through the whole Time, and gave the ene-Aubrey, Commander of the Artillery of my certain proof that we were retiring. the ad corps ; Desde, Commander of the Then he began to fire from all his batteries, Engineers; and M. the Adjutant Comand threw into the town a quantity of shells mandant Dalbignac, who have on this day and other incendiary projectiles, to set it acquired new rights on His Majesty's faon fire, in which he in part succeeded,vour. I shall have the honour to address hoping by this to prevent our artillery to your Highness, in a few days from this movements, and blow up our caissons.- place, a list of the Officers who, by their This cannonade and bombardment were good conduct, have merited prelerment. supported by a general attack. We saw Our loss is not very considerable in each other as if in full day-light, by the comparison with that of the enemy, which light of the burning town ; and this attack is enormous. General Legrand has had a did not cease until the moment when the horse killed under hiin, and received two Jast man had repassed to the left bank of contusions. General Guicheew, Aid-dethe Dwina ; but, in the midst of these at-Camp to His Majesty, is among the aumtacks, and the confusion caused by firing ber of the wounded.- -I have the honour the town, the troops conducted themselves to inform your Excellency, that a ball with the most extraordinary bravery, and which I have received in my left foot, and the retreat was performed in the best or- which hinders me from marching, or der. At midnight all the artillery was mounting on horseback, will oblige me to retired, and the whole body of the troops quit the command of the corps d'armée, had passed over at half-past two o'clock in for ten or twelve days. I have given it up the morning. I immediately reinforced to General Legrand. I reckon upon rewith two regiments, which were the first maining at only one march from the corps that passed the troops, which I had put d'armée, to be ready to resume my funcunder the orders of General Amey, and tions, hoping to be still useful to the corps who had succeeded, in the evening, in d'armée by my counsels, if Gen. Legrand confining the enemy in the defles near to approve them. But I expect in a few days Şolouk, but were not yet in sight of M. the Duke of Reggio, and the 9th corps DeWittgenstein's army. With these under the command of the Duke of Belluno, troops, there was a column of Bavarians, is in march. Our junction effected, we about 6 or 700 men strong. I re-united will briskly push the Russian army. the whole under the command of M. Merle, (Signed) The Marshal-Gen. St. Cyr. to whom I gave orders to march immediately against the front of General Steingel, and to repulse him with vigour, and to LONDON GAZETTE EXTRAORDINARY. throw him past the Orschatz, as I could then support this attack with another part

Wednesday, Dec. 16. of the army, if it should become necessary.

Foreign-Office, Dec. 16. At the moment that these troops put them. Dispatches, of which the following are selves in motion, they fell in with those of copies, were received last night by Visthe enemy. The corps of M. de Stein- count Castlereagh, one of His Majesty's gel was broken, and after a great loss in Principal Secretaries of State, from Genekilled, driven to the other side of the ral Viscount Cathcart, K. T. His Majesty's Polota, leaving in our hands 12 or 1,500 Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipo prisoners, among whom were 18 Officers tentiary to the Emperor of Russia, dated of different ranks; and among others,' a at St. Petersburgh, 23d and 25th NovemCaptain of an English vessel, employed in ber, 1812. the Etat-Major of M. Steingel, and who said he had been three weeks in the Russian

St. Petersburgh, Nov. 23, 1819. service. This affair gives great honour to My Lord,—In my dispatch of the 15th M. Count Wrengel, who directed it, and instant, I had the honour to detail such to General Amey, who seconded him well. operations of Marshal Kutosoff's army as

I owe the greatest eulogiums to the had come to my knowledge up to the 9th good conduct of the troops, to the zeal and of November; since that date no report intelligence of Officers of all ranks, and of has been received of the further proceedthe whole army, who have seconded me ings of the corps intrusted to General Plawell; among whom I shall mention Messrs. toff. The Field-Marsbal had calculated to the Generals Legrand, Merle, Baron, Lau- reach Krasnoi on the 14th instant, but alrencer; my Chief of the General Staff, though he had approached within a few

