winter began. The ground is covered with of Count de Wittgenstein. I have spoke snow. The roads have become very slip to you of the reinforcements which he had pery and very difficult for carriage horses. received from St. Petersburgh, and which We have lost many men by cold and fa- amounted to 17,000 men, including in that tigue ; night bivouacings are very injurious number 6 or 8,000 men which had been

Since the battle of Malocaros- scraped together in St. Petersburgh and its lawitz, the advanced guard has seen no environs. He has further received the ..other enemy than the Cossacks, who, like 21st division, which was fresh arrived the Arabs, hover upon the flanks, and Hy from Finland; one part of this division about to annoy.-- On the 2d, at two in only 'has had an engagement in an affair the afternoon, 12,000 Russian infantry, against the Prussians. They formed a .covered by a cloud of Cossacks, intercepted junction with the troops under Wirtgenthe communication, a league distance from stein, at Disna, on the 16th, at the moViasma, between the Prince of Eckmuhl ment when he had dislodged the post which

and the Viceroy. The Prince of Eckmuhl I had placed there. On the 18th, at six and the Viceroy marched upon this column, o'clock in the morning, M. de Wirtgendrove it from the road, and overthrew it stein debouched before Polotsk, in four in the wood, took a Major General, with columns, and extending his troops past a good number of prisoners, and carried my position, and profiting by the enorinous off six pieces of cannon; since that time superiority of which he was possessed, to we have not again seen the Russian infan- take the reverse, and, without any danger, try, but only Cossacks. Since the bad make himself master of the position which ' weather, from the 6th, we have lost more I liad occupied on the left bauk of the Pothan 3,000 carriage horses, and nearly lota, in the face of that which he had be100 caissons have been destroyed.----Ge- fore occupied on the Drissa. His first neral Wittgenstein having been reinforced serious attack was made against a battery by the Russian division from Finland, and la barbette), which I had caused to be by a great number of troops from the mi- established in an advantageous position, litia, attacked, on the 181h of October, and which it was necessary, at any rate,

Marshal Gouvion St. Cyr; he was re- to occupy, in order not to expose to the : pulsed by that Marshal and General Wrede, enemy the weakest part of my position ; who look more than 3,000 prisoners, and that is to say, the front of the town, which covered the field of battle with his dead. offered no other difficulty than a palanka,

-On the 20th inst. Marsbal Gouvion the front of which I had covered; but St. Cyr having been informed that Marshal which not being yet finished, was every the Duke of Belluno, with the 9th corps, where open, apd principally at the two was marching to reinforce him, repassed little bastions which were to support it; the Dwina, and marched to meet him, in but were as yet scarcely marked out. I, order, on having effected a junction with nevertheless, brought some pieces of canhim, to fight Wittgenstein, and oblige non there, which did us service. The him to repass the Dwina. Marshal Gou- battery de la Thuillerie was taken and revion St. Cyr bestows the highest eulogiums taken three or four times. It was defended upon his troops. -The Swiss division by the troops of the 8th division, comdistinguished itself by its sang froid and manded by the General of Division Maison. bravery. Colonel Guchenew, of the 26th -The delence of this front of the attack Regiment of Light Infantry, was wounded; does him infinite honour, as likewise to the Marslial St. Cyr received a ball in the foot; corps charged with its defence; that is to Marshal the Duke of Reggio has arrived to say, the 2d and 37th of the line, and the replace him, and retaken the command of 11th of light infantry; as likewise two the 2d corps.---The health of the Em- squadrons of the 14th regiment of cuirasperor has never been better.

siers, commanded by M. Remberg; two

squadrons of the light troops of the 8th Report of Monsieur The Marshal Gouvion lancers and 20th chasseurs, commanded by · St. Cyr to His Highness the Prince Ma- the Chef d'Escadron Curel, who led the jor-General.

right of the 8th division, and whose con

Oclober 20. duct in all the charges which he received By my last, of the 17th inst., I inform- or made against forces so disproportionate ed

your Highness, that the ad corps would as theirs, merits the greatest enlogiums. probably be attacked on the following day The enemy deployed another of his co- by all the forces united, under the orders

(To be continued.11

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As illustrated in the Prosecution and Punishment of


