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many of them have taken their departure) " Whether we could go the length of adfor having voluntarily burnt their own dressing one of the French Princes in houses and food and raiment, rather than this language of Shakespeare, we do not suffer them to afford shelter and comfort to pretend to decide. But at least we may the French ; what will be said of their “ assert that this is the time in which voluntary sacrifices, if we now adopt the “ Louis XVIII might produce much belief, that it was by the enemy's order" effect by publishing an Address to the that the burning took place ? — These are“. French Nation. If the reluctance to difficulties out of which none but persons " do this arise from a belief that the like those who conduct our préss would be " French will be the first to make overable to extricate themselves. Whether " tures to him, it is, we think, by nó they will or not I shall not pretend to say; " means politic. A frank and open debut, certain I am, that, if they fail, it " claration should come from him, guawill not be for the want of falsehood and " ranleeing the purchasers of the national impudence unparalleled in the history of properly, acknowledging the Senale, and the world. With respect to the grant, I" confirming the civil officers in the poss shall only further observe, that it seems to “ session of their places.' The effect of me of little consequence whether the money " such a declaration under such circumbe sent to Russia or to the Peninsula. It “ stances as the present, might have every is, perhaps, full as well to expend it in " beneficial effect, at least it could do no the North as in the South. I do not like “ harm."--Here, then, we have, at to make a great deal of the matter; if I last, openly avowed that which it has al, had had the distribution of £200,000, I ways been suspected was at the bottom of could have found objects in England on the hearts of some persons in this country, whom to confer it; but, if it be to go to Here, too, Buonaparté and the people of foreigners, I would as lief the Russians France will see, what these persons would should have it as the Portuguese, or the do, if they had the power. -As to the Sicilians, or the Spaniards, or the Hano- guaranteeing work spoken of in the close, verians, or any other nation. I have the people of France will, I dare say, see really no choice in such a case. I would that they, at present, stand in need of no give none of them money; and if we are guarantee, and will not be in a hurry compelled to pay taxes to give to any of to desire one. They will, doubtless, rethem, I care not a straw which of them collect, that with him, whom we now it is.

call an usurper, we made a treaty of peace THE BOURBON S.- Ever since it was

and friendship some years ago; and, perknown that Napoleon had experienced a haps, they will find it very difficult to comreverse of fortune in Russia, our hired prehend what has made him an usurper now prints have been preparing the way for the more than he was then. -But, it seems, introduction of the project of restoring the that “ the French nation MUST now be Bourbons; and, on the 18th instant, the

66 discontented from one end to the other." Courier, in the height of its joy at the news And why? Because its population has from Russia, openly avowed the project in been drained and its commerce ruined. Do the following terms:-" If ever there these produce discontent? Are they jus" was a time when, more than another, tifiable causes of discontent ?

Do they " the Bourbons had a chance of remounting warrant a people in desiring to put down "the Throne of their ancestors, this

their ruler? Oh, blockhead! why do surely the time, when defeat and dis- you not think a little before you speak ? grace have attended THE USURPER,

-As to the defeat and disgrace of Buo* and when the French nation, drained of naparté, why, as the Morning Chronicle " its population, and ruined in its com- asked the other day, should we suppose the

merce; must be discontented from one people of France more alive upon such a " end to the other.' Whether it would be point than the people of England ? And, "wise to have one of the Princes of that experience has taught us, that such events

House, the husband of the interesting produce no such effects with us, as are here * daughter of Louis the XVlth, or the contemplated to be produced in France. Duke de Berri, hoist the Royal Standard

