It is quite as likely that the appellation tists and the Fourth Gospel, we should find * Lamb of God' was taken from Is. liii. 7 as the statements of the latter worthy of credit. from Ex. xxix. 38, seq. It is more probable If we are obliged to choose between the first that the passage quoted by the evangelist, ' A and the last Passover as the probable date of bone of Him shall not be broken' (xix. 36), the driving of the money-changers from the was taken from Ps. xxxiv. 20 than from the temple, the probability is decidedly in favour law relative to the Paschal offering (Ex. xii. of the date assigned by the fourth evangelist. 46; Num. ix. 2). On any reasonable view of Then John the Baptist was fresh in the recolthe case, had the evangelist thought that the lection of the people. As another example minute identification of Jesus with the Paschal may be mentioned the account given in John lamb was of so vital consequence that he must of the temporary connection of several of the needs run the risk of devising a false chrono- disciples of Jesus with Him immediately after logy in contradiction to the received Gospels, His baptism; a circumstance which explains he would surely have made the parallelism what would otherwise be difficult to undermuch more obvious. He would have gone stand, their instant obedience to His call to farther than merely to insinuate it. How forsake their occupations and enter into a could he have considered it essential that permanent connection with Him. Christ, as the antitype of the Passover lamb,

(To be continued.)
should die on the 14th of Nisan, when, accord-
ing to the theory of the Tübingen critics, it
was known to him that He did not?

Lovest Thou Me.
The Quartodeciman observance in Asia
Minor is a topic closely connected with the If Christ the Lord should come to-day,
foregoing. That was on the 14th of Nisan;

As erst to Peter by the sea, but what did it commemorate? Many

And low and tenderly should say, scholars have thought that it was the cruci

'O my disciple! lovest thou Me?' fixion of Jesus. If this be so, it is a direct

To thee and me

What would our answer be? argument for the interpretation of the Fourth Gospel

, which would make the crucifixion on “Yea, Lord, Thou knowest, if we should cry, the morning of the day when the lamb was

With ready lip

and beaming glance, killed and eaten, and at the same time con- * We'd stand for Thee 'neath any sky, firms the evangelist's accuracy on this point. With flag unfurled and lifted lance, But since the able essay of Schürer, his For thee and me opinion, which corresponds with that formerly Would this the answer be? defended by Bleek and Gieseler, has gained ground, that the Quartodeciman Supper on And if He showed His hands and feet, the evening of the 17th of Nisan was primarily

Sore wounded on the cruel cross, the Jewish Passover, kept at the usual time, | And asked us still in accents sweet, but transformed into a Christian festival. 'Nay! lov'st thou Me in pain and loss ?' John found the festival in being when he

From thee and me came to Asia Minor, and may well have left

What could the answer be?
it to stand, ' whether he regarded the 13th or For life is like a summer day,
the 14th as the day of the Last Supper.' It is
certain that the defenders of the Quartodeci- And roses strew the onward way,

So bright, so full, so glad, so strong!
man practice in Asia found nothing in the And we are marching with a song-
Fourth Gospel to clash with their views. For thee and me
Polycrates, Bishop of Ephesus towards the

What answer could there be ? end of the second century, pointed back to the example of John, 'who leaned on the bosom Just this: “We surely love Thee, Lord; of the Saviour. It appears quite astonishing

Our wills are weak, our hearts are poor; that a Gospel should have been forged in op. But, clinging to Thee, in Thy word position to the tenet of the Quartodecimans, We trust, and we shall aye endure.' but treating the matter so obscurely that their

For thee and me leaders failed to discover in it any condemna

This would the answer be. tion of their custom. It is not agreed what It would not do for us to boast; precise position on the Paschal controversy was taken by Apollinaris, Bishop of Hiera. Our strength is weariness at most,

We have no merit, we are frail ; polis, the successor, and it may be the next

And oft, when we are tried, we fail. successor, of Papias, in the second century.

'But we trust Thee'But this is known, that he recognised the This would our answer be. Fourth Gospel and made his appeal to it. We may dismiss the Quartodeciman discussion as And bliss and bane, and joy and grief, affording, even in the view of such opponents And all things work for good, if we of the genuineness of the Fourth Gospel as Can answer, ‘Yea, Lord !' swift and brief, Schürer, no argument in favour of their opinion To that keen question, ' Lovest thou Me?' on this subject.

For thee and me Were there space to compare various features

This should the answer be. in the history which are common to the synop

Margaret E. Sangster.



