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distance of at least one mile: Provided, That the Secretary of War: may, after investigation, by rule, regulation, or order, designate such areas as he may deem proper 'as "special anchorage areas"; such special anchorage areas may from time to time be changed or abolished, if after investigation the Secretary of War 3 shall deem such change or abolition in the interest of navigation: Provided further, That vessels not more than sixty-five feet in length when at anchor in any such special anchorage area shall not be required to carry or exhibit the white light required by this article.
Pilot vessels RULE ELEVEN. Sailing pilot vessels shall not carry the lights required for other sailing vessels, but shall carry a white light at the masthead, visible all around the horizon, and shall also exhibit a flare-up light every fifteen minutes.
Steam pilot boats shall, in addition to the masthead light and green and red side lights required for ocean steam vessels, carry a red light hung vertically from three to five feet above the foremast headlight, for the purpose of distinguishing such steam pilot boats from other steam vessels.
Miscellaneous craft RULE TWELVE. Coal boats, trading boats, produce boats, canal boats, oyster boats, fishing boats, rafts, or other water craft navigating any bay, harbor, or river, by hand power, horsepower, sail, or by the current of the river, or which shall be anchored or moored in or near the channel or fairway of any bay, harbor, or river shall carry one or more good white lights, which shall be placed in such manner as shall be prescribed by the Board of Supervising Inspectors of Steam Vessels.
Open boats RULE THIRTEEN. Open boats shall not be required to carry the side lights required for other vessels, but shall, if they do not carry such lights, carry a lantern having a green slide on one side and a red slide on the other side, and on the approach of or to other vessels such lantern shall be exhibited in sufficient time to prevent collision, and in such a manner that the green light shall not be seen on the portside, nor the red light on the starboard side. Open boats, when at anchor or stationary, shall exhibit a bright white light. They shall not, however, be prevented from using a flare-up in addition, if considered expedient.
Public vessels; exemptions RULE FOURTEEN. The exhibition of any light on board of a vessel of war of the United States may be suspended whenever, in the opinion of the Secretary of the Navy, the commander in chief of a
2 See footnote on page 3.
* The control of anchorage areas is vested in the U. S. Coast Guard and the regulations are issued by the Secretary of the Treasury with the approval of the President pursuant to the authority contained in section 1, Title II of the Espionage Act approved June 15, 1917, as amended November 15, 1941 (40 Stat. 220, 55 Stat. 763; 50 U. S. C. 191), and by virtue of the proclamation and Executive Order issued June 27, 1940 (5 F. R. 2419), and November 1, 1941 (6 F. R. 5581), and the regulations are given in another publication entitled, Regulations Governing Security of Ports and the Control of Vessels in the Navigable Waters in the United States, and may also be found in Part 6, Title 33, Code of Federal Regulations.
squadron or the commander of a vessel acting singly, the special character of the service may require it. The exhibition of any light on board of a revenue cutter of the United States may be suspended whenever, in the opinion of the commander of the vessel, the special character of the service may require it.
sich bol. such ther.
RULE FIFTEEN. (a) Whenever there is a fog, or thick weather, whether by day or night, fog signals shall be used as follows: Steam vessels under way shall sound a steam whistle placed before the funnel, not less than eight feet from the deck, at intervals of not more than one minute. Steam vessels, when towing, shall sound three blasts of quick succession, repeated at intervals of not more than one minute.
(b) Sail vessels under way shall sound a foghorn at intervals of not more than one minute.
(c) Steam vessels and sail vessels, when not under way, shall sound a bell at intervals of not more than two minutes.
(d) Coal boats, trading boats, produce boats, canal boats, oyster boats, fishing boats, rafts, or other watercraft navigating any bay, harbor, or river, by hand power, horsepower, sail, or by the current of the river, or anchored or moored in or near the channel or fairway of any bay, harbor, or river, and not in any port, shall sound a foghorn, or equivalent signal, which shall make a sound equal to a steam whistle, at intervals of not more than two minutes.
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STEERING AND SAILING RULES
Risk of collision RULE SIXTEEN. Risk of collision can, when circumstances permit, be ascertained by carefully watching the compass bearing of an approaching vessel. Îf the bearing does not appreciably change, such risk should be deemed to exist.
RULE SEVENTEEN. When two sailing vessels are approaching one another, so as to involve risk of collision, one of them shall keep out of the way of the other, as follows, namely:
(a) A vessel which is running free shall keep out of the way of a vessel which is close-hauled.
(b) A vessel which is close-hauled on the port tack shall keep out of the way of a vessel which is close-hauled on the starboard tack.
(c) When both are running free, with the wind on different sides, the vessel which has the wind on the portside shall keep out of the way of the other.
(d) When both vessels are running free, with the wind on the same side, the vessel which is to the windward shall keep out of the way of the vessel which is to the leeward.
(e) A vessel which has the wind aft shall keep out of the way of the other vessel.
Meeting end on RULE EIGHTEEN. If two vessels under steam are meeting end on, or nearly end on, so as to involve risk of collision, the helms of both shall be put to port, so that each may pass on the portside of the other.
Crossing RULE NINETEEN. If two vessels under steam are crossing so as to involve risk of collision, the vessel which has the other on her own starboard side shall keep out of the way of the other.
Steam and sail vessels meeting
RULE TWENTY. If two vessels, one of which is a sail vessel and the other a steam vessel, are proceeding in such directions as to involve risk of collision, the steam vessel shall keep out of the way of the sail vessel.
