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THE REV. R. BINGHAM, JUN., M.A.

FORMERLY OF MAGDALENE HALL, OXFORD,

AND

FOR MANY YEARS CURATE OF TRINITY CHURCH, GOSPORT.

A NEW EDITION, IN TEN VOLUMES.

V O L. III.

OXFORD:

AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS.

M. DCCC. LV.

Clar. Press.

l.d. 3.

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CONTENTS

CHAPTER I.

Of the several names and first original of churches among Christians.

Sect. I. Of the name ecclesia, and ékknolaotńpov, I.-II. Of the names

dominicum and Kvplakòv, whence comes kyrk and church, and domus

columbe, 2.—III. Of the distinction between domus Dei, domus divina,

and domus ecclesiæ, 5.-IV. Churches called oratories, or houses of

prayer, 6.–V. Why called basilicæ and úvártopa, 8.-VI. When first

called temples, 9.–VII. Churches sometimes called synodi, concilia, con-

ciliabula, conventicula, 10.- -VIII. Why some churches called martyria,

memoriæ, apostoleia, and propheteia, 13.-IX. Why called cæmeteria,

mense, and areæ, 15.—X. Why case, tropæa, and tituli, 17.-XI. Of

tabernacles and minsters, and some other less usual names of churches,

20.—XII. Of the distinction between ecclesia matrix and diæcesana, 22.

-XIII. Proofs of churches in the first century, collected by Mr. Mede,

25.-Proofs in the second century, 28.--XV. Proofs in the third cen-

tury, 29.—XVI. The objection from Lactantius and Arnobius an-

swered, 32.—XVII. Some additional collections upon this head, 33.

CHAPTER II.

Of the difference between churches in the first ages and those that fol-

lowed. And of Heathen temples and Jewish synagogues converted into

Christian churches.

Sect. I. The first churches very simple and plain, 39.-II. Reasons for

enlarging and altering the state of ecclesiastical structures, 41.—III.

Particularly the munificence of Christian emperors contributed toward

this, 42.-IV. As also their orders for converting Heathen temples into

churches, 44.

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