Intelligence. THE NATIONAL BIBLE SOCIETY OF SCOT- | movement in the work of missions comparable LAND.-At the annual meeting of this society to that witnessed in Southern India two or in Glasgow, on the 2d ult., an encouraging three years since; but, considering the whole report was submitted. During the past twenty- line of conquest by various boards and societies, one years the annual revenue had grown it may be doubted whether any previous year from £8000 to £26,000, the auxiliary contri- has garnered so rich a harvest. The forces butions from £931 to £8105, and the annual engaged in this work have settled into steady issue of Scriptures from 103,610 to 468,766. action. The day of experiment, of fitful and The sum expended on foreign work had precarious effort, has passed. The cause of increased from £731 to £13,127, the foreign missions is better understood by the Churches, circulation from 11,248 copies to 327,229. The and on the whole receives a steadier support. total receipts in the twenty-one years had been It is also more thoroughly appreciated on £438,564, and the total issues 6,578,781 copies. heathen soil, both by natives and by foreign The free income for the year had been residents. £16,691, including £9388 of annual subscrip- Guarantees have been gained in China for tions and contributions from associations, and, the exemption of native Christians from the adding £9701 of returns for Scriptures, the oppressive exactions of ancestral worship. total receipts had been £26,392-an increase The wars of South Africa have been brought of £619 on 1881.

to a close, and the Christian colonies, which MANITOBA.— The yield of wheat in Mani- must be the chief hope of Africa, are suffering toba, along the line of the Canada Pacific no further compromise. Railroad, is said to have afforded fifty-five

The Church Missionary Society and the bushels per acre.

Do you ask what this has London Society have enlarged their missionary to do with missions and the advancement of operations in the Lake region, and the English Christ's kingdom? It means this: the influx Baptists and the Congo Inland Mission have of Anglo-Saxon immigrants, the development pushed forward their enterprises from the of another great centre of Anglo-Saxon, and

West Coast toward Stanley Pool. Two Ameriwe trust Christian, civilisation. It enhances can societies, the American Board and the the value of British America as a mission-field, American Missionary Association, have inauas an educational centre, as a source, not gurated missionary operations—the one for merely of wealth, but of all elevating influ- Bihè, and the other for the Upper Nile; and ences-it means another fulcrum for moving the Southern Presbyterian Church has decided the world. Gold-fields have more than once

to establish a mission near the mouth of the exerted their influence in this way; but here Congo. is a field of the best kind of gold-the yellow

In the general statistics of Africa, where harvest which carries with it all that belongs forty societies are at work extending the line to peaceful agriculture, permanent industry, of their stations from Sierra Leone southward settled institutions, the school, the college, around the Cape to Natal, and thence to the church, the missionary organisation. Zanzibar and Egypt, there is shown an aggreThe Foreign Missionary, a valuable missionary gate of about 170,000 communicants, 220 magazine, issued by the Presbyterian Mission native ordained preachers, and over 5000 House, 23 Centre Street, New York.

other helpers. NEW MISSION ON THE UPPER NILE.—Messrs

The statistics of missions in India, where Ladd and Snow, of the American Missionary British, and Continental-are at work, show

over thirty different societies — American, Association, started in September last for their allotted mission-field on the Upper Nile, near

a healthy growth. By the last computations

there were 109,249 communicants, 598 native the mouth of the Sobat River. Their route preachers, and about a thousand other native lies from Cairo to Suakim, on the Red Sea, and thence overland to Berbez, whence they


In China twenty-eight societies are at work; will proceed by the Nile. Their plans contemplate the ultimate possession of a small but two converts, there are now reported by

and where thirty-six years ago there were steamer for river navigation. JAPAN.—Let us not be discouraged. Budd- preachers and helpers.

the latest statistics 19,668, with 1139 native hism was 900 years in gaining the conquest of

Ten years ago no church had been organised Japan. The first Protestant Christian Church in Japan, where now there are 90 organisawas organised there not quite ten years ago. tions, ander twenty different societies, and a At the rate of progress witnessed in this total' membership of 3972, with 28 ordained decade, a half century of Protestant Chris- native preachers, besides other helpers. tianity will make a vastly deeper impress That the average per cent. of gain in upon Japan than nine centuries of Buddhism. foreign missions, taken year by year, is far - The Foreign Missionary.

