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suppressors themselves; whom the change of their condition hath puffed up, more than their late experience of harder times hath made wise.

And as for regulating the press, let no man think to have the honour of advising ye better than yourselves have done in that order published next before this, “That no book be printed, unless the printer's and the author's name, or at least the printer's be registered:' Those which otherwise come forth, if they be found mischievous and libellous, the fire and the executioner will be the timeliest and the most effectual remedy that man's prevention can

For this authentic Spanish policy of licensing books, if I have said aught, will prove the most unlicensed book itself within a short while; and was the immediate image of a star-chamber decree to that purpose made in those times when that court did the rest of those her pious works, for which she is now fallen from the stars with Lucifer. Whereby ye may guess what kind of state prudence, what love of the people, what care of religion or good manners there was at the contriving, although with singular hypocrisy it pretended to bind books to their good behaviour. And how it got the upper hand of your precedent order so well constituted before, if we may believe those men whose profession gives them cause to inquire most, it may be doubted there was in it the fraud of some old patentees and monopolizers in the trade of bookselling ; who, under pretence of the poor in their company not to be defrauded, and the just retaining

of each man his several copy, (which God forbid should be gainsaid,) brought divers glossing colours to the House, which were indeed but colours, and serving to no end except it be to exercise a superiority over their neighbours; men who do not therefore labour in an honest profession, to which learning is indebted, that they should be made other men's vassals. Another end is thought was aimed at by some of them in procuring by petition this order, that having power in their hands, malignant books might the easier escape abroad, as the event shews. But of these sophisms and elenchs of merchandise I skill not : this I know, that errors in a good government and in a bad are equally almost incident ; for what magistrate may not be misinformed, and much the sooner, if liberty of printing be reduced into the power of a few? But to redress willingly and speedily what hath been erred, and in highest authority to esteem a plain advertisement more than others have done a sumptuous bribe, is a virtue, honoured lords and commons, answerable to your highest actions, and whereof none can participate but greatest and wisest men.

THE TENURE OF KINGS

AND MAGISTRATES

PROVING THAT IT IS LAWFUL,
AND HATH BEEN HELD SO
THROUGH ALL AGES, FOR ANY
WHO HAVE THE POWER TO CALL
TO ACCOUNT А TYRANT OR
WICKED KING, AND AFTER DUE
CONVICTION TO DEPOSE AND
PUT HIM TO DEATH, IF THE
ORDINARY MAGISTRATE HAVE
NEGLECTED OR DENIED TO DO
IT: AND THAT THEY WHO OF
LATE SO MUCH BLAME DEPOSING
ARE THE MEN THAT DID IT
THEMSELVES. 1649.

THE TENURE OF KINGS AND

MAGISTRATES.

IF

F men within themselves would be governed by

reason, and not generally give up their understanding to a double tyranny, of custom from without and blind affections within, they would discern better what it is to favour and uphold the tyrant of a nation. But, being slaves within doors, no wonder that they strive so much to have the public state conformably governed to the inward vicious rule by which they govern themselves. For indeed none can love freedom heartily but good men; the rest love not freedom but licence, which never hath more scope or more indulgence than under tyrants. Hence is it that tyrants are not oft offended nor stand much in doubt of bad men, as being all naturally servile ; but in whom virtue and true worth most is eminent, them they fear in earnest, as by right their masters ; against them lies all their hatred and suspicion. Consequently, neither do bad men hate tyrants, but have been always readiest, with the falsified names of loyalty and obedience, to colour over their base compliances.

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