- The truth is, however, we have, as

yet, no proof of either the disgrace or the “Now is the time of help: yonr eye in France

defeat of Buonaparté. That he has had, and, « To doff their dire distresses; Would create soldiers, make our women tight, perhaps, still has, very great difficulties to

contend against; that his army has greatly

is

at once :

suffered ; that he has experienced enormous |“ the Island of Houat, with a design to losses; that he may be obliged to evacuate penetrate into the Morbihan ; notice of a great part of the Russian territory which the circumstance was given on the 21st he had overrun ; all this may be true ; and “ November to Captain Molini, Comyet, in the usual meaning of the words, he “ mandant of the Imperial Navy, of the may have suffered neither disgrace nor de four departments. This officer immedifeat; and, therefore, it is the height of “ ately dispatched his Majesty's lugger folly, to say nothing of its detestable wick-“ Alert, to seize the Brigands. The Lieu eduess, in any one in this country to broach " tenant of the lugger arrived in the evensuch a project as that of carrying on the “ing of the 22d, at the anchorage of the war for the restoration of the Bourbons ; island, and landed at midnight, at the and, of course, for bringing Europe back“ head of a detachment from his vessel, to the state in which it was twenty years with which he went to the house wbere it ago. The Times newspaper of the "was supposed they lodged. They found 19th instant says: “ To suppose that de- " the whole three. The moment the Lieugradation will effect any moral change in " tenant entered, they fell on him and his " his nature, will humble his mind, and party with pistols and poniards, deter“ incline him to peace and good faith, and mined to force their way out. After a des“ the severe duties of justice, is to betray a perate struggle to overpower them, it

total ignorance of ihe force of passions “ was found necessary to shoot them. There " deeply

rooted, and nurtured by long and" was nothing found about them but pistols “excessive indulgence. Whiist he lives and poniards. Their Chief alone had a “and acts the Monarch, he will endeavour" small paper of poison in his pocket. " to act the Tyrant. He must, therefore, “ They were recognised to be Depiege, “ te divested of all power to do mischief" alias Debar, Deguern, alias Sans-Souci, Si he must be entirely healen down and " and Droz. Their papers and instructions destroyed. Towards this great and salu- were fouud by Lieutenant Allanious, in 6 tary end, much progress has been made a portmanteau, and were immediate" by the late splendid victories of the Rus- ly forwarded to Capt. Molini, who

It is for our Statesmen to sent them to the Police. These miserfinish the great work so happily begun," able wretches only obtained lodgings * by animating the oppressed nations of " by threatening the inbabitants of Houat, “ Europe, with one common spirit of re- " This event will deter the Spies of Eng. “sistance against a tyranny which now “ land from returning to this island. The tollers on its base." - These are the Quarter-Master Person, who attacked sentiments now afloat, the expression of " Deguero, received several stabs of the which, though through channels so con- poniard in his clothes. The artillery, temptible, may, perhaps, prolong, for “ inan Allcan, received a ball in his left years, this terrible war. It is impossible, “ side, but the wound is not dangerous. after this, to think of peace with Napoleon " --The Journal de l'Empire refers its upon any terms which shall leave us the “ readers to the intelligence from L'Orient, power of annoying him. I, the other day," as affording an explanation of a paraquoted a passage from one of these papers, graph in the London papers of the 30th in which the whole French nation were "ult. which stated that a French General made participators in the alleged crimes " and two French Colonels had been landed of their Chief; and they are now told, that " in France by the Armide frigate.that chief mụst be beaten down and wholly “ The pretended General," it says," was destroyed. In the meanwhile there is an “ the old Chouan Chief Debar, and his account published in the French papers of " soi-disant Colonel, Droz and Deguero, some attempts having actually been made “ ruffians notorious by the crimes which to bring about a counter-revolution in that they committed in our civil broils. They country. This account is very curious, and "embarked at Plymouth in the beginning not less interesting to us, as will be seen " of November, and arrived in Quiberon from a perusal of it and from the observa- “ Bay, where they remained four or five tions which it naturally suggests.

days on board, not daring to land. At articles from the French papers are as fol. “ length they caused themselves to be con lows: " L'Orient, Nov. 25.-The Com- veyed to the Isle of Houat, where they “missary of Police, at L'Orient, having " were put on shore on the 16th Novem“ received information that three English " ber." After statiog their capture, it says,

agents had been landed a few days on " there were found on Debar, who was

" sian arms.

