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atrocities perpetrated, since the savages are who was also Governor of the province ; employed with the knowledge, and even and was sustained by veteran troops, from with menaces, that their fury could not be inexperienced soldiers, who must daily imcontroled. Such is the spectacle which the prove in the duties of the field.--. Our deputed authorities of a nation, boasting expectation of gaining the command of the its religion and morality, have not been re- Lakes, by the invasion of Canada from Destrained from presenting to an enlightened troit, having been disappointed, measures age. The misfortune at Detroit was were instantly taken to provide on them a not, however, without a consoling effect. naval force superior to that of the enemy. It was followed by signal proofs that the From the talents and activity of the Officer national spirit rises according to the pres-charged with this object, every thing that sure on it. The loss of an important post, can be done may be expected. Should the and of the brave men surrendered with it, present season not admit of complete sucinspired every where new ardour and de- cess, the progress made will ensure for ļhe termination. In the states and districts next a naval ascendency where it is essenleast remote, it was no sooner known, than tial, to a permanent peace with, and a conevery Citizen was eager to fly with his trol over, the Savages. Among the inarms at once to protect his brethren against cidents to the measures of the war, I am the blood-thirsty savages let loose by the constrained to advert to the refusal of the enemy on an extensive frontier; and to Governors of Massachusetts and Connecti. convert a partial calamity into a source of cut to furnish the required detachments of invigorated efforts. This patriotic zeal, militia towards the defence of the maritime which it was necessary rather to limit than frontier. The refusal was founded on a excite, has embodied an ample force from novel and unfortunate exposition of the prothe states of Kentucky and Ohio, and from visions of the Constitution relating to the parts of Pennsylvania and Virginia. It is militia. The correspondence which will placed, with the addition of a few regulars, be before you, contains the requisite inforunder the command of Brigadier-General mation on the subject. It is obvious, that Harrison, who possesses the entire confi- if the authority of the United States to call dence of his fellow-soldiers ; among whom into service and command the militia for are citizens, some of them volunteers in the the public defence can be thus frustrated, ranks, not less distinguished by their poli- even in a state of declared war, and of tical stations than by their personal merits. course under apprehensions of invasion pre

