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hearers, 453.-IV. Thirdly, the yovuklivovres, or genuflectentes and sub-

strati, the kneelers, 454.–V. Fourthly, the competentes or electi, the

immediate candidates of baptism, 455.–VI. How this last order were

particularly disciplined and prepared for baptism, 456.–VII. Partly by

frequent examinations, from which such as approved themselves had

the name of electi, the chosen, 456.–VIII. Partly by exorcism, accom-

panied with imposition of hands and the sign of the cross, and insuffla-

tion, 457.-IX. Partly by the exercises of fasting and abstinence, and

confession and repentance, &c., 460.-X. Partly by learning the words

of the Creed and Lord's Prayer, 462.—XI. And the form of renuncia-

tion of the Devil, and covenanting with Christ, with other responses re-

lating to their baptism, 464.-XII. What meant by the competentes

going veiled before baptism, 465.—XIII. Of the ceremony called

ephphatha, or opening of the ears of the catechumens, 466.—XIV. Of

putting clay upon their eyes, what meant by it, 466.—XV. Whether the

catechumens held a lighted taper in their hands in the time of exor-

cism, 467.—XVI. What meant by the sacrament of the catechumens,

469.-XVII. How the catechumens were punished if they fell into gross

sins, 472.—XVIII. How they were treated by the Church if they died

without baptism, 474.–XIX. What opinion the Ancients had of the

necessity of baptism, 475.-XX. The want of baptism supplied by

martyrdom, 476.—XXI. And by faith and repentance in such catechu-

mens as were piously preparing for baptism, 481.-XXII. The case of

heretics returning to the unity of the Church : how far charity in that

case was thought to supply the want of baptism, 483.-XXIII. The

case of persons communicating for a long time without baptism : how

far that was thought to supply the want of baptism, 485.—XXIV. The

case of infants dying unbaptized: the opinion of the Ancients concerning

it, 488.

CHAPTER III.

Of the original, nature, and names of the ancient Creeds of the Church.

Sect. I. Why the Creed called symbolum, 495.-II. Why called canon,

and regula fidei, 497.—III. Why called mathema, 498.-IV. Why called

ypap, and ypáupa, 499.-V. Whether that which is commonly called

The Apostles' Creed was composed by the Apostles in the present form

of words, 500.--VI. That probably the Apostles used several creeds,

differing in form, not in substance, 504.–VII. What articles were con.

tained in the Apostolical Creeds, 505.

THE ANTIQUITIES

OF THE

CHRISTIAN CHURCH.

BOOK VIII.

AN ACCOUNT OF THE ANCIENT CHURCHES, AND THEIR
SEVERAL PARTS, UTENSILS, CONSECRATIONS,

IMMUNITIES, ETC.

CHAP. I.

Of the several names and first original of churches among

Christians. 1. HAVING hitherto given an account of the persons, as of the well clergy as laity, that made up the great body of the name ecChristian Church, I now proceed to speak of churches in an- drekanoiaother sense : first, as taken for the material buildings, or othpov. places of assembly set apart for divine worship; and secondly, as taken for certain divisions or districts of dioceses, provinces, parishes, &c., into which the Church Catholic was divided. In speaking of the first, it will be proper to begin with their names, and make a little inquiry into the first original of churches among Christians.

One of the most common names of churches, as taken for the structures or buildings, is that of ecclesia ; which yet among the ancient Greek writers often signifies the assembly or convocation of people met together, either upon sacred or civil affairs, and so it is sometimes used in Scripture, Acts 19, 40. BINGHAM, VOL. III.

B

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