The 60

shot on the 23d November, several de- is possible ; and, if it should not really “ failed reports of his operations, dated happen, I dare say the new Dukes and 46 France, Morbihan, the 2d, 3d, and 4th Counts will thank us full as much as if it 4 December. The first is addressed to the did happen. Inshort, the notions of our " Prince of Wales, the second to the Duke writers, and, indeed, the notions now set “ of Kent, and the third to the Secretary of afloat in the public papers, are trulyalarming. " State for the War Department. Debar They menace us with a war for the rest of " announces in these reports, that he had our lives; or at least a war to continue as long “ made his way into Britanny in the midst as the pound bank-nole will buy a quartern 4 of the greatest daugers; that he had al- | loaf. The promulgation of such notions «s ready assembled a great number of mal- places all upon the hazard of a die. If « contents and deserters, and would soon Napoleon fall, why, then, we may have “ be in a situation to strike some decisive peace from that cause ; but, if he rise; if

blow; in short, he gives a daily state- he surmount his present difficulties, what vs ment of bris progress up to the 4th De hope can we rationally entertain of peace

cember. Thus it appears, that before with him upon any terms short of such as " he had arrived at Houat, and perhaps will deprive us of all future power? Af“ before he had left London, this able Ge- ter the publication of these denunciations

“ neral had drawn up a faithful account of | against him, against all persons in authority * the signal advantages which he was to under him, and, indeed, against the whole * obtain twelve days after his death. We mass of the French people; after this, who " cannot refrain from congratulating the can hope for peace, if he should survive?

English Ministers upon their choice of The same career that we ran during the s agents, and the incredible success with Anti-Jacobin war we now seem to be en" which they execute the missions intrust- tering upon anew. During that war many "ed to them. This, however, is not the occasions offered for making a safe and ho« first time that they have so worthily jus. nourable peace; but, whenever we saw * tified its confidence. This affair may the French arms experiencing a reverse ;

serve as an appendix to the mystification whenever we saw the difficulties of France 56 of Drake, and merits that it should be disposing her rulers towards peace, our “ recorded as an additional specimen of the hopes of humbling her revived, and our < sublime combinations of English policy. refusal to treat goaded her on to fresh ex“ We hope the details we have just given ertions. In those auspicious moments, 56 will gratify the impalient curidsity of a when moderation in our views and our “ London public, and we promise them, language might have done every thing for “ for the future, that we shall give them us and our allies, we assumed a tone that

punctual advices respecting such expedi- soou threw us back to our former situation; $ tions as often as they are sent to us.”- and, by a series of such conduct, we, at The Times news-paper, in the height of its last, reduced ourselves to the necessity of rage at the result as here recorded, falls making a peace like that of Amiens. -If, foul of the French police, and ascribes its when Buonaparte returned from Egypt (a vigilance to the circumstance of the fate of sugilive as we then called him) we had acthe new Dukes and Counts being dependent cepted of his offer of peace, how different upon that of their master. They must, the at this day would have been the state of Times says, all stand or fall together, and Europe, and of England in particular! But, therefore the former are so faithful in the we then threw the Bourbons in the teeth of absence of the latter ; to which he adds, France ; we then talked of seeing a governthat'" the short road to peace is over the ment established such us we could make " corpse of the monsler." - These are peace with. One would think that, with expressions of great weight; they ought to the bitter fruits of that day still on our be attended to by us, because they are sure palate, we should be more cautious ; but, to be attended to by Buonaparte and by the there are men whom nothing will teach people of France. This writer threatens prudence, the new Dukes and Counts with the gibbel, in case of the fall of Napoleon ; and he

PENINSULA.

-The thinks, perhaps, that he shall have to re- French official papers give an account of cord the putting of that threat in execution. the prisoners and deserters, which entered It is, howeyer, to look a little too far before Salamanca between the 16th and 21st of him to see them, in “ his mind's eye” thus | November, which are stated at 25 officers swinging so. soon. To be sure, the thing and 3,497 non-commissioned oflicers and

WAR

IN

THE

men; aye, into that very Salamanca, ( like ; and yet none of these writers attempt where we won the victory, which was the to suggest the propriety of seņding the means cause of the elevation of our commander of comfort to them. They have compassion and of the vote of £100,000 to him. for every body but their own countrymen. The same accounts say, that our army have They have compassion even for the people retreated into Portugal.- -But, on this of, France when they are telling us of their subject not a word is said, in the way of wish to rise against Buonaparté; but for remark, in our newspapers. They, in the English army or the English people deed, are so much occupied with their never does a word of compassion escape comments on the Russian victories, and them. Nay, the Times news-paper is for with their speculations as to the when and abolishing Friendly Socielies amongst the the where and the how and the who of the poor in England, because they enable, it death of Buonaparté, that they bave neither says, journeymen to keep up their wages! time nor room to say any thing of the fate of our own army.- -Besides, what are ILCHESTER JAIL. - In the House of 3 or 4 thousand men when we think of the Commons, on the 21st of December, Sir hundreds of thousands, captured and killed Francis Burdert presented a petition in by PRINCE KUTUSOW, who really would, behalf of certain persons, confined in Ilseem, from what our people say of him, to chester Jail upon a charge of rioting at carry a whirlwind in his breath, and whose the late Election at Bath, the purport of whiskers appear to be a veritables besom which petition will be best given in his 5 of destruction ?"--It is not right, how- own words. He said it was " a petition ever, to let our own commander drop wholly from the friends and relations of certain out of sight. We may admire the Rus- persons of the names of Hickwood, Taysian; but, let him not quite eclipse Lord" lor and Lovell, who were at present conWellington, the Marquis of Wellington! “fined in prison, and refused to be allowed Our writers should bear this in mind; or “bail, unjustly, as the petition stated; and they may possibly give umbrage. I would " who from their poverty were unable to advise them when they have taken a good“ bear the expense of procuring a writ of breathing upon the prowess of Kutusow, to habeas corpus.—These persons bad been take a turn in the Peninsula ; and, in wait. represented to him as decent, hard-work ing for new victories, let us have the old "ing men in Bath. At the late election ones sung over again. -I am afraid that there, a sort of riot had happened in the this account of the French is but too true; Guildhall, in consequence of which a few and I must confess it, however unfashion“ windows were broken, but no other misable I may appear, that I think more of " chief took place. These persons, howa these 3,497 men than I do of the whole "ever, one of whom was a female of the Russian army and the whole Russian people " name of E. Lovell, were not taken up at into the bargain. This is a real loss to " the moment, but fixed on next day as the England; and, in the Russian victories (as " ringleaders, and treated with a degree of they are called) I can see no real gain. If " severity which he thought altogether unall, aye all, that we have been told about “justifiable. They were refused bail, and those victories be true, and that is a mon- 6 sent off to Ilchester prison, where they strous supposition, for we have, I believe, “ had ever since been kept in solitary cells, had accounts of the taking and killing of " and what was more, heavily ironed; for more than a million of Frenchmen; but, “ which there could be no possible excuse, if it be all true, Russia is half ruined; she" as their confinement alone was security is crippled for many years, and will, in all enough. All offers of assistance in food human probability, be unable of herself, to os and clothing, by their relatives, had also withstand a renewed attack. Whereas, in " been rejected : in this excessively cold Spain, our loss is a real loss. It is a small weather they were allowed no slove to army that the French have taken, accord- " warm themselves, and were obliged to ing to their own account, during only the “ turn into their cells every evening by four last month; and yet, not a word of con- “ o'clock, where they had nothing to lie passion is expressed upon this subject by “ upon but straw, with only one rug and a Those men who are so loud in their com- " covering. Nay, so far was this sort of passion towards the Russians.-Our ariny prison discipline carried, that when turn(if the French accounts be true) has been sed into their cells, they were obliged to cruelly harassed on its retreat ; killing here “ leave behind them the great coats that they and killing there; loss of baggage and the “ wore in the yard. A loaf had also been

66

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essent up to him as a specimen of their daily the population of that State since the revo66 allowance. This loaf, said the Hon. lucionary war. «s Bart. (holding it forth—it appeared In the your 1786, 239,896 « about the size of a two-penny loaf) was,

1791,

340,120 " with waler, the whole of the prison al

1800, 586,000 & lowance for the daily food of one man.

1810,

960,000 66 He remembered that Mr. Burke had State of manufactures in the State of sonce produced a dagger as illustrating New York in the year 1810 or 1911, " the picture of his own imagination, but Looms, 33,068.-Yards of cloth (all kinds) * this loaf (here the Hon. Bart. threw it 9,099,703. Value in dollars, 5,002,891.

the floor) bore testimony to a real Tanworks, 867. Value of leather in " fact disgraceful to any civilized country. dollars, 1,299,542.- Distilleries, 591.

He was very much afraid, that a degree Value in dollars, 1,685,794.— Breweries, “S of severity and oppression was exercised 42. Value in dollars, 340,765. Fullingin many of the gaols of the kingdom, mills, 427. Value of cloth in dollars, " which the people at large were little 679,126.-Paper-mills, 28. Value in " aware of, and he trusted, that one effect dollars, 233,268. - Hat-factories, 124. of the present petition, would be a gene- Value in dollars, 249,035.-Glass-works, ral inquiry into such intolerable abuses. 6. Value in dollars, 716,800.- Powder

from being his wish to bring mills, 2. Value in dollars, 10,400." any charge against the Magistrates of the Rope-walks, 18. Value in dollars, 539,000. 5 county, but he believed that the severities --Sugar-houses, 10. Value in dollars, " of the new prison discipline, countenanced 420,706.-Oil-mills, 28. Value in dol“ by some of them, were really shocking.lars, 49,283.---Blast-furnaces, 11. Value “ He might be told that the present pri- in dollars, 205,300.-Air-furnaces, 10. “soners had the means of obtaining legal Value in dollars, 156,720.-Cut-nail-fac$6 redress; but they were poor, and could tories, 44. Value in dollars, 276,932.— “ not bear the expense of an application for Forges, 48. Value in dollars, 185,240.

a habeas corpus. He called upon the - Trip-hammers 49. Value in dollars, “ House, therefore, to interfere in their 2,603.-Rolling and slitting-mills, 1. “ favour, otherwise they might be actually Value in dollars, 33,120. Total value in «t starved before the period of the Assizes." dollars, 12,095,525.-Also 413 carding

I take this report as I find it in the Cou- machines, value included in cloth above, Fier news-paper of the 22nd inst. It needs and 26 cotton-factories not included above, no comment. The petition was ordered to the cloth there mentioned being the manu., Jie on the table, and will, of course, be ta- facture of families only. The above reken up after the recess. The hired writers turns are, moreover, believed to be short in London do not say any thing about it. of the real amount; no tow-cloth was reThey are so much taken up with the victo. turned except for two counties. Instead of ries of Kutusow, and with their compassion one there are 10 or 12 rolling and slittingfor the Russians, that they have no time to mills. The nail, hat, paper, and ropeattend to trifles of this sort.

factories, much exceed the number returned.

All the woollen-factories were omitted. It AMERICAN STATES.-The Message of may be safely affirmed, that the present the President is, as any man in his senses annual value of the above-named manufacmight have expected, indicative of a reso. tures exceed sixteen millions of dollars.lution to keep on the war, until we give up Now, I leare Lord Sheffield to judge, the impressment of persons on board Ame- whether, at the end of two or three years rican vessels on the high seas; and it does more of war, America will ever want anonot appear that Mr. Madison will be put ther yard of cloth from England. At his out of his chair. In short, all the hopes next Wool-fair Meeting, he will do well held out to us by the hired writers, upon to insert this document in his report.this subject, now appear to have been falla- In short, the war in Spain, by stocking cious. The states are rapidly advancing in America with sheep, laid the foundation of their manufactures of all sorts. As Lord its independence as to manufactures ; and Sheffield's notion of the dependance of Ame- this war will complete the superstruclure. rica upon England for cloth is very preva- Already are the States in a situation lent, I here insert an account of the ma- to export wool; and, in a very few years, nufactories in the State of New York only, they will export cloth. That market, therepreceded by an account of the increase of fore, is closed for ever, and I am not at all

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