« ForrigeFortsett »
in the civil diocese of Macedonia. Episcopal dioceses in Macedonia,
Prima and Secunda, 326.–VIII. Of Thessalia, 327.-IX. Of Achaia,
Peloponnesus, and Eubea, 327.-X. Of Epirus Vetus and Epirus Nova,
328.—XI. Of the Isle of Crete, 329.—XII. Of the five provinces in the
diocese of Dacia. Of Prævalitana, 329.—XIII. Of Mæsia Superior,
329.—XIV. Of Dacia Mediterranea and Dacia Ripensis, 330.—XV. Of
Dardania and Gothia, 330.-XVI. Of the six provinces in the diocese of
Illyricum Occidentale. Of Dalmatia, 331.—XVII. Of Savia, 332.-
XVIII. Of Pannonia, Superior and Inferior, 332.—XIX. Of Noricum,
Mediterraneum and Ripense, 333.
A particular account of the dioceses of Italy.
Sect. I. Of the extent of the diocese of the bishop of Rome, 333.--II. Of
Tuscia and Umbria, 338.—III. Of the province of Valeria, 344.—IV. Of
Picenum Suburbicarium, 347.–V. Of Latium and Campania, 348.-
VI. Of Samnium, 353.–VII. of Apulia and Calabria, 354.–VIII. Of
Lucania and Brutia, 354.-IX. Of the Isles of Sicily, Melita and
Lipara, 356.—X. Of Sardinia and Corsica, 357.-XI. Of Picenum An-
nonarium and Flaminia, 358.—XII. Of Æmilia, 358.—XIII. Of Alpes
Cottiæ, 359.—XIV. Of Liguria, 360.—XV. Of Rhætia, Prima and
Of the dioceses in France, Spain, and the British Isles.
Sect. I. Of the ancient bounds and divisions of Gallia into seventeen pro-
vinces, 363.-II. Of the dioceses in the province of Alpes Maritimæ,
365.—III. Alpes Graiæ, or Penninæ, 365.—IV. Viennensis, Prima and
Secunda, 366.–V. Narbonensis, Prima and Secunda, 366.-VI. Of
Novempopulania, 366.–VII. Of Aquitania, Prima and Secunda, 367.--
VIII. Of Lugdunensis, Prima, Secunda, Tertia, Quarta, and Maxima
Sequanorum, 367.—IX. Of Belgica, Prima and Secunda, 368.—X. Of
Germanica, Prima and Secunda, 369.—XI. The ancient division of the
Spanish provinces, 369.-XII. Of Tarraconensis, 369.-XIII. Of Car-
thaginensis, 370.-XIV. Of Bætica, 370.—XV. Of Lusitania, 370.-
XVI. Of Gallæcia, 370.–XVII. Of the Islands of Majorica, Minorica,
and Ebusus, 372.—XVIII. The state of the Spanish Church evidenced
from some of her most ancient Councils, 372.-XIX. Of Ireland and
Scotland, 373.-XX. Of the British Church in England and Wales, 381.
-XXI. The whole account confirmed from some ancient canons of the
Church, 386.—XXII. And from the bishop's obligation to visit his
Of the division of dioceses into parishes, and the first original of them.
Sect. I. Of the ancient names of parish-churches, 409.-11. The original
of parish-churches owing to necessity, and founded upon the apostolical
rules of Christian communion, 411.-III. Some of them probably as
ancient as the time of the Apostles, 412.-IV. Some lesser cities had
country-parishes even in times of persecution, 413.–V. The city-
parishes not always assigned to particular presbyters; but served in
common by the clergy of the bishop's church. This otherwise in
country-parishes, 416.--VI. Settled revenues not immediately fixed
upon parishes at their first division, but paid into the common stock,
Wherein is proposed an easy and honourable method for establishing a
primitive diocesan Episcopacy, conformable to the model of the smaller
sort of ancient dioceses, in all the Protestant Churches, 422.
Appendix on the African provinces, 428.
Index of the provinces, 568.
Of the several names of the catechumens, and the solemnity that was used in
admitting them to that state in the Church. Also of catechizing, and the
time of their continuance in that exercise.
Sect. I. The reason of the names katnyoúpevoi, novitioli, tyrones, &c.,
438.-11. Imposition of hands and prayer used in the first admission of
catechumens, 439.—III. And consignation with the sign of the cross,
442.-IV. At what age persons were admitted to be catechumens, 443.
-V. How long they continued in that state, 443.—VI. The substance
of the ancient catechisms, and method of instruction, 446.–VII. The
Of the several classes or degrees of catechumens, and the gradual exercises
and discipline of every order.
