemy's an account will there then be to settle with march from the fords, I moved with the those who have promoted it and urged its 2d division of infantry, and all the cavalry
I could collect, to attack them; leaving Sir Edw. Paget, who was taken prisoner Lieut. Gen. Sir R. Hill, with the 4th, and on the 17th. He commanded the centre Lieut. Gen. Hamilton's divisions, in front column; and the fall of rain having greatly of Alba, to proteet this movement, and the injured the roads and swelled the rivulets, 3d division in reserve on the Arapiles, to there was an interval between the 5th and secure the possession of that position.--7th divisions of infantry. Sir Edward The enemy, however, were already too nu-rode to the rear alone, to discover the cause merous, and too strongly posted at Mozar. of this interval, and, as the road passed bes, to be attacked ; and I confined myself through a wood, either a detachment of the to a cannonade of their cavalry, under ca. enemy's cavalry had got upon the road, or ver of which I reconnoitred their position. he missed the road and fell into their hands
- In the evening I withdrew all the in the wood. I understand that Sir Edtroops from the neighbourhood of Alba to ward was not wounded, but I cannot suffithe Arapiles, leaving a small Spanish gar- ciently regret the loss of his assistance at rison in the castle, and having destroyed this moment. In my dispatch of the 7th the bridge. In the course of the night and inst. I communicated to your Lordship my following morning I moved the greatest opinion of the strength of the enemy, as part of the troops through Salamanca ; and far as I could judge of it from the reports I placed Lieut. Gen. Sir E. Paget with the had received, and from what I had seen. Ist division of infantry on the right, at I have since learnt that Gen. Caffarelli, Aldea Tejada, in order to secure that pas- with the army of the North, certainly resage for the troops over the Zunguen, in mained joined with the army of Portugal. case the movements of the enemy on our Joseph Buonaparté left Madrid on the 4th right Aank .should render it necessary for inst. and arrived at Penaranda on the 8th, me to make choice either of giving up my leaving at Madrid the Civil Authorities of communication with Cuidad Rodrigo or Sa- his Government, and a small garrison. lamanca. On the 15th, in the morning, These Authorities and troops evacuated I found the enemy fortifying their position Madrid on the 7th, and marched for Casat Mozarbes, which they had taken up the tile; and Col. Don Juan Palarea, the Menight before; at the same time that they dico, took possession of that city. Your were moving bodies of cavalry and infantry Lordship will have seen General Ballastetowards their own feft, and to our commu- ros's Letter of the 24th of October, to the nications with Cuidad Rodrigo. It was Regency, from which you will observe, obvious that it was the enemy's intention that he had disobeyed the orders of the Goto act upon our communications; and as vernment, given to him at my suggestion, they were too strong, and too strongly post- to march his troops into La Mancha, and ed, for me to think of attacking them, I de- hang upon the enemy's left flank, because termined to move upon Cuidad Rodrigo. the Regency and Cortes had offered me the I therefore put the army in march in three chief command of the Spanish armies.columns, and crossed the Zunguen, and The whole of the enemy's disposable force then passed the enemy's left Aank, and en- in Spain was, therefore, upon the Tormes camped that night on the Vamusa. We in the middle of this month; and they continued our march successively on the were certainly not less than 80,000 mnen, 16th, 17th, 18th, and this day, when part but more probably 90,000; of these 10,000 of the army crossed the Agueda, and the were cavalry; and as the army of Portugal whole will cross that river to-morrow. alone had 100 pieces of cannon, it is proThe enemy followed our movement on the bable that they had not less in all the ar16th with a large body, probably the whole mies than 200 pieces. of the cavalry, and a considerable body of infantry, but they did not attempt to press
(Enclosure, No. 1.) upon our rear. They took advantage of
Alba de Tormes, Nov. 11. the ground to cannonade our rear guard, Sir, I have the honour to report the consisting of the light division, under Major steps I have taken to carry into effect your Gen. C. Alten, on the 17th, on its passage instructions for the defence of this place, of the Huebra at San Munoz, and occasion- which, I'am happy to say, have obliged the ed some loss. - The troops have suffered enemy to withdraw the greatest part of the considerably from the severity of the wea- force opposed to us; and I feel almost conther, which, since the 15th, has been worse fident we shall be able to retain our position than I have ever known it at this season of as long as you may deem expedient. -I the year.--I am sorry to add, that we yesterday garrisoned and provisioned the have had the misfortune to lose Lieut. Gen. castle, and, by the exertions of Capt. Gold
finch, of the engineers, it is put into as good conduct.To Capt. Pinto Savedra, my a state as circumstances will admit; he is Assistant-Adjutant-General; to Capt. Watcontinuing strengthening it. Capt. Cold-son, Light Dragoons, Assistant-Quartertinch has been of great assistance to me. Master-General; and to Capt. Bunbury, my
I have appropriated to each regiment Aid-de-Camp, I consider myself obliged, a district of this town, and the command for their prompt execution of my orders. ing officer has barricaded the streets and -I enclose a return of the killed and buildings in a very judicious manner. Bri- wounded, and trust we shall not have many gadiers Da Costa and Campbell's brigades more casualties. I have the honour, &c. are in our position on the left bank of the (Signed) John Hamilton, Lieut. Gen. Tormes. Brig. Campbell reports his hav.