- The greater portion of this force is ceding war, they are not one nation for the proceeding on its destination towards the purpose most of all requiring it, and that Michigan territory, having succeeded in the public safety may have no other rerelieving an important frontier post, and in source than those large and permanent miseveral incidental operations against hostile litary establishments which are forbidden tribes of savages, rendered indispensable by by the principles of our free government, the subserviency into which they had been and against the necessity of which the miseduced by the enemy; a seduction the litia were meant to be a constitutional bulmore cruel, as it could not fail to impose a wark. On the coasts and on the ocean, necessity of precautionary severities against the war has been as successful as circumthose who yielded to it.At a recent stances inseparable from its early stages date an attack was made on a post of the could promise. Our public ships and prienemy near Niagara, by a detachment of vate cruizers, by their activity, and where the regular and other forces, under the there was occasion, by their intrepidity, command of Major-Gen. Van Renssellaer, have made the enemy sensible of the difof the Militia of the State of New York. ference between a reciprocity of captures, The attack, it appears, was ordered in com- and the long confinement of them to their pliance with the ardour of the troops, who side. Our trade, with little exception, has executed it with distinguished gallantry, safely reached our ports, having been much and were for a time victorious ; but not re- favoured in it by the course pursued by a ceiving the expected support, they were squadron of our frigates, under the comcompelled to yield to reinforcements of mand of Commodore Rodgers; and in the British regulars and savages. Our loss instance in which skill and bravery were has been considerable, and is deeply to be more particularly tried with those of the lamented. That of the enemy, less ascer- enemy, the American flag had an auspicitained, will be the more felt, as it includes ous triumph. The frigate Constitution, among the killed the Commanding General, commanded by Captain Hull, after a close and short engagement, completely disabled affairs with France retain the posture which and captured a British frigate ; gaining for they held at my last communication to that officer, and all on board, a praise you.Notwithstanding the authorized which cannot be too liberally bestowed, expectation of an early as well as favournot merely for the victory actually achievable issue of the discussions on foot, these ed, but for that prompt and cool exertion have been procrastinated to the latest date. of commanding talents, which, giving to The only intervening occurrence meriting courage its highest character, and to the attention, is the promulgation of a French force applied its full effect, proved that decree, purporting to be a definitive repeat more could have been done in a contest re- of the Berlin and Milan Decrees. This quiring more. Anxious to abridge the proceeding, although made the ground of evils from which a state of war cannot be the repeal of the British Orders in Couna exempt, I lost no time after it was declar-cil, is rendered, by the time and mamer ed, in conveying to the British Government of it, liable to many objections. The the terms on which its progress might be final communications from our special Miarrested, without waiting the delays of a nister to Denmark, afford further proofs of formal and final pacification: and our the good effects of his mission, and of the Chargé d'Affaires at London was at the amicable disposition of the Danish Governsame time authorized to agree to an armis- ment. From Russia we have the satisfactice, founded upon them. These terms re- tion to receive assurances of continued quired, that the Orders in Council should friendship, and that it will not be affected be repealed, as they affected the United by the rupture between the United States States, without a revival of the blockades and Great Britain. Sweden also professes violating acknowledged rules; that there sentiments favourable to subsisting harmoshould be an immediate discharge of Ame- ny. With the Barbary Powers, exceptrican seamen from British ships, and a ing that of Algiers, our affairs remain on stop to impressments from American ships, the ordinary footing. The Consul General with an understanding that an exclusion of residing with that Regency, has suddenly the seamen of each nation from the ships of and without cause, been banished, together the other should be stipulated, and that the with all the American citizens found there. armistice should be improved into a defni: Whether this was the transitory effect of tive and comprehensive adjustment of de- capricious despotism, or the first act of prepending controversies. Although a re- determined hostility, is not ascertained. peal of the orders susceptible of explana- Precautions were taken by the Consul on tions meeting the views of this Govern the latter supposition.--The Indian tribes, ment, had taken place before this pacific not under foreign instigations, remain at advance was communicated to that of Great peace, and receive the civilizing attentions Britain, the advance was declined from an which have proved so beneficial to them. avowed repugnance to a suspension of the -With a view to that vigorous prosecupractice of impressment during the armis- tion of the war to which our national facultice, and without any intimation that the ties are adequate, the attention of Congress arrangement proposed with respect to sea- will be particularly drawn to the insuffimen would be accepted. Whether the ciency of the existing provisions for Glling subsequent communications from this Go- up the military establishment. Such is the vernment, affording an occasion for recon- happy condition of our country, arising sidering the subject on the part of Great from the facility of subsistence, and the Britain, will be viewed in a more favour- high wages for every species of occupation, able light, or received in a more accom- that, notwithstanding the augmented inmodating spirit, remains to be known. It ducements provided at the last Session, a would be unwise to relax our measures, in partial success only has attended the recruitany respect, on a presumption of such a re- ing service. The deficiency has been nesuit.-The documents from the depart- cessarily supplied during the campaign by ment of State, which relate to this subject, other than regular troops, with all the inwill give a view also of the propositions for conveniences and expenses incident to them. an Armistice, which have been received the remedy lies, in establishing more fa. here; one of them from the authorities at vourably for the private soldier, the proHalifax and in Canada, the other from the portion between his recompense and the British Government itself, through Admi- term of his inlistment: and it is a subject ral Warren; and of the grounds upon which which cannot too soon or too seriously be neither of them could be accepted- Our taken into consideration. The same insuf

