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OF

THE REV. JOSEPH BINGHAM, M. A.

EDITED BY

HIS LINEAL DESCENDANT

THE REV. R. BINGHAM, JUN., M.A.

FORMERLY OF MAGDALENE HALL, OXFORD,

AND

FOR MANY YEARS CURATE OF TRINITY CHURCH, GOSPORT.

A NEW EDITION, IN TEN VOLUMES.

VOL. III.

OXFORD:

AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS.

M. DCCC. LV.

Clar. Press.

l.d. 3.

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CONTENTS

CHAPTER I.

Of the several names and first original of churches among Christians.

Sect. I. Of the name ecclesia, and ékkinolactñplov, I.-II. Of the names

dominicum and Kuplakòv, whence comes kyrk and church, and domus

columbe, 2.-III. Of the distinction between domus Dei, domus divina,

and domus ecclesiæ, 5.—IV. Churches called oratories, or houses of

prayer, 6.–V. Why called basilicæ and áváktopa, 8.-VI. When first

called temples, 9.–VII. Churches sometimes called synodi, concilia, con-

ciliabula, conventicula, 10.–VIII. Why some churches called martyria,

memoria, apostoleia, and propheteia, 13.-IX. Why called cæmeteria,

mense, and area, 15.-X. Why case, tropea, and tituli, 17.—XI. Of

tabernacles and minsters, and some other less usual names of churches,

20.—XII. Of the distinction between ecclesia matrix and diæcesana, 22.

-XIII. Proofs of churches in the first century, collected by Mr. Mede,

25.-Proofs in the second century, 28.--XV. Proofs in the third cen-

tury, 29.—XVI. The objection from Lactantius and Arnobius an-

swered, 32.—XVII. Some additional collections upon this head, 33.

CHAPTER II.

Of the difference between churches in the first ages and those that fol-

lowed. And of Heathen temples and Jewish synagogues converted into

Christian churches.

Sect. I. The first churches very simple and plain, 39.-II. Reasons for

enlarging and altering the state of ecclesiastical structures, 41.-III.

Particularly the munificence of Christian emperors contributed toward

this, 42.-IV. As also their orders for converting Heathen temples into

churches, 44.

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