Lieut. Gen. Sir Rowland Hill. ing caused the enemy some loss, in their attempt to pass a ford near his position.
Return of killed and wounded of the Army ander Lieut. Col. Tulloh has made so good an ar the cominand of the Marquis of Wellington, rangement of his two brigades of guns, K. B. in an affair at Alba de Tormes, ou the that, united with the position of the two
10th and 11th November, brigades of infantry on the left bank of the Total British loss.-13 rank and file killed ; 1 Tormes, I consider my flanks secure.
Lieutenant, 3 serjeants, 52 rank and file wound
ed. Early yesterday morning Major Gen. Long,
Total Portugnese loss.—8 rank and file killed; commanding the cavalry in front, reported 1 captain, 1 lieutenant, 1 serjeant, 33 rank and that the enemy were advancing in great file wounded. force; I was, therefore, induced to retire
Grand total.--21 rank and file killed; 1 capthe cavalry: - -About 10 o'clock the ene tain, 2 lieutenants, 4 serjeants, 85 rank and nie
wounded. my appeared on the heights in considerable Names of the Officers wounded. Britishiforce of cavalry and a few infantry, cover
92d Foot, Lieutenant A. Hill, severely. inc, as I conceived, a reconnoissance of se
Portuguese.—2d Regiment of the Line, Capt. verui officers of rank. About two o'clock Rezinde, slightly. Lieut. Pinta, dangerously. the enemy's force was increased to 15 squa- Return of killed, wonnded, and missing in the drons, and 6,000 infantry, and 20 guns,
movements of the army under the command
: of his Excellency General the Marquis of Wel. including six 6-inch howitzers, which im
lington, K. B. from the 29d to the 29th of Ocmediately commenced firing, and continued tober, 1812, inclusive. until it was dark. The enemy's light troops Total Portuguese loss. 4 sesjeants, 2 drumadvanced close to the walls we had hastily ners, 32 rank and file killed; i Major, 2 Capthrown up; but from the cool and steady jeants, 1 drummer, 125 rauk and file wounded; conduct of the 51st regiment, Col. Stewart; | 2 serjeants, 1 drummer, 14 rank avd file, missing. 71st regiment, the Hon. Col. Cadogan; Total British loss.—2 Captains, Lieutenants, the 92d, Col. Cameron, Gen. Howard's 10 serjeants, 75 rank and tile, 74 horses, killed
3 Lieut.-Colonels, 1 Major, 4 Captains, 20 Liedbrigade, the enemy dare not attempt the
tenants, 6 Ensigns, 26 serjeants, 2 drummers, 514 town. -About eight o'clock in the even rank and file, 65 horses, wounded ; 1 Lieut.-Coing, I was repeatedly informed that the lonel, 1 Major, 2 Captains, 2 Lieutenants, 2 Enenemy's infantry was considerably increas- signs, 10 serjeants, 1 drummer, 207 rank and file,
59 horses, missing. ing, which induced me to order ihree bat
General total of British and Portuguese loss.' talions of Brigadier Da Costa's brigade 2 Captains, 2 Lieutenants, 14 serjeants, ? into town, leaving his other battalion for drummers, 107 rank and file, 74 horses, killed; the protection of the fords. The enemy, 3 Lieut.-Colonels, 2 Majors, 6 Captajus, 23 Lieuduring the night, withdrew their artillery; mers
, 459 rank and tile, 65 horses, wounded ; 1 and I have left a small force of cavalry and Lieut.-Colonel, 1 Major, 2 Captains, 2 Lieute. infantry, who keep up a smart fire. I have nants, 2 Ensigns, 12 serjcants, 2 drummers, 291 to regret the loss of a considerable number rank and file, 59 horses, missing: of men, but which I trust you will not
KILLED, 25th Oct. ---Capt. Todd, 38th Foot,
1st Bat.; Lient. Lennon, 44th Foot, 2d Bat.; deem great, when you consider the heavy Capt. Sternfeldt, and Lieut. Hartwig, of ihe and incessant fire of artillery for so many Brunswick Liglit Infantry. hours. The loss of the Portuguese was Wounded, 23d Oct.—Lieuts. Lye and Knipe, while on duty this morning, and I have 11th Light Dragoons ; Lieut. Taylor, 12th ditto real pleasure in reporting their steady and ditto ; Major Meydell and Lients. Deeken and
Capt. Murray, Lient. Lockhart (since dead), 16th animated conduct.
-I feel much indebted | Phibbs, ist Dragoons, K.G. L.; Lieut. Hugo to Major-Gen. Howard, who rendered me and Cornet De Massau, 20 ditto. every possible assistance, as also to every col. Piper, 4th Foot, ist Batt. slightly; Lieut.