greater than that of our home churches, with MISSIONARY WORK FOR 1881.-The year all their co-efficient means and facilities and 1881 has not been signalised by any great long-existing Christian influences, is now con

ceded. What grander demonstration could be The number of missionaries employed was wished of the feasibility of the missionary 1032, of whom 660 laboured in States and enterprise, or of God's impress of favour be- Territories west of New York. They preached stowed upon it?—The Foreign Missionary. regularly in 2653 stations, and at frequent in

tervals in hundreds more. The Methodist KAFIR TRANSLATION OF THE BIBLE.— The Free Church monthly for February reports Mission, but the account given of it in. The

Episcopal Church have a very large Home that the Rev. Bryce Ross Pirie, the senior Free Church missionary in South Africa, has Gospel in All Lands does not enter into details. during the last thirty years given careful last year for Domestic Missions £54,120. Out

The Protestant Episcopal Church received attention to the translation of the Word of of this sum there received stipends, among God into Kafir. The version of the New white people 12 missionary bishops, 288 Testament was revised some time ago, and he and others are working at a new edition of clergymen; among coloured people-13 white the Old Testament in Kafir. They have got readers, 14 teachers; among Chinese -

clergymen, l1 coloured clergymen, 3 lay as far in their revision as Isaiah.

Chinese clergyman; among Indians-1 misHOME MISSION WORK IN NEW YORK.—The sionary bishop, 12 white clergymen, 13 native New York Gospel in All Lands with the New clergymen, 1 white catechist, 9 native cateYear has become a weekly instead of a monthly chists, 3 teachers, 13 women helpers ; TOTAL, magazine. Its first number is devoted to 394. The Board of Home Missions of the Christian work in cities. New York naturally Presbyterian Church in the United States occupies the first place. Mr Lewis E. Jackson had 1217 men in commission last year in 40 gives an interesting account of what is going States and Territories, who preached the on in that city. In the evangelisation of the gospel at stated intervals in not less than 3000 city by union efforts five societies are engaged; places. The account of the American Baptist by denominational unions, six denominations Home Missionary Society does not give deare engaged; by individual churches, twelve tails, further than the work is done in 22 chapels with twelve missionaries, at an annual States and Territories, having a population of expenditure of £8000, are kept up by the 20,000,000. In this field there are 5587 several Presbyterian Churches; ten chapels Baptist churches, with 367,530 members. with ten missionaries, at an annual expendi- Ainong the Indians there are 90 churches, ture of £3000, are kept up by the Protestant with 6000 members. Episcopal Church; and five chapels with five

China.—The New York Gospel in All missionaries, and an expenditure of £3000, are Lands, for January 26, is devoted to China. kept up by the Reformed (Dutch) Church. It contains a list, drawn up by Rev. L H. By independent missions no less than sixteen Gulick, occupying nearly six columns, of the are specified. In all, there are 118 Protestant

names and stations of the missionaries bemissions in the city, where Sabbath schools longing to the different Societies having reand preaching, and other religious and moral presentatives in China. In all, there are 305 services for adults or children, or both, are agents from British, 280 from American, and regularly carried on. In another paper, by 40 from German Societies, with a grand total Rev. Horace F. Barnes, on ‘Practical Chris- of 625. Details from the Hong-Kong Catholic tianity in Cities, an account is given of the Register are given of the strength of the labours of the Rev. Edward Judson, son of Roman Catholic Missions in China. They the pioneer missionary to Burmah. Mr Judson are—Bishops, 41; European priests, 664; has resigned charge of one of the most pro- native priests, 559; colleges, 34; convents, 34; minent Baptist churches in the country-a Roman Catholics, 1,092,812. These details at charge which, under six years of a laborious first sight compare favourably with the 20,000 ministry, grew from a membership of 240 to communicants in connection with more than 750, and was paying him a large salary-solely 300 Protestant churches in different parts of in order that he might build up a church for the country. But it must be remembered that the people in lower New York. "In the closing all these Protestant Christians have been pages of the Christian Treasury for 1881 will gained since 1843, whereas the numbers of be found a specimen of Mr Judson's preaching the Roman Catholics are the result of labours in his new sphere.

among the Chinese for nearly three hundred HOME MISSION WORK IN

THE UNITED years. STATES.- In a second number, The Gospel in All Lands, in accordance with its plan to devote each number to a distinct subject, takes How WE GET REST.–We get rest from up Home Missions. It gives an account of Christ only when we come to Christ. We the work of the principal Societies in the field. must come to Him in faith, in humility, in The American Home Missionary Society, obedience. We must take His yoke upon us organised in 1836, since 1860 has been mainly and learn of Him. He does not put His yoke supported by those in connection with Con- on us in any arbitrary way. We must stoop gregational Churches. Its receipts, in its and take it on our shoulders in token of the fifty-fifth year ending March 1881, were about free choice of the heart. A chosen yoke is £58,000, besides about £11,600 in supplies. easy, and a burden freely borne is light.


