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THE REV. JOSEPH BINGHAM, M. A.
HIS LINEAL DESCENDANT
THE REV. R. BINGHAM, JUN., M.A.
FORMERLY OF MAGDALENE HALL, OXFORD,
FOR MANY YEARS CURATE OF TRINITY CHURCH, GOSPORT.
A NEW EDITION, IN TEN VOLUMES.
AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS.
M. DCCC. LV.
AN ACCOUNT OF THE ANCIENT CHURCHES, AND THEIR SEVERAL
Of the several names and first original of churches among Christians.
SECT. I. Of the name ecclesia, and ékkλŋσiaσtýpɩov, I.-II. Of the names
dominicum and κʊрiakov, whence comes kyrk and church, and domus
columbæ, 2.-III. Of the distinction between domus Dei, domus divina,
and domus ecclesiæ, 5.-IV. Churches called oratories, or houses of
prayer, 6.-V. Why called basilicæ and ȧváκropa, 8.-VI. When first
called temples, 9.—VII. Churches sometimes called synodi, concilia, con-
ciliabula, conventicula, 10.—VIII. Why some churches called martyria,
memoria, apostoleia, and propheteia, 13.-IX. Why called cœmeteria,
mensæ, and area, 15.-X. Why case, tropea, and tituli, 17.-XI. Of
tabernacles and minsters, and some other less usual names of churches,
20.-XII. Of the distinction between ecclesia matrix and diœcesana, 22.
-XIII. Proofs of churches in the first century, collected by Mr. Mede,
25.-Proofs in the second century, 28.--XV. Proofs in the third cen-
tury, 29.-XVI. The objection from Lactantius and Arnobius an-
swered, 32.-XVII. Some additional collections upon this head, 33.
Of the difference between churches in the first ages and those that fol-
lowed. And of Heathen temples and Jewish synagogues converted into
SECT. I. The first churches very simple and plain, 39.-II. Reasons for
enlarging and altering the state of ecclesiastical structures, 41.-III.
Particularly the munificence of Christian emperors contributed toward
this, 42.-IV. As also their orders for converting Heathen temples into