wersts of that place, I have not heard that | ed by Colonel Chernichef, Aid-de-Camp his head-quarters were established there on to His Imperial Majesty, who had been the 16th. His last dispatch of the latter detached by Admiral Tchichagoff, with a date announces his intention of forwarding small corps of light cavalry, to discover a Journal of the preceding days, which and ascertain General Count Wittgenstein's will contain important relations, but it has position. In the course of this expedition, not as yet been received. On the 9th of the Colonel had the good fortune to rescue November, Count Orloff Denizoff, being Major-General Baron Winzengerode and advanced on the roads towards Smolensko his Aid-de-Camp, Captain Narishkin, beand Krasnoi, received intelligence of the tween Vilna and Minsk; they were promarch of a French corps from Smolensko, ceeding towards the frontier, under an esin the direction of Kalouga, composed of cort of gens-d'armes, and had been marchfresh troops intended for the different re-ed from Verrea, where they were pregiments of guards; this force was under sented to Buonaparte, with the French the command of General Barragé D'Hil- guards under the charge of Junot.Colier, having with him General Charpentier lonel Chernichef also took three couriers, and Brigadier-General Augereau, brother one coming from, and the other two going to the Marshal of that name, They were to Paris.-From these sources of intelli distributed in the three villages of Yasvin, gence it is ascertained, that Buonaparté Lakoff, and Dolgomust. A disposition of was at Smolensko on the 13th instant.-attack was immediately made by three par- Admiral Tchichagoff intended, according tisan

corps, commanded by Captain Ses to his route, to arrive at Minsk on the 17th lavia, Colonel Davidoff, and Captain Phig- instant.- -Colonel Chernichef arrived at ner. The result was, that the corps under the palace yesterday, accompanied by the Charpentier was nearly cut to pieces, that prisoners he has released, and bringing Barragé D'Hillier having patiently heard with him the intercepted dispatches. Those a cannonade for several hours in the quar- from Paris contain nothing but military ters of Augereau's division, made good his plans and maps. The expedition of retreat to Smolensko, and that Augereau's Colonel Chernichef was a continued and corps of 3,000 men, after losing nearly extraordinary exertion, he having marched one-third of their number, laid down their stven hundred wersts in five days, and arms, and capitulated to Captain Phigner, swam across several rivers.--It is stated, who had not 1,500 men, and who appears but no official report has been received, to have conducted this affair with infinite that General Sachen has been left with a address and gallantry.— - In this corps detachment to observe Prince Schwartzenwere two squadrons of cavalry, well mount- berg, and that General Eartel has aded. The prisoners amounted to one Ge- vanced to and occupied Mohiloff. neral, sixty Staff and other Officers, and I have the honour to be, kc.' two thousand rank and file. The Officers who capitulated stated the object of their

(Signed) CATHCART. inarch, by that route, was to open another communication in the direction of Kalouga;

Jamich, Nov. 15, 1812. they were not aware of the retreat of the My Lord,-I am very happy to inform army. Since this affair, three General your Lordship, that Victor has failed in Officers, upwards of twenty pieces of can- fulfilling the orders he received from Buo- non, and four thousand prisoners have been naparté, to drive Count Wittgenstein betaken near Smolensko, but the particulars hind the Dwina. He attacked yesterday are not yet reported. On the 14th in- morning. Count Wittgenstein ordered stapt, General Count Wittgenstein was the advanced guard to retire to the Posiattacked by Marshal Victor, who had or- tion. This was executed in a masterly ders to drive him to the other side of the manner: they retired in echiquier, under Dwina. The 'enemy was repulsed, with a very heavy fire, as if it was a field day. the loss of two to three thousaud men, and In the Position the French were received was pursued the next morning in his re- by a well-directed fire from the artillery, treat towards Senno, when six hundred by which they must have lost a great numprisoners were taken. I have the honourber in killed and wounded, I suppose beio enclose a copy of Major-General Baron tween two and three thousand. The Dornberg's report of this affair. No- firing only ceased about seven in the eventhing material occurred at this post till the ing. The French had made strong de18th, when Count Wittgenstein was join

(To be conlinued.)