Sect. I. Four orders or degrees of catechumens among the Ancients,
450.-II. First, the Ewdovuevoi, or catechumens privately instructed
hearers, 453.-IV. Thirdly, the yoruklivovtes, or genuflectentes and sub-
strati, the kneelers, 454.–V. Fourthly, the competentes or electi, the
immediate candidates of baptism, 455.–VI. How this last order were
particularly disciplined and prepared for baptism, 456.–VII. Partly by
frequent examinations, from which such as approved themselves had
the name of electi, the chosen, 456.–VIII. Partly by exorcism, accom-
panied with imposition of hands and the sign of the cross, and insuffla-
tion, 457.-IX. Partly by the exercises of fasting and abstinence, and
confession and repentance, &c., 460.-X. Partly by learning the words
of the Creed and Lord's Prayer, 462.-XI. And the form of renuncia-
tion of the Devil, and covenanting with Christ, with other responses re-
lating to their baptism, 464.—XII. What meant by the competentes
going veiled before baptism, 465.-- XIII. Of the ceremony called
ephphatha, or opening of the ears of the catechumens, 466.-XIV. Of
putting clay upon their eyes, what meant by it, 466.-XV. Whether the
catechumens held a lighted taper in their hands in the time of exor-
cism, 467.—XVI. What meant by the sacrament of the catechumens,
469.-XVII. How the catechumens were punished if they fell into gross
sins, 472.—XVIII. How they were treated by the Church if they died
without baptism, 474.-XIX. What opinion the Ancients had of the
necessity of baptism, 475.-XX. The want of baptism supplied by
martyrdom, 476.—XXI. And by faith and repentance in such catechu-
mens as were piously preparing for baptism, 481.-XXII. The case of
heretics returning to the unity of the Church: how far charity in that
case was thought to supply the want of baptism, 483.—XXIII. The
case of persons communicating for a long time without baptism : how
far that was thought to supply the want of baptism, 485.—XXIV, The
case of infants dying unbaptized : the opinion of the Ancients concerning
Of the original, nature, and names of the ancient Creeds of the Church.
Sect. I. Why the Creed called symbolum, 495.-II. Why called canon,
and regula fidei, 497.—III. Why called mathema, 498.—IV. Why called
γραφή and γράμμα, 499.-V. Whether that which is commonly called
The Apostles' Creed was composed by the Apostles in the present form
of words, 500.- VI. That probably the Apostles used several creeds,
differing in form, not in substance, 504.–VII. What articles were con.
A collection of several ancient forms of the Creed out of the primitive
Sect. I. The fragments of the Creed in Irenæus, 511.-II. The Creed of
Origen, 514.—III. The fragments of the Creed in Tertullian, 515.-
IV. The fragments of the Creed in Cyprian, 518.-V. The Creed of
521.–VII. The Creed of the Apostolical Constitutions, 526.–VIII.
The Creed of Jerusalem, 528.—IX. The Creed of Cæsarea in Palestine,
530.—X. The Creed of Alexandria, 531.-XI. The Creed of Antioch,
531.-XII. The Roman Creed, commonly called The Apostles' Creed
532.—XIII. The Creed of Aquileia, 534.-XIV. The Nicene Creed, as
first published by the Council of Nice, 535.—XV. The Creeds in Epi-
phanius, completing the Nicene Creed, 538.—XVI. The Nicene Creed
was completed by the Council of Constantinople anno 381, 541.-
XVII. Of the use of the Nicene Creed in the ancient service of the
Church : and when it was first taken in to be a part of the Liturgy in
the Communion-Office, 542.-XVIII. Of the Athanasian Creed, 546.
Of the original, nature, and reasons of that ancient discipline of concealing
the sacred mysteries of the Church from the sight and knowledge of the
Sect. I. The errors and pretences of the Romanists upon this point, 550.
- II. This discipline not strictly observed in the very first ages of the
Church, 552.—III. But introduced about the time of Tertullian, for
other reasons than what the Romanists pretend, 554.—IV. This proved
from a particular account of the things which they concealed from the
catechumens; which were, first, the manner of administering baptism,
555.–V. Secondly, the manner of administering the holy unction or
confirmation, 557.–VI. Thirdly, the ordination of priests, 557.-VII.
Fourthly, the liturgy or public prayers of the Church, such as the
prayers for the energumens, penitents, and the faithful, 557.–VIII.
Fifthly, the manner of celebrating the eucharist, 558.—IX. Sixthly, the
mystery of the Trinity, the Creed, and the Lord's Prayer, from the first
sort of catechumens, 562.-X. Reasons for concealing these things from
the catechumens. First, that the plainness and simplicity of them
might not be contemned, 564.—XI. Secondly, to conciliate a reverence
for them, 566.—XII. Thirdly, to make the catechumens more desirous
AN ACCOUNT OF THE ANCIENT CHURCHES, AND THEIR
Of the several names and first original of churches among
Christians. 1. HAVING hitherto given an account of the persons, as of the well clergy as laity, that made up the great body of the name ec
clesia, and Christian Church, I now proceed to speak of churches in an- drkanoiaother sense: first, as taken for the material buildings, or
στήριον. places of assembly set apart for divine worship; and secondly, as taken for certain divisions or districts of dioceses, provinces, parishes, &c., into which the Church Catholic was divided. In speaking of the first, it will be proper to begin with their names, and make a little inquiry into the first original of churches among Christians.
One of the most common names of churches, as taken for the structures or buildings, is that of ecclesia ; which yet among the ancient Greek writers often signifies the assembly or convocation of people met together, either upon sacred or civil affairs, and so it is sometimes used in Scripture, Acts 19, 40.
BINGHAM, VOL. III.