Oct. 25th. Lieut. Jolinstone, Artillery. Lient, officer and soldier of his excellent brigade, Edgell, ditto, severely. Lients. Ackland, Tayfor their steady, zealous, and soldier-like lor, Hon. W. Curzons, Ford, 9th Foot, 1st Baư.
severely; and Ross Lewin, slightly. Capt. Hit- in vain altempted to arrest his progress, 30th Foot, ąd Batt. severely; Lieut. Brisac, En: and, after several brilliant charges by the signs Beere and Tincombe, ditio, slightly; Mad- Russian cavalry, were driven through the den, ditto, severely. Lieut.-Col. Harding, 44th town of Viasma at the point of the bayonet, Foot, 2d Batt. sliglıtly; Lieut. Elwis, ditto, dan- and pursued to Erenina by the light cavalry, gerously; Ensign Smith, ditto, severely. Capt. under General Platow : in this attack the Nassan, Brunswick Oels ; Ensign Joze de Moneado, sd Portuguese Regiment of the Line; infantry regiment of Pernoff, led by its Co. Major Hill, slightly; Capt. Western, severely ; | lonel, General Tchoglokoff, and by MajorCapt. Manoel Castin, slightly; Lients. Antonio General Parkivitch, formed the head of the Carlos and Joao Baptist, severely; Lt. Domingo column, and charged into the town with Fontenha, slightly; Ensigns Joao* dos Santos, Joao Sebastiano, and Ridrigo Navarre, and Ad- drums beating and colours flying. The jntant Leech, severely'; 8th Cacadores.
loss of the enemy in killed and wounded in 27th October,- Lieut--Col. Rope, Royal Ar- this affair is stated to be at least six thoutillery, severely, not dangerously.
sand, with two thousand five hundred prio" 28th October.--Lient. Hickie, 51st Foot, severely, arm amputated,
soners, among which are General Peltier, MISSING.–Lient.-Col. Pelly, and Lieut. Ba- of the artillery, and Colonel Morat, Aid. ker, 16th Light Dragoons. Major Fischer, 18t de-Camp to Marshal Davoust.-
- In the Dragoons, K. G. L. Captain Lenthe, Corpet course of the pursuit from Viasma, great Droege, and Cornet Schaeffer, 2u Dragoons, numbers of the enemy were killed, one K, G. Li
25th October.-Lieut Whitley, 9th Foot, 1st standard and three pieces of cannon were Batı.; and Brevet Major Evans, 38th Foot, 1st taken, and upwards of one thousand men Batt.
- In the former part of 8. A. GOODMAN, D.A. A. Gen.
the retreat, Ramusé, Secretary to the Duke of Bassano, was taken, with all the Chan
cery.---Referring to the relations which LONDON GAZETTE EXTRAORDINARY. have been regularly transmitted for more Tuesday, Dec. 8.
minute details of the several actions, I will briefly recapitulate the few great movements
which have taken place since the arrival of St. Petersburgh, Nov. 11, 1812. the French at Moscow.--Marshal Kutu. My Lord, --1 have the honour to acquaint sow continued in his position behind the your Lordship, that Buonaparté has escaped river Pokhra till the 28th October, coverfrom the Government of Moscow, and has ing the old road to Kalouga, the Toula and followed the road to Smolensko by which Rezan roads; but having made occasional he came. Generals Count Platow and movements on the same line, according as Count Orloff Denizoff have been incessantly the enemy's operations appeared to point to in his rear, and on both flanks of his line either Aank.--In the mean while the of march; the former attacked a position enemy, by his own 20th Bulletin, and by defended by infantry and cannon, which he his conduct, seems to have been for some carried, taking two colours, twenty-two time uncertain of the position of the Ruspieces of artillery, and such prisoners as sian army. As soon as it was ascertained, could be saved. Count Orloff Denizoff has a considerable portion of the army under likewise met with resistance which he has Murat occupied the intermediate country every where overpowered, and has taken between Moscow and the Pokhra.-t many trophies and quantities of baggage, was presumed that the French, having it in ammunition waggons, with prisoners, and their power to bring forward their whole some ordnance. From the quantities of force to either flank of Murat's position, ammunition blown up by the enemy, and would endeavour to maneuvre so as to infrom the state of the road, described to be duce Marshal Kutusow to retire behind the covered with the bodies of dead men and Oka, in order to procure a more extensive horses, the retreat of the rear divisions of theatre of ground, with the convenience of the French is stated to have every character moving either on Kalouga or Smolensko; to of continued. Hight.---On the 3d of No- avoid which, and with a view to preserve a vember, General Millaradovitch, with the more certain conveyance for provisions and column under his command, reached the reinforcements from the south, and at the main road near Viasma, where he had a same time to hold the command of the Smosharp engagement with the rear-guard, lensko road, the Russian army began its which is reported by the prisoners to have march to occupy the position behind the been composed of the divisions of Beauhar- river Nara, changing its front to the right, nois, of Davoust, and Ney; their divisions upon or parallel to the old Kalouga road.