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ficiency has been experienced in the provi- | it less so, that penal enactments should be
sions for volunteers made by an Act of the provided for cases of corrupt and perfidious
Jast Session. The recompense for the ser intercourse with the enemy, not amounting
vice required in this case, is still less at- to treason, nor yet embraced by any stan
tractive than in the other: and although tutory provisions. “A considerable num-
patriotism alone has sent into the field some ber of American vessels, which in England
valuable corps of that description, those when the revocation of the Orders in Coun
alone who can afford the sacrifice, can rea- cil took place, were laden with British
sonably be expected to yield to the impulse. manufactures, under an erroneous impres-
It will merit consideration also, whether, sion that the Non-Importation Act would
as auxiliary to the security of our frontier, immediately cease to operate, have arrived
corps may not be advantageously organized, in the United States. ' It did not appear
with a restriction of their services to parti- proper to exercise on unforeseen cases of
cular districts convenient to them; and such magnitude, the ordinary powers vest-
whether the local or occasional services of ed in the Treasury Department, to mitigate
marines pr others in the sea-port towns, forfeitures without previously affording
under a similar organization, would not be Congress an opportunity of making on the
a proper addition to the means of their de- subject such provisions as they may think
fence. I recommend a provision for an in proper, In their decision, they will,
crease of the General Officers of the army, doubtless, equally consult what is due to
the deficiency of which has been illustrated equitable considerations, and to the public
by the number and distance of separate interest.- -The receipts into the Treasury
commands, which the cause of the war, during the year ending on the 30th of Sept.
and the advantage of the service, have re- last, have exceeded 16 millions and an half
quired : and I cannot press too strongly on of dollars; which have been sufficient to
the earliest attention of the Legislature, the defray all the demands on the Treasury to
importance of the re-organization of the that day, including a necessary reimburse
Staff Establishment, with a view to renderment of near three millions of the princi,
more distinct and definite the relations and pal of the public debt. In these receipts
responsibilities of its - several departments : are included a sum of near 8,850,000 re-
that there is rooin for improvements which ceived on account of the loans authorized
will materially promote both economy and by the Acts of last Session. The whole
success, in what appertains to the army sum actually obtained on loan amounts to
and the war, is equally inculcated by the 11 millions of dollars, the residue of
examples of other countries, and by the ex. which being receivable subsequent to the
perience of our own. A revision of the 30th of September, will, together with the
Militia Laws, for the purpose of rendering current revenue, enable us to defray all the
them more systematic, and better adapting expenses of this year.- - The duties og
them to emergencies of the war, is at this the late unexpected importations of British
time particularly desirable of the addi, manufactures will render the revenue of the
tional ships authorized to be fitted for ser- ensuing year more productive than could
vice, two will be shortly ready to sail; a have been anticipated. The situation of
third is under repair, and delay will be our country, fellow citizens, is not without
ayoided in the repair of the residue. Of its difficulties, though it abounds in ani,
the appropriations for the purchase of ma- mating considerations, of which the view
terials for ship-building, the greater part here presented of our pecuniary resources is
has been applied to that object, and the an example. With more than one nation
purchases will be continued with the ba- we have serious and unsettled controversies;
Jance. The enterprising spirit which has and with one powerful in the 'means and
characterized our naval force, and its suc- habits of war, we are at war. The spirit
cess both in restraining insults and depre- and strength of this nation are nevertheless
dations on our coasts, and in reprisals on equal to the support of all its rights, and
the enemy, will not fail to recommend an to carry it through all its trials. They can
enlargement upon it. -There being rea- be met in that confidence. Above all, we
son to believe, that the Act prohibiting the bave the inestimable consolation of know-
acceptance of British licenses is not a suffi- ing, that the war in which we are actually
cient guard against the use of them, for engaged, is a war neither of ambition nok.
purposes favourable to the interests and vain glory; that it is waged, not in viola-
views of the enemy; further provisions on tion of the rights of others, but in the
that subject are highly important. Nor is

(To be continued.)

As illustrated in the Prosecution and Punishment of

WILLIAM COBBETT. 831]