[768 In order that my countrymen and that the two sureties in the sum of 1,000 pounds each; world may not be deceived, dnped, and cheated that the whole of this sentence has been executed upon this subject, I, WILLIAM COBBETT, upon me, that I have been imprisoned the two of Botley, in Hampshire, put upon record years, have paid the thousand pounds TO THE the following facts; to wit: That, ou the 24th KING, and have given the bail, Timothy Brown June, 1809, the following article was pub- and Peter Walker, Esqrs. being my sureties; lished in a London news-paper, called the that the Attorney General was Sir Vicary Gibbs, COURIER:-"The Mutiny amongst the LO- the Judge who sat at the trial Lord Elienborongh, « CAL MILITIA, which broke ont at Ely, was the four Judges who sat at passing sentence Elen« fortunately suppressed on Wednesday by the borough, Grose, Le Blane, and Bailey; and that « arrival of four squadrons of the GERMAN the jurors were, Thomas Rhodes of Hampstead « LEGION CAVALRY from Bary, under the Road, Jolin Davis of Southampton Place, James « command of General Auckland. Five of the Ellis of Tottenham Court Road, Jolm Richards « ringleaders were tried by a Court-Martial, and of Bayswater, Thomas Marsham of Baker Street, 6 sentenced to receive 500 lashcs each, part of which Robert Heathcote of High Street Marylebone, “panishment they received on Wednesday, and John Maud of York Place Marylebone, George

a part was remitted. A stoppage for their knup Bagster of Church Terrace Pancras, Thomas < sucks was the ground of the complaint that ex. Taylor of Red Lion Sqnare, David Deate of St. 6 cited this mutinous spirit, which occasioned John Street, William Palmer of Upper Street “ the men to surround their officers, and demand Islington, Henry Favre of Pall Mall; that the “ what they deemed their arrears. The first Prime Ministers during the time were Spencer “ division of the German Legion halted yesterday Perceval, until he was shot by John Bellingham,

at Newmarket on their return to Bury.". and after that Robert B. Jenkinson, Earl of Li. That, on the 1st July, 1809, I published, in the verpool; that the prosecution and sentence took Political Register, an article censuring, in the place in the reign of King George the Third, and strongest terms, these proceedings; that, for so that, he having become insane during my impridoing, the Attorney General prosecuted, as sedi. sonnent, the 1,000 pounds was paid to his son,

tious”libellers, and by Ex-Officio Information, the Prince Regent, in his behalf; that, during my me, and also my printer, my publisher, and one imprisonment, I wrote and pablished 364 Essays of the principal retailers of the Political Register; and Letters upon political subjects; that, during that I was brought to trial on the 15th June, the same time, I was visited by persons from 197 1810, and was, by a Special Jury, that

is to say, cities and towns, many of them as a sort of depuby 12 men out of 48 appointed by the Master of ties from Societies or Clubs; that, at the expirathe Crown Office, found guilty; that, on the tion of my imprisonment, on the 9th of July, 1812, 20th of the same month, I was compelled to give a great dinner was given in London for the pur bail for my appearance to receive judgment; pose of receiving me, at which dinner upwards of and that, as I came up from Botley (to which 600 persons were present, and at which Sit place I had returned to my family and my farm Francis Burdett presided ; that dinners and other on the evening of the 15th), a Tipstaff went parties were held on the same occasion in many down from London in order to seize me, per other places in England; that, on my way borre, sonally, that, on the 9th of July, 1810, 1, toge. I was received at Alton, the first town in Hampther with my printer, publisher, and the news-shire, with the ringing of the Church bells; that man, were brought into the Court of King's a respectable company met me and gave me a Bench to receive judgment; that the three dinner at Winchester; that I was drawn from for mer were sentenced to be imprisoned for more than the distance of a mile into Botley by o me months in the King's Bench prison; that I the people; that, upon my arrival in the village, was sentenced to be imprisoned for two years in I found all the people assembled to receive me; Newgate, the great receptacle for malefactors, that I concluded the day by explaining to them and the front of which is the scene of numerous the cause of my imprisonment, and by giving - hangings in the course of every year; that the them clear notions respecting the flogging of the