As illustrated in the Prosecution and Punishment of


[800 In order that my conntrymen and that the two sureties in the sum of 1,000 pounds each; world may not be deceived, dnped, and cheated that the whole of this sentence has been executed upon this subject, I, WILLIAM COBBEIT, upon me, that I have been imprisoned the two of Botley, in Hampshire, put upon record years, have paid the thonsand pounds TO THE the following facts; to wit: That, ou the 24th | KING, and have given the bail, Timothy Brown Jnne, 1809, the following article was pub- aud Peter Walker, Esqrs. being my sareties; lished in a London news-paper, called the that the Attorney General was Sir Vicary Gibbs, COURIER :-“ The Mutiny amongst the LO- the Judge who sat at the'trial Lord Ellenborongb, “CAL MILITIA, which broke out at Ely, was the four Judges who sat at passing sentence Ellene « fortunately suppressed on Wednesday by the borough, Grose, Le Blane, and Bailey; and that « arrival of four squadrons of the GÉRMAN the jurors were, Thomas Rhodes of Hampstead # LEGION CAVALRY from Bury, under the Road, John Davis of Southampton Place, James « command of General Auckland. Five of the Ellis of Tottenham Court Road, John Richards “ singleaders were tried by a Court-Martial, and of Bayswater, Thomas Marsham of Baker Street, 6 sentenced to receive 500 lashes each, part of which Robert Heathcote of High Street Marylebone, 4 punishment they received on Wednesday, and John Maud of York Place Marylebone, George

a part was remitted. A stoppage for their knup- Bagster of Church Terrace Pancras, Thomas « sacks was the ground of the complaint that ex- Taylor of Red Lion Square, David Deane of St. “ cited this mutinons spirit, which occasioned John Street, William Palmer of Upper Street “ the men to surround their officers, and demand Islington, Henry Favre of Pall Mall; that the

what they deemed their arrears. The first Prime Ministers during the time were Spencer « division of the German Legion halted yesterday Perceval, until he was shot by John Bellinghiam, * at Newmarket on their return to Bury."- and after that Robert B. Jenkinson, Earl of LiThat, on the 1st July, 1809, I published, in the verpool; that the prosecution and sentence took Political Register, an article censuring, in the place in the reign of King George the Third, and strongest terms, these proceedings; that for so that, he having become insane during my impridoing, the Attorney General prosecuted, as sedi. sonment, the 1,000 pounds was paid to his son, tious' libellers, and by Ex-Officio Information, the Prince Regént, in his behalf; that, during my me, and also my printer, my publisher, and one imprisonment,'I wrote and published 364 Essays of the principal retailers of the Political Register; and Letters upon political subjects; that, during that I was brought to trial on the 15th June, the same time, I was visited by persons from 197 1810, and was, by a Special Jury, that is to say, cities

and towns, many of them as a sort of depeby 12 men out of 48 appointed

by the Master of ties from Societies or Clubs; that, at the expira. the Crown Office, found guilty; that, on the tion of my imprisonment, on the 9th of July, 1812, goth of the same month, I was compeHed to give a great dimer was given in London for the pnt. bail for my appearance to receive judgment; pose of receiving me, at which dinner upwards of and that, as I came up from Botley (to wbieh 600 persons were present, and at which Sir place I had returned to my family and my farm Francis Burdett presided; that dinners and other on the evening of the 15th), a Tipstaff went parties were held on the same occasiod in many down from London in order to seize me, per- other places in England; that, on my way home, sonally ; that, on the 9th of July, 1810, I, toge. I was received at Alton, the first town in Hampther with my printer, publisher, and the news shire, with the ringing of the Church bells; that man, were brought into the Court of King's a respectable company mét me and gave me a Bench to receive judgment; that the three dinner at Winchester; that I was drawn from former were sentenced to be imprisoned for more than the distance of a mile into Botley by some months in the King's Bench prison; that I the people; that, upon my arrival in the village, was sentenced to be imprisoned for two years in I found all the people assembled to receive me; Newgate, the great receptacle for malefactors, that I concluded the day by explaining to them and the front of which is the scene of numerous the cause of my imprisonment, and by giving hangings in the course of every year; that the them clear notions respecting the flogging of the part of the prison in which I was sentenced to be Local Militia-men at Ely, and respecting the emconfined is sometimes inhabited by felons, that ployment of German Troops; and, finally, which felons were actually in it at the time I entered is more than a compensation for my losses and all it; that one man was taken out of it to be trans- my sufferings, I am in perfect health and strength, ported in about 48 hours after I was put into the and, though I must, for the sake of six children, same yard with him; and that it is the place of feel the diminution that has been made in my confinement for men guilty of unnatural crimes, property (thinking it right in me to decline the of whom there are four in it at this time ; that, offer of a subscription), I have the consolation to besides this imprisonment, I was sentenced to see growing up three sons, upon whose hearts, I pay a thousand pounds TO THE KING, and to trust, all these facts will be engraven. give security for my good behaviour for seven

WY. COBBETT. years, myself in the sum of 3,000 pounds, and Botley, July 23, 181%.

Pablished by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent-Garden.

LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black Horse-Court, Meet-street.


Vol. XXII. No. 26.7


(Price ls.



[S02 ful. This Message tells another story; it SUMMARY OF POLITICS.

speaks, in a language not to be misunderGRANT TO THÈ RUSSIANS.--"After sweet stood, of the sufferings of the Russians, « meat comes soúr 'sance," says the old It was, it seems to me, the business of the proverb; and so in our case; after so much government and army of Russia to keep the rejoicing and gun-firing comes a demand French out of that country; to prevent the upon our purses. The reckoning comes, people from suffering; and, not to let in the and we look just as foolish as a set of fel- enemy, and afterwards appeal to the people lows at an ale-house, when, at the end of of Russia to conpensate the sufferers.four or five hours singing, and halfooing, Be this as it may, however, I cannot see, and swallowing, the landlord comes in with for my part, any reason why the people of his long score. -This grant was called England should be taxed for the purpose for by the Regent, 'in a Message delivered feeding or clothing those of Russia, who, to the House of Commons, on the 17th of but'a very little while ago, were amongst December, in the following memorable our enemies.- If, indeed, I could see, words:- G. P. R.-The Prince Re- that the sufferings of the Russian's have led “ gent, acting in the name and on the be- to our benefit, I should have less objection " half of His Majesty, having taken into to the grant; but I can see no such thing; “ his serious consideration the accounts I cannot 'discover any possible advantage « which he has received of the severe dis- that we are to derive froin the results lately s fresses to which the inhabitants of a part witnessed in Russia ;' and, though I may be * of the Empire of Russia have been ex- thought singular in this my opinion now, I “ posed in their persons and property, in shall

not, I am convinced, be so thought in consequence of the unprovoked and atro- a few months from this time. During " cious invasion of that country by the the debate upon the subject, it was observe "Ruler of France, and the exemplary and ed, that the Russians were fighting for us "extraordinary magnanimity and fortitude as well as for themselves. The idea was " with which they have submitted to the this, that by their sacrifices, which had

greatest privations and sufferings in the produced such distress in the army of Na

defence of their country, and the ardent poleon, and which had been the cause of " loyalty and unconquerable spirit they all those victories over him of which we

have displayed in its cause, whereby re- have read, a market is opened to our manu"sults have been produced of the utinost factures. This may possibly be true ; but, "importance to the interests of this king- if it be, it only tends to make good what “ dom, and to the general cause of Europe, the French have so often asserted; namely, * recommends to the House of Commons, that we derive benefit from the sufferings ** to enable His Royal Highness, in aid of of the people of the Continent; and, I " the contributions which have been com- really do not think, that there was a great

menced within the Russian empire for deal of wisdom in making the avowal. " this purpose, to afford to the suffering The sufferings of the people of MOSCOW

subjects of His Majesty's good and great were particularly mentioned, and Mr. Van

ally the Emperor of Russia, such speedy sittart is reported to have said, that, after “ and effectual relief as may be suitable to the burning of that city, some hundreds " this most interesting occasion." - This “ of thousands of persons were driven to Message, and the grant of £200,000," the shelter of the woods in a Russian which has taken place in consequence of it, “ winter.But, who was it that caused are, one would suppose, sufficient to make this dreadful suffering? Who was it that this most thinking nation” begin to think commanded Moscow to be burnt? This is a little. They have been taught to believe, a great point; and, therefore, we will hear that the French alone were suffering, and w the Czar himself, in his proclamation that the Rụssians were completely success of the 15th of November, says upon the