Duty to slacken speed or stop RULE TWENTY-ONE. Every steam vessel, when approaching another vessel, so as to involve risk of collision, shall slacken her speed, or,
if necessary, stop and reverse; and every steam vessel shall, when in a fog, go at a moderate speed.
Overtaking vessel RULE TWENTY-TWO. Every vessel overtaking any other vessel shall keep out of the way of the last-mentioned vessel.
Privileged vessel RULE TWENTY-THREE. Where, by rules seventeen, nineteen, twenty, and twenty-two, one of two vessels shall keep out of the way, the other shall keep her course, subject to the qualifications of rule twenty-four.
Departure from rules RULE TWENTY-FOUR. In construing and obeying these rules, due regard must be had to all dangers of navigation, and to any special circumstances which may exist in any particular case rendering a departure from them necessary in order to avoid immediate danger.
Sail vessel stern light
RULE TWENTY-FIVE. A sail vessel which is being overtaken by another vessel during the night shall show from her stern to such lastmentioned vessel a torch or flare-up light.
RULE TWENTY-SIX. Nothing in these rules shall exonerate any ship, or the owner, or master, or crew thereof, from the consequences of any neglect to carry lights or signals, or of any neglect to keep a proper lookout, or of the neglect of any precaution which may be required by the ordinary practice of seamen or by the special circumstances of the case.
Order to hełmsmen
RULE TWENTY-SEVEN. All orders to helmsmen shall be given as follows:
“Right Rudder” to mean “Direct the vessel's head to starboard.” "Left Rudder” to mean "Direct the vessel's head to port."
Passing regulations Sec. 4412. The Board of Supervising Inspectors 2 shall establish such regulations to be observed by all steam vessels in passing each other, as they shall from time to time deem necessary for safety; two printed copies of such regulations, signed by them, shall be furnished to each of such vessels and shall at all times be kept posted up in conspicuous places in such vessels. (46 U.S.C.381)
Penalty SEC. 4413. Every pilot, engineer, mate, or master of any steam vessel who neglects or willfully refuses to observe the regulations established in pursuance of the preceding section shall be liable to a penalty of fifty dollars and for all damages sustained by any passenger, in his person or baggage, by such neglect or refusal.” (46 0. s. 0.381)
Safe navigation Sec. 4487. On any steamers navigating rivers only, when from darkness, fog, or other cause the pilot or [on] watch shall be of opinion that the navigation is unsafe, or from accident to or derangement of the machinery of the boat the chief engineer shall be of the opinion that the further navigation of the vessel is unsafe, the vessel shall be brought to anchor or moored as soon as it can prudently be done: Provided, That if the person in command shall, after being so admonished by either of such officers, elect to pursue such voyage, he may do the same; but in such case both he and the owners of such steamer shall be answerable for all damages which shall arise to the person of any passenger or his baggage from such causes in so pursuing the voyage, and no degree of care or diligence shall in such case be held to justify or excuse the person in command or the owners. (46 U.S.C.481)
* See footnote on page 3.
PART 332-PILOT RULES FOR WESTERN RIVERS
Sec. 332.01 General instructions.
332.13 Speed in fog; posting of rules; Rules for vessels passing each
Rules for lights for certain 332.02 Definitions and risk of col
classes of vessels on western lision.
rivers 332.1 Approaching from opposite di- 332.14 Lights for ferryboats. rections.
332.15 Lights for steamers having but 332.2 Danger and cross signals.
one chimney. 332.3 Narrow channels.
332.16 Lights for barges and canal 332.4 Approaching bridge span
boats in tow. draw.
332.17 Lights for scows in tow. 332.5 Ascending steamer close on a 332.18 Lights for rafts and other bar or shore.
Nearing short bend or point. 332.19 Distress signals. 332.7 Moving from dock.
332.20 Rule relating to the use of 332.8 Overtaking.
searchlights or other blinding 332.9 Approaching at right angles or
332.21 Rule prohibiting unnecessary 332.10 Passing signals.
sounding of the whistle. 332.10a Visual signal.
332.22 Rule prohibiting the carrying of 332.11 Departure from rules.
unauthorized lights on 332.12 Fog signals.
Section 332.01 General instructions. The regulations in this part govern the pilots of vessels propelled by steam, gas fluid, naphtha, or electric motors and of other vessels propelled by machinery, navigating the Red River of the North, the Missippi River, and other rivers emptying into the Gulf of Mexico and their tributaries.
RULES FOR VESSELS PASSING EACH OTHER
332.02 Definitions and risk of collision. In this part the words “steam vessel” and “steamer" shall include any vessel propelled by machinery.
Risk of collision can, when circumstances permit, be ascertained by carefully watching the compass bearing of an approaching vessel. If the bearing does not appreciably change, such risk should be deemed to exist.
332.1 Approaching from opposite directions.—When steamers are approaching each other from opposite directions, the signals for passing shall be one short and distinct blast of the whistle to alter course to starboard so as to pass on the portside of the other, and
The material in this section of this publication is reprinted from the Code of Federal Regulations of the United States of America, Title 33, Navigation and Navigable Waters,
$$ 332.01 to 332.13, inclusive, issued under the authority as contained in R. S. 4412 ; 46 U. S. c. 381 ; page 7, and Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1946 (11 F. R. 7875).
Chapter III, as amended.