part of the prison in which I was sentenced to be Local Militia-men at Ely, and respecting the emconfined is sometimes inhabited by felons, that ployment of Germau Troops; and, finally, which felops were actually in it at the time I entered is inore thián a compensation for my losses and all it ; that one man was taken out of it to be trans- my sufferings, I am in perfect health and strength, ported in abont 48 hours after I was put into the and, though I must, for the sake of six children, same yard with him; and that it is the place of feel the diminution that has been made in my confinement for mon guilty of unnatural crimes, property (thinking it right in me to decline the

of whom there are four in it at this time ; that, offer of a subscription), I have the consolation to besides this imprisonmenit, I was sentenced to see growing up three sons, upon whose hearts, I pay a thonsand pounds TO THE KING, and to trust, all these facts will be engraven. give security for my good behaviour for seven

WM. COBBETT. years, myself in the sum of 3,000 pounds, and Botley, July 23, 1812.

Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent Garden.

LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black Horse-Court, Fleet-street.


VOL. XXII. No.25,


[Price Is.


(770 “ British Parliament to bring forward such SUMMARY OF POLITICS.: ,

"a proposition. Causelessly to disturb the REGENCY.--On the 9th instant, Sir " country, needlessly to agilate the minds of Francis Burdett gave notice in the House men, to introduce (if possible) confusion of Commons, that, after the recess, he " and disunion, are so obviously its seashould bring forward a motion for the in- " tures, that while we name them, it is troduction of a bill, the object of which only to express our pity and contempt of should be, to provide, that the Regency " the weakness that could think the means should devolve on the Princess Charlotte " efficient for the purpose. We have no of Wales, in case the Prince Regent should "doubt but the propriety, the indignation die while his father continued in his present "s of Parliament will quash so despicable state of incapacity to govern. On this " an attempt in its bud. The distinguished proposition, which so many circumstances " few may make their inflammatory speeches, concur to render proper, I should have said and endeavour to disseminate their base nothing at present, had it not been for an " poisons, but the understanding of the article, which, the day after the making of " country is too good to suffer such miserthe motion, was published in the Morning “able efforts to pass without a record of Post news-paper. That article, however, “ abhorrence for their motives, though althe sentinents of which were echoed in the of lied to compassion for the weakness of Courier of the same day, and which senti. " their force. For the present we shall ments are obviously those which the bo-" not enter at large into the movement of rough-mongers would wish to inculcate, “ this malignant theme ;-suffice it to say, calls aloud for animadversion. The ar- " that neither the time, nor the circumticle was as follows:-_-" In speaking of “stances of our situation, nor the nature of u the tyranny of Buonaparte, we have fre- f" things, nor the calculation of human “quently heard it advanced that a Despot " probability, call in the slightest degree “ could not stand still, that a rotatory mo

'66 for the discussion of this measure. For “tion, like that of the sphetes, was neces- " what, then, is it stirred, beyond keeping

sary to keep the body politic in its orbit," alive the name of the Pride of the West* and fix the prime central force in security: “ minster Junta, who can so well appré"aud we have subscribed to the doctrine," ciate the military merits of a Welling" because we bave seen that Buonaparte “ ton, to try if it is within the abilities " had neither the means of rest or repose

66 of the vilest faction that ever overstepped " within his circle of power. The saine 6the license of freedom in a free country, i reinark applied to a Despot, may be ap- " and by their actions proved how far that “plied to a Demagogue. It is not in his " which is our greatest blessing can be

power to be still; he cannot say, here I "' converted into our curse ?— The subject am sase, and it is needless to go further ; " is of too delicate a nature to aumil of an impulse more potent than his own premature consideralion; we shall conpropels him, and he must advance, for “ tent ourselves with directing the attention

retreat is impossible.—Sir Francis “ of the honest and the loyal part of the “ Burdett gave a melancholy example of " community to the treacherous design, and "this in the House of Commons last night, " leave it to those who have inore authority " when he gave notice of a motion (for in “ than ourselves to stifle it by manly resist* motion he must be) to secure the Regency

The snake, scorched last session, " of the Kingdom to the Princess Char-1" is yet swelling with venom, and, though " Jotte of Wales, in the event of the de- 6 insignificant in itself, is yet to be maid“ cease of the Prince Regent before the " ed against, as the spreading of ils venom

King. It would be to abuse common " is injarious to the wholesomne body of the

sense, to offer a hint at the motives - State." It is not much inore than a * which could induce any Member of the mouths, since this same news-paper, follow


ing the Morning Chronicle, asserted, that urged against that very act of Parliament Şir Francis BURDETT had resolved never which authorized, and which still authoragain to enter the Houses of Parliament, izes, the King to make a will. Sir Francis and never again appear at a Public dinner. Burdett does not presume to say, that the The Public have already seen the proof of Prince is going to die; he knows that the the falsehood of these assertions; and, they Prince may live a great number of years; will not be long before they will see the but, he also knows, that he may die in a proof of as gross falsehood in the above week's or a day's time; and, anxious, as paragraph. Easy as it was to suppose, he has always shewn himself to be, to se that these hirelings would endeavour to at- cure the Crown in the enjoyment of all its tribute a bad motive to any act of this most just rights and prerogatives, he wishes, in formidable enemy of the whole tribe of case of that event, to provide against a rehirelings, it really does strike one with currence of those interregnums which we astonishment that any body should be at have before seen take place. It is, besides, once so foolish and so wicked as the author time that the people should begin to have of this paragraph appears to be. He their eyes fixed upon her who is to be their sets out with saying, that it would be to future Sovereign; it is time, that she should abuse common sense to offer a hint at the be introduced to her future people; and, motives of Sir Francis; and, the moment therefore, it is proper that a proposition of he has said that, he begins distinctly to as- this sort should be made and discussed. sert what those motives are; and, having We are told by this writer that the subject thus resolved to abuse common sense, he is of too delicate a nature to admit of pretells us that the motives are, to disturb the mature discussion. But, in what way is it country, to agitate the minds of men, and too delicale! I see nothing of great delito introduce confusion and disunion! cacy in it any more than in any other proAnd does the reader believe, that these ef- vision respecting a Regency. If, indeed, fects are to be produced by a timely and the Princess Charlotte were not the undispassionate discussion of the question of doubted heiress to the Tbrone; if there who ought to be Regent, in the event of were any other persons to dispute the title the Prince's death? Does he believe, that with her; if there were any apprehension the country will be disturbed, and that con- of rivals of any sort ; "then, indeed, to agi. fusion and disunion will arise, from a pro- tate the question, though very necessary position to settle the Regency of the King- even in that case, might tend to create disdom in the person of the undoubted heiress union; but, being, as she undoubtedly is, to the Throne, especially when it is consi- the only person in whose behalf, after her dered, that, as it is said, the young Princess Father, any claim can be raised to the posis endowed with extraordinary powers of session of the Throne, it is impossible, I mind for her age! Does the reader disco- think, for any one to believe, that disunion ver symptoms of disloyalty in a proposition can be created in the country by the inlike this?

—The hireling talks of " in- tended motion. Yet has chis hireling '" flammatory speeches," and " endeavours the audacity to charge Sir Francis with a 6 to disseminate base poison ;and by " treacherous design," and to call upon what means ? Why, truly, by proposing, those who have more authorily çhan himthat the heiress to the throne shall come “self, to stifle it by manly resistance." into the Regency as a matter of course, Who it is that he means here as being póswithout any delays and debates, in case of sessed of such authority, I cannot tell; but her Father's death. It is very hard to see I ain quite sure, that no such authority will how such a proposition should give rise to be found to exist; and, indeed, it would be * inflammatory speeches,” or how it should curious to hear any one in authority daring serve as the vehicle of“ base poison.". enough to attempt to stille such a design. This writer says that the measure is unne- Treacherous, indeed! and towards whom? cessary, and that it is not within the calcu- Towards the Crown it cannot be trealation of human probability that it should cherous, because its necessary tendency is become necessary. So, because we cannot to inculcate in the minds of the people the caleulate,

with any degree of precision, how doctrine of lineal succession. Towards the long the Prince will live, we are to make ministers and their master, it cannot be no provisions for the carrying on of the go- Treacherous, because it is openly avowed. vernment in case of his death. The same It can, indeed, be Treacherous towards argument might be urged against any man's nobody; and it can be considered as hostile making a will, and surely might have been towards none but that oligarchy, whose interest it is to keep the Crown and all the carefully avoided expressing, at this time, members of the Royal Family as inuch as any opinion at all upon the subject; but I possible dependent upon its will. What trust the reader will be ready to acknowdo the people of England want but to see ledge, that it was necessary to say thus the succession to regal power clearly mark- much in answer to the malignant paragraph ed out ? We all remember, the loud com-above quoted. plaints, which were made only about two years ago against the ministers for having, GERMAN Troops. The reader will as it was alleged, carried on the govern- bear in mind, that after the Battle of Salawent for a considerable length of time, manca, an order was issued from the Horse without any 'one to exercise the functions of Guards, stating, that, in consequence of the Royalıy. And, ought not provision, there-German Legion having frequently distinfore, to be made to prevent the recurrence guished itself during the war in the Peninas of that reprobated state of things ? Ought sula, His Royal Highness the Prince Regent not provision to be made for the preventing had been pleased to direct, that the Officers of a repetition of those scenes, which took of the corps of that Legion should HAVE place at the establishment of the present PERMANENT RANK IN THE ENGRegency? And ought an endeavour to ef-LISH ARMY.- - I observed at the time fect such a provision to be represented as of issuing the order, that this, if I underthe “ spreading of venom injurious to the stood the meaning of the words, was not

wholesome body of the state ?"- I do lawful, and that, to give effect to the Order, not say, that the discussion of this proposi- an act of Parliament must be

passed. tion may not give rise to the agilation of Since the new Parliament asseinhled, a dismalters of great delicacy, deeply interest.cussion has taken place upon this subject, ing to the Royal Parents of the Lady whose in consequence of a motion of Lord Folkerights it is the principal object of the in- stone, who is entitled to the thanks of the tended motion to secure. But, while I donation for the watchfulness he has constanta not see the necessity of this; while I do not ly shewn in regard to the employing of Fosee its necessity, I am far from saying, and reign Troops in this kingdom. Before I I am far from thinking, that such agitation enter upon an account of the debate to would be, or could be, at all “ injurious which I now aliude, it will be necessary, in

to the wholesome body of the state;" order to a clear understanding of the matter, seeing that, as it appears to me, the agita briefly to state what the law is.

-Firot, tion of these matters, and that, too, with then, the law, as contained in the act of unlimited freedom, must take place sooner Settlement, passed in the 12th and 13th or later. The agitation of these matters of William the 3d, and which act, be it has found its way into print. Out of print observed, expresses the conditions, upon it cannot be put; the thing must make its which the House of Brunswick should sucappearance before the world; and the ceed to the throne of England; the law, as svoner it does so the better; because most laid down in that act, expressly says, that of the parties, concerned in the matters in no Foreigner shall hold, under the Crown question, are now living; there are now of these kingdoms, any office, or place of the means of clearing up every thing to the trust, civil or military. And, I beg the satisfaction of the people and of the world; reader to observe, that this act is entitled, and in a few years, those means may no an act for further limiting the Crown, and longer exist. Therefore, if even this con- better securing the rights and liberties of sequence were to follow from the intended the people ; so that, in order better to semotion of Sir Francis Burdett, the motion cure the rights and liberties of the people, would, in my opinion, be only rendered it was thought necessary to prohibit the thereby the more proper.

_These obser- Crown from employing Foreigners as of vations I should have considered premature, ficers in the arıny, in case the House of had it not been for the publication of the Brunswick succeeded to the Throne. article, out of which they have arisen. The Thus stood the law, when, in 1804, an act subject is one of extreme importance, and, was passed to authorize the King to embody in all its stages of discussion, I shall not certain Foreigners into corps, and to emfail, I hope, to give to it all the attention ploy them in his service. This was the act which it merits, as well on account of the under which those troops called the German person who has brought it forward as on Legion were raised. Ii authorized the King that of the parties more immediately inte- to put the men thus raised under the comrested in it. I should, therefore, have mand of Foreign Officers, and, of course,

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