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matter. He expresses himself thus :

-Sovereign“ had a plain, full, and perfect 6. It is well known to the whole world in “ right to cause Moscow to be burnt ;" "s what manner the enemy has entered the who called Napoleon a murderer because he “ boundaries of our Empire, No step or put some of the incendiaries to death ; and

means that have so frequently been re- who called upon the Czar to put to death « sorted to by us for the punctual fulfil- ten times the number of French prisoners “ment of the peaceable stipulations, nor of war by way of retaliation ? What will " our steady endeavours, by all possible they now say? Will they turn shart " means, to avert the effects of a bloody about, and again accuse Napoleon of the " and destructive war, has been able to act ; an act which they have applauded to “ check his obstinate design, in which he the skies; an act which they said was fully " has shewn himself entirely immovable. justifiable in the sovereign of the country: " With peaceful promises on his tongue, an act, in short, with regard to which the " he never ceased to think on war, At Morning Chronicle has recently read its “ length, having collected a large army, recantation, confessing that it was in error 6 and strengthened it with Austria, Prus- when it disapproved of the act? Whar “sia, Bavaria, Wurtemberg, Westpha- will they now say; now, when they hear “ lian, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and the Czar laying this act, of which they “ Polish regiments, who were constrained, have so much approved, upon the shoulders rs through disgrace and fear, he put himself of Napoleon ? I suppose that they will say « in motion with this immense force, sup. no more of the matter, They will leave " plied with vast quantities of artillery, it where it is. They will not contradict 6 and penetrated into the interior of our the Czar; they will publish his assertion

country, Murder, fire, and destruction that Napoleon caused the city to be burnt ;

were his attendants on the march. The and will leave their accusations about his “ plundered property, the lowus and vil" murder" of the incendiaries anretracted; 6 lages set on fire, the smoking ruins of so that, between the two, the thinking "! Moscow, the Kremlin blown up into the people of England may, if they choose 6 air, the temples and altars of the Lord and it is likely that they will choose), to " destroyed--- in one word, all kinds of believe, that it was Napoleon who ordered

cruelty and barbarity, hitherto upheard the city to be burnt, and that he murdered " of, at length prove by his own actions those whom he employed in the barus that they have long been laying conceal- barous work Nevertheless, there is « ed in the depth of his mind. The mighty one difficulty, as to this memorable " and happy Russian empire, which pos- event, that these gentlemen will not, I os sesses every thing in abundance, awaken- think, find it easy to overcome. Since 66 ed in the heart of the enemy envy and Napoleon began to retreat, and espe. “ dread. The possession of the whole world cially since news has arrived of the great “ could not satisfy him, so long as the sufferings and losses in his army, these 64 fertile fields of Russia still were hap- writers have been filling their columns with "! py:"--Here is a distinct declaration, dissertations on the wisdom and magnanithat it was Buonaparté who caused Moscow mity which dictated the burning of Moscow: to be burnt; for what does it say? Why, This act it was, as they told us, which this : “ That the smoking ruins of Mos produced the necessity of his retreat at so

cow prove, by his own actions," that inclement a season; and, in short, that led his designs of cruelty and barbarity have to all those brilliant consequences, which Jong been lying concealed in his mind. have been detailed to us during the last This is quite clear. There can be no other month, and which are looked upon, by construction of the words. The Czar dis-most people, as forming a happy begin tinctly -says, that the smoking ruins of wing in the great work of the deliverance Moscow are one proof of the designs of of Europe. But, where was the wisdom; Napoleon ; that they are a proof of what where the magnanimity, of this famous his awn actions have been.---Now, act, if the act was committed by order of then, what will those hirelings say, who Napoleon and not by that of the Czar! accused the Czar of having commanded We must leave these ingenious gentlemen Moscow to be burnt ? or, rather, who to settle this matter with the Czar himself; applauded him for the act ; and who justi- for the point is much too delicate for us u fied the detected incendiaries upon the pretend to decide. Again, as to the ground of their having obeyed the orders people of Moscow, who have been ap of their Sovereign ¿ who asserted that that plauded to the third-heaven (for thich

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