(832 In order that my countrymen and that the two sureties in the sum of 1,000 pounds each; world may not be deceived, Anped, and cheated that the whole of this sentence has been executed upon this subject, I, WILLIAM COBBETT, 'upon me, that I have been imprisoned the two of Botley, in Hampshire, put upon record years, have paid the thonsand pounds TO THE the following facts; to wit: That, on the 24th KING, and have giveu the bail, Timothy Browa June, 1809, the following article was pub- and Peter Walker, Esqrs. being my sureties; lished in a London newspaper, called the that the Attorney General was Sir Vicary Gibbs, COURIER: “ The Mutiny amongst the LO- the Judge who sat at the trial Lord Elenborough, « CAL MILITIA, which broke out at Ely, was the four Jndges who sat at passing sentence Ellet« fortunately suppressed on Wednesday by the borough, Grose, Le Blanc, and Bailey; and that « arrival of four squadrons of the GERMAN the jurors were, Thomas Rhodes of Hampstead “ LEGION CAVALRY from Bury, under the Road, John Davis of Southampton Place, James « command of General Anckland. Five of the Ellis of Tottenham Court Road, John Richards « ringleaders were tried by a Court-Martial, and of Bayswater, Thomas Marsham of Baker Street, “ sentenced to receive 500 lashes each, part of which Robert Heathcote of High Street Marylebone, “ punishment they received on Wednesday, and John Maud of York Place Marylebone, George « a part was remitted. A stoppage for their knup Bagster of Church Terrace Pancras, Thomas u sacks was the ground of the complaint that ex. Taylor of Red Lion Square, David Deane of St. “ cited this mutinous spirit, which occasioned John Street, William Palmer of Upper Street u the men to surround their officers, and demand Islington, Henry Favre of Pall Mall; that the “ what they deemed their arrears. The first Prime Ministers during the time were Spencer « division of the German Legion halted yesterday Perceval, until he was shot by John Bellingham, 6 at Newnjarket on their return to Bury."- and after that Robert B. Jenkinson, Earl of Li That, on the 1st July, 1809, I published, in the verpool; that the prosecution and sentence took Political Register, an article censuring, in the place in the reign of King George the Third, and strongest terms, these proceedings; that, for so that, he haviog become insane during my impridoing, the Attorney General prosecuted, as sedi. sonment, the 1,000 pounds was paid to his son, tious 'libellers, and by Ex-Officio Information, the Prince Regent, in his behalf; that, during my me, and also my printer, my publisher, and one imprisonment," I wrote and published 364 Essays of the principal retailers of the Political Register; and Letters upon political subjeets; that, during that I was brought to trial on the 15th June, the same time, I was visited by persons from 197 1810, and was, by a Special Jury, that is to say, cities and towns, many of them as a sort of depoby 12 men ont of 48 appointed by the Master of ties from Societies or Clubs; that, at the expirathe Crown Office, found guilty ; that, on the tion of my imprisoument, on the 9th of July, 1812, 20th of the same month, I was compelled to give a great dinner was given in London for the pasbạil for my appearance to receive judgment; pose of receiving me, at which dinner upwards of and that, as i' came up from Botley (to which 600 persons were present, and at which Sir place I had returned to my family and my farm Francis Burdett presided; that dinners and other on the evening of the 15th), a Tipstaff went parties were held on the same occasion in many down from London in order to seize me, per other places in England; that, on my way home, sonally ; that, on the 9th of July, 1810, I, toge. I was received at Alton, the first town in Hampther with my printer, publisher, and the news shire, with the ringing of the Church bells; that man, were brought into the Court of King's a respectable company net me and gave me a Bench to receive judgment; that the three dinner at Winchester; that I was drawn from former were sentenced to be imprisoned for more than the distance of a mile into Botley by some months in the King's Bench prison; that I the people; that, upon my arrival in the village, was sentenced to be imprisoned for two years in I found all the people assembled to receive me; Newgate, the great receptacle for malefactors, that I concluded the day by explaining to them and the front of which is the scene of numerous the cause of my imprisonment, and by giving hangings in the course of every year; that the them clear notions respecting the flogging of the part of the prison in which I was sentenced to be Local Militia-men at Ely, and respecting the emconfined is sometimes inhabited by felons, that ployment of German Troops; and, finally, which felons were actually in it at the time I entered is more than a conpensation for my losses and all it ; that one man was taken ont of it to be trans- my sufferings, I am in perfect health and strength, ported in about 48 hours after I was pat into the and, thongh I must, for the sake of six children, same yard with him; and that it is the place of feel the diminution that has been made in my confinement for men guilty of unnatural crimes, property (thinking it riglit in me to decline the of whom there are four in it at this time ; that, offer of a subscription), I have the consolation to besides this imprisonment, I was sentenced to see growing np three sons, upon whose hearts, I pay a thousand pounds TO THE KING, and to trust, all these facts will be engravey. give security for my good behaviour for seven

WM. COBBETT, years, myself in the sum of 3,000 pounds, and Botley, July 23, 1812.

Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent Garden.

LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black Horse-Court, Fleet-street.

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