[ocr errors]


move me.


A Daily Portion.

the breastplate of holiness, which, though it HE THAT WALKETH WITH WISE MEN SHALL may be shot at, can never be shot through. BE WISE.'-Prov. xiii. 20.

Are there any here that are sanctified? He Associate with sanctified persons.

hath done more for than if He had made They

you may by their counsel, prayers, holy example, you the sons of princes, and caused you to

Are be a means to make you holy. As the como ride upon the high places of the earth. munion of saints is in our

creed, so it should you sanctified? heaven is begun in you; happibe in our company. Association begets assimi- ness is nothing but the quintessence of holilation.-T. Watson.

O how thankful should you be to God!

Do as that blind man in the gospel, after he MARCH 20.

had received his sight, He followed Christ,

glorifying God. Make heaven ring of God's WITHOUT HOLINESS NO MAN SHALL SEE THE LORD.'_ Heb. xii. 14.

praises - 7'. Watson. God is a holy God, and He will suffer no

MARCH 23. unholy creature to come near Him; a king 'I WILL NOT REMOVE MINE INTEGRITY FROM will not suffer a man with plague-sores to

ME.'-Job. xxvii. 5. approach into his presence. Heaven is not like Noah's ark, where the clean beasts and

The believer is resolved never to part with the unclean entered; no unclean beast comes

his holiness; let others reproach it, he loves into the heavenly ark. Though God suffer it the more; let water be sprinkled on the fire, the wicked to live a while on the earth, He it burns the more. He saith, as David, when will never suffer heaven to be pestered with Michael reproached him for dancing 'before such vermin. Are they fit to see God who the ark, If this be to be vile, I will yet be wallow in wickedness? Will God ever lay more vile. Let others persecute him for his such vipers in His bosom? Without holiness holiness, he saith as Paul, None of those things no man shall see the Lord. It must be a clear

He prefers sanctity before safety, eye that sees a bright object; only a holy and had rather keep his conscience pure than

. heart can see God in His glory.-T. Watson.

I will hold fast, and not let it go. He will MARCH 21.

rather part with his life than his conscience. 'BE YE HOLY IN ALL MANNER OF

-T. Watson.
CONVERSATION.'-1 Peter i. 15.

MARCH 24. Where the heart is sanctified the life will NEVERTHELESS THE FOUNDATION OF GOD be so too; the temple had gold without as well as within. As in a piece of coin, there


LORD KNOWETH THEM THAT ARE His. is not only the king's image within the ring,

AND LET EVERY ONE THAT NAMETH THE but his superscription too without; so where

NAME OF CHRIST DEPART FROM INIQUITY.' there is sanctification, there is not only God's

--2 Tim. ii. 19. image in the heart, but a superscription of holiness written in the life. Some say they

The godly are sealed with a double seal. have good hearts, but their lives are vicious. 1. A seal of election, The Lord knoweth who If the water be foul in the bucket, it cannot are His. 2. A seal of sanctification, Let every be clean in the well. The king's daughter is one that nameth the name of Christ depart all glorious within—there is holiness of heart; from iniquity. This is the name by which her clothing is of wrought gold-there is holi-God's people are known, The people of Thy ness of life. Grace is most beautiful when its holiness. As chastity distinguisheth a virtuous light doth so shine that others may see it; woman from an harlot, so sanctification disthis adorns religion, and makes proselytes to tinguisheth God's people from others. Ye the faith.-T. Watson.

have received an unction from the Holy One.

-T. Watson.



BUT BY THE HOLY GHOST.'-1 Cor. xii. 3. LIGHT.'—Col. i. 12.

To give a right assent to the gospel of Hath God brought a clean thing out of an Christ is impossible without divine and saving unclean? Hath He sanctified you; wear this faith infused in the soul. To believe that the jewel of sanctification with thankfulness. eternal Son of God clothed Himself with Christian, thou couldst defile thyself, but not human flesh, and dwelt amongst men in a sanctify thyself. But God hath done it; He tabernacle like theirs, and suffered death in hath not only chained up sin, but changed the flesh, that He who was Lord of life hath thy nature, and made thee as a king's daughter, i freed us from the sentence of eternal death, all glorious within. He hath put upon thee that He broke the bars and chains of death,


and rose again, that He went up into heaven, only know that have it. Faith persuades a and there, at the Father's right hand, sits in Christian of these two things, that the philoour flesh, and that glorified above the angels, sopher gives as the cause of all love, beauty is the great mystery of godliness. And a part and propriety, the loveliness of Christ in Himof this mystery is, that He is believed on in self, and our interest in Him. Leighton. the world. This natural men may discourse of, and that very knowingly, and give a kind

MARCH 29. of natural credit to it, as to a history that ' DELIGHT THYSELF ALSO IN THE LORD.'— may be true; but firmly to believe that there

Ps. xxxvii. 4. is divine truth in all these things, and to have

There is in true love a complacency and a persuasion of it stronger than of the very delight in God; a conformity to His will; things we see with our eyes; such an assent loving what He loves. It is studious of His as this is the peculiar work of the Spirit of will, ever

seeking to know more clearly what God, and is certainly saving faith.-Leighton. it is that is most pleasing to Him, contracting

a likeness to God in all His actions, by con. MARCH 26.

versing with Him, frequent contemplating of * WHOM HAVING NOT SEEN, YE LOVE.'—

God, and looking on His beauty. As the eye 1 Peter i. 8.

lets in this affection, so it serves it constantly, The soul that so believes cannot choose but and readily looks that way that love directs love. It is commonly true the eye is the ordi- it. Thus the soul that is possessed with this nary door by which love enters into the soul, love of Jesus Christ, the soul which hath its and it is true in this love; though it is denied eye much upon Him, often thinking on His of the eye of sense, yet you see it is ascribed former sufferings and present glory, the more to the eye of faith; though you have not seen it looks upon Christ, the more it loves; and Him, you love Him, because you believe; still the more it loves, the more it delights to which is to see Him spiritually. Faith indeed look upon Him.--Leighton. is distinguished from that vision that is in glory; but it is the vision of the kingdom of

MARCH 30. grace, it is the eye of the new creature, that 'THE FRUIT OF THE SPIRIT IS LOVE.'quick-sighted eye, that pierces all the visible


Gal. v. 22. heavens, and sees above them, that looks to things that are not seen, and is the evidence

Grace doth not pluck up by the roots, and of things not seen, that sees Him that is wholly destroy the natural passions of the invisible.-Leighton.

mind, because they are distempered by sin; !

that were an extreme remedy to cure by killMARCH 27.

ing, and heal by cutting off. No, but it cor

rects the distemper in them; it dries not up 'In whoM, THOUGH NOW YE SEE HIM not, this main stream of love, but purifies it from YET BELIEVING,'—1 Peter i. 8.

the mud it is full of in its wrong course, or It is possible that one may be much loved calls it to its right channel, by which it may upon the report of his worth and virtues, and run into happiness, and empty itself into the upon a picture of him, lively drawn, before ocean of goodness. The Holy Spirit turns the sight of the party so commended and repre- love of the soul towards God in Christ, for in sented; but certainly when he is seen, and that way only can it apprehend His love. So, found answerable to the former, it raises the then, Jesus Christ is the first object of this affection that it first begun to a far greater divine love; He is the medium through whom height. We have the report of the perfections God conveys the sense of His love to the soul, of Jesus Christ in the gospel, yea, so clear a and receives back its love to Him.-Leighton. description of Him, that it gives a picture of Him; and that, together with the sacraments,

MARCH 31. are the only lawful and the only lively pictures 'Thou WHOM MY SOUL LOVETH.'—Song i. 7. of our Saviour. Faith believes this report, and beholds this picture, and so lets in the with belief, and a pious affection, receiving

There is an inseparable intermixture of love love of Christ to the soul.-Leighton.

divine truth; so that in effect, as we distinMARCH 28.

guish them, they are mutually strengthened,

the one by the other, and so though it seem a ‘YET BELIEVING, YE REJOICE.—1 Peter i. 8.

circle, it is a divine one, and falls not under Further, faith gives a particular experi- censure of the school's pedantry. If you ask, mental knowledge of Christ, and acquaintance how shall I do to love? I answer, believe. If with Him. It causes the soul to find all that you ask, how shall I believe? I answer, love. is spoken of Him in the Word, and His beauty Although these expressions to a carnal mind there represented, to be abundantly true, are altogether unsavoury, by gross mistaking makes it really taste of His sweetness, and by them; yet to a soul taught to read and hear that possesses the heart more strongly with them, by any measure of that same spirit of His love, persuading it of the truth of those love wherewith they were penned, they are things, not by reasons and arguments, but by full of heavenly and unutterable inexpressible kind of evidence, that they Leighton.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]


